Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #26

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Whewell's Masthead

Volume #26

Monday 15 December 2014

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #26

 

EDITORIAL:

The latest edition of Whewell’s Gazette, #26, your weekly #histSTM links list sees the completion of a half year of collecting the best of Internet histories of science, technology and medicine for your perusal and delectation; a point in time to pause and take stock. It’s turned out to be more work than our editorial team first imagined but they’ve settled down to a regular work rhythm and intend to carry on for the foreseeable future.

150 years ago on 8 December George Boole mathematician and logician passed away. The algebraic logic he created, Boolean algebra. Forms the foundation of both the hardware and the software of the computer I’m typing this on as well as the one you are reading it on. This weeks Whewell’s Gazette celebrates the passing of an often neglected and unsung hero of the computer age.

George Boole – 1815–1864

Boole’s gravestone at St. Michael’s Church, Blackrock, Cork

Boole’s gravestone at St. Michael’s Church, Blackrock, Cork

Irish Philosophy: Ones and Zeros

Forgotten Genius – George Boole: Part 2

Yovisto: George Boole – Founder of Modern Logic

BBC: George Boole and the AND OR NOT gates

Boole meets Babbage Carton 2D Goggles

Boole meets Babbage Carton 2D Goggles

 

The River-side: George Boole’s untimely death

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Killed by Homeopathy

 

The Irish Times: How George Boole gave birth to ‘pure mathematics’

The Renaissance Mathematicus: One of my worst academic puns!

Birthday of the Week:

Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 194)

Google Doodle

Google Doodle

Straitened Circumstances: Annie Jump Cannon, Featured On Last Week’s Cosmos, As Profiled In “Wonder Women of History”

Annie Jump Cannon outside Wellesley Coolege Hall 1884

Annie Jump Cannon outside Wellesley Coolege Hall 1884

She is an Astronomer: Annie Cannon (1863–1941)

Annie Jump Cannon with Henrietta Swan Leavitt in 1913

Annie Jump Cannon with Henrietta Swan Leavitt in 1913

Search Engine Land: Annie Jump Cannon Google Logo Marks The 151st Birthday Of The Famous Female Astronomer

Annie Jump Cannon

Annie Jump Cannon

Yovisto: Annie Jump Cannon and the Catalogue of Stars

Uncertain Principles: Advent Calendar of Science Stories

  1. The First GMO

9. Newton’s Bodkin

The page from Isaac Newton's journal where he described using a needly to poke the back of his eyeball. From the Cambridge University library.

The page from Isaac Newton’s journal where he described using a needly to poke the back of his eyeball. From the Cambridge University library.

10. Anagrams. Oy.

11: Feynman’s Plate

 

  1. Time Tables

13. Timing Light

14. A Slip of Card

The Rise and Fall of a Nobel Laureate:

A strange episode in the modern history of science has now turned positively weird! It turns out that a Russian billionaire paid all of that money for James Watson’s Nobel Prize medal and is giving it back to him whilst allowing him to keep the money.

Genotopia: Having His Medal and Selling It Too

Now Appearing: Defending James Watson

On Watson, humanity, and science heroes

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

IEEE Spectrum: The Long Road to Maxwell’s Equations

Atomic Heritage Foundation: James Chadwick

The Appendix: Atomic Anxiety and the Tooth Fairy: Citizen Science in the Midcentury Midwest

Button pins like this one were sent to children in recognition of their donation of a tooth. St. Louis Post-Dispatch August 1, 2013

Button pins like this one were sent to children in recognition of their donation of a tooth.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch August 1, 2013

AIP: Oral History Transcript – Max Born

AIP: The Tale of the Hat: An Oral History

Our Niels Bohr statue in the reading room looking festive.

Our Niels Bohr statue in the reading room looking festive.

Slate: Spin a 3-D Representation of a Beautiful 17th-Century Celestial Globe

APS Physics: This Month in Physics History: December 1958: Invention of the Laser

Bildgeist: Tycho Brahe, Astronomical Instruments (1598)

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

APS: A chart of the zodiacal stars, used in finding the longitude at sea by the moon

B4V-08qCEAA554B.png-large

Slate: An Early Arctic Explorer’s Dramatic Drawings of the Frozen North

Royal Museums Greenwich: Eccentric ideas for the discovery of Longitude

MEDICINE:

Winnipeg Free Press: A Lasting Legacy of Science

Advances in the History of Psychology: APA Monitor: “Silenced Voices,” the Work of David Boder

Perspectives on History: Genetics as a Historicist Discipline: A New Player in Disease History

AEON: Risky medicine

Early Modern Medicine: Medicine, the weather and Wilkes

Doctor visiting a patient c.1750 courtesy of Rijksmuseum

Doctor visiting a patient c.1750 courtesy of Rijksmuseum

Culture 24: Ancient hypnosis techniques which spawned Freud’s couch revealed in madness, murder and mental healing

The Recipes Project: Follow the Recipe! Un/Authorizing Muslim Women’s Cosmetic Expertise in the Medieval and Early Modern West

Medievalist.net: Plague Remedies from Renaissance Italy

Medievalist.net: The Medieval Globe launches with special issue on the Black Death

Front cover visuals.indd

The History of Emotions Blog: Not Tonight: Migraine and the Politics of Gender Health

CHEMISTRY:

Homunculus: Chemistry for the kids – a view from the vaults

 

Conciatore: Royal Apothecary Reprise

Conciatore: Making Connections

CHF: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Dittrick Museum Blog: The Colorful Chemistry of Show Globes

Whitall, Tatum, & Co, 1897

Whitall, Tatum, & Co, 1897

Nadia Berenstein: Skunkiness, Coffee Chemistry, and Naturalism in Flavor

 

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

BBC: Earth: The 9 rarest plants in the world

UCL Museum & Collections Blog: Specimen of the Week: Week 165

Infant orang-utan, Pongo sp. LDUCZ-Z2064

Infant orang-utan, Pongo sp. LDUCZ-Z2064

Daily News: Missing brains mystery solved at the University of Texas

EGU Blogs: Imaggeo on Mondays: An ancient landscape and the never setting sun

Molecular Ecologist: “Hurrah! Hurrah!” DNA barcoding and the lost story of Darwin’s meadow

 

Yovisto: Jan Ingenhousz and Photosynthesis

JHU Press: The modern period: why the history of menstruation is about so much more than blood and Kotex

Concocting Science: Breastmilk and other bodily fluids

 

Biodiversity Library Exhibition: Early Women in Science

Florence Merriam Bailey Smithsonian Institute

Florence Merriam Bailey
Smithsonian Institute

 

Nautilus: Turning Back the Clock on Human Evolution

Until Darwin: Excerpt from the Introduction to Until Darwin: Science & the Origins of Race (2010)

Letters from Gondwana: Early Studies of South American Fossils

Notches: Challenging Heterosexism: The Haringey Experiment, 1986–1987

Mental Floss: How One Woman’s Discovery Shook the Foundation of Geology

Geological Curators’ Group: Six Questions for a Geological Curator – Isla Gladstone – Bristol

The Embryo Project: American Eugenics Society (1926–1972)

Trowelblazers: The Trowelblazing Enigma: Can you help us solve a trowelblazing mystery?

 

Who is this unknown trowelblazer examining the Kimmeridge Clay at Bliss’s Pitt, Stewkley, Bucks? Digitised from the Geologists’ Association Carreck Archive, reproduced with permission of the British Geological Survey.

Who is this unknown trowelblazer examining the Kimmeridge Clay at Bliss’s Pitt, Stewkley, Bucks? Digitised from the Geologists’ Association Carreck Archive, reproduced with permission of the British Geological Survey.

Yovisto: Pierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet and his Battle against Phylloxera

 

TECHNOLOGY:

History Today: The Clifton Suspension Bridge opened: Brune’s crossing opened December 8th, 1864

Two Nerdy History Girls: No smoking in the house, please

M: Watch the A-10 Movie the U.S. Air Force Doesn’t Want You to See: Official film praises the same jet the flying branch wants to retire

Atlas Obscura: Zwentendorf Nuclear Power Plant

Yovisto: The Most Accurate Instruments of Gemma Frisius

Brown Alumni Magazine: Party Line

 

Ptak Science Books: A (possibly) Famous Chair

 

M: Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer, Project Apollo

Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer, Project Apollo

Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer, Project Apollo

Yovisto: Maria Telkes and the Power of the Sun

Ether Wave Propaganda: Schaffer on Machine Philosophy, Pt. 5b: Automata and the Enlightenment

Yovisto: Hans von Ohain and the Jet Engine

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

British Council: Voices: Trying to explain science to the public is not a new thing

Museum of Marco Polo: For curious museum lovers everywhere

Caltech: Don L. Anderson 1933–2014 Obituary

Notre Dame News: Notre Dame’ Reilly Center releases 2015 List of Emerging Ethical Dilemmas and Policy Issues in Science and Technology

University of Cambridge: CRASSH: The Total Archive: Dreams of Universal Knowledge from the Encyclopaedia to Big Data 19-20 March 2015

 

Conecta: Russian History of Medicine

edSurge: Celebrating Grace Hopper’s Legacy in the Computer Science Classroom

CENHS: The Ethics of Conferences in the Age of Climate Change

Culture 24: Science Museum to care for “precious” Sir Patrick Moore archive collected at astronomer’s home

Making Science Public: Hype, honesty and trust

Harvard Gazette: Crowdsourcing old journals

AEON: Future Perfect: Social progress, high-speed transport and electricity everywhere – how the Victorians invented the future

Detail from Paul Pry's (aka William Heath) 'March of Intellect' series featuring (and lampooning) fantastical modes of trasnport c. 1828. Photo by SSPL/Getty

Detail from Paul Pry’s (aka William Heath) ‘March of Intellect’ series featuring (and lampooning) fantastical modes of trasnport c. 1828. Photo by SSPL/Getty

ArchivesNext: Looking for history-related crowdsourcing projects for new site

Oxford Journals: Making the Case for History in Medical Education

Uncertain Principles: The Problem of Science Stories

Ptak Science Books: Magic in Nature, 1896

Symbiartic: Women in Science Illustrations

jane-goodall

The #EnvHist Weekly

The Royal Society – Pinterest: Pattern Inspiration

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Chemical Heritage Magazine

 

American Science: A Great Resource for Early American Science

British Library – Medieval manuscripts blog: An Early Holiday Present: Forty-six new Greek manuscripts online

University of Glasgow Library: Glasgow Incunabula Project Update

Conciatore: Francesco’s Studiolo

 

ESOTERIC:

BOOK REVIEWS:

George Campbell Gosling: Reviewing Almost Worthy: The Poor, Paupers, and the Science of Charity in America 1877-1917

The Guardian: The best science books of 2014

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Retelling a story – this time with all the facts: Review of Finding Longitude

Finding Longitude001

Physics Today: The year in review: Five books that stood out in 2014

Science Friday: The Best Science Books of 2014

The Atlantic: Empire of Cotton

NEW BOOKS:

Amazon: The Quantum Dissidents: Rebuilding the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (1950–1990)

Routledge: Complaints, Controversies and Grievances in Medicine: Historical and Social Science Perspectives

Whatever: The Big Idea: Chad Orzel: Eureka! Discovering Your Inner Scientist

15795870128_62fb92fc65_z

Nouveautés Éditeurs: Éric Simac (1874-1913) : Un oublié du “mouvement de libération” homosexuel de la Belle Époque

C19 MAD MEN: New Book Out Now: Insanity and the Lunatic Asylum in the Nineteenth Century

Historiens de la santé: Santé et société à Montpellier à la fin du Moyen Âge Geneviève Dumas

Marcial Pons: Arte y Ciencia en el Barroco español Marcaida López, José Ramón

THEATRE:

FILM:

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHARE:

VIDEOS:

BBC The Sky at Night: 1963 Bases on the Moon

CBC Digital Archive: 1986: John Polyani awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Tom Mcleish Faith and Wisdom in Science

Alfred Binet: Vie et carriere

West Midlands History: Erasmus Darwin

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

White House: The Untold History of Women in Science and Technology

Radiolab: Buttons Not Buttons by Alex Wellerstein (@wellerstein)

The Royal Society: The private life of Isaac Newton

Portrait of Isaac Newton by François Boucher (1741) Credit: © The Royal Society

Portrait of Isaac Newton by François Boucher (1741) Credit: © The Royal Society

 

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Society of the Social History of Medicine: CfP: Australian and New Zealand Society of the history of Medicine – 14th Biennial Conference 30 June – 4 July 2015 Sydney

Historiens de la santé: European Association for the History of Medicine and Heath (EAHMH) book prize: Call for submissions

University of Southampton: CfP: Cannibalism in the Early Modern Period 15-16 June 2015

H-madness: Call for thesis abstracts

CHSTM – University of Manchester: CfP: Pedigree Chums: The Dog in 20th century Science – Science in the 20th century Dog 26 June 2015

Science Museum: The Longitude Project and Exhibition in Retrospect 17 December 2014

Women and Land: CfP: Women, land and the making of the British Landscape, 1300–1900 29-30 June 2015 University of Hull

University of Durham: CfP: History of Thermodynamics and Scientific Realism 12 May 2015

 

Social History Curators Group: CfP: A Toast to the Future! New ways of engaging June 2015

University of London: Institute of Latin American Studies: CfP: New historical perspectives on nature and knowledge in Latin America 22 May 2015

University of Manchester: CfP: Stories of Science: Exploring Science Communication and Entertainment Media 4-5 June 2015

 

ChoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine “Infant Science: Global Intervention and Production of Knowledge around Infant Mortality, 1942-1965″December 18 2014

LOOKING FOR WORK:

The John Carter Brown Library: Short- and Long-Term Fellowship at the JBC

University of Edinburgh: Postgraduate Philosophy

University of Cambridge: Department of History and Philosophy of Science: Funding for graduate students

University of Kent: Science, Government and Reputation: The Role of the Royal Observatory in the 20th century – University of Kent 50th Anniversary Project-based PhD Research Scholarship

 

Queen Mary: University of London: The Centre for Eighteenth-Century Studies: Postgraduate Study

Birkbeck: University of London: History of Science and Medicine (MA)

University of Cambridge: Research and Teaching Associate in Philosophy of Science and Bioethics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #25

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Whewell's Masthead

Volume #25

Monday 08 December 2014

EDITORIAL:

In the seven days covered by this, the twenty-fifth edition of the #histSTM links collection Whewell’s Gazette there have been two major #histSTM stories dominating the Internet. On the positive side the digital Einstein archive has gone online making vast quantities of Einstein stuff available to all and sundry. On the negative side misogynist, racist Nobel Laureate James Watson auctioned off his Nobel Prize medal to much clamour and ridicule throughout the Internet. Both events get a special section in this week’s edition.

In other news this week saw the start of Advent and because our editorial staff are too lazy to produce their own Advent calendar we have simply borrowed the #histSTM themed one posted by physics professor, science blogger and pop science author (and all round good fellow) Chad Orzel.

Uncertain Principles: Advent Calendar of Science Stories

1. Famous Exclamation

2. Begin at the Beginning

3. Iceman

4. Solstice

5. Philosophers in the Sun

6. Party in Mesopotamia

7. Apocryphal Empress

Women preparing silk, painted around 1100 by Emperor Huizong of Song; from Wikimedia.

Women preparing silk, painted around 1100 by Emperor Huizong of Song; from Wikimedia.

The Rise and Fall of a Nobel Laureate:

Genotopia: The Trouble with Jim

The Guardian: He may have unraveled DNA; but James Watson deserves to be shunned

Slate: James Watson Throws a Fit

Science League of America: “Not A Racist In A Conventional Way”

NBC News: DNA Biologist James Watson’s Nobel Prize Sells for $4.8 Million at Auction

Slate: James Watson’s Nobel Prize Medal Fetches $4.1 Million at Auction

The Guardian: DNA scientist James Watson sells Nobel prize medal

Nature: Watson’s Nobel medal sells for US$4.1 million

Watson's Nobel prize. Christie's Images Ltd.

Watson’s Nobel prize.
Christie’s Images Ltd.

Einstein goes digital:

Princeton University Press Blog: Princeton University Press launches The Digital Einstein Papers

The New York Times: Thousands of Einstein Documents Are Now a Click Away

Caltech: The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein: The Digital Edition – Diana K. Buchwald (video)

The Chronical of Higher Education: Online Einstein Project Reveals Scientist’s Magnitude and Minutiae

Photo by Doreen Spooner, Getty Images

Photo by Doreen Spooner, Getty Images

The Guardian: Albert Einstein archive reveals the genius, doubts and loves of scientist

Raw Story: Einstein’s letter defending Marie Curie shows just how long trolls have been slut-shaming women

Philly.com: Einstein was not the tweeting sort

History Physics: 99 years since General Relativity

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

The Conversation: Stories from the sky: astronomy in Indigenous knowledge

Nautilus: The Loneliest Genius

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Mushroom clouds strange, familiar, and fake

Leiden Islam Blog: An Ancient Zodiac from Arabia Discovered

Slate: 60 Years Ago Today: The Day a Meteorite Hit Ann Hodges

True: An impact crater is also called an “astrobleme.” Getting a bruise from a meteorite would then be an astroblemish.

True: An impact crater is also called an “astrobleme.” Getting a bruise from a meteorite would then be an astroblemish.

The Manhattan Project an interactive history: CP–1 Goes Critical

Great American Eclipses: Total solar eclipses of the 19th century

PHL: We should prepare the map for the future space explorers

AIP: Oral History Transcript – Dr. George Uhlenbeck

 

Ptak Science Books: A Bit of Book Sleuthing on a Cyclotron Manuscript (1938–1941)

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

British Library: Maps and views blog: The Draw of the Arctic

Manchester Evening News: Rare 17th century map of Manchester found in John Rylands Library goes on show

Royal Museums Greenwich: Longitude Legends: James Cook

Big Think: 314 – Watch the Road: World’s Earliest SatNav

Yovisto: The Ambitions of Jane Franklin

Lady Jane Franklin (1791-1875)

Lady Jane Franklin (1791-1875)

Darin Hayton: Washington Irving’s Columbus and the Flat Earth

MEDICINE:

Unspoken Voices: Unspoken Voices from the Cambrian Institute

The Quack Doctor: On thorny ground: the human x-ray scientists

 

Perceptions of Pregnancy: The ‘Eggs Affair’: Egg Donations in 21st Century Israel

Yovisto: Christine Ladd-Franklin and the Theory of Colour Vision

Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847 – 1930)

Christine Ladd-Franklin
(1847 – 1930)

Visions of the Night: Western Medicine Meets Peyote 1887-1899 (PDF)

Clinical Curiosities: The curious case of Alice Beatty: medical provisions and the ethics of patient care

The Recipes Project: The dose makes the poison: dangerous plants

Poisonous hemlock (Conium maculatum) Courtesy of Kurt Stüber, www.biolib.de.

Poisonous hemlock (Conium maculatum) Courtesy of Kurt Stüber, http://www.biolib.de.

The Toast: Doctors Performing Surgery For The First Time in Western Art History

The Appendix: Blurred Forms: An Unsteady History of Drunkenness

Cosmopolitan: I Lent My Vagina To Science

The Guardian: The baffling case of the 100 missing brains

NYAM: From Master Dissector to Accomplished Author: Johann Gottlieb Walter

Yovisto: Karen Horney’s Struggle with Neurosis

Medievalists.net: Birth Control and Abortion in the Middle Ages

Wellcome History: Beautifully hideous: Pioneering plastic surgery in World War I

RCP: Richard Bright

CHEMISTRY:

Meteorite Manuscripts: New Evidence Suggests Origin of John Dalton’s Atomic Theory May Be Linked to Work of Irish Chemist Bryan Higgins

The New York Times: My Great-Great-Aunt Discovered Francium. And It Killed Her

Sonia Cotelle (left) and Marguerite Perey (second from left) at the Curie laboratory in 1930. Each died from radiation exposure. Credit Musée Curie/ACJC Collection

Sonia Cotelle (left) and Marguerite Perey (second from left) at the Curie laboratory in 1930. Each died from radiation exposure. Credit Musée Curie/ACJC Collection

Yovisto: Ellen Swallow Richards and Home Economics

The Recipes Project: Beauty Recipes: A December Series

Yovisto: Nicolas Leblanc and the Leblanc Process

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Conciatore: Metal Veins Reprise

Until Darwin: Science & the Origin of Race: John James Audubon meets John Bachman: “there is much to be expressed and understood by a shake of the hand….”

The Dispersal of Darwin: Darwin and Wallace notebooks in the news

 

The Embryo Project: Theophilus Shickel Painter (1889-1969)

Past Horizons: Ancient dental plaque contains evidence for milk drinking habits

Notches: Uncovering Cleveland Street: Sexuality, Surveillance and late-Victorian Scandal

Trowelblazers: Rosemary Camp

Environment and Ecology: History of Ecology

Dr Alun Withey: The New York Beard Tax and Other Strange Beard Facts

The Hindu: 50 years since Haldane’s death

Nature: Homo erectus made world’s oldest doodle 500, 000 years ago

Scientific American: Observations: World’s Oldest Engraving Upends Theory of Homo sapiens Uniqueness

The Appendix: Lobsters in the Archive

Self portrait of Tupaia, Captain Cook's Polynesian navigator, bartering a lobster c. 1769. British Library

Self portrait of Tupaia, Captain Cook’s Polynesian navigator, bartering a lobster c. 1769.
British Library

VICE: We Talked to a Scientist Who Gave LSD to Cats Back in the 70s

The Embryo Project: Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866–1945)

Darin Hayton: Eratosthenes and Second Graders

Yovisto: Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz Educator and Naturalist

Scienceline: Natural history museums: facts or fictions?

Yovisto: The Discovery of Nefertiti

Taming the American Idol: Hitting Dogs with Hammers: Animals, Auto Safety, and the Angel History

History of Geology: How it all ends…

TECHNOLOGY:

Slate: The Antikythera Mechanism: An Ancient Computer of Astounding Complexity

Othmeralia: On December 1, 1783, Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles and Nicholas Louis Robert took to the skies over Paris in the first flight of a gas air balloon.

Atlas Obscura: Double Sunsets and Peasants with Pitchforks in the Trials of 18th century Balloonists

The Jardin des Tuileries depicted during the balloon launch (hand-colored etching, 1783) (via Library of Congress)

The Jardin des Tuileries depicted during the balloon launch (hand-colored etching, 1783) (via Library of Congress)

IGN.com: The World’s Oldest Known “Computer” Is Older Than We Thought

 

Now Appearing: Computers as commodity

BBC: Does AI really threaten the future of the human race?

Conciatore: Yellow Glass

Ptak Science Books: On Building a Vertical City in the Grand Canyon and Covering It Up

Live Science: 18th Century Mandolins Were a Symphony of Rare Ingredients

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

U.S. Intellectual History Blog: A Reading List for the Social Sciences in the Cold War

Asian Scientist: Is There A History of Science? Yes… And It Works

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: Kant’s Campaign against the Synthesis of Empiricism and Rationalism

MBS Birmingham: Thoughts on The History Manifesto Twitter Response

The Recipes Project: First Monday Library Chat: Chemical Heritage Foundation

 

MIT News: Stefan Helmreich: MIT anthropologist of science explores how scientific “things” emerge.

Scottish Indexes: Learning Zone – Mental Health Records in Scotland – Volunteers Needed!

Royal Society: Philosophical Transactions: 350 years of publishing at the Royal Society (1665 – 2015) Exhibition Brochure

Royal Society: The Repository: Making the first scientific journal

Front covers of the Philosophical Transactions from 1665 and 2010.

Front covers of the Philosophical Transactions from 1665 and 2010.

THE: World’s oldest scientific journal is focus of new exhibition

Western Michigan University: The Medieval Globe: New OA Journal

CHoM News: Body of Knowledge Receives “Great Exhibitions” Award

Nature: Nature makes all articles free to view

History of Science Society: History of Science Society Strategic Plan – 2014

Frontline: Science as solution: Nehru’s view of science

The Guardian: Dürer’s polyhedron: 5 theories that explain Melencholia’s crazy cube

 

HYLE: International Journal for the Philosophy of Chemistry 20th Anniversary Issue

Philosophy of Biology PhD Programs Wiki

Wellcome Collection: Mindcraft – a virtual exhibition

Yovisto: Man is Man’s Wolf – Thomas Hobbes and his Leviathan

Oregon State University: School of History, Philosophy, and Religion: Hamblin Wins the 2014 Paul Birdsall Prize

Vitae: Doing Scholarship from Outside Academe – Audra Wolfe

HSS: First Person: Pamela O. Long – “On Being an Independent Historian”

 

The Toast: On Heroic Scientists and Hagiography

THE: How to win a Nobel prize

The #EnvHist Weekly

Ashmolean: Ashmolean wins two Apollo Awards

The Guardian: Science and history rarely collide, so make the most of Richard III

Tori Herridge.com: Mammoths in the Media

ESOTERIC:

Corpus Newtonicum: Of alchemy and dogears

Brain Pickings: The Book of Miracles: Rare Medieval Illustrations of Magical Thinkingtaschen_bookofmiracles3

BOOK REVIEWS:

The Dispersal of Darwin: Darwin’s Wild Pursuits Around Down

darwin_s-wild-pursuits-cover-pdf

The Unz Review: Books to Learn Evolution from (?)

AbeBooks.com: Andreas Vesalius’ Fabrica: The Anatomy of a Revolution

Brain Pickings: Great Children’s Books Celebrating Science

The New York Times: Learning Our Roots, Inside and Out The Invisible History of the Human Race’ Provides Transparency on Our Genetic Heritage

History Today: Books of the Year

idées.fr: Les maux de la mine, diagnostic et actions

The Dispersal of Darwin: Terra Tempo: The Academy of Planetary Evolution

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: La propreté de l’enfant en Europe entre médecine, politique et éducation. Regards croisés de sociologues et d’historiens

Financial Times: Best Books of 2014 (includes some #histSTM)

Pickering & Chatto: Insanity and Lunatic Asylum in the Nineteenth Century

Le comptoir des presses d’universités: Les Narrateurs fous

Historiens de la santé: Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science9780199925193

L’Harmattan: Merleau-Ponty – Freud et Les Psychanalystes

 

Historiens de la santé: Intolerant Bodies: A Short History of Autoimmunity

THEATRE:

FILM:

The Guardian: Scientists disappointed Jurassic World dinosaurs don’t look like dinosaurs

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHARE:

VIDEOS:

Vimeo: CHF: The Evolution of HIV/AIDS Therapies

CHoM News: Video Now Online: “Anatomy and its Legacies: Artistic, Ethical, Scientific”

Vimeo: Books of Secrets: Writing and Reading Alchemy

Top Documentary Films: Secrets of the Star Disk

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

Cambridge University: Things Seminar 41 podcasts

Watch Magazine: Discuss: Hermeticism and the occult with Kyle Fraser

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Historiens de la santé CfP: The Eighteenth–Century: Who Cares? The Indiana Center for Eighteenth-Century Studies fourteenth annual Bloomington Workshop (May 13-15, 2015)

Society for the Philosophy of Information: CfP: Seventh Workshop on the Philosophy of Information “Conceptual challenges of data in science and technology”

MPIWG: Technical Art History Talk Series Monday, Oct 27, 2014 – Monday, Jan 19, 2015

NEH: NEH Creates New “Public Scholar” Grant Program Supporting Popular Scholarly Books in the Humanities

MPIHS: Privileged Knowledge: The Politics of Print in the early Dutch Republic

University of Leeds: CfP: Community and its Limits, 1745-1832 4-6 September 2015

The Royal Society: Exhibition: Philosophical Transactions: 350 years of publishing at the Royal Society 2 Dec 2014 – 23 June 2015

Royal Society: Publishing 350 – from foundation to the future

UCL: F58 BSHS Postgraduate Conference 2015 7–9 Jan 2015

AIP: Announcing the Recipients of the 2014 Grants to Archives

ChoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine “Infant Science: Global Intervention and Production of Knowledge around Infant Mortality, 1942-1965″ 18 December 2014

The Origin of Life: Second Conference on History and Philosophy of Astrobiology Höör Sweden 8-10 May 2015

Casa de Oswaldo Cruz: CfP: Tropical Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean: a historical perspective
Casa de Oswaldo Cruz / Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1-4 July 2015

University of Leeds: CfP: The History and Future of Rationing’ Leeds 25th March 2015.

EPSA: CfP: Düsseldorf 2015 September 23-26 2015

 

Digital Heritage Conference Granada Spain 28 Sept–2 Oct 2015

University of Warsaw: Faculty of “Artes Liberales”: CfP: The Tree of Knowledge: Theories of Sciences and Arts in Central Europe, 1400−1700

Calenda: L’aventure des neurosciences Des territoires de la recherche aux défis de l’éducation

Design week: Wellcome Collection launches online exhibition on madness

Journal of Early Modern Studies: Call for Papers: Fall 2015 Special Edition: The Care of the Self in Early Modern Philosophy and Science

CHoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine “Infant Science: Global Intervention and Production of Knowledge around Infant Mortality, 1942-1965″ 18 December 2014

Historiens de la santé: Call for Applications: History of Medicine Travel Grants

LOOKING FOR WORK:

University of Durham: Research Assistant – Social Relations and Everyday Life in England, 1500–1640

University of Cambridge: Darwin Correspondence Project Web Development

York Museums Trust: Digital Learning Apprentice

St Andrews University: The School of History at the University of St Andrews welcomes applications for the Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship scheme

University of Kent: School of History: Postgraduate Funding (Do a PhD with @beckyfh)

University of Manchester: Research Fellow in the History of Biology/Medicine

University of British Columbia: STS Graduate Program

University of Durham: Research Assistant: ‘Contemporary Scientific Realism and the Challenge from the History of Science’

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #24

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Whewell's Masthead

Volume #24

Monday 01 December 2014

EDITORIAL:

The 24th edition of your weekly #histSTM links list Whewell’s Gazette is dominated for the second week in a row by the Alan Turing biopic The Imitation Game. This time the film reviews are collected under the film heading. Unfortunately many of the ill informed review writers claim, inaccurately, that Turing invented the computer. This led our chief sub-editor to write a post on his other blog, The Renaissance Mathematicus, “Mega inanity”, that you can find under the technology heading. This of course raises the general question how (historical) accurate #histSTM films should be. Our chief sub-editor, being somewhat of a #histSTM pedant, thinks there should be very accurate, others allow for a fair amount of poetic license in the interest of entertainment. We don’t quite understand why a #histSTM film can’t be both accurate and entertaining. What do the readers think?

Birthday of the week: Darwin’s Origin of Species published 24 November 1859

Celebrate the birthday of Origins by becoming A Friend of Charles Darwin

Yovisto: Charles Darwin and the Natural Selection

Origin-of-Species

The Embryo Project: The Origin of Species: “Chapter Thirteen: Mutual Affinities of Organic Beings: Morphology: Embryology: Rudimentary Organs” (1859), by Charles R. Darwin

The Talk Origins Archive: Chapter 14: Recapitulation and Conclusion

University of Cambridge: The evolution of Darwin’s Origins: Cambridge releases 12, 000 papers online

Open Culture: 16,000 Pages of Charles Darwin’s Writings on Evolution Now Digitized and Available Online

Open Culture: Darwin: A 1993 Film by Peter Greenaway

Quotes of the Week:

Erwin Schrödinger’s daughter, as quoted by Jim Hartle: “I think my father just didn’t like cats.” h/t @seanmcarroll

The ‘great man’ theory of history is in trouble. Will a saviour emerge to preserve it? @historyscientis

Philosophy is a science where the lab bench is a blank page. @DublinSoil

“I love deadlines. I love the whooshing noise they make as they go by.” – Douglas Adams” h/t @AcademicsSay

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Voices of the Manhattan Project: George Allen’s interview

Physics Central: physics buzz blog: Artifacts From the Archives

The New York Times: On the Trail of an Ancient Mystery

BBC: John Bell: Belfast street to be named after physicist

Yovisto: Peiresc and the Orion Nebula

Peiresc’s notes recording his first observation of the Orion Nebula

Peiresc’s notes recording his first observation of the Orion Nebula

Nautilus: Your Brain Can’t Handle the Moon

Space Watchtower: Buhl Planetarium Scale-Model Joins Miniature Railroad and Village

Yovisto: Anders Celsius and the Celsius Scale of Temperature

The Guardian: The medieval bishop who helped to unweave the rainbow

Blink: Fearsome symmetry

 

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Smithsonian.com: John Smith Coined the Term New England on This 1616 Map

University of Cambridge: Research: The lady of longitude

141127-janesquire-mainimage

MEDICINE:

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: Poisonous Experiments

19th Century Disability: Day at the Archives

The Recipes Project: Two ‘Infallible’ Missionary Cures in Seventeenth-century Southeast Asia

Wellcome Collection blog: Henry Wellcome’s Anatomical Venus

 

The Women’s Blog: The history od feminine hygiene products is far from peachy

Panacea: What a Pain: Early Modern Migraine Treatments

A veritable "How to Trepan" guide from Scultetus (1674)

A veritable “How to Trepan” guide from Scultetus (1674)

The Chirurgeon’s Apprentice: Holding a Book Bound in Human Skin

O Say Can You See?: How do you cure a historic hangover?

NCBI: Myths in medicine. Jenner did not discover vaccination

Slate: The Vault: A 17th-Century Argument for the Many Virtues of Coffee, Chocolate, and Tea

CHEMISTRY:

Conciatore: More on Manganese

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Notches: Believe It: Finding Religion in the History of U.S. Sexuality.

Scientific American: Observations: The Fossil That Revolutionized the Search for Human Origins: A Q&A with Lucy Discoverer Donald Johanson

Donald Johanson and Tom Gray at Hadar in 1974. Image: Courtesy Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University

Donald Johanson and Tom Gray at Hadar in 1974. Image: Courtesy Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University

BBC: Earth; The “Lucy” fossil rewrote the story of humanity

The Embryo Project: Nikolai Ivanovic Vavilov (1887-1943)

Science News: Golden Fleece myth was based on real events, geologists contend

History of Geology: Geological Treasures in Ancient Egypt

Yovisto: Georg Forster – Naturalist and Revolutionary

Skeptoid: Griffins

Michael Roberts 4004: Peddling and Scaling God and Darwin

The Appendix: The Emperor’s Turkey

 

The Atlantic: Why Americans Call Turkey ‘Turkey’

 

The Embryo Project: Karl Ernst von Baer

 

Yovisto: John Lloyd Stephens and the Archaeology of Middle America

Palaeoblog: Born This Day: Dunkinfield Henry Scott

The Embryo Project: The Hayfink Limit

 

TECHNOLOGY:

Conciatore: A Matter of Plagiarism Reprise

The Telegraph: The 10 moments that changed science and engineering: in pictures

Wired: The Surprising Complexity of Old-School Calculators

Instrumenten Teylers Museum: Elektromotor Watkins & Hill 1843

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Mega inanity

Wired: How the World’s First Computer Was Rescued From the Scrap Heap

Antiquarian Horological Society: Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin (1805–1871) From mechanical to electrical horology (PDF)

 

Science Museum: Online Science: BESM-6 supercomputer, 1968-1987

B3ssJdwCMAE_D2j.png-large

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Harvard Gazette: A lifetime of scholarship recognized

 

Philly.com: Peter H. Sellers, 84, scientist

The University of Chicago Press: Chicago to Publish New Journal: History of Humanities

Leaping Robot: Of Geese, Gravity, and Subjective Science

THE MOON GOOSE EXPERIMENT Island of the Sacred Scarab, launch pad, in the River Ob, near Novosibirsk, RU, 1st Aug. 2008, photograph @ Agnes Meyer-Brandis, VG-Bildkunst

THE MOON GOOSE EXPERIMENT Island of the Sacred Scarab, launch pad, in the River Ob, near Novosibirsk, RU, 1st Aug. 2008, photograph @ Agnes Meyer-Brandis, VG-Bildkunst

Advocate.com: Op-ed: How Gay Genius Alan Turing Got Me Through Middle School

Christie’s: Auction: Dr. James D. Watson’s Nobel Medal and Related Papers

BBC: James Watson to auction Nobel Prize for DNA discovery

Open Culture: Download 110 Free Philosophy eBooks: From Aristotle to Nietzche & Wittgenstein

 

The Alfred Russel Wallace Website: Alfred Russel Wallace and Enthusiasts

Boingboing: The scientist who studies scientists – An interview with Harry Collins

Stanford News: Patrick Suppes, Stanford philosopher, scientist and Silicon Valley entrepreneur, dies at 92

Yovisto: Norbert Wiener and the Science of Cybernetics

BSHS: Great Exhibitions 2014 Winners

The Stroppy Editor: Physician, explain thyself: science English vs lay English

Science Book a Day: Interviews Michael Brooks

Wellcome Trust: Wellcome Library funds a new partnership to digitize 800,000 pages of mental health archives

I Think of Icarus: Who’s Talking?

Ambix.org: Chemical Intelligence No. 12 November 2014

The Grote Club: New history of science and history of philosophy blog (highly recommended)

The Telegraph: How Churchill gave us tanks, radar, DNA…and a velvet green air-raid suit

Churchill giving a broadcast during World War 2, wearing a siren suit

Churchill giving a broadcast during World War 2, wearing a siren suit

ESOTERIC:

Live Science: Ancient Egyptian Handbook of Spells Deciphered

Timeline Photos: The Easter Holidays: Maskelyne and Cooke’s Dark Séance at the Egyptian Hall

Distillatio: The place of bellows in alchemy

Breughel’s famous drawing of an alchemist and his family

Breughel’s famous drawing of an alchemist and his family

Academic.edu: Casts of mind: the social life of Rammohun Roy’s skull

BOOK REVIEWS:

Rosetta Stones: Dana’s Super-Gargantuan Guide to Science Books Suitable for Gift-Giving

Penguin Classics: Alfred Russel Wallace by Dr. George Beccaloni

tumblr_inline_nfeguiB0We1rg0scr

FIVE: Jonathan Israel on the Enlightenment

 

Book Power: Athene Donald on J.E. Gordon

Physics World.com: Top physics books for 2014

NEW BOOKS:

VRIN: La Philosophie Islamique

 

Swarthmore Phoenix: Science and history merge in alumni children’s book

The Dispersal of Darwin: Darwin’s Orchids: Then and Now

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Psychedelic Press UK: Reimprinting Timothy Leary: An Interview with James Penner

Elsevier: Alan Turing: His Work and Impact

Historiens de la santé: Histoire de l’Hôpital Sainte-Anne de Baie-Saint-Paul. Dans Charlevoix, tout se berce – Margaret Porter Lucia Ferretti 

Historiens de la santé: La mise en scène du corps sous la direction de E. Chauvet et J. Rouassi

THEATRE:

UCL: Keep the Candle Burning: A re-enactment of Michael Faraday’s famous Christmas Lectures Thursday 11 December 2014

FILM:

The Guardian: Alan Turing was one of many heroes at Bletchley Park

Flavourwire: ‘The Imitation Game’ and the Intellectual Charisma of Benedict Cumberbatch

According to Benedict: The Imitation Game Exhibition at Bletchley Park

Bletchley Park Research: Dr Sue Black on ‘The Imitation Game Art Imitating Real Life’

Reuters: Benedict Cumberbatch hails unsung hero in “The Imitation Game”

New York Post: The shocking true story behind ‘The Imitation Game”

Panarmenian.net: Benedict Cumberbatch’s “Imitation Game” to open Italy’s Capri Fest

Washington Square News: ‘The Imitation Game’ boasts rich emotions

 

Engineering & Technology Magazine: The Imitation Game: the author of the book of the film

Greg in Hollywood: Dave Karger interviews Benedict Cumbebatch about “The Imitation Game” for Fandango

Roger Ebert.com: The Imitation Game

The Guardian: The Imitation Game: how Alan Turing played dumb to fool US intelligence

Slate: How Great Is The Imitation Game

Deadline: ‘The Imitation Game’ Review: Pete Hammond on Cumberbatch’s Enigma

Bing: The Imitation Game: Matthew Goode Exclusive TIFF Premiere Interview

Youtube: “The Imitation Game” Review

Deadline: ‘The Imitation Game’ For Real: Year’s 2nd-Best Debut Per Theatre

 

Pri: Benedict Cumberbatch takes on another brilliantly awkward role as the man who brought computers to the world

USA Today: ‘Imitation Day’ breaks into box office in a big way

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHARE:

The Celestial Cinema: a talk by Compasswallah

The History of Symmetry: a talk by Compasswallah

 

VIDEOS:

Youtube: The surprisingly old story of London’s first ever electric taxi on display at the Science Museum

Twisted Sifter: Tesla Portrait Made from Sparks of Electricity

Youtube: Albert Einstein – How I See the World

Ri Channel: Lawrence Bragg: The Nature of Things

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

Warwick Podcast Browser: Medieval Islamic Medicine (7 podcasts)

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Environmental Studies Association of Canada: call for proposals: ESAC Conference 2015

 

University of Birmingham: Conferences

Museum: Portfolio: CfP: Museum Ideas: Innovations in Theory and Practice

BSHS: CfP: British Society for the History of Science Annual Conference 2015

2 – 5 July 2015, Swansea University

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Brown Bag Lecture: “The Optel Affair: The Curious Story of the First LCD Spin-off” 2 December 2014 12:00-1:00 pm

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University of Groningen: CfP: Early Modern Women on Metaphysics, Religion, and Science 21-31 March 2016

BSHS: The British Society for the History of Science invites book nominations for the 2015 Dingle Prize.

University of Exeter: Call for papers: PJMH: The Postgraduate Journal of Medical Humanities

Social History Society: CfP: SHS Conference 2015 31 March-2 April 2015

 

Durham University Centre for Medical Humanities: Seminar: Men, masculinity and infertility – Alan Dolan 10 Dec 2014

University of Paris: Healthism & Self-Care Conference 12 December 2014

 

Historiens de la santé: Repenser l’histoire de l’hôpital: le centre et les marges (XIXe-XXIe siècles) IUHMSP 5 Décembre 2014

A Philosopher’s Take: CFP: University of Calgary’s 4th Annual Philosophy Graduate Student Conference “Philosophy of Science” 13-14 March 2015

The Huntington: Exhibition: Vesalius and His Worlds: Medical Illustration During the Renaissance 12-13 December 2014

 

University of Neuchâtel: Entre l’œil et le monde: dispositifs et expédients d’une nouvelle épistémologie visuelle dans les sciences de la nature (1740-1840) Appel à communications 4-7 Novembre 2015

LOOKING FOR WORK:

THE: Gresham Professor of Astronomy – a position with much history

Sir Christopher Wren The 9th Gresham Professor of Astronomy Godfrey Kneller's 1711 portrait

Sir Christopher Wren The 9th Gresham Professor of Astronomy
Godfrey Kneller’s 1711 portrait

York University of Toronto: Science Faculty: Science and Technology Studies Tenure Track appointment

Midlands3Cities Doctoral Training Partnership

University of Oslo: Associate Professor of Philosophy – Two Positions

University of Leeds: 3-6 month postdoctoral fellowships in the history of medicine and other areas of the medical humanities, to be held at the Leeds Humanities Research Institute (LHRI)

MHS Oxford: Modern Collections Curator

University of St Andrews: ISHR Visiting Research Fellowship 2015-16

European University Institute: 160 fully-funded Ph.D. grants available

Operation Wallacea: Alfred Russel Wallace Grants for Outstanding Field Ecologists

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #23

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #23

Monday 24 November 2014

EDITORIAL:

The #histSTM story of the week on a popular level is without any doubt the start of the film biography of Alan Turing staring Benedict Cumberbatch and Keira Knightly, The Imitation Game. Previous editions of Whewell’s Gazette have featured several previews, trailers and whatever leading up to the premiere, all of which has left our editorial staff with the uneasy feeling that the film will only add to the hagiography that has overtaken the Turing biography since 2012 and the one hundredth anniversary of his birth. As most people are totally incapable of understanding his genuine ground-breaking contributions to meta-mathematics, for which he should justifiably be honoured, his contributions in other fields have been blown up out of all proportions turning him into a sort of boffin superman. Most recently we read the statement that he was “…the tormented outcast who gave us the modern world”, which we commented with Hyperbolic, hagiographic, bullshit! We haven’t had the chance to see the film yet but we thought our readers might be interested in what others who have thought of the film most hotly tipped to sweep the Oscars.

Dazed: Alan Turing expert dissects The Imitation Game

The Guardian: Hidden heroes of codebreaking history

The Telegraph: Imitation Game: how did the Enigma machine work?

Poet Freak: On 100th Birthday of Alan Turing

UCL: STS Observatory: The Imitation Game

Endgadget: ‘The Imitation Game’ puts the spotlight on Alan Turing and his groundbreaking machine

BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH stars in THE IMITATION GAME (Film still)

BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH stars in THE IMITATION GAME (Film still)

The Guardian: Benedict Cumberbatch wins genius status at Time magazine

Wall Street Journal: Benedict Cumberbatch and ‘The Imitation Game’

 

Business Insider: You Need To See ‘The Imitation Game’ If You Care At All About Technology

http://www.businessinsider.com/turing-film-the-imitation-game-is-great-2014-11

Reddit: ‘The Imitation Game’; or ‘How the breaking of the enigma code was kept secret from Winston Fucking Churchill’

ABC News: ‘The Imitation Game’: A Look at the Life and Legacy of Alan Turing

Flickering Myth com: Second Opinion – The Imitation Game (2014)

The Aperiodical: An Alan Turing expert watches the “The Imitation Game” trailer

I Know Today: Alexandre Desplat – Movie Score Composer For The Imitation Game

NY Daily News: Benedict Cumberbatch puts celebrity to use illuminating historical wrong in ‘The Imitation Game’

The Imitation Game Movie.com

Quotes of the Week:

I can’t wait for the new TV series “I’m A Celebrity, Land Me On A Comet And Leave Me There!” @telescoper

“I can forgive Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize.” GB Shaw

Is there any academic discipline more misused, abused, and misunderstood than History? @Eganhistory

“History has to be observed. Otherwise it’s not history. It’s just . . . things happening one after another.” ― Terry Pratchett, Small Gods

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Yovisto: Eugene Wigner and the Structure of the Atomic Nucleus

Eugene Paul Wigner (1902-1995)

Eugene Paul Wigner (1902-1995)

AIP: Oral History Transcript – Dr Eugene Wigner

The New York Times: Is Quantum Entanglement Real

Now Appearing: The most obscure physics laureate?

Royal Museums Greenwich: From sundials to caesium – a brief (140 characters) history of time

Image: National Maritime Museum

Image: National Maritime Museum

Atomic Heritage Foundation: The Soviet Hydrogen Bomb Program

Yovisto: Alfonso X from Spain and the Alfonsine Tables

John D. Cook: How medieval astronomers made trig tables

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Londonist: The British Library Searches For A Northwest Passage

The Bookhunter on Safari: Lines in the Ice

The Guardian: Chilling History: the men who hunted the elusive Northwest Passage

Tetrapod Zoology: Chet van Duzer’s Sea Monsters on Medieval and Renaissance Maps

Compasswallah: The Compass of Kãlidãsa

British Library: Maps and views blog: These maps were made for walking

Ptak Science Books: A Bestiary of Maps

John Bull and His Friends. A Serio-Comic Map of Europe By Fred W. Rose…

John Bull and His Friends. A Serio-Comic Map of Europe By Fred W. Rose…

Academia.edu: Map of Asia Minor with Greek Names

Ptak Science Books: Visionary Maps: the Earth Without Water, 1694

 

Compasswallah: The Double-Edged Map

MEDICINE:

The Atlantic: Why No One Can Design a Better Speculum

Perceptions of Pregnancy: Megetia’s jaw: a rare historical insight into hyperemesis gravidarum

The New Yorker: Drool: Ivan Pawlov’s real quest

British Red Cross: Dogs of War: The First Aiders on Four Legs

Gas mask hounds

Gas mask hounds

The Generous Georgian; Dr Richard Mead: Venomous Exhalations

BBC: The self-publicist whose medical text books caused a stir

Notches: Clitoridectomies: Female Genital Mutilation c.1860-2014

The Quack Doctor: Detective Caminada and the quack doctors

The Embryo Project: Dennis Lo (1963- )

Early Modern Medicine: Puppy Water, Beauty’s Help

Image Credit: Wellcome Library London

Image Credit: Wellcome Library London

Dr Alun Withey: Good and Bad Deaths in the Seventeenth Century

Warwick Knowledge Centre: Nigella Seeds: The Vicks Inhaler of Ancient Greece and Modern Day Marrakech

Advances in the History of Psychology: “Hermann von Helmholtz’s Empirico-Transcendentalism Reconsidered”

The New York Times: Willy Burgdorfer, Who Found Bacteria That Caused Lyme Disease , Is Dead at 89

The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: Death is All Around Us: The Plague Pits of London

Yovisto: William Beaumont and the human digestion

The Lancet: Perspectives: The art of medicine: Drugs, alchohol, and the First World War

CHEMISTRY:

The Recipes Project: The Pharmaca of Jozeph Coelho: A Family of Converso Apothecaries in Seventenh-Century Coimbra

 

 

Credit: Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, BNP 2259, Pharmaca de Jozeph Coelho (1668), fol. 1r.

Credit: Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, BNP 2259, Pharmaca de Jozeph Coelho (1668), fol. 1r.

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Letters From Gondwana: The Plant Fossil Record and the Extinction Events

The Guardian: Mammoths are a huge part of my life. But cloning them is wrong.

Palaeoblog: Died This Day: Carl Akeley

Wired: Fantastically Wrong: The Scientist Who Seriously Believed Criminals Were Part Ape

Medievalist.net: A Royal Beast and the Menagerie in the Tower

Slate: How One 17th-Century Artist Produced a Good Painting of an Animal He’d Never Seen

Science in the Making: He Told Animal Stories

Trowelblazers: Katherine Woolley

Natural History Museum: Rare Stegosaurus skeleton to be unveiled at the museum

The Museum's new Stegosaurus specimen

The Museum’s new Stegosaurus specimen

History of Geology: Earth’s Age and the Cosmic Calendar

Notches: Mau Mau, anti-colonialism and “female genital mutilation”

Slate: Beautiful, Terrible Watercolors of a 19th-Century Whale Hunt, Found in a Ship’s Logbook

Natural History Museum: Evolution pioneer’s illegible notebook brought back to life

Thinking Like a Mountain: (Re)Introducing the Capercaillie to Scotland, 1837-1900

Taylor & Francis Online: Brass for Brains: Lord Kelvin and tide prediction

The Embryo Project: Edwin Grant Conklin

Wallifaction: Piltdown Man

Business Insider UK: Researchers Found Something Amazing When They Autopsied A 40, 00-Year-Old Woolly Mammoth

Nature: Lucy discoverer on the ancestor people relate to

The Guardian: Shelf Life: 33 Million Things

Terrain.org: The Library of Ice by Nancy Campbell

Kestrels and Cerevisiae: The Turkey

Pierre Belon du Mans, L’histoire de la nature des oyseaux, 1555:

Pierre Belon du Mans, L’histoire de la nature des oyseaux, 1555:

TECHNOLOGY:

Internet Society: Brief History of the Internet

Conciatore: Cardinal del Monte Reprise

Active History.ca: History Matters: ‘It’s history, like it or not’: the Significance of Sudbury’s Superstack

Inside the Science Museum: How did tea and cake help start s computing revolution?

Leo I electronic computer, c 1960s (Image: Science Museum)

Leo I electronic computer, c 1960s (Image: Science Museum)

University of Toronto: Scientific Instrument Collection: For the Birds: The Bird Behaviour Recorder

The Atlantic: Old, Weird Tech: John Muir Mechanical GTD Desk Edition

Motherboard: The Evolution of Planetary Rovers in Pictures

Slate: The Golden Age of Telegraph Literature

My medieval foundry: The origin and use of bellows, especially in medieval Europe

NPR: How Kodak’s Shirley Cards Set Photography’s Skin-Tone Standard

How We Get To Next: The Big Cooking Geek Trend of 1911, Paper Bags

Science Museum: Automatic tea-making machine (1902-10)

Auttomatic Tea-Making Machine built by Albert E Richardson, a clockmaker from Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire. (Image: Science Museum)

Auttomatic Tea-Making Machine built by Albert E Richardson, a clockmaker from Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire. (Image: Science Museum)

Yovisto: Ferdinand de Lesseps and the Suez Canal

Giacomo Parrinello: Aqueducts 1800-1940: An Animated Map

NYAM: A Different Kind of Flush

Christie’s: A British Typex Cipher Machine

Atlas Obscura: Barthman’s Sidewalk Clock

Brand Thinking: Do You Remember When Printing Was Still a New Technology?

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Eccentric Parabola: Peter Hopkirk – Historian of the Great Game

Fortune: Can we survive technology (Fortune 1955) John von Neumann

Remedia: Archive Magpie Vol. 2

Guardian: Exhibition review: Into the orgasmatron! The Institute of Sexology hits the spot

Thinking inside the box … Stephen Moss sits inside an ‘orgone accumulator’. Photograph: David Levene

Thinking inside the box … Stephen Moss sits inside an ‘orgone accumulator’. Photograph: David Levene

Historiens de la santé: History of Psychiatry December 2014; 25 (4) Contents

Productive (adj) A lively look at work-life balance: How to attend a conference with a baby

The Royal Society: The Repository: An alternative philosophical supper

Corpus Newtonicum: SIN Meets LSA

THE: Wellcome Trust announces major funding scheme changes

Wellcome Trust: Wellcome Trust unveils new funding framework

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Historicizing Big Data

 

Qatar Digital Library: Why were so many of the Greek-Arabic Translators Christians?

New APPS: In memoriam Patrick Suppes

Historiens de la santé: Social History of Medicine Vol. 27 (4) Contents

The Conversation: Sorry minister, but philistinism is not an educational policy

BBC: Imperial War Museum library closure petition launched

 

Science Book a Day: Interviews Philip Ball

Brain Pickings: A Visual Timeline of the Future Based on Famous Fiction

Royal Historical Society: Public History Prize

Doctor or Doctress: Exploring American history through the eyes of women physicians

University of Edinburgh: Paper (OA): Science and sociability: Women as audience at the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1831-1901 @beckyfh

SHOT 2014: Tweets Storified

ESOTERIC:

Medievalist.net: The Book of Felicity

Conciatore: The Dominican Connection

Mitteldeutsche Zeitung: 500 Jahre alte Alchemistenwerkstatt in Wittenberg

Restauratorin Vera Keil vom Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte begutachtet Hinterlassenschaften einer rund 500 Jahre alten Alchemistenwerkstatt.  (BILD: DPA)

Restauratorin Vera Keil vom Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte begutachtet Hinterlassenschaften einer rund 500 Jahre alten Alchemistenwerkstatt. (BILD: DPA)

History of Alchemy: Elizabeth I and Alchemy (podcast)

BOOK REVIEWS:

Double Refraction: How to end the science wars: a review of Harry Collins and Jay Labinger, The One Culture? A Conversation About Science, part I/II

Forbes: A Magisterial Synthesis of Apes and Human Evolution

Professor Russell H. Tuttle, University of Chicago. Image courtesy of Phys.org.

Professor Russell H. Tuttle, University of Chicago. Image courtesy of Phys.org.

NEW BOOKS:

Chicago Tribune: James Watson on ‘Father to Son’

The H-Word: History of science books: Pickstone Prize shortlist announced

h-madness: A new biography of Freud by Élisabeth Roudinesco

John Tyndall Correspondence Project: Vol. 1 of the Tyndall Correspondence is nearing publication!

Pickering & Chatto: Brewing Science, Technology and Print, 1700-1880 now available as eBook

Historiens de la santé: The Recent History of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Historiens de la santé: Medical Monopoly. Intellectual Property rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry Joseph M. Gabriel

9780226108186

THEATRE:

FILM:

The Huffington Post: Sir Isaac Newton and the Inadvertent Feminist

TELEVISION:

VIDEOS:

OSU: Special Collections & Archives: “The Live and Work of Linus Pauling (1901-1994): A Discourse of the Art of Biography”

Vimeo: The Earth is Round! The Image of the Earth in the Middle Ages

Vimeo: The Worshipful Society of Apothecaries

American Museum of Natural History: Shelf Life: Episode One: 33 Million Things

Youtube: Jocelyn Bell Burnell – Pulsar Discovery

Youtube: Trust in Science workshop in Toronto

Youtube: Museums and STEM Engagement: Objects of Invention

CBS News: Almanac: Vacuum Tubes

Youtube: Introduction to the Board of Longitude

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

CHOMI: University of Ulster: History of Medicine Essay Prize 2015

Durham Medieval Philosophy Lab: The Medieval Mind Lecture Series 2014-2015 Preliminary Schedule

Umeå University: The Anthropocene – A History of the World (course)

University of Oxford: Faculty of English: CfP: Medicine of Words: Literature, Medicine, and Theology in the Middle Ages 11-12 September 2015

Aarhus University: Centre for Science Studies: CfP: Biannual meeting of the Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice 24-26 June 2015

 

Royal Historical Society: Public History Prize

Miami University: Kimberly Hamlin honored with Margaret W. Rossiter History of Women in Science Prize

Wellcome Collection: Exhibition: The Institute of Sexology 20 Nov 2014-20 Sept 2015

H-memory: CfP: “Material traces of Mass Death – the exhumed object” France Nov 2015

 

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Exhibition: Books of Secrets: reading & writing alchemy Opening Friday 5 December 2014

An Alchemist in His Laboratory, follower of Gerrit Dou, 17th century, oil on panel. Courtesy of Roy Eddleman.

An Alchemist in His Laboratory, follower of Gerrit Dou, 17th century, oil on panel. Courtesy of Roy Eddleman.

 

Royal Historical Society: CfP: An Honourable Death Birkbeck, University of London 9 May 2015

EAHMH: CfP: Biennial conference of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health Cologne Germany 2-5 September 2015

Writing Fieldwork: CfP: Two-day symposium on fieldwork, its history, and the place of writing and texts within it. Princeton University 24-25 April 2015

Society for the History of Chemistry and Alchemy: Making Chemistry: History, Materials, and Practices: Royal Institution and Institute of Making, UCL, London 8 December 2014

University of Southampton: CfP: Cannibalism in the Early Modern Atlantic 15-16 June 2015

The Harvard Crimson: Professor Wins History of Science Award

Royal Museums Greenwich: Lecture: The Knowledge: How to Rebuild our World from Scratch 27 November

LOOKING FOR WORK:

Port Towns & Urban Culture: Come and work with us! Lecturer/ Research Fellows in Naval History

University of Manchester: Research Fellow in the History of Biology/Medicine

Science Museum Group: Current Vacancies

University of Oxford: Over 900 Scholarships for new graduate students at Oxford in 2015-16

Queen Mary University of London: Postgraduate Research Studentships

University of Portsmouth: Lecturer/Research Fellow in the History of the Royal Navy in the Age of Sail, circa 1660-1815

Wellcome Trust: Portfolio Development Manager: Medical Humanities

Wellcome Trust: Senior Project Manager

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #22

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #22

Monday 17 November 2014

EDITORIAL:

“when you build up false history and false claims for the nation…it is not serving the nation, it is ridiculing the nation – “‪@irfhabib

Recent utterances by politicians have demonstrated the importance of a strong public understanding of the history of the sciences and related disciples (#histSTM). First we had the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a speech, as part of his extreme Hindu nationalist political programme, claiming that all sorts of modern science and medicine were known to the Hindus in Vedic times and are thus not discoveries of the Western World. He was slapped down fast enough by Indian historians and historian of science but his speech will undoubtedly have influenced many less knowledgeable Indians convincing them that the West has stolen their heritage. India did indeed make important contributions to the evolution of science, a fact that is often not adequately acknowledged in Western accounts of STM history but not the rubbish that Modi spouted.

This weekend saw a second outbreak of the falsification of STM history, this time exploration, for religious nationalist propaganda purposes by Turkey’s recently elected President and ex-prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. In a speech delivered to South American Muslim leaders Erdoğan claimed that it wasn’t Columbus who discovered America but Muslims who sailed there in 1178. Erdoğan went on to claim, “Columbus mentions a mosque on a hill on the coast of Cuba”. This bizarre claim is not new but is based on an article from 1996 by the historian Youssef Mroueh. In fact the entry from Columbus’ journal merely describes a hill as having the form of a mosque.

Such attempts by politicians to interpret or even rewrite the history of science in the interest of their own religion or nationalist beliefs are nothing new. One only needs to think of the, in the meantime, more than two hundred year long dispute amongst nationalist as to whether Copernicus is German or Polish, a totally meaningless dispute with reference to the times in which he actually lived. One grotesque highpoint of this dispute was an imperial decree issued by the Nazi, unfortunately still in force in Germany, that the name Copernicus is to be spelt Kopernikus!

Nationalism has no place in STM history and all STM historians should feel obligated to fight against any attempts by politicians to rewrite STM history for propaganda purposes.

“Modern science is a conglomeration of different cultures and civilisations. All these contributions were marginalised due to politics.” @irfhabib – h/t@fadesingh

Let us reclaim STM history for the historians

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Conciatore: Galileo and Glass Reprise

Irish Philosophy: John Stewart Bell: The Nature of Reality

John Stewart Bell

John Stewart Bell

Space: Here’s a Thirty-Year History of Getting Closer to Comets

Atomic Heritage Foundation: Remembering Veterans who worked on the Manhattan Project

AIP: The Centennial of Einstein’s 1915 Theory of General Relativity

Huff Post Business: What I Learned from Einstein: The Importance of Culture

Symmetry: The November Revolution

Burton Richter & Sam Ting Courtesy of: SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Burton Richter & Sam Ting
Courtesy of: SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

 

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Yovisto: Dr Livingstone, I presume?

Medievalist.net: Recovering the lost details of a medieval map

Yovisto: Louis Antoine de Bougainville and his Voyage Around the World

Bougainville reaching Tahiti

Bougainville reaching Tahiti

MEDICINE:

The Conversation: How a painful operation inspired the 18th-century equivalent of a horror movie soundtrack

Royal College of Physicians: Not suitable for vegetarians

The Women’s Blog: No. no, no! Victorians didn’t invent the vibrator

Wonders & Marvels: The history of tampons – in ancient Greece?

 

Four Nations History: Unions and unions: science and medicine in and around Irland, England and Scotland, 1850-1900

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: The Foundling Laboratory: inoculation and experimentation

Early Modern Practitioners: Researching Medical Practitioners in Early Modern Ireland

William Petty, c. 1650. Image Wikipedia Commons

William Petty, c. 1650.
Image Wikipedia Commons

Wellcome Library: Researching medicine in recipe books

Medievalist.net: Healthy Eating in the Middle Ages: the Tacuinum Sanitatis

Yovisto: Dorothea Erxleben – Germany’s First Female Medical Doctor

Dorothea Christiane Erxleben  (1715 – 1762)

Dorothea Christiane Erxleben
(1715 – 1762)

Centre for Medical Humanities: Hippocrates Electric: Invoking the ‘Father of Medicine’ in the 21st Century

Slate: 19th-Century Classified Ads for Abortifacients and Contraceptives

CHEMISTRY:

The Recipes Project: Topazes, Emeralds, and Crystal Rubies. The Faking and Making of Precious Stones

Fig. 3 The coloring of stones

Fig. 3 The coloring of stones

The Artery: Science of Art Conservation in U. S. Began With One Man’s Collection of Colors at Harvard

 

Conciatore: Lake of Flowers

 

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

The Embryo Project: Roy John Britten (1919–2012)

National Museum of Natural History Unearthed: Colored Diamonds from Rio Tinto: The Rough Cut

Yovisto: Robert Morison and the Classification of Plants

The Embryo Project: Francis Maitland Balfour

JSTOR Daily: Animals in the Archive

Geschichte der Geologie: Geologie in Alten Ägypten

Pitt Rivers Museum: A Well-Documented Life: James Arthur Harley (1873-1943)

Nautilus: Cloudy With a Chance of War

Palaeoblog: Died This Day: William Lonsdale

Free Thought Blog: Darwin’s Geological Sense of Humour

The Public Domain Review: Nature Through Microscope and Camera (1909)

14990362365_b6150f00a1_o

Spitalfields Life: A Garden for Thomas Fairchild

TECHNOLOGY:

BBC: Joan Clarke, woman who cracked Enigma cyphers with Alan Turing

The Pianola Institute: The Pleyela, Pleyel-Pleyela and Auto-Pleyela

Psychology Today: Hive Mind: Oh “Hedy” Days of Youth!

BBC: The story of the ‘most complicated’ watch in the world

Unmaking the Bomb: The Visible Atomic Bomb

Science Museum: Cometarium

Cometarium, by W and S Jones, London, a model designed to show the change in motion of a comet as it moves closer and then further away from the Sun according to Newton's theory of gravity. Front 3/4 view of whole object (without lid) against graduated grey background.

Cometarium, by W and S Jones, London, a model designed to show the change in motion of a comet as it moves closer and then further away from the Sun according to Newton’s theory of gravity. Front 3/4 view of whole object (without lid) against graduated grey background.

British Library: English and Drama Blog: History at Stake! The Story Behind Vampire Slaying Kits

Internet Society: Brief History of the Internet

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Leaping Robot: Science (and Science History) for the Public

The University of Glasgow Story: Sir William Thompson Baron Kelvin of Largs

 

The Nation: Apostles of Growth

BBC: Materials book wins Royal Society Winton Prize

Historyonics: Big Data, Small Data and Meaning

The Trickster Prince: Big histories, small minds

Scientific American: Google Scholar Pioneer Reflects on the Academic Search Engine’s Future

 

AIP: Center for History of Physics: History Center Welcomes New Historian

The Recipe Project: Exploring CPP 10a214: Overlapping Territories

The Dutch in Kerala (knowledge transfer)

American Science: HSS Recap Part 1: Visibility and Invisibility

American Science: HSS Recap Part 2: Humans, Pain, and Philosophy

American Science: SHOT Recap: Innovation, Risk, and Magic

Joanne Bailey Muses on History: The role of nostalgia in forging family life

Medical Heritage Library: Year One of “Expanding the Medical Heritage Library” Is Complete!

Emlio Segrè Visual Archive (History of Physics)

Arms and the Medical Man: What counted as knowledge before the First World War?

Guardian: Bible edges out Darwin as ‘most valuable to humanity’ in survey of influential books

The Physics arXiv Blog: The Extraordinary Growing Impact of the History of Science

University of Cambridge: Sachiko Kusukawa wins Pfizer Prize for “Picturing the Book of Nature”

The Current: A Visionary Accomplishment

W. Patrick McCray Photo Credit:  Brian W. Robb

W. Patrick McCray
Photo Credit:
Brian W. Robb

The History of Moden Biomedicine: The Recent History of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Martin Grandjean: [Twitter Studies] Re-writing history in 140 characters

Nautilus: Einstein Among the Daffodils

The Guardian: Jacqueline Stedall obituary

Back Channel: The Man Who Made The UK Say “I’m Sorry For What We Did To Turing”

Method Science in the Making: Issue 1 Boundaries

Literacy of the Present: The Autonomous Science Machine

SHOT: Plenary Lecture: How does one do the History of Technology? David E. Nye (PDF)

ESOTERIC:

Brian Regal: Richard Owen and the sea-serpent (PDF)

Conciatore: Benedetto Vanda

View of Badia Fiesolana - Gaspar Van Wittel called 'Vanvitelli' (1652/3-1736)

View of Badia Fiesolana – Gaspar Van Wittel called ‘Vanvitelli’ (1652/3-1736)

Heterodoxology: Rosicrucian quadricentennary at the BPH

BOOK REVIEWS:

Guardian: Seven Elements That Have Changed the World by John Browne

Popular Science: About Time – Adam FrankUnknown

NEW BOOKS:

D. Lamb: Pathologist of the Mind: Adolf Meyer and the Origins of American Psychiatry

 

OUP: Classical Philosophy: A history of philosophy without any gaps, Volume 1

Brill: The Making of Copernicus

29105

Princeton University Press: Patrick McCray’s “The Visioneers” win HSS award.

Historiens de la santé: Gender and Class in English Asylums, 1890-1914

teleskopos: Maskelyne: Astronomer Royal – book now available

9780719809125

Historiens de la santé: Art of Vesalius

 

THEATRE:

FILM:

The Guardian: Alan Turing’s name restored with film about his work, life and identity

Benedict Cumberbatch as Alan Turing with Keira Knightley as Joan Clarke in The Imitation Game. Photograph: Allstar/Black Bear Pictures

Benedict Cumberbatch as Alan Turing with Keira Knightley as Joan Clarke in The Imitation Game. Photograph: Allstar/Black Bear Pictures

EQ View: The Imitation Game – Review

TELEVISION:

TVMOLE: Greenlit: Tomorrow’s Worlds: The Unearthly History of Science Fiction, BBC2

Medievalist.net: High-Tech Feudalism: Warrior Culture and Science Fiction TV

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Stuff Matters by Mark Miodownik

Youtube: The Quantum Indians

Youtube: Accidental Discoveries That Changed the World – Reactions

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

NPR: Remembering Hedy Lamarr: Actress, Weapons Systems Developer

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Cambridge University Library: Cambridge Seminars in the History of Cartography 2014-2015

Historiens de la santé: Institut Pasteur Paris: Conference: Les Instituts Pasteur au Maghreb, des origins aux indépendances 27 November 2014

The Renaissance Diary: 2nd CfP: 6th Norwegian Conference on the history of Science Oslo 11-13 February 2015

ChoM News: Lecture: The True Story of a Government-Ordered Book-Burning in America: Wilhelm Reich’s Books and Journals, and What Was in Them? December 4 2014

Race and Ethnicity in the Global South: Warwick Awarded at history of Science Society

Educating Women: CfP: Women’s History in the Digital World 2015

CHoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine

“Making the Suicidal Object: Sympathy and Surveillance in the American Asylum” 20

November

British Library: Exhibition: Lines in the ice: Seeking the Northwest Passage

14 November–29 March

Lines in the Ice British Library Exhibition

Lines in the Ice British Library Exhibition

University of Aveiro Portugal: CfP: Chemical Biography in the 21st Century 9-12 September 2015

 

Royal Holloway University of London: CfP: 2015 Annual Conference of the Oral History Society

Royal Museums Greenwich: CfP: The Emergence of a Maritime Nation: Britain in the Tudor and Stuart Age, 1485–1714

Advances in the History of Psychology: Nov 24 Talk! BPS History of Psych Disciplines Seminar Series

BSHS: CfP: British Society for the History of Science Annual Conference, 2015

2-5 July 2015, Swansea University

H-Net: CfP: Gendering Science, Prague 4-6 June 2015 Abstracts due 15 December 2014

The Department of Modern Languages and Literatures at the University of Miami annual graduate student conference, CfP: “Born-Digital: Reformatting Humanities in the 21st Century” March 20-21, 2015.

Greenwich Maritime Institute: CfP. New Researchers in Maritime History Conference 10-11 April 2015 University of Greenwich

The Royal Institution: Lecture: The history of the Christmas Lectures Wednesday 19 November

UCL: First STS Haldane Lecture: Professor Simon Schaffer “Mutability, mobility and meteorites: on some material cultures of the sciences”20 November2014

Society for the Social History of Medicine: Roy Porter Student Essay Prize Competition

Manchester Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine: CfP: Stories about science: exploring science communication and entertainment media 4-5 June 2015

 

The Renaissance Diary: CfP: Domestic Devotions in the Early Modern World, 1400–1800

LOOKING FOR WORK?

University of Leeds: The School of Philosophy, Religion and History of Science at the University of Leeds is pleased to inform potential applicants for postgraduate study that it is able to offer up to 18 fully-funded PhD scholarships for UK/EU students for 2015-16 entry, plus further scholarships for international students.

Horniman Museum & Gardens: Jobs

Oxford Brookes University Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of History, Philosophy and Religion To mark its 150th Anniversary, Oxford Brookes University is pleased to offer a number of full-time PhD Studentships across a range of subject areas in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, starting in January 2015

Museum for Science and Industry in Manchester: Associate Curator of Science and Technology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| 2 Comments

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #21

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #21

Monday 10 November 2014

EDITORIAL:

Your favourite weekly #HistSTM links list Whewell’s Gazette has reached its twenty-first edition and would thus in the time of its Editor In Chief have reached maturity or adulthood. It had an easy childhood and although it displayed occasional tardiness in its adolescence has on the whole maintained a high standard of public presentation. We the editorial staff hope that it will continue to grow and mature for many editions to come and in doing so to reflect a healthy and thriving #HistSTM Internet community.

Quotes of the Week:

“Do not sentence me completely to the treadmill of mathematical calculations – leave me time for philosophical speculations” – Johannes Kepler

“Computers in the future may have only 1000 vacuum tubes and perhaps weigh just 1.5 tons.” — Popular Mechanics, 1949 h/t @kasthomas

Birthdays of the Week:

Marie Curie born 7 November 1867

The last week saw the 147th anniversary of the birth of the Polish–French physicist and chemist Marie Curie one of the dominant figures of early twentieth-century science whether male or female. The first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only person up to now to win a Nobel Prize in two different scientific disciplines, physics in 1903

Nobel Prize in Physics photo (1903)

Nobel Prize in Physics photo (1903)

 

and chemistry in 1911.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry photo (1911)

Nobel Prize in Chemistry photo (1911)

She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris. The list of her scientific achievements and her honours are too long to be listed here but she remains a shining beacon for all women wishing to follow a career path in the sciences.

Yovisto: Marie Curie – Truly an Extraordinary Woman

Brain Pickings: Marie Curie on Curiosity, Wonder, and the Spirit of Adventure in Science

Hedy Lamarr born 9 November 1914: A famous film star hailed as the most beautiful woman in the world the Viennese actress more much more than a pretty face.

Hedy Lamarr (1913-2000)

Hedy Lamarr (1913-2000)

Una Sinott: Happy 100th Birthday Hedy Lamarr, inventor of the wireless network

Yovisto: Hedy Lamarr – a Hollywood Star Invents Secure Communications Technology

Nature born 4 November 1869

Nature

Fun Nature fact: the Wordsworth quote on the first masthead was altered. The Nature version reads “To the solid ground of Nature trusts the mind which builds for aye.” Wordsworth capitalized “Mind” and not “nature.” By Melinda Baldwin

Yovisto: The World’s most important Scientific Journal – Nature

Nature: First Issue of Nature

Nature Podcast: November 1869: Nature is born

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Blink: Celestial Astronomy

Compass Wallah: Reading List: The Celestial Cinema

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Dr Nick Holonyak

Medievalist.net: Quadrant Constructions and Applications in Western Europe During the Early Renaissance

Space Watchtower: 160th B-day: Transit of Venus Admirer John Philip Sousa

Discover: Beautiful Maps of Space Throughout the Ages

Planet Vulcan 1846 A.D. Library of Congress

Planet Vulcan 1846 A.D.
Library of Congress

Great American Eclipse: Total solar eclipses of the 19th century

American Science: Atomic Shells

The Daily Beast: The Other Side of Stephen Hawking: Strippers, Aliens, and Disturbing Abuse Claims

The Telegraph: Stephen Hawking: driven by a cosmic force of will

Hindu History: Erwin Schrödinger: Vedantist and Father of Quantum Mechanics

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Guardian: Uncovering the secrets of John Franklin’s doomed voyage

British Library: Learning Mapping Minds: Ptolemy’s World Map 1482

Board of Longitude Project: Longitude Legends: Isaac Newton

Georgian Gent: Travel in the 18th Century

Linear maps printed by Bowles and Co – this is one showing the journey between Banbury and Bristol.

Linear maps printed by Bowles and Co – this is one showing the journey between Banbury and Bristol.

Behind the scenes at the map museum

MEDICINE:

Perceptions of Pregnancy: How ‘Orals’ Altered the Contraceptive Marketplace in 1960s Britain

Panacea: “Death in the Pot!” Part II

Guardian: Murder at the museum: death and decay go on display

Early Modern Medicine: Comforting Cocoa

History of the Ancient World: Contraception and Abortion in the Ancient World

Medieval Abortion 13th century Pseudo-Apuleius

Medieval Abortion 13th century
Pseudo-Apuleius

FWSA: Being a Woman, Being a Mother: Infertility in early modern England

Slate Vault: How 19th-Century Doctors Used Daguerreotypes For Consultation on Difficult Cases

Points: The Blog of the Alcohol and Drugs History Society: Rethinking Patent Medicine

global-e: Viral Consumption

The Embryology Project: The Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilisation and Embryology (1984), by Mary Warnock and the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilisation and Embryology

Remedia: Locating Convalescence in Victorian England

Yovisto: Hermann ‘Klecks’ Rorschach and his Eponymous Test

Yovisto: Florence Sabin – Preparing the Ground for Women in Medical Science

Smithsonian.com: George Washington Didn’t Have Wooden Teeth – They Were Ivory

CHEMISTRY:

Yovisto: Daniel Rutherford and the Isolation of Nitrogen

Mail Online: Build Fireworks the 18th Century Way

Public Domain Review: Picturing Pyrotechnics

Image showing fireworks at The Hague, June 14, 1713 on the occasion of the “Peace of Utrecht”, found in Klebeband 10 of the Fürstlich Waldecksche Hofbibliothek

Image showing fireworks at The Hague, June 14, 1713 on the occasion of the “Peace of Utrecht”, found in Klebeband 10 of the Fürstlich Waldecksche Hofbibliothek

Distillato: Gunpowder that doesn’t go bang:

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #8: Sulfur

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Palaeoblog: Died This Day: Oliver Perry Hay

The Embryo Project: Lysogenic Bacteria as an Experimental Model at the Pasteur Institute (1915-1965) 

History of Geology: The Season of the Witch: Climate-Change and Witch-Hunt Through the Ages

Witches cause a hailstorm, illustration from the “De Laniss et phitonicis mulieribus” [Concerning Witches and Sorceresses], by the scholar Ulrich Molitoris, published in 1489.

Witches cause a hailstorm, illustration from the “De Laniss et phitonicis mulieribus” [Concerning Witches and Sorceresses], by the scholar Ulrich Molitoris, published in 1489.

The Macropod: A Trumpery Affair

Letters from Gondwana: The Poetry of the Ice Age:

Yovisto: Spyridon Marinatos and the Discovery of Akrotiri

The Artful Amoeba: Origin of Mysterious Portuguese Mathematical and Geographical Tiles Revealed

Thinking Like a Mountain: Environment(s) in Public: Histories of Climate, Landscape & Ecology at UEA

Raw Story: The myth of race: Why are we divided by race when there is no such thing?

The Embryo Project: “Evolution and Tinkering” (1977), by Francois Jacob

TECHNOLOGY:

Smithsonian Air and Space Museum: Spacecraft. Marina 10, Flight Spare

Thick Objects: Researchers as Craftspeople: Glass Microtools and Microscopy

Inside the Science Museum: Dogs in Space

Dog spacesuit and ejector seat used on suborbital rocket flights launched from Kapustin Yar, Soviet Union, c. 1955. Credit: Zvezda Research, Development and Production Enterprise, photo by Rosizo.

Dog spacesuit and ejector seat used on suborbital rocket flights launched from Kapustin Yar, Soviet Union, c. 1955. Credit: Zvezda Research, Development and Production Enterprise, photo by Rosizo.

Scientific American: Remembering Laika the Dog’s Trip to Space, 57 Years Later

 

Conciatore: The Dance of Lead Crystal Reprise

Motherboard: The First Electronic Voting Machine

The Atlantic: The First Plastic Football Helmets Often Broke on Impact

The Telegraph: the barmy inventions that time forgot

Science Museum: Empire type world clock for indicating time around the globe, 1909

The Royal Institution: Hacking at the Royal Institution

My Medieval Foundry: How not to make a stone mould for pewter spoons

 

 

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Frontispiece for the Penny magazine of the society for the diffusion of useful knowledge Source British Museum h/t @beckyfh

Frontispiece for the Penny magazine of the society for the diffusion of useful knowledge Source British Museum h/t @beckyfh

Leaping Robot: Golden Fleece 2.0

Judge Starling: Seven Citations of a Paper that Doesn’t Exist: Has Science Become a Game of Chinese Whispers

Royal Museums Greenwich: Letting off steam (punk) with Jeff VanderMeer

The Geek Pund: The Geek Pound VS Museums: Interview with curator Heloise Finch-Boyer, Royal Museums Greenwich

IEEE Spectrum: Nikola Tesla Slept Here

Guinevere Glasfurd: Descartes in Amsterdam

The Science and Entertainment Laboratory: Pulsars, Pills and Post-Punk: Designed for Unknown Pleasures

Conciatore: Bibliomaniac

Irish News: Bicentenary of mathematician George Boole to be celebrated

On Display: Playing with Museum Representations of 18th-Century American Encounters

The Guardian: Leonore Davidoff Obituary

The Hindu: Mythology, science and society

JISC Digitisation and Content: Medical Insights

Hyperallergic: 800,000 Pages of Patient Art and Mental Health Archives Are Going Online

British Library: Asian and Africa studies blog: Arabic scientific manuscripts go live in Qatar Digital Library

Humanities: Scholar Stretches Truth: English Professor Bruce Holsinger on Writing Historical Fiction

A2HPS3: David Oldroyd (1936–2014) Obituary

Harvard University Library: Digital Library Collection: Contagion: Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics

 

ESOTERIC:

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: Astrology and the novatores, part 2

Academia.edu: The Problems of Disenchantment: Scientific Naturalism and Esoteric Discourse, 1900–1939 Introduction

BOOK REVIEWS:

Brian Pickings: Cosmigraphics: Picturing Space Through Time in 4000 Years of Mapping Space

Guardian: Stuff Matters by Mark Miodownik

 

Guardian: Serving the Reich by Philip Ball

Physics Today: Churchill’s Bomb: How the United States Overtook Britain in the First Nuclear Arms Race

Book

 

NEW BOOKS:

History News Network: He Was Scottish and He Changed the World: And Hardly Anyone Knows His Name

157365-JNJ

THEATRE:

FILM:

The Independent: Benedict Cumberbatch as Alan Turing in The Imitation Game: Why scientists make tricky leading men

Scientific American: Science goes to the movies

Slate: How Accurate Is The Theory of Everything?

Inside the Science Museum: The Imitation Game at the Science Museum

The Pilot ACE computer, 1950. Image credit: Science Museum / SSPL

The Pilot ACE computer, 1950. Image credit: Science Museum / SSPL

 

TELEVISION:

VIDEOS:

Princeton University Research: Beyond the bomb: Atomic research changed medicine, biology

Princeton University historian Angela Creager spent more than a decade researching early efforts to transform knowledge and technology developed for the Manhattan Project to peaceful uses.

Princeton University historian Angela Creager spent more than a decade researching early efforts to transform knowledge and technology developed for the Manhattan Project to peaceful uses.

Youtube: John Wilkins: What Is The Philosophy of Science All About?

Youtube: Why Studying the History of Science is Important – Lawrence Principe

Youtube: Lotions and Potions: Medical Books from the Middle Ages – Dr Erik Kwakkel

Vimeo: Chemical Heritage Foundation: Exhibition preview: Book of Secrets: Writing and Reading Alchemy

RADIO:

BBC Radio 3: New Generation Thinkers: Greg Tate: The Poetry of Science

PODCASTS:

New Books in Astronomy: What Galileo Saw: Imagining the Scientific Revolution

Lawrence Lipking

Lawrence Lipking

History of Philosophy: without any gaps: 196. Arts of Darkness: Introduction to Medieval Philosophy

The Royal Society: Visual Science

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

The International Committee for the History of Technology, ICOHTEC, welcomes submissions for the Maurice Daumas Prize, which aims to encourage innovative scholarship in the history of technology.

Bodies Beyond Borders. The Circulation of Anatomical Knowledge, 1750-1950 7-9 January 2015, Leuven, Belgium

British Library: Exhibition: Lines in the Ice: Seeking the Northwest Passage opens 14 November

Business Wire: Siebel Chair in the History of Science at Illinois Named

The Royal Society: Conference: Publish or Perish? The past, present and future of the scientific journal 19-21 March 2015

Scientiae Toronto 2015: CfP: Victoria College, University of Toronto, 27-29 May 2015

Map History: ‘Maps and Society’ Lectures Programme for 2014–2015 Warburg Institute

UCL Events: Keep the Candle Burning: A re-enactment of Michael Faraday’s Christmas Lectures 11 December 2014

The British Society for the History of Mathematics (BSHM) will hold its annual “Research in Progress” meeting at The Queen’s College, Oxford on Saturday 21 February 2015.

University of Helsinki: CfP: Workshop “Investigating Interdisciplinary Practice: Methodological Challenges” (Univ. Helsinki, 15-17 June 2015)

University of Helsinki: CLMPS: 15th Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosphy of Science Helsinki 3–8 August 2015

The Warburg Institute: Henry More (1614–1687) A conference to mark the fourth centenary of his birth 5 December 2014

University of Wisconsin: Department of the History of Science: CfP: 2015 Midwest Junto for the History of Science 17-19 April 2015

London PUS Seminar: From ‘Any Woman’ Thrush to Pitiful AIDS: The Construction of HIV-Positive Identities in Just Seventeen Magazine, 1983-1997 26 November 2014

Routledge: Call for proposals for a new Routledge series ‘Medicine and Healing of Antiquity’.

Universities of Washington and Saint Louis: Conference: Vesalius and the Modern Body February 26-28 2015

CFP Extended Deadline: Special Issue on Science, Technology and the Nation, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism (SEN) Journal

The Science and Entertainment Laboratory: Stories About Science: Exploring Science Communication and Entertainment Media University of Manchester, 4-5 June 2015

CFP: Postgraduate Medical Humanities Conference 2015 University of Exeter, 20-21 July 2015

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Lyman Briggs College – Michigan State University: Assistant Professor of History, Philosophy and Sociology (HPS) of Computing, Networks or Big Data

Goldsmiths University of London: Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funding opportunities CHASE Doctoral Training Centre

University of Cambridge: THREE-YEAR FIXED-TERM LEVERHULME TRUST PHD STUDENTSHIP IN THE HISTORY OF EARLY MODERN FRENCH MEDICINE, 2015-2018

 

Wellcome Trust: Research Assistant (6 months)

USA Jobs: National Science Foundation: Historian

Yonsei University: Underwood International College Assistant Professor, History or Philosophy of Science

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol: #20

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #20

Monday 03 November 2014

EDITORIAL:

The editorial-team here at Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #HistSTM links digest tend towards the curmudgeonly end of the social spectrum so our attitude to Halloween is perfectly summed up by the following, in our opinion, wonderful photograph.

Photographer unknown

Photographer unknown

However the #HistSTM community appears to contain a large Halloween fan club and this barbaric custom having taken place in the last seven days our twentieth edition is perforce a Halloween special: A ghoulish collection of #HistSTM stories

NYAM: Creepy Historical Drawings of Skeletons Contemplating Mortality

BioDivLibrary: Monsters Are Real

Ghostly Physics: Why quantum entanglement spooked Einstein his entire life

Dittrick Museum Blog: A Grave Matter: Legislating Dissection

Strange Remains: How a Strange 19th Century Coffin Lead to a Revolution in 20th Century Forensic Science

Smithsonian.com: The Doctor Who Starved Her Patients to Death

Flickering Lamps: “the Anatomizer’s Ground” – Uncovering The History of St Olave’s Silver Street

Early Modern Medicine: A dose of witchcraft

witch-300x263

The Atlantic: The Enduring Scariness of the Mad Scientist

telescoper: In the Dark

The Sloane Letters Blog: The Tale of Jane Wenham: an Eighteenth-century Hertfordshire Witch?

Royal College of Physicians: Witchcraft and wizardry in the library

Conciatore: Witch’s Brew of Glass

H-Word: Monstrous Science: how the Yeti gets research funded

http://www.theguardian.com/science/the-h-word/2014/oct/31/halloween-monstrous-science-how-the-yeti-gets-research-funded?CMP=twt_gu

Forbidden Histories: Halloween Special: C. G. Jung’s Spine-Chilling Nights in a Haunted House

Collectors Weekly: Ghosts in the Machines: The Devices and Daring Mediums That Spoke for the Dead

Spirit rapping was so popular, by 1853, T. Ellwood Garrett and W.W. Rossington published a song about it, via sheet music. (From the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University)

Spirit rapping was so popular, by 1853, T. Ellwood Garrett and W.W. Rossington published a song about it, via sheet music. (From the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University)

NYAM: Help! I’m Buried Alive

Dittrick Museum Blog: Buried Alive: A Halloween Post

Circulating Now: Costume Conundrum?

Criminal Historian: Kill the Witch!: murder and superstition in a Victorian village

From Stone to Screen: Spells, Potions, and Curses of the Ancient World

The Chirurgeon’s Apprentice: Resurrecting the Body Snatchers: The Halloween Edition

Atlas Obscura: Sex, Drugs, and Broomsticks: The Origins of the Iconic Witch

Calvin Halloween

Quotes of the Week:

“When the wind of change blows, some people build walls, others build windmills.” — Chinese proverb” h/t @JohnDCook

“There is no history of knowledge.” Peter Drucker, 1993.” h/t @LeapingRobot

“28 October 1492. Christopher Columbus ‘discovered’ Cuba on his first voyage to the ‘New World’. It had always been there, of course.“ Frank McDonough @FXMC1957

“How odd it is that anyone should not see that all observation must be for or against some view if it is to be of any service!“ C. Darwin h/t @interacciones

Birthday of the Week:

One of the real horrors of our world is or, thankfully, better said was the poliovirus. In my childhood still considered “one of the most frightening public health problems in the world”, to quote Wikipedia. Its full horror is perfectly summed up in its popular German name, Kinderlähmung, which literally translates as child paralysis, describing the effect of this disease of the nervous system. In this age where it is fashionable to be anti-vaccines it is perhaps good to pause and remember that this horror disease was largely stamped out by the polio vaccines developed in the 1950s by various researchers, most notably by Jonas Salk. Salk’s greatest deed was perhaps the fact that he didn’t apply for a patent for his vaccine stating when asked, “There is no patent. Could you patent the sun?” Jonas Salk would have turned one hundred years old on 28 October 2014, an anniversary honoured with a Google Doodle, and so he is this week’s birthday boy.

Salk Google Doodle

Headquarters hosted by the Guardian: Jonas Salk Google Doodle: a good reminder of the power of vaccines

Washington Post: JONAS SALK: Google says ‘thanks’ to the heroic polio-vaccine developer with birthday Doodle

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Jonas Salk and Albert Bruce Sabin

Scientific American: Remembering Polio Vaccine Developer Jonas Salk a Century after His Birth

History in the Headlines: 8 Things You May Not Know About Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine

Jonas Salk in his lab (Credit: Archive Photos/Getty Images)

Jonas Salk in his lab (Credit: Archive Photos/Getty Images)

 

News.Mic: The Best Way to Remember Jonas Salk, Polio Pioneer, on His 100th Birthday

BuzzFeed: What Is Polio And What You Can Do About It In 10 Easy Steps

Jonas Salk

As I was still putting this edition of Whewells Gazette together I heard of the death of a good acquaintance, the German jazz saxophone player Klaus Kreuzeder at the age of 64 on 3 November 2014. Klaus played with many leading international musicians throughout the years including standing on the stage with Sting and Stevie Wonder. I say standing but in Klaus’ case it was sitting in a wheel chair as he caught polio at the age of one and a half, which stunted his growth and crippled him for life. A superb musician he was an inspiration to many handicapped people who flocked to his concerts to him him play. I humbly dedicate this edition of Whewell’s Gazette to the memory of Klaus Kreuzeder an excellent musician and a very fine human being.

Klaus Kreuzeder (4.4.1950 – 3.11.2014)

Klaus Kreuzeder
(4.4.1950 – 3.11.2014)

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Leaping Robot: From Glass to Gigabytes

Halley’s Log: What manner of man was Halley? (Born 29 Oct)

Business Insider: Meet The Greatest Silicon Valley Venture Capitalist Ever

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Financing Tycho’s little piece of heaven

Map of Hven from the Blaeu Atlas 1663, based on maps drawn by Tycho Brahe in the previous century

Map of Hven from the Blaeu Atlas 1663, based on maps drawn by Tycho Brahe in the previous century

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

On display: Playing with Museum Representations of 18th-Century American Encounters

David Barrie: Tupaia’s chart of Polynesia

Tupaia’s chart of Polynesia

Tupaia’s chart of Polynesia

 

The 1707 Isles of Scilly Disaster – Part I – Part II

BBC: Tales from the India Office

British Library: Maps and views blog: Maps relating to the Middle East now on line

British Library: Maps and views blog: Lines in the sea: underwater oil in the 20th century

The Irish Times: Ireland’s ‘oldest known separate map’ expected to fetch €3 million

The map is contained in an atlas made in Venice in 1468. Irish Times: Photograph: Christie’s

The map is contained in an atlas made in Venice in 1468. Irish Times: Photograph: Christie’s

MEDICINE:

Clinical Curiosities: Medical training, student experience and the transmission of Knowledge, c.1800-2014

Somatosphere: Tolerance

Concocting History: A pilgrimage to Asclepius

The Quack Doctor: Avoiding the trickcyclist and nutpicker: First World War home remedies and miracle cures

Cassell's Air Raids Overseas June 1919 (Robart's Library)

Cassell’s Air Raids Overseas June 1919 (Robart’s Library)

Notches: Orthodox Sex: Alfred Kinsey and the Re-Making of Jewish Sexuality

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: Smallpox at the Foundling Hospital

Panacea: “Death in the Pot” Part I

Georgian Gent: Cupped at the bagnio, three shillings and sixpence

The Recipes Project: You’ll thank me later

NYAM: Brains, Brawn, & Beauty: Andreas Vesalius and the Art of Anatomy

Boston Review: When Epidemic Hysteria Made Sense

The Embryo Project: The Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilisation and Embryology (1984), by Mary Warnock and the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilisation and Embryology

CHEMISTRY:

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Forensic Chemistry in Golden-Age Detective Fiction: Dorothy L. Sayers and the CSI Effect

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Animal Magic:

http://www.theguardian.com/science/animal-magic/2014/oct/23/okapi-skull-mystery-powell-cotton-museum

Trowel Blazers: Browse All Articles

The World of Genealogical Phylogenetic Networks: Predecessors of Charles Darwin

BHL: Monsters Are Real

Birding Asia: Pioneer of Asian Ornithology Alfred Russel Wallace (PDF)

Live Science: Super-volcano Cleared in Neanderthals’ Demise

The Embryo Project: Ontogeny and Phylogeny (1977), by Stephen Jay Gould

The Embryo Project: “Mitochondrial DNA and Human Evolution” (1987), by Rebecca Louise Cann, Mark Stoneking, and Allan Charles Wilson

Trowel Blazers: Margaret Benson: Mut Ado About Trowelblazing

Margaret Benson in 1893, aged 28 -- one year before she embarked on her first trip to Egypt. Photo by J. Thompson, from 'The Life and Letters of Maggie Benson' by A.C. Benson (1917). Image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3d/Margaret_Benson.jpg

Margaret Benson in 1893, aged 28 — one year before she embarked on her first trip to Egypt. Photo by J. Thompson, from ‘The Life and Letters of Maggie Benson’ by A.C. Benson (1917). Image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3d/Margaret_Benson.jpg

DW: Preserved specimens: inside a scientific storehouse of natural history treasures

JSTOR Daily: Animals in the Archives

The Embryo Project: Victor Jollos (1887–1941)

Natural History Apostils: Hoax anticipation of Darwinism and germ theory of disease (Sleeper 1849/1913)

Wallifaction: Snow

TECHNOLOGY:

The Atlantic: The Technical Constraints That Made Abbey Road So Good

Yovisto: Jean-Rondolphe Perronet and the Bridges of Paris

Spectrum IEEE: How the Ford Motor Co. Invented the SQUID

Conciatore: Alessandro Neri

Retronaut: 1900: “Visions of 2000”

Electronic education

Electronic education

Yovisto: Hans Grade – German Aviation Pioneer

Paleofuture: Broadacre City: Frank Lloyd Wright’s Unbuilt Suburban Utopia

Histories of the Internet: (preprint draft) PDF

Yovisto: Oskar Barnack – the Father of 35mm Photography

Yovisto: Alexander Lippisch and the Delta Wing

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Conciatore: The Inquisition Reprise

Newsletter of the History of Science Society

BackRe(Action): Einstein’s greatest legacy – How demons and angels advanced science

Qatar Digital Library: 1,000 years of Arabic science & scholarship now online

Lucretius: Embracing absurdity: Lucretius and Feynman on taking the world as we find it

PetaPixel: CERN is Asking Your Help in Figuring Out What These Archive Photos Show

So, what is it? Image: CERN

So, what is it?
Image: CERN

Hakluyt Society: Hakluyt and Me: Using the Hakluyt Society Publications for my Doctoral Thesis

Project Muse: Bulletin History of Medicine Vol. 88 Num. 3

Images of Alfred Russel Wallace

CHoM News: Harvard Medical School Launches Submission and Archiving of Electronic Student Theses

Historical Atlas of Canada: Online Learning Project

AEON: Bonfire of the humanities: Public debate is afflicted by short-term thinking – how did history abdicate its role of inspiring the longer view?

The Telegraph: ‘The next generation of tech talent needs to be educated in history, classics and languages’

How We Got To Next: Robot Historians and the Heroic Idea

Brain Pickings: An Anatomy of Inspiration: A 1942 Guide to How Creativity Works

eä: Table of contents VOl. 5 No. 1

ISIS: Why Isn’t Exploration a Science?

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Having lots of letters after your name doesn’t protect you from spouting rubbish.

The Pitt News: Women and minority inclusion: What the sciences can learn from the humanities

Corpus Newtonicum: It’s all Greek to me

The Guardian: Has technology changed cultural taste?

ESOTERIC:

Academic.edu: Contemporary Ritual Magic (Chapter 39, The Occult World)

Genetic Literacy Project: Science as profane: What superstition of 1752 and 2014 share in common

BOOK REVIEWS:

Oxford Journals: The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine

The Geological Society: Lucky Planet

WALTHAM lucky.ashx

 

NEW BOOKS:

Amazon: Earth’s Deep History: How It Was Discovered and Why It Matters h/t @David_Bressan

RUDWICK Earths Deep History.ashx

 

Historiens de la santé: Forensic Medicine and Death Investigations in Medieval England

THEATRE:

FILM:

The New York Times: The Leaky Science of Hollywood: Stephen Hawking’s Movie Life Story is Not Very Scientific

Royal Museums Greenwich: Mr Turner & Mrs Somerville

Mary Somerville (Lesley Manville) prepares to demonstrate her experiment on violet light to J.W.M. Turner (Timothy Spall) and his household (Paul Jesson & Dorothy Atkinson) in Mike Leigh’s 2014 film Mr Turner.

Mary Somerville (Lesley Manville) prepares to demonstrate her experiment on violet light to J.W.M. Turner (Timothy Spall) and his household (Paul Jesson & Dorothy Atkinson) in Mike Leigh’s 2014 film Mr Turner.

 

The Telegraph: Benedict Cumberbatch on Alan Turing: ‘he should be on banknotes’.

TELEVISION:

Popular Mechanics: AMC Tackles Rocket Science in Miniseries Produced by Ridley Scott – Jack Parsons

Jack Parsons

Jack Parsons

How We Get To Next: How We Made the “Light” Episode of How We Got To Now

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Japanology Calculators

Youtube: Brian Cox proves Galileo’s laws of fall (highly recommended!)

RADIO:

NYAM: The NYAM Lectures: Medical Lectures by Eminent Speakers: Some 40 radio broadcasts digitized and catalogued

BBC World Service: The Information Age

PODCASTS:

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Bones

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Literature and Medicine Special Edition: Call for contributions before 20 November

Unspoken Voices: So, after some deliberation we have decided what we are going to be researching. We will be focusing on institutions that were used to house those with disabilities- particularly asylums.

Royal Museums Greenwich: Clocking Off Late 13 November

Historiens de la santé: Mediterranean Under Quarantine 1st International Conference of Quarantine Studies Network 7-8 November University of Malta

IHR: History of Sexuality Seminar Autumn Term 2014 University of London Senate House

The Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society Lecture: Alfred Russel Wallace And Natural Selection: The Real Story Monday 1 December

International Conference at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Germany: Knowing Things. Circulations and Transitions of Objects in Natural History March 23rd – 24th, 2015

Royal Museums Greenwich: Travellers’ Tails Seminar Series: Exploration 20 Nov, 4 Dec, 29 Jan

Steven Institute of Technology: CfP: Taylor’s World Conference 24-25 September 2015

University of Cambridge Museums: The Art & Science of Curation at the Museums Association Conference

History and Technology: An International Journal: CfP: History and Technology

ChoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine: “Boundary Disputes Between British Psychiatry and Neurology” December 18

ChoM News: Lecture: The True Story of a Government-Ordered Book-Burning in America: Wilhelm Reich’s Books and Journals, and What Was in Them? Dec 4

Workshop at the 5th World Congress on Universal Logic 25-30 June 2015 – Istanbul, Turkey: CfP: THE IDEA OF LOGIC: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES

 

Scientiae Toronto 2015: CfP: Final reminder: Victoria College, University of Toronto, 27-29 May 2015

LOOKING FOR WORK?

University of Nottingham: A Global University: 2015 Visiting Fellowships

University of London: The Warburg Institute: Research Fellowships in Cultural and Intellectual History – long term

Durham University: Junior Research Fellow

Brown University: Brown University Presidential Diversity Postdoctoral Fellowships

The Royal Society: Public Affairs Officer

Oxford Brooke’s University: Research funding opportunities

J.B. Harley Research Fellowship in the History of Cartography

The Oregon State Hospital Museum of Mental Health has a position open for a Curator.

The University of Western Australia: Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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