Whewell’s Gazette: Vol: #19

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #19

Monday 27 October 2014

EDITORIAL:

Your favourite #HistSTM weekly links digest this week reaches its nineteenth edition. Nineteen is a prime number, which played an important role in the history of calendric studies, the attempt to impose order on the march of time that is so important to the historian. The solar year and the lunar month are incommensurable, a fancy mathematical term that means you can’t measure the one with the other without ungainly bits left over. This quirk of nature caused major problems for the astronomers of ancient culture before the discovery of the so-called Metonic cycle. Named after the fifth-century BCE Greek astronomer Meton who introduced it into Greek calendric calculations, it was actually discovered earlier by an unknown Babylonian astronomer. The Metonic cycle relies on the fact that nineteen solar years are only about two hours shorter than 235 synodic (lunar) months. So in order to bring a lunar monthly calendar into line with a yearly solar calendar one just needs to add seven leap months into a nineteen-year cycle. In the traditional Hebrew lunar-solar calendar these are added in the years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 and 19. European Christian culture, of course, long ago adopted a purely solar calendar with totally arbitrary months divorced from the cycle of the lunar phases.

One of the most important English astronomers of the seventeenth-century was Sir Christopher Wren who today is mostly remembered for his architectural achievements, in particular St Paul’s Cathedral in London and the Sheldon Theatre in Oxford. The good Sir Christopher turned 382 on 20 October and was honoured with a Google Doodle.

He is this week’s birthday of the week and the nineteenth edition of Whewell’s Gazette is dedicated to his memory.

Quote of the Week:

Writing history is like drinking an ocean and pissing a cupful (so said Flaubert, apparently)” h/t @beckyfh

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

Birthday of the Week: Sir Christopher Wren born 20 October 1632

Christopher Wren by Godfrey Kneller 1711

Christopher Wren
by Godfrey Kneller 1711

British Museum: Christopher Wren, Design for the Dome of St Paul’s Cathedral, a drawing in brown ink over pencil

Youtube: St Paul’s returns to former glory

ODNB: Sir Christopher Wren

Christopher Wren  Edward Pearce 1673

Christopher Wren
Edward Pearce 1673

The H-Word: Google Doodle forgot to celebrate Christopher Wren the man of science

Hartlib Circle: Christopher Wren’s three-story beehive

Yovisto: Christopher Wren and his Masterpiece – St Paul’s Cathedral

Maths in the City: St Paul’s Cathedral London

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Not just an architect

Cartoon by Moose Allain

Cartoon by Moose Allain

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Sir James Chadwick

Ptak Science Books: History of Mattresses: the Suspended Sleep of the Atomic Bomb, 1945

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Little things matter – for want of a semicolon

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Felix Bloch

Yovisto: Felix Bloch and the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Method

Felix Bloch  (1905 – 1983) Image: Stanford University / Courtesy Stanford News Service

Felix Bloch
(1905 – 1983)
Image: Stanford University / Courtesy Stanford News Service

Echoes From The Vault: 52 Weeks of Historical How-To’s, Week 51: How To Discover a Planet

Yovisto: The Planetary Tables of Erasmus Reinhold

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Citylab: Mapping the Age of Every Building in Manhattan

Royal Museums Greenwich: Solving Longitude: Magnetism

In propria persona: On the legal basis for English possession of North America

Portuguese map (1574) by Luís Teixeira

Portuguese map (1574) by Luís Teixeira

Medievalist.net: The Ebstorf Map: tradition and contents of a medieval picture of the world

Discovery News: Century-Old Notebook From Antarctic Expedition Found

MEDICINE:

FT Magazine: Marie Stopes: 100 years of sex advice

Marie Stopes in 1913

Marie Stopes in 1913

h-madness: New Issue of Journal of the History of the Neurosciences

Notches: Death by Celibacy: Sex, Semen and Male Health in the Middle Ages

The Recipes Project: Mrs. Corlyon’s Pimple Cream: A Toxic Topical

Salve for pimples on the face. Ms, 14th century, Vienna. Wellcome Library, London.

Salve for pimples on the face. Ms, 14th century, Vienna. Wellcome Library, London.

Philly.com – The Public’s Health: Yellow fever and Ebola: similar scourges, centuries apart

Advances in the History of Psychology: Alfred Binet: Naissance de la Psychologie Scientifique

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: Inoculating ‘The Speckled Monster’

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: A Duel over Smallpox

 

Diseases of Modern Life: The Dogs’ Bach

Remedia: Abilities first? Institutions for disabled children in Victorian and Edwardian Britain

 

CBC News: St. Mary’s Hospital in Kitchener celebrates 90 years

Panacea: Plus ça change: Infectious diseases Past & Present

CHoM News: 60 Years Ago This Week: Thomas Huckle Weller and the Nobel Prize

Royal College of Physicians: ‘The ornament of his age’

The Medicine Chest: Do(n’t) try this at home: Simon Witgeest’s New Theatre of Arts

NYAM: Reflections on “Art, Anatomy and the Body: Vesalius 500”

NYAM: Polio: A Fearful Disease Nears Its End

Medievalist.net: Surgery in the 14th Century

Medical Rare Books from Washington University: External Remedies for Accidents

tumblr_ndytonMFT31tfkwvxo1_500

Yovisto: Giovanni Maria Lancisi and his Medical Discoveries

Science of Us: Ancient Brits Had Less Gum Disease Than Modern Ones

Concocting History: She-Wolf

CHEMISTRY:

Othmeralia: AROMATICS

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

The Linnean Vol. 30: (PDF) Homing In: Alfred Russel Wallace’s Homes in Britain (1852 to 1913)

The Embryo Project: Christiane Nusslein-Volhard

Medievalist.net: ‘I know not what it is’: Illustrating Plants in Medieval Manuscripts

Tractatus de herbis Simon de Genoa

Tractatus de herbis
Simon de Genoa

The Embryo Project: Mary Warnock

The Return of Native Nordic Fauna: Otters then and now, north and south

Nature: The discovery of Homo floresiensis: Tales of the hobbit

Natural History Apostils: False alternatives in creationism and Darwin-conspiracy theories

The Tentacle: The Continuing Curious Case of Ali Wallace

Wall Street Journal: How ‘Genocide Was Coined’

Los Exploradores de Adviento: Alfred Russel Wallace

 

Thinking Like a Mountain: Reviving Frozen Fish in Manchester! Investigation Natural History, 1775-1851

The Embryo Project: Wilhelm August Oscar Hertwig

The Embryo Project: Victor Jollos (1887–1941)

TECHNOLOGY:

The Public Domain Review: The Mysteries of Nature and Art

6418429629_ba9fa5f7f8_o

Guardian: Information Age: the radio transmitter that changed our world

Inside the Science Museum: Revealing The Real Cooke and Wheatstone Telegraph Dial

Yovisto: Samuel W. Anderson and the Crash Test Dummies

Latinos Post: Apple Computer Made at Steve Job’s Garage in 1976 Sold For $905 000

Gizmodo: A Brief History of Buildings That Spin

Yovisto: Charles Joseph Minard and the Art of Infographics

Guardian: Coils and cables; Science Museum opens information age gallery

The Recipes Project: Reading How-To Workshop

History Today: The Origins of the Shroud of Turin

Yovisto: William Higinbotham and Tenis for Two

My medieval foundry: Introductory post

The Appendix: The Appearance of Being Earnest

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Corpus Newtonicum: Adventures in Huntingdonland, Pt. 3

There’s A Spider In The Bath: A Fortnight at the Royal Institution

The Conversation: Interdisciplinary research must sit at the heart of universities

Cambridge Journals Blog: Dipping a toe into the water of open access – BJHS THEMES

Doctor or Doctress? Explore American history through the eyes of women physicians

Sideways Look at Science: One Year In Research, Part I: Giving Birth to a Research Project

 

Nursing Clio: Adventures in the Archives: Living in a Material World

Harvard University Library: Harvard Library Policy on Access to Digital Reproductions of Works in the Public Domain

Conciatore: San Giovanni

"Florence - Church of San Giovanni, the Baptistry", Photo: Giacomo Brogi (1822-1881).

“Florence – Church of San Giovanni, the Baptistry”,
Photo: Giacomo Brogi (1822-1881).

Medical Heritage Library: “Seeing With a Better Eye” Through the MHL

Nature: In retrospect: On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences

Letters from Gondwana: Mary Somerville, Queen of Science

Royal Museums Greenwich: What your wig says about you

The Guardian: How 1,000 years of Arabic scholarship advanced scientific debate – in pictures

University of Newcastle: Gertrude Bell Archive

Guardian: MI5 spied on leading British historians for decades, secret files reveal

MIT Technology Reviews: Isaac Asimov Asks, “How Do People Get New Ideas”

Royal Museums Greenwich: The Bitter Trade; Spices, Smugglers and State-Sponsored Killings

The #EnvHist Weekly

Res Obscura: A Compendium of Obscure Things #6

 

History of the Present: Paper: Ian Hesketh: The Story of Big History

Making Science Public: Making science picturesque

World Science Festival: 5 Great Scientists Who Never Won A Nobel Prize

THE: Object lessons: 100 examples of the stuff history was made on

ESOTERIC:

Jeanne de Montbaston: Witches and Wicked Bodies: Imagining the ‘Other’

Distillatio: Why are some medieval alchemical texts more popular than others?

Forbidden Histories: A Night of Mesmerism and Psychology at Barts Museum

Ritman Library: John Dee’s “Monas Hieroglyphica”

10153227_801616096569347_5064912791138813395_n

History of Alchemy: Podcast: Alchemists’ Halloween Special

BOOK REVIEWS:

NEW BOOKS:

Early Modern Medicine: Aphrodisiacs, Fertility and Medicine

Picture1

Harvard University Press: Working Knowledge: Making the Human Sciences from Parsons to Kuhn

Historiens de la santé: The Birth of the Pill: How Four Crusaders Reinvented Sex and Launched a Revolution

Science Book a Day: The Control of Nature

Academia.edu: Notes on Recent Publications: Histories of the Hidden God etc

Jezebel: No Love for Lovelace: A Closer Read of Walter Isaacson’s Innovators

The Dispersal of Darwin: Darwin’s Dice: the Idea of Chance in the Thoughts of Charles Darwin

Brill: The Problem of Disenchantment: Scientific Naturalism and Esoteric Discourse 1900-1939

The Dispersal of Darwin: Extinction and Evolution: What Fossils Reveal About the History of Life

Amazon: Commercial Visions, Trade and Visual Culture in the Dutch Golden Age h/t @margocsy

OUP: Tangible Things: Making History Through Objects

THEATRE:

FILM:

Alive in the Age of Worry: Review “The Imitation Game”

TELEVISION:

VIDEOS:

Vimeo: De Herinacio – On The Hedgehog

Youtube: The Medieval University

National Science Foundation: Chance Discoveries: Artificial Sweeteners

Youtube: Science Museum: Information Age 8 videos

Youtube: Dr. Roger Smith’s 2014 American Psychological Association Society for the History of Psychology Mary Whiton Calkins Address Title: Science Encounters the Humanities: History of Kinaesthesia/Touch and Metaphors of Feeling

 

Meta Filter: Do you like vintage training/ educational films? Meet Jeff Quitney includes many #histSTM videos

RADIO:

BBC: Hidden Histories of the Information Age

PODCASTS:

Elizabeth M. Covart: Jeanne Abrams, Revolutionary Medicine: The Founding Fathers and Mothers in Sickness and in Health

NPR: The Slide Rule: A Computing Device That Put A Man On The Moon

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

CHSTM Manchester: The Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM) at the University of Manchester will be holding a Graduate Studies Open Day on Wednesday 26 November 2014.

CHSTM Manchester: CfP: Stories about science: exploring science communication and entertainment media 4-5 June 2015

Harvard STS: STS Fellows Program

Warwick University: CfP: Networks of Media and Print in the Age of Imperialism 23 April 2015

AHA Today: American Historical Association Announces the 2014 Prize Winners

Cambridge University Library: Exhibition: The use and abuse of books 1450-1550: Private lives of print

6th Norwegian Conference on the History of Science: CfP: Oslo 11-13 February 2015

Society for the Social History of Medicine: CfP: The History of the Body: Approaches and Directions 16 May 2015

Society for the Social History of Medicine: Conference: Segregation and Integration in the History of the Hospital Dubrovnik 10-11 April 2015

Society for the Social History of Medicine: CfP: The Black Sea in the Socialist World Birkbeck College London 6-7 February 2015

Society for the Social History of Medicine: Conference: Bodies Beyond Borders: The Circulation of Anatomical Knowledge, 1750-1950 Leuven, Belgium 7-9 January 2015

Palace Green Library Durham: Exhibition: Book Bindings from the Middle Ages to the Modern Day 4 October 4014 to 4 January 2015

Royal Museums Greenwich: Lecture: The Knowledge: How to Rebuild our World from Scratch

Museums Association: Sharon Heal appointed director of the Museums Association

Wellcome Trust: Lecture: Men, Medicine and Masculinity: male sexual health in the Long 17th Century 28 October 2014

Forbidden Histories: Free Access to Studies in History and Philosophy of Science C Special Section, “Psychical Research in the History of Science and Medicine”

University of York: CfP: Magic and Intellectual History 5 March 2015

Studies in travel writing: CfP: Women’s Writing: Special Issue on Journeys to Authority: Travel Writing and the Rise of the Woman of Letters Deadline: 1 May 2015

Canadian Society for the History of Medicine: CfP: 2015 Annual Conference

That Camp SHOT: Propose sessions

LOOKING FOR WORK?

CHSTM Manchester: The Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM) at the University of Manchester offers two fully funded studentships (including maintenance allowance) for graduate study in the history of the biological sciences and/or medicine after 1800.

 

University of Groningen: 7 Rosalind Franklin Fellowships at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

University of California – Berkeley: Assistant/Associate/Full Professor – Philosophy

ASU School of Life Sciences: The School of Life Sciences at Arizona State University invite applications for a tenure-track faculty position at the rank of Assistant Professor in the area of philosophy of biology.

University of Cambridge: Graduate funding opportunities in History and Philosophy of Science at Cambridge for entry in October 2015

Science Museum Group: Keeper of Medicine

Michigan State University: Assistant Professor of History, Philosophy, and Sociology (HPS) of Computing, Networks, or Big Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| 2 Comments

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #18

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #18

Monday 20 October 2014

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #18

 

EDITORIAL:

You now have Whewell’s Gazette #18 before your eyes brought to you at the end of a week that saw the annual celebration of Ada Lovelace Day on 14 October, a day to celebrate the presence of women in (the history of) science, medicine, technology, engineering and mathematics. So this edition of your favourite weekly #HistSTM links list is dedicated to all of the women past and present who have contributed to the development of science, technology, medicine engineering and mathematics.

Quote of the Week:

‘Mr. Boyle mentioned, that he had been informed, that the much drinking of Coffe did breed the Palsey’ h/t @JREverest

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

Tuesday 14 October was Ada Lovelace Day, what follows is a selection of #histSTM post and repost from that day.

Guardian: Ada Lovelace Day – tales of inspiring women

Letters from Gondwana: Mignon Talbot and the Forgotten Women of Paleontogy

Tilly Edinger (Photo,Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA)

Tilly Edinger (Photo,Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA)

Inside the Science Museum: The First Woman in Space

Occam’s Corner: Seeking inspiration? Don’t forget the women!

The H-Word: Women in science: a difficult history

The H-Word: Finding women in the history of science

Letters from Gondwana: Women in the Golden Age of Geology in Britain

Women in computing: the 60s pioneers who lit up the world of computing

The National Archives: Nurses in the Crimea: Elizabeth Cadwaladyr

Photograph of Elizabeth Cadwaladyr. Used with permission from Betsy Cadwaladyr: A Balaclava Nurse edited by Jane Williams (Ysgafell), with a new introduction by Deirdre Beddoe. (Dinas Powys, HONNO, 1987). ISBN 1-870206-00-2. Engraving from a photograph, 1857, in National Library of Wales MS 12353D.

Photograph of Elizabeth Cadwaladyr. Used with permission from Betsy Cadwaladyr: A Balaclava Nurse edited by Jane Williams (Ysgafell), with a new introduction by Deirdre Beddoe. (Dinas Powys, HONNO, 1987). ISBN 1-870206-00-2. Engraving from a photograph, 1857, in National Library of Wales MS 12353D.

The Queen of Science – The woman who tamed Laplace

Mary Somerville Thomas Phililips

Mary Somerville
Thomas Phililips

 

Skulls in the Stars: Jane Marcet educates Michael Faraday

Portrait of Jane Marcet, from the Edgar Fahs Smith Collection, University of Pennsylvania Library.

Portrait of Jane Marcet, from the Edgar Fahs Smith Collection, University of Pennsylvania Library.

 

Roots of Unity: Beyond Emmy and Sophie: Resources for Learning about Women in Math

Smithsonian,com: Five Historic Female Mathematicians You Should Know

Science 2.0: Mind the Gender Gap: Why Women Must Still Fight for Equality in Science

Georgian London: Ada Lovelace Day – Mrs Margaret Bryan, Astronomer of Blackheath

tumblr_inline_mupitomYJF1qjfzvr

I Love Typography: The First Female Typographer

Buzzfeed: 11 Unsung Science Heroines You Really Should Have Heard Of

The Royal Institution: Spotlight on Louisa Tyndall

Louisa Tyndall Credit: Royal Institution

Louisa Tyndall
Credit: Royal Institution

Trowel Blazers: Yusra

NPR: Podcast: When Women Stopped Coding

Pat’s Blog: Those Amazing Boole Girls

From left to right, from top to bottom: Margaret Taylor, Ethel L. Voynich, Alicia Boole Stott, Lucy E. Boole, Mary E. Hinton, Julian Taylor, Mary Stott, Mary Everest Boole, George Hinton, Geoffrey Ingram Taylor, Leonard Stott.

From left to right, from top to bottom: Margaret Taylor, Ethel L. Voynich, Alicia Boole Stott, Lucy E. Boole, Mary E. Hinton, Julian Taylor, Mary Stott, Mary Everest Boole, George Hinton, Geoffrey Ingram Taylor, Leonard Stott.

 

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

IQOI Vienna: Science and Society: a two-way street

Yovisto: Evangeliste Torricelli and the Barometer

Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647)

Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647)

Restricted Area: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: The riddle of Julius Rosenberg

The Ordered Universe Project: Grosseteste and the Harp

Smithsonian.com: How a Physics Diagram Was Named After a Penguin

Image: Quilbert

Image: Quilbert

Ptak Science Books: History of Lines: the Big Little Lines of Richard Feynman (1949)

AIP: Oral History Transcript – S Chandrasakhar

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Royal Museums Greenwich: Solving Longitude: Jupiter’s Moons

Slate: The Vault: The Ottoman Empire’s First Map of the Newly Minted United States

OttomanMap.jpg.CROP.original-original

The Telegraph: Christopher Columbus ‘stole credit for discovering America’

MEDICINE:

History of Medicine in Oregon: Timeline 1850-1900

Concocting History: Autumn Song

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: The Speckled Monster: Smallpox

Early Modern Medicine: Itching and Scabbiness

An itch mite

An itch mite

 

The Public Domain Review: The Poet, the Physician and the Birth of the Modern Vampire

Yovisto: Albrecht von Haller – Father of Modern Physiology

Mass Moments: Boston Dentist Demonstrates Ether October 16, 1846

The New England Journal of Medicine: Insensibility during Surgical Operations Produced by Inhalation

Nursing Clio: The Body as Archive

Dr Alun Withey: 10 Seventeenth-century remedies you’d probably want to avoid!

Yovisto: Nicholas Culpeper and the Complete English Herbal

CHEMISTRY:

Wallifaction: “unbelieving chemists” : science, religion and politics in a tale of two cities

(This political cartoon from 1790 links Priestley’s ideas to “fanaticism” and radical religious ideas. Source)

(This political cartoon from 1790 links Priestley’s ideas to “fanaticism” and radical religious ideas. Source)

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Nerdist: Harold Fisk’s Incredible Maps Track the Ghosts of the Mississippi

My Albion: The Secret Life of Beaver

The New York Times: When Racism Was a Science

The Conversation: There’s no such thing as reptiles any more – and here’s why

Royal Museums Greenwich: The Art and Science of Joseph Banks

Smithsonian Science: Five Amazing Fossil Finds That Will Make You Want To Be a Fossil Hunter

Thinking Like a Mountain: Seed Steeps & Poisoned Partridges, 1843-1848

Partridge from Morris’s British Game Birds and Wildfowl (1855).

Partridge from Morris’s British Game Birds and Wildfowl (1855).

Darwin Correspondence Project: Letters Course: Controversy – Darwin and Wallace

Evolving Thoughts: A nineteenth century view on classification

Environmental History: Wilderness Act Forum

The Alfred Russel Wallace Website: How Famous and Respected was Wallace?

TECHNOLOGY:

Medieval Books: Medieval Desktops

The National Archives: Inventions that didn’t change the world

A design for a flying or aerial machine adapted for the Arctic regions, registered by Arthur Kinsella, Kilkenny, Ireland, May 1855. BT 47/4/669

A design for a flying or aerial machine adapted for the Arctic regions, registered by Arthur Kinsella, Kilkenny, Ireland, May 1855. BT 47/4/669

Guardian: The magic of rubber: irreverent, sexy, sporty, revolutionary … indispensible

The Verge: King of click: the story of the greatest keyboard ever made

Yovisto: Peter Barlow and the Barlow Lenses

The Appendix: Photographing the Guillotine

Today’s Engineer: Dials, Keypads and Smartphones

AT&T Tech Chanel: Introduction to the Dial Telephone

Pasta and Vinegar: iPhone numerical keypad organizations

Yovisto: Chuck Yeager – Breaking the Sound Barrier

Medium Cool: In the Pocket

University of Toronto Scientific Instrument Collection: Spectroscopy Beyond the Visible Spectrum: The Sodium Chloride Prism

Financial Times: The tech innovators of the Victorian Age

Conciatore: Solid Water

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Smithsonian.com: Amazing Artifacts from the History of Science are Going Up for Auction (slide show)

The Vesalius Anatomy Card Game

History of Philosophy without any gaps: 9 Rules for the history of philosophy

Dr Alun Withey: 500 Years of the Model Man!

Scientific American: Dear Professor Einstein

BBC: Welcome to the BBC Genome Project

Nautilus: Top Ten Unsung Geniuses: For these scientists, success and fame did not come in equal measure

Remedia: New Blog: Archive Magpie: Our monthly update on recently-acquired, newly available or underused archival sources in the history of medicine.

Medieval Book: Meet the Medieval Manuscript

The Art and Science of Curation: Museum curators are (unfortunately) not Indiana Jones

London Evening Standard: Roger Highfield: Science is just as vital to London culture as the arts

Harvard Library: Myerson, Abraham, 1881-1948. Abraham Myerson Papers and Family Research Records, 1908-2013 (inclusive), 1921-1974 (bulk): Finding Aid.

Nautilus: What to Do When Genius Fails

The Sloane Letters Blog: Sloane the Chocolatier: A Tasty Myth

Trade-card ‘Sir Hans Sloane’s Milk Chocolate’. Image Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

Trade-card ‘Sir Hans Sloane’s Milk Chocolate’. Image Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

ESOTERIC:

The Ritman Library: The alchemical manual of Ulrich Ruosch

Conciatore: The Purse of Envy Reprise

The Recipes Project: The Acceptance of Charms in the Fifteenth Century

Wellcome Library, London. Recipe for staunching blood with cockerel in MS 5262, early fifteenth century. Includes the Longinus miles charm.

Wellcome Library, London. Recipe for staunching blood with cockerel in MS 5262, early fifteenth century. Includes the Longinus miles charm.

 

Conciatore: A Gift for the Innocent

Heterodoxology: Rosicrucian Quadricentennial: 400 years of secret brotherhoods, universal reformations, and conspiracy theories

The Temple of the Rosy Cross, figure designed by Theophilus Schweighardt Constantiens (Speculum Sophicum Rhodostauroticum, 1618). This version courtesy of Ouroboros Press (2012).

The Temple of the Rosy Cross, figure designed by Theophilus Schweighardt Constantiens (Speculum Sophicum Rhodostauroticum, 1618). This version courtesy of Ouroboros Press (2012).

History of Alchemy: Podcast: Richard and Isabella Ingalese

BBC: Radio 3 Essay: Podcast: Stories from the Cairo Genizah – Alchemy and Magic 13 June 14 (scroll down!)

BOOK REVIEWS:

Wired: The Greatest Maps in History, Collected in One Fantastic Book

Techie.com Innovation and “How We Got to Now”

The New York Times: Cosmos as Masterpiece: In ‘Cosmigraphics’ Our Changing Pictures of Space Through Time

University of Notre Dame: Peter Godfrey-Smith, Philosophy of Biology

John van Wyhe’s Charles Darwin in Cambridge

Medievalist.net: Vegetables in the Middle Ages

The Neuro Times: The Neurologists: A history of a medical speciality in modern Britain, 1789-2000

Science Book a Day: Science Book a Day Interviews Sarah Dry

New York Times: Christine Kenneally’s ‘Invisible History of the Human Race’

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: Female Circumcision and Clitoridectomy in the United States

Pickering Chatto: History and Philosophy of Technoscience

Cambridge University Press: Interpreting Proclus: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

THEATRE:

FILM:

TELEVISION:

  1. A. Times.com: ‘Manhattan’ renewed for Season 2 by WGN America

Motherboard: Author Steven Johnson Talks ‘How We Got top Now,’ Starting With the Sewers

A.V. Club: Yeah, science! The new trend in TV drama

 

Masters Of Sex

Masters Of Sex

 

VIDEOS:

Youtube: ARW Centenary at AMNH Nov. 12 2013: 10 Alfred R Wallace videos

 

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

The Art and Science of Curation: #ArtSCiCuration at the Museums Association Conference

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

University of Kansas: Spencer Museum of Art: CfP: Hybrid practices in the arts, sciences, and technology from the 1960s to today 10-13 March 2015

PHILOS-L: Philosophy in Europe: History of the Human Science: New Editorial Team

The Journal of Somaesthetics: CfP: Bodies of Belief: Somaesthetics of Faith and Protest

PACHS: Working Groups

The Beckman Center for the History of Chemistry at the Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) 2015-16 Fellowships in the History of Science, Technology, Medicine, & Industry–Applications now available, Due Jan 15, 2015

UCL: BSHS Postgraduate Conference 2015 Abstract Submission

The Renaissance Diary: The Descartes Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Huygens ING, and Naturalis Biodiversity Centre: CfP: Circulation of knowledge regarding non-European plants and plant components

In(ter)ventions: object histories and the museum: CfP: 12 February 2015 British Museum

Institute of Historical Research, London: One day colloquium: The History of the Body: Approaches and Directions 16 May 2015

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Public Lecture: ”The Secret Histories of Laser Fusion” Columbia University 29 October 2014 6-7:30 pm

Friedrich Schiller Universität Jena: Workshop „Die ‚nicht mehr neuen’ Medien. Herausforderungen für Universitätssammlungen“ 7-9 May 2015

“Female Bodies and Female Practitioners in the Medical Traditions of the Late Antique Mediterranean World” Berlin, 27-29 October 2014

CRASSH: Things that Matter, 1400-1900: Alternate Wednesdays 12-2 pm during term-time

Wellcome Trust: Wellcome Library funds a new partnership to digitise 800 000 pages of mental health archives

Manchester Medieval Society: CfP: Crossing Boarders in the Insular Middle Ages, c.999-1500 Philipps-Universität, Marburg 8-10 April 2015

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Science Museum Group: Digital Director

PHILOS-L: Philosophy in Europe: Two PhD studentships in HPS in Vienna

The Historical Collections unit of Lister Hill Library of the Health Sciences: University of Alabama: Reynolds Associates Research Fellowships in the History of the Health Sciences for 2015

The Conservation Volunteers: Natural Network Trainees

Science Media Centre: Head of Operations

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Apply for a Fellowship

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| Leave a comment

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #17

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #17

Monday 13 October 2014

EDITORIAL:

History web links

Collated for sci lovers

Whewell’s seventeenth

 

Amateur astronomers do not get laid in 1950 romance comics

Amateur astronomers do not get laid in 1950 romance comics

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

There was an eclipse of the moon last week:

Woodcut from 19th century Smith's Illustrated Astronomy shows why eclipses don't happen every month

Woodcut from 19th century Smith’s Illustrated Astronomy shows why eclipses don’t happen every month

Harvard student's projection of LunarEclipse, 1783

Harvard student’s projection of LunarEclipse, 1783

Special of the Month: Antikythera

The Antikythera shipwreck is best known for an elaborate, geared contraption known as the Antikythera mechanism, which encoded positions of the planets, the moon and other celestial players and events — prompting scholars to call it the world's oldest computer.

The Antikythera shipwreck is best known for an elaborate, geared contraption known as the Antikythera mechanism, which encoded positions of the planets, the moon and other celestial players and events — prompting scholars to call it the world’s oldest computer.

Scientific American: Return to the Antikythera Shipwreck: Technology Tackles Dangers of the Deep

Scientific American: Return to the Antikythera Shipwreck: The Exosuit’s First Mission

Guardian: Scientists hope to unravel mystery of the ‘Titanic of the ancient world’

Nature: Famed Antikythera wreck yields more treasures

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Science Notes: Today In Science History – October 6 – Ernest Walton

Yovisto: Richard Dedekind and the Real Numbers

Open SI: Hubble’s Legacy: Reflections by Those Who Dreamed It, Built It, and Observed the Universe with It.

Matthew Aid.Com: Complete Declassified History of the Manhattan Project Now Available Online

homunculus: Uncertain about uncertainty

homuculus: The moment of uncertainty

 

Twisted Sifter: In Sweden You’ll Find the World’s Largest Scale Model of the Solar System

Yovisto: Karl Schwarzschild and the Event Horizon

 

Yovisto: Henry Cavendish and the Weight of the Earth

Drawing of torsion balance device used by Henry Cavendish in the 'Cavendish Experiment'

Drawing of torsion balance device used by Henry Cavendish in the ‘Cavendish Experiment’

Video: AP Physics 1: Forces 29: Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Cavendish’s Experiment

Yovisto: Heinrich Olbers and the Olbers’ Paradox

Physics Today: The Dayside: Women in physics – a view from 1948

The New York Times: Transcripts Kept Secret for 60 Years Bolster Defense of Oppenheimer’s Loyalty

Science Notes: Today in Science History – October 7 – Niels Bohr

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Hakluyt Society: Richard who? – Introducing the Hakluyt Society

 

Daily Mirror: Elizabethan Top Trumps game acquired by British Library

A map of England from one of the cards

A map of England from one of the cards

The Geological Society: BGS maps portal – maps and sections 1832 to 2014

Royal Museums Greenwich: Halloween Late Death in the Archives: Trim the Cat

Compasswallah: The Perpetual Almanac of Vasco da Gama

The Appendix: The Peripatetic Life of Isabella Bird

A scene from Unbeaten Tracks in Japan (1885), p. 48. The British Library

A scene from Unbeaten Tracks in Japan (1885), p. 48.
The British Library

British Library: American Studies Blog: Olaudah Rquiano and the draw of the Arctic

MEDICINE:

The Quack Doctor: A Patent-Medicine Song, 1892

Postcresent.com: Technology reveals asylum cemetery’s unmarked graves

Medievalist.net: What does your urine say about your health? (Medieval Version)

Dr Alun Withey: Overcrowded and Underfunded: 18th-Century Hospitals and the NHS Crisis

Conciatore: The Duke’s Mouthwash Reprise

Skeptic: Who Invented Pasteurization?

PasteurPasture

Lesley A Hall, archivist and historian: Twitter is a limited forum for discussing 1920s contraception

The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead: Inside Mead’s Library

Apollo Magazine: Physician, philanthropist, collector: ‘*The Generous Georgian’ in three objects

The Economist: Meadicine Man

Washington Post: A brief history of quarantines in the United States

The Chirurgeon’s Apprentice: Disturbing Disorders: Cotard’s Delusion (Walking Corpse Syndrome)

Open Culture: Download 100,00+ Images From the History of Medicine, All Free Courtesy of The Wellcome Library

Wellcome Library: Art, asylum and advocacy: histories of mental health

Wellcome Library: A Victorian lunatic asylum begins to reveal its secrets

Unmaking Things: Disease and the Art of Medical Illustrations: An Interview with Richard Barnett

Regional Medical Humanities: Practising by Numbers: Medical Provision in Early Modern Wales

The History of Emotions Blog: Melancholia and the Problem of Retrospective Diagnosis: Post Conference Thoughts

NYAM: The Talented Dr Knox

The Atlantic: The Team That Invented the Birth-Control Pill

The Recipes Project: “Although It Be St Anthony’s Face” what changes from recipe to recipe?

Dittrick Museum Blog: Madame du Coudray: A Midwife in a Man’s World

Royal College of Physicians: Harvey’s disciples

CHEMISTRY:

Science Notes: Today in Science History – October 8 – Henry-Louis Le Chatelier

Beautiful Chemistry.net Watch Beautiful Reactions in Amazing Detail

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #7: Lime

Yovisto: Ascanio Sobrero and the Power of Nitroglycerine

Ascanio Sobrero (1812-1888)

Ascanio Sobrero (1812-1888)

BBC: The fatal attraction of lead

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Blink: Darwin and the mystical monkeys

The gills have it: Vishnu in an incarnation of Matsya, the fish by Offert Dapper (Amsterdam, 1672)

The gills have it: Vishnu in an incarnation of Matsya, the fish by Offert Dapper (Amsterdam, 1672)

Kestrels and Cerevisiae: The American White Pelican

Royal Museums Greenwich: Jaws Revisited – Sharks in Greenwich

 

The Geological Society: William Smith Factsheet

Laelaps: Evolution in the Slow Lane

Environmental History: Using digital techniques to broaden participatory approaches in environmental history: the Snow Scenes Exhibition

Agile: Great Geophysicists #12: Gauss

Nursing Clio: The Myth of the Vajazzled Orgasm

Punch-Caricature (1882) by Linley Sambourne inspired by Darwin's last book on earthworms

Punch-Caricature (1882) by Linley Sambourne inspired by Darwin’s last book on earthworms

 

TECHNOLOGY:

IEEE Global History Network: George Westinghouse

The Atlantic: NASA Should Have Put a Ring on Orbit

Sue Wilkes: Calico Print Workers

WIRED: For Sale: a $400K Apple 1 Motherboard and 15 Other Treasures of Science History

Fine Books Magazine: Bonhams NY Presents Inaugural History of science Sale

Unmaking Things: Marking Design Part 2: Objects in the Sea of Time

Conciatore: Antonio Who ?

University of Toronto Scientific Instruments Collection: A Model of the Inner Ear

Ptak Science Books: A Fine Microscopical Innovation, 1873

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: A Musical Automaton Clock

A Musical Automaton Clock

A Musical Automaton Clock

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: Newton the empiricist?

The New York Times: Can Wanting to Believe Make Us Believers?

History News Network: An Interview with MacArthur Genius Award Winner Pamela O. Long

157074-POLJ

Phys.Org: In defense of philosophers as scientists

Double Refraction: Barry Barn’s Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory, 40 years on

Early Modern Print: Text Mining Early Printed English

Culture of Knowledge: A pan-European network to reassemble the Republic of Letters

The Art and Science of Curation: Exploring what it means to be a curator

John Matthew Barlow: Historians Being Mean: A Glossary

The Ordered Universe Project: Grosseteste Goes Public: Disseminating Medieval and Modern Science

Leaping Robot: Scientists as Customers?

Medium.com: Shorter, better, faster, free: Blogging changes the nature of academic research, not just how it is communicated

Cultivating Innovation: Making the history and philosophy of science work for YOU!

Scientific American: Doing Good Science: Grappling with the angry-making history of human subject research, because we need to.

ESOTERIC:

SHAC: Programme/Call for Registrations: Geographies of Alchemy and Chemistry (5th SHAC Postgraduate Workshop)

History of Alchemy: Podcast: Homunculus

Paracelsus is credited with the first mention of the homunculus in De homunculis (c. 1529-1532), and De natura rerum (1537). Wikipedia Commons

Paracelsus is credited with the first mention of the homunculus in De homunculis (c. 1529-1532), and De natura rerum (1537). Wikipedia Commons

 

BOOK REVIEWS:

Peder Anker: Hanna Gay; The Silwood Circle: A History of Ecology and the Making of Scientific Careers in Late Twentieth-Century Britain

History Today: Inventing the Military-industrial Complex

Bloomberg View: A Genius That History Forgot (Robert Fitzroy)

FitzRoy later in life (probably mid-fifties). Wikipedia Commons

FitzRoy later in life (probably mid-fifties). Wikipedia Commons

Science Museum Group Journal: Ships, Clocks & Stars: The Quest for Longitude

Environmental, History, Science: Reviewing a History of British Ecology

THE: The Newton Papers: The Strange and True Odyssey of Issac Newton’s Manuscripts by Sarah Dry

NEW BOOKS:

Edition Lammerhuber: The Face of The Earth – The Legacy of Eduard Suess

Historiens de la santé: A History of the Workplace: Environment and Health at Stake

City Lab: Building ‘Imaginary Cities’

Grant Hamilton's illustration of a futuristic city called 'What We Are Coming To' appeared in Judge magazine in 1895. Anderson tweeted it out earlier this month.

Grant Hamilton’s illustration of a futuristic city called ‘What We Are Coming To’ appeared in Judge magazine in 1895. Anderson tweeted it out earlier this month.

British Library: Maps and views blog: A History of the 20th Century in 100 Maps

Scribd: History and Philosophy of Science catalogue, 2015-16

THEATRE:

FILM:

TELEVISION:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Nürnberg & Bamberg: The Behaim Globe, The Frauenkirche Clock, The Renaissance Mathematicus on Petreius and De revolutionibus (4.11–6.56)

Vimeo: East-India Company ship routes

The Atlantic: What Letter Should We Add to STEM?

Youtube: Wellcome Library: EYES: 30 videos

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: An Eye for Pattern: The Letters of Dorothy Hodgkin

Occam’s Corner: Colouring by letters: the life of Dorothy Hodgkin

British biochemist Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910 - 1994), who won the 1964 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

British biochemist Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910 – 1994), who won the 1964 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

PODCASTS:

PRI: How did English become the language of science

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Royal Museums Greenwich: Science, Voyaging, Art, Empire Study Day

Making Waves: Registration: Workshop 3: Science, Pure and Applied: Oliver Lodge, Physics and Engineering 31 Oct 2014 University of Liverpool

BJHS Themes: New British Society for the history of Science journal

Medical training, student experience and the transmission of knowledge, c.1800-2014: new foundations and global perspectives 17-18 Oct. University College Dublin

The Renaissance Dairy: CfP: Rethinking Intellectual History

 

Queen Mary University of London: Histories and Theories of the Unconscious

The British Society for the History of Science: Dingle Prize for the best book in the history of science, technology, and medicine, first published in English in 2013 or 2014, which is accessible to a wide audience of non-specialists.

University of Edinburgh STIS Seminar Series Oct-Dec 2014

CHoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine “Jewish Medical Resistance in the Holocaust” Oct 14 4-5 pm

 

Constructing Scientific Communities: Science, Medicine and Culture in the Nineteenth Century Seminars – Michaelmas Term 2014

 

NYAM: CfP. Who Becomes a Medical Doctor in New York City: Then and Now – a Century of Change 11 December 2014

NYAM: CfP: Fifth Annual History of Medicine Night 11 March 2015

PACHS: Lecture: Diagnosis, Madness: The Photographic Physiognomy of Hugh Welch Diamond

University of Warwick: Global History and Culture Centre: Lecture: Orangutans and Black Slaves in Global Perspective: Challenging the Boundaries of Humankind at the end of the Eighteenth Century 22 Oct 2014

HSS Online: 2014 HSS Annual Meeting Chicago, Illinois 6-9 November 2014

Science Museum Group Journal: 02 Issue 02

University of East Anglia: Workshop: Environment(s) in Public 3 Nov 2014

University of Cambridge: Festival of Ideas: Exhibition: Inside out: Dr Auzoux’s papier-mâché models of natural bodies

fb4250c5a2b6b731267b0e08f25bdf43

 

APS: Forum on the History of Physics: Student Travel Awards

Finding Ada: Ada Lovelace Day for Schools 2014 14 Oct

Interesting Talks London: Lecture: The Invention of Colour with Philip Ball 6 Nov 2014

 

Wellcome Collection: Exhibition: The Institute of Sexology: Undress Your Mind

The #EnvHist Weekly

Historiens de la santé: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

USC Visual Studies Research Institute: CfP: Material Evidence, Visual Knowledge 30 April-1 May 2015

LOOKING FOR WORK?

The Research Society for Victorian Periodicals: The Gale Dissertation Research Fellowship in Nineteenth-Century Media

Norwegian University of Science and Technology: PhD Positions Faculty of Humanities

Higher Ed Jobs: Binghamton University NY: Assistant Professor of Premodern Medicine

University of Cambridge: Job Opportunities: University Lectureship in Global Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| 1 Comment

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #16

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #16

Monday 06 October 2014

EDITORIAL:

You are now reading the sixteenth edition of the #histSTM weekly inks list Whewell’s Gazette. In most American States and in the UK sixteen is the age of sexual consent. Whewell’s Gazette has been including links to articles on the history of sex and sexuality since its conception and has recently added the very stimulating Notches (re)marks on the history of sexuality to its sources for interesting posts if you aren’t already reading it you should be.

On the 27 September the #histSTM community lost one of its prominent members with the death of British historian of mathematics Jacqueline Stedall.

Jacqueline Stedall (Photographer unknown)

Jacqueline Stedall (Photographer unknown)

 

An expert on seventeenth-century algebra she is particular dear to our editorial staff for her pioneering work on Thomas Harriot’s contribution to this genre. She was also author of the excellent The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction and Mathematics Emerging: A Sourcebook 1540 – 1900 as well as co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics.

 

Thomas Fuller: “History maketh a young man to be old, without either wrinkles or gray hairs; privileging him with the experience of age.” h/t Darrin Hayton (@dhayton)

“If your history does not admit the weird then it’s not good history” Colin Dickey (@colindickey)

“Worse by far than a straw man is a straw man dressed in the designer suit of your choosing.” Liam Heneghan (@DublinSoil)

“One’s mind is a place where the past becomes present – required for historians.” Kate Morant (@KateMorant)

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

A Technical and Astronomical Birthday:

On Oct 4 1957 the Russians launched the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1. On 4 October 1959 the Russian satellite Luna 3 gave humanity its first view of the far side of the moon.

Wired: Oct. 4. 1957: Soviets Put Man-Made Moon in Orbit!

Sputnik

Sputnik

 

GIZMODO: Humans first saw the far side of the moon 55 years ago today

NASA: Solar System Exploration: Mission to the Moon: LUNA 3

Yovisto: Willy Ley – Founder of the German Rocket Society

Yovisto: Robert Goddard – the Man who ushered in the Space Age

Robert H. Goddard (1882-1945)

Robert H. Goddard (1882-1945)

History Physics: This year saw India’s 1st satellite. 50 years ago, Canada orbited ‘Alouette 1′ ‪

Science Notes: Today In Science History – October 1 – NASA

This Month’s Special:

Never heard of Dr Richard Mead (1673–1754)? Amongst other things he was Isaac Newton’s physician. The Foundling Museum have dedicated an exhibition to the “Generous Georgian” and launched a blog to accompany the exhibition. Want to know more then read Frances Spiegel’s post at Decoded Past.

Allan Ramsay, Dr Richard Mead, 1747, oil on canvas. Image courtesy of Coram in the care of the Foundling Museum

Allan Ramsay, Dr Richard Mead, 1747, oil on canvas. Image courtesy of Coram in the care of the Foundling Museum

The Foundling Museum: Exhibition: The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead

Exhibition Blog: The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead

Decoded Past: The Generous Georgian: Dr Richard Mead –an Exhibition at the Foundling Museum

A collection of Posts to International Coffee Day

The Recipes Project: Coffee: A Remedy Against Plague

Early Modern Medicine: The Coffee Controversy

The Paris Review: Blinded by Coffee

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Tycho Girl: her head full of stars (a tribute to Henrietta Swan Leavitt)

Case Western Reserve University: Institute for the Study of the UniversIty in Society: “Failure” Leads to Breakthrough

National Geographic: In a Planet-or-Not Debate, Some Astronomers Say “Long Live Planet Pluto”

Demoss: Scholars Discover Early Astronomical Drawings

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Otto R. Frisch

New York Times: The Difficulties of Nuclear Containment: Espionage Threatened the Manhattan Project, Declassified Report says

Stanford News: Stanford’s Martin L. Pearl, winner of 1995 Nobel Prize for discovery of tau lepton, dead at 87

Ptak Science Books: Anti-Gravity Anti-Gravitas

The London Punch via Ptak Science Books

The London Punch via Ptak Science Books

Atomic Heritage Society: Britain

 

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The unfortunate backlash in the historiography of Islamic Science

BBC: Caesium: A brief history of timekeeping

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Board of Longitude Project: Time to Solve Longitude: the timekeeper method

 

City Lab: My 5 Favorite Maps: Bill Rankin

Map of Yamashiro Province, Author Unknown (19th Century)

Map of Yamashiro Province, Author Unknown (19th Century)

Fiction Reboot: Daily Dose: MedHum Monday: Stones, Clocks, and Stars at the National Maritime Museum

MEDICINE:

Two Nerdy History Girls: A physician reports in autumn 1810

Science Museum: Brought to Life: Thomas Sydenham (1624–89)

History of Medicine in Ireland: Cows, contagion and sanitation and Victorian Dublin

Panacea: Policing Medical Practice in the 17th Century

From the Hands of Quacks: Wilson’s Common Sense Ear Drums

Ad Wilson's Ear Drum 1900 Getty Images The advertisements for Wilson’ Ear Drums indicated that with the device, a d/Deaf person would be happier as they were able to participate in hearing society and include themselves in ways previously denied to them.

Ad Wilson’s Ear Drum 1900 Getty Images
The advertisements for Wilson’ Ear Drums indicated that with the device, a d/Deaf person would be happier as they were able to participate in hearing society and include themselves in ways previously denied to them.

Épistémocritique: Eighteenth-Century Archives of the Body (PDF)

Elektrotherapia

BBC: How blind Victorians campaigned for inclusive education

The History of Emotions Blog: The religious roots of cancerphobia

Early Modern Medicine: True English Bloodletting

NYAM: Revisiting the Fabrica Frontispiece

PACHS News and Notes: Remembering the Veteran: Disability, Trauma, and the American Civil War, 1861-1915

Science Notes: Today In Science History – October 3 – Frank Pantridge

Early Modern Medicine: Aphrodisiacs, Fertility and Medicine

Hagley Museum and Library: History of Patent Medicine

Huffington Post: Five Things From the Mary Rose That’ll Make You Go ‘Oooh’

Royal College of Physicians: Sir Francis Prujean, PRCP 1650-4

Dittrick Museum Blog: Body Snatching, You Say?

Museum of Health Care: Mandrakes, from Mythology to Museum Collectable

Yovisto: James Lind and a Cure for Scurvy

Science Daily: HIV pandemic’s origin located: Likely to have emerged in Kinshasa around 1920

CHEMISTRY:

Conciatore: Lixiviation Reprise

Tycho’s Nose: The Shiny Bits of Science: Chemical Notation from Ciphers to Calligraphy

Examples of ways to draw methionine.

Examples of ways to draw methionine.

Dscript.org: Artistic Science or Scientific Art – Chemical Calligraphy (PDF)

Science Notes: Today in Science History – October 5 – Dirk Coster

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Nautilus: The Sound So Loud That It Circled The Earth Four Times

Houghton Library: Hugh of Fouilly De bestiis et aliis rebus [ca. 1230-1250]

Library

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature: Who is the type of Homo sapiens?

Academia Edu: Tortoises and the Exotic Animal Trade in Britain from Medieval to Modern

Science Daily: Unexpectedly speedy expansion of human, ape cerebellum

Huffington Post: 6 Things Aristotle Got Wrong

Mental Floss: 11 Images from the American Museum of Natural History’s Archives

Spitalfields Life: An Auricula For Thomas Fairchild

TECHNOLOGY:

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 29 – Rudolf Diesel Mystery

Tameshigiri: The Art of Cutting: Comparing Medieval images of European and Japanese sword polishers

Georgian Gent: So you think you can sew, Mr Saint?

In The Dark: The Origin of CERN

Nautilus: A Vehicle of Wonder

Conciatore: The Blue Tower

Yovisto: The Unfortunate Inventions of Charles Cros

Fortune: Walter Isaacson on the women of ENIAC

Jean Jennings (left), Marlyn Wescoff (center), and Ruth Lichterman program ENIAC at the University of Pennsylvania, circa 1946. Photo: Corbis

Jean Jennings (left), Marlyn Wescoff (center), and Ruth Lichterman program ENIAC at the University of Pennsylvania, circa 1946.
Photo: Corbis

Ptak Science Books: In the Enigma Machine Family: the Hagelin Cryptographic Machine, 1942

But Does it Float: Photographs of nuclear slide-rules

Mental Floss: 11 of America’s Most Inspiring Cup Holder Patents

The Washington Post: Jerrie Mock, first female pilot to fly solo around the world, dies at 88

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Royal Society: The Repository: Circus of science

The British Society for the History of Science: BSHS President Greg Radick

Yovisto: Fritz Kahn and the Mensch Maschine

The Original Poster of the Industrial Palace From: Fritz Kahn. Das Leben des Menschen Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart

The Original Poster of the Industrial Palace
From: Fritz Kahn. Das Leben des Menschen
Franckh’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart

 

Notches: Historians are gossips who tease the dead

New Humanist: The city and the sublime

The Recipes Project: ‘One does not learn remedies through books’ (Aristotle)

Fiction Reboot: Daily Dose: Medical Humanities: Building a Community

Defence in Depth: The Instrumentalisation of History

Wellcome Trust: Reality behind research: 21 years of oral history with Wellcome Witnesses

Thick Objects: Recreating Science (or, “The amoeba gets it in the end”)

DYNAMIS Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam

VOLUMEN 34 (2)   2014

 

New Blog – JSTOR Daily also has #histSTM content

 

CERÆ: VOL 1 (2014) Emotions in History

Cambridge University Press: The History Manifesto

Corpus Newtonicum: Adventures in Huntingdonland, Pt. 2

Making Science Public: Philae: Where space science meets language science

The Burns Archive: The Anatomy & Education Collection

ESOTERIC:

Remedia: A Scientific Guide to Seeing Fairies: A fragment

BOOK REVIEWS:

Somatosphere: Book Forum – Introduction, Jeremy Greene’s “Generic”

Imperial & Global Forum: Exchanging Notes: Colonialism and Medicine in India and South Africa

NEW BOOKS:

Johns Hopkins University Press: More Than Hot: A Short History of Fever

Steven Johnson: How We Got To Now, The Book

THEATRE:

FILM:

Dan’s Papers: HIFF awards Alfred P. Sloan Feature Film Prize to ‘The Imitation Game’

TELEVISION:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Pierre Descilier’s World Map – The Beauty of Maps – BBC Four

Youtube: Disease! Crash Course World History 203

Arts & Humanities Research Council: ‘Dear Mr Darwin’: What can we learn from 19th century science?

RADIO:

BBC: Germany Memories of a Nation: Strasbourg – Floating City featuring the cathedral clock

PODCASTS:

Royal Society: The private life of Isaac Newton

Royal Society: Longitude: back and forth across the years

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

University of Lincoln: Lecture: Dr Marika Keblusek: A Living Library for Learning: The book collection of Michael Honywood as an intellectual centre in the Dutch Republic (1640-1660) 16 Oct 2014

CHoM News: Lecture: The Birth of the Pill 21 Oct 2014

History of the Physical Sciences at History of Science Society 2014

The British Society for the History of Science Research Grants

University of Leeds History and Philosophy of Science Seminar 2014–15, Semester 1

Advances in the History of Psychology: Oct 6 Talk! BPS History of Psych Disciplines Seminar Series: Professor Roland Littlewood (UCL) “The Advent of the Adversary: Negative Power in Certain Religio-Therapeutic Systems?”

 

Bundeskunsthalle: Exhibition: Outer Space 3 October 2014 – 22 February 2015

Cheltenham Festival: Talk: A History of the 20th Century in 100 Maps 7 Oct 2014

History of High-Technologies and Their Socio-Cultural Contexts The International Committee for the History of Technology’s 42nd Symposium in Tel Aviv, Israel, 16-21 August 2015

University of Sydney: Conference: Rethinking Intellectual History 7-9 April 2015

Scientiae: Conference: Disciplines of Knowledge in the Early Modern Period Toronto 2015 27-29 May

ChoM News: October–December Events Calendar

Museums Association: Royal Museums Greenwich consults on redundancies

Manchester Medieval Society: Events – Programme for 2014-15 includes #histSTM

National Center for Science Education: RNCSE 34:5 now on line (includes #histSTM book reviews)

Wellcom Library for the History of Medicine: Ada Lovelace – Wikipedia Ediathron – Tuesday 14 October

October 18: “Art, Anatomy, and the Body: Vesalius 500″ NYAM’s second annual Festival for Medical History and the Arts

Institute of Historical Research: One day colloquium 16 May 2015 The History of the Body: Approaches and Directions

British Society for the History of Science: Dingle Prize 2015

Michaelmas Term 2014 Seminar Series Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, Seminar Room, 47 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6PE

Battle of Ideas: Barbican Centre, London Oct 18-19

LSE Asia Research Centre: Lecture: An Inordinate Fondness for Beetles: The hero’s journey of Alfred Russel Wallace in Southeast Asia Wednesday 15 October

LOOKING FOR WORK?

CENTRE FOR THE HISTORY OF EUROPEAN DISCOURSES, THE UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND, BRISBANE, AUSTRALIA

Postdoctoral Fellowships on Science and Secularization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| 1 Comment

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #15

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William WhewellEmblem

Volume #15

Monday 29 September 2014

EDITORIAL:

Today we publish our fifteenth edition of Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM links list. The last week has seen the autumn equinox. The spring equinox signalled in earlier times the beginning of the year and played a central role in determining the date of Easter. The Fifteenth day of the Jewish month of Nissan is the start of the Jewish festival of Pesach, English Passover, the anniversary of the Jewish Exodus from Egypt. This date has played a role in the history of European science because of the Church’s attempt to determine it, a date on the lunar calendar, on a solar calendar in order to celebrate Easter. These efforts culminated in the Gregorian calendar reform of 1582, resulting in the calendar used throughout the world today. It should be pointed out used in parallel to other calendars in many cultures.

A couple of nice historical quotes about the history of science:

“To know the history of science is to recognize the mortality of any claim to universal truth”

Evelyn Fox Keller, 1985 (h/t @CRostvik)

“The history of the science is a great fugue, in which the voices of the nations come one by one into notice.”

—Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (h/t @SciHistoryToday)

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

 

Birthdays of the Week:

William Playfair born 22 September 1759

Yovisto: William Playfair and the Beginnings of Infographics

Playfair's trade-balance time-series chart, from The Commercial and Political Atlas and Statistical Breviary, 1786

Playfair’s trade-balance time-series chart, from The Commercial and Political Atlas and Statistical Breviary, 1786

Michael Faraday born 22 September 1791

Michael Faraday  Thomas Phillips oil 1842

Michael Faraday
Thomas Phillips oil 1842

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Michael Faraday

#CosmosChat: “The Electric Boy”

 

The Victorian Web: Percival Leigh and Charles Dickens: The Chemistry of the Candle

Perimeter Institute: From Faraday to Present Day

Uncertain Principles: The Electric Life of Michael Faraday by Alan Hirshfeld

Abraham Gottlob Werner born 25 September 1749

Abraham Gottlob Werner Christian Leberecht Vogel

Abraham Gottlob Werner
Christian Leberecht Vogel

Yovisto: Abraham Werner and the School of Neptunism

History of Geology: Granite Wars – Episode I: Fire & Water

History of Geology: When Rock Classification is not hard anymore, thank Mohs’ Scale of Hardness

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Physics World: CERN Celebrates 60 years of science (see also videos!)

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 20 – Luna 16

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 21 – Donald Arthur Glaser

True Anomalies: MAVEN and the mystery of the Martian atmosphere

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Lawrence S Myers Jr.

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 23 – Neptune

Before Newton: Tycho in China

Photo: Peter Barker

Photo: Peter Barker

WOUB Public Media: Dr. Arthur Fine Tells The Real Story Behind Albert Einstein

The Public Domain Review: Flowers of the Sky

Augsburger Wunderzeichenbuch, Folio 28, c. 1552

Augsburger Wunderzeichenbuch, Folio 28, c. 1552

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 26 – Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn

Ptak Science Books: On Einstein Not Being in the Popular Press Before the Great Eclipse of 1919

Restricted Data The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: The lost IAEA logo

 

Popperfont: The illustrations for “Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space” are gorgeous

Art by Ben Newman. From Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space

Art by Ben Newman. From Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Yovisto: The Topographia of Matthäus Marian

Halley’s Log: Halley’s Atlantic Chart, part 2: his results

Halley's Chart

Halley’s Chart

Travellers’ Tails: A Tale of Two Cooks

MEDICINE:

NYAM: A Medical Symphony: Celebrating African Americans in New York Medicine

Guardian: Nerophilosophy: Mo Costandi: A brief history of psychedelic psychiatry

New York Times: Selling Prozac as the Life-Enhancing Cure for Mental Woes

REMEDIA: Ebola: Epidemics, Pandemics and the Mapping of Their Containment

Harvard Medical School: Back Story: The beauty and bane of attempts to market food and drugs

Jeffrey M Levine: Arion Triumphant

About Education: Typhoid Mary

The New York Times: Time Machine: Marvellous Cures of Cancer Attributed to Radium 28 Sept 1913

Early Modern Medicine: Feeling ‘Louzy’

Early Modern Practitioners: The Agony and the Ecstacy: Hunting for 17th-century medics…with few sources

 

io9: The “Glass Delusion” Was The Most Popular Madness of the Middle Ages

 

The Embryo Project: Gordon Watkins Douglas (1921-2000)

http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/8198

Boston Globe: 19th century advances paved way for today’s Ebola treatment

DORRS OPEN DAY: photoblog post: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow

The Public Domain Review: The Anatomy of Drunkenness (1834)

Dittrick Museum Blog: Listening to the Body: Stethoscopes in 1900

From the Sharp & Sharp Catalog of Instruments, 1905, displaying the variety of Cammann Stethoscopes available.

From the Sharp & Sharp Catalog of Instruments, 1905, displaying the variety of Cammann Stethoscopes available.

History of Geology: Physician Paracelsus and early Medical Geology

BBC: Victorian keep-fit exercises and gym regimes revealed

Ernst's manual has more than 20 different exercises for the whole family

Ernst’s manual has more than 20 different exercises for the whole family

CHEMISTRY:

Conciatore: Deadly Fumes Reprise

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Stories of the Great Chemists

A Vida Ilustres comic about Lavoisier depicts the scientist identifying constituents of air through experiments on combustion. At right, Lavoisier shares his discovery with an audience. (Othmer Library of Chemical History, CHF)

A Vida Ilustres comic about Lavoisier depicts the scientist identifying constituents of air through experiments on combustion. At right, Lavoisier shares his discovery with an audience. (Othmer Library of Chemical History, CHF)

Yovisto: Joseph Proust and the Law of Constant Composition

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 28 – Henri Moissan

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Atlas Obscura: A Garden That Can Kill

(photograph by Jo Jakeman/Flickr)

(photograph by Jo Jakeman/Flickr)

Embryo Project: Boris Ephrussi (1901-1979)

Ptak Science Books: Kingdoms of Dust and Street Dirt, and What People Breathed in 1878

Leaping Robot: DNA…From Blueprint to Brick

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 25 – Thomas Hunt Morgan

Hyperallergic: The Romance of Science in Victorian Natural History Bookbindings

A. C. Chambers, “Beauty in Common Things” (1874) (via Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library)

A. C. Chambers, “Beauty in Common Things” (1874) (via Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library)

The Embryo Project: Thomas Hunt Morgan’s Definition of Regeneration: Morphallaxis and Epimorphosis

Fossil History: Falconer’s Enthusiasm

The Huffington Post: Kew Gardens ‘Intoxication Season’ Invites You to Explore Mind-Altering Drugs

Chetham’s Library: The Theatre of Insects, or the tangled web of Elizabethan entomology

TECHNOLOGY:

The Plate: Tin-Can Titans and Bootle-Top Kings

Restricted Data The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Tokyo vs. Hiroshima

Board of Longitude Project Blog: Longitude solutions

IEEE Global History Network: Fax Machines

The National Museum of Computing: Colossus veterans revisit virtual and real worlds

The Telegraph: Tampons: liberating women from impractical pads

Unmaking Things: A Gift for Life – Astronomy and Magic in a Sixteenth-Century Locket

Guardian: Victorian inventions that didn’t change the world – in pictures

Useful New Design for ‘A Portable Bath’, 1861

Useful New Design for ‘A Portable Bath’, 1861

Popular Science: A Drive Through History

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Renaissance Planetary Horology

Computer History Museum: Celebrating 35 Years!

Two Nerdy History Girls: Friday Video: An Extravagant Cabinet with Many Secrets

Retronaut: 1930s: 30 Ways to Die by Electrocution

History Com: 8 Things you may not know about the Guillotine

Yovisto: Seymour R. Cray – the Father of Supercomputing

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

APS Physics: Telling the History of Physics Through Historical Places

MacArthur Fellows Program: “History and Philosophy of Science”

Trinity College Cambridge: John Dee’s Library Catalogue

Culture Digitally: How to Give Up the I-Word, Pt. 2

City Desk: How to Live Like a Genius in D.C. (Pamela Long)

Guardian: The H-Word: Who are the martyrs of Science?

Conciatore: A Third Eye Toward History

Herald Net: Burke Museum exhibit showcases scientific illustration

Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni), colored pencil. By Marly Beyer.

Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni), colored pencil. By Marly Beyer.

Physics Today: Cosmology, physics, and science in general figure centrally in “Big History”

 

The Renaissance Mathematicus: If you’re going to pontificate about the history of science then at least get your facts right!

PACHS News & Notes: Thomas Wijck’s Painted Alchemists at the Intersection of Art, Science and Practice

The #EnvHist Weekly

ISIS: Focus: The Peculiar Persistence of the Naturalistic Fallacy (open access)

Wallifaction: Jesuit Science since the 16th century

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Jesuit Day

Matteo Ricci dressed in traditional Chinese robes. Artist unknown

Matteo Ricci dressed in traditional Chinese robes.
Artist unknown

Maggie Koerth: At the Houghton Library

 

Slate: The Mysterious Geometry of Swordsmanship Gorgeously Illustrated

"Human proportions established through mythological figures." By Girard Thibault.

“Human proportions established through mythological figures.” By Girard Thibault.

 

Genotopia: Cardboard Darwinism

Corpus Newtonicum: Adventures in Huntingtonland, Pt. 1

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: A Network of Alchemists

"The Alchemist" 1558, Pieter Brugle the Elder.

“The Alchemist” 1558, Pieter Brugle the Elder.

History of Alchemy: Podcast: Heinrich Khunrath

 

BOOK REVIEWS:

BJHS: Books received for review

Rentetzi on Priestley, ‘Mad on Radium: New Zealand in the Atomic Age’

NEW BOOKS:

Reaktion Books: Peter Adey “Air: Nature and Culture”

 

9781780232560

THEATRE:

FILM:

TELEVISION:

Tech Times: Atomic bombs, female scientists and Los Alamos: An interview with ‘Manhattan creator Sam Shaw

VIDEOS:

Youtube: UNESCO–Cern 60 years

Youtube: Göttingen and the World of Physics: An Evening with Gustav Born

Youtube: Preserving Lonesome George

Youtube: From Past to Present Tolman/Bacher House

Youtube: Under the Knife, Episode 1 – The Clockwork Saw

Youtube: The Renaissance Mathematicus: Astronomy, Astrology & Medicine in the Early Modern Period

RADIO:

BBC: Lisa Jardine A Point of View: Keeping Time

Dosenförmige tragbare Uhr, Peter Henlein zugeschrieben (Germanisches Nationalmuseum)

Dosenförmige tragbare Uhr, Peter Henlein zugeschrieben
(Germanisches Nationalmuseum)

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Royal Museums Greenwich: Science, Voyaging, Art, Empire: Study Day – 18 October 2014

Birkbeck History Research History Forum: Conference: CfP: Biological Discourses: The Language of Science and Literature around 1900 10-11 April 2015

Warwick University: Conference: (Re)Imagining the Insect: Natures and Cultures of Invertebrates, 1700-1900. Saturday 7 March 2015

University College London Union: UCL faces RACE: Eugenics at UCL Friday 10 October 2014 6-9pm

Yale University: Program in the History of Science and Medicine: Colloquia Fall Term 2014

Leeds University: HPS Centre Seminar Series

Wellcome Library: History of Pre-Modern Medicine Seminar Series 2014-15

University of Ulster: Conference: Explaining and Explaining Away in Science and Religion 8-9 January 2015

 

University of Manchester: Art History and Visual Studies: AHVS Events 2014-2015

RIA Novosti: Hungary to Host Conference on History of Computer Science

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: CfP: Knowledgeable Youngsters: Youth, Media and Early Modern Knowledge Societies Utrecht 26-27 June 2015

 

Beijing Renmin University: CFP: Manufacturing Landscapes: Nature and Technology in Environmental History

Historiens de la santé: CfP: Health History in Action

 

Dittrick Medical History Center: Upcoming Events

 

HSS Graduate & Early Career Caucus: Mentorship Program

Society for the History of Technology: Registration for THATCamp SHOT is now open!

Newly Expanded Wood Library-Museum (WLM) of Anesthesiology Opens in Breathtaking New Schaumburg, IL Headquarters

Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM) University of Manchester Seminars first semester 2014

Historiens de la santé: L’expérience et ses mots à la Renaissance

The Royal Institution: Lecture: Science, society and the Royal Institution 12-12:45pm Tuesday 30 Sept 2014

Public lecture for World Mental Health Day 10 October 2014 – Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0RN

British Journal for the History of Science has a new editor: Dr Charlotte Sleigh (University of Kent)

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Cancer Research UK: Science Media Officer

University of Notre Dame: Assistant Professor, History of Science

Keeper of Medicine Science Museum

The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin Department III, Artefacts, Action, and Knowledge, Director: Prof Dagmar Schäfer, announces One Postdoctoral Fellowship for up to two years.

The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin Department III, Artefacts, Action, and Knowledge, Director: Prof Dagmar Schäfer, announces One Research Scholarship for up to three years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| Leave a comment

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #14

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #14

Monday 22 September 2014

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 14

 

EDITORIAL:

As already announced last week, due to the fact that our editorial staff are off gallivanting around Franconia celebrating the life and work of Renaissance mathematicus Simon Marius at diverse conferences the whole weekend, this is perforce a curtailed edition of your all time favourite #histSTM weekly links list, which only covers the first four and one half days of the last seven. If you were foolhardy enough to post that world shattering history of science, technology or medicine post at the weekend then it will have missed its chance to be included in Whewell’s Gazette, a cause for the gnashing of teeth, the ripping out of hair by the roots and the rending of garments. Not that that will change anything. Almost normal service will be resumed with the next scintillating, titillating, and invigorating edition next Monday.

 

A wonderful piece of news this week for the #histSTM community is that independent scholar Pamela O Long author of Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge from Antiquity to the Renaissance (2001) and Artisan/Practitioners and the Rise of the New Sciences, 1400-1600 (2012), amongst others, has been awarded a MacArthur Fellows Award.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

Birthdays of the Week:

Murry Gell-Mann 15 September 1929

James Tauber (14) meeting Murray Gell-Mann

James Tauber (14) meeting Murray Gell-Mann

Thought Streams: Murray Gell-Mann

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Dr Murray Gell-Mann

John Goodricke 17 September 2014

John Goodricke: James Scouler Royal Astronomical Society

John Goodricke: James Scouler
Royal Astronomical Society

Yovisto: John Goodricke and the Varible Star of Beta Persei

Teleskopos: Sights and sounds: darkness and silence

Edwin Mattison McMillan 18 September 1907

-Edwin McMillan (1907-1991) Credit Nobel Foundation

-Edwin McMillan (1907-1991) Credit Nobel Foundation

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 18 – Edwin Mattison McMillan

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Dr Edwin McMillan

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Podcast: Rose Bethe’s Interview

Atomic Heritage Foundation: Joseph Rotblat

Science Note: Today In Science History – September 16 – Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

Greg Gbur: An image out of history! Dennis Gabor, the inventor of holography, standing next to his holographic portrait.

AIP History: Oral History Transcript – Dr Edwin McMillan

Retronaut: c.1975: Control Room of the Synchrophasotron

Red Orbit: Multiverse

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Wired: Uncovering Hidden Texts on a 500-Year-Old Map That Guided Columbus

The Royal Society: The Repository: Longitude

Halley’ Log: Halley’s Atlantic Chart, part 1: fish or fowl revisited

Extract from Halley’s Atlantic Chart – notice the feet. (© Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), Image S0015919)

Extract from Halley’s Atlantic Chart – notice the feet. (© Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), Image S0015919)

MEDICINE:

Miriam Posner: Frequently asked questions about lobotomy

Yovisto: The psychologist must study mankind from the historical or comparative standpoint – Moritz Lazarus

British Library: Untold Lives Blog: King Silence – the lives of Victorian deaf children

From the Hands of Quacks: Experiences of a Deaf Man

Dittrick Museum Blog: Blood Rises – Tension and Truth in The Knick

The Quack Doctor: A devil of a cure

Photo: Jonathon Brown

Photo: Jonathon Brown

Royal College of Physicians of Ireland Heritage Centre Blog: Theories of the cases of fever in Dublin in the early 19th century

Slate: 19th-Century Infographic Shows American Morality as a Cluster of Cute Little Charts

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 17 – Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne du Boulogne

The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: Ten Terrifying Knives from Medical History

Notches: Sexual Curiosities? Aphrodisiacs in early modern England

Remedia: Migraine Fears

Royal College of Physicians: The cure of old age and preservation of youth

CHEMISTRY:

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 15 – Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Butlerov

The Paris Review: Extreme, extreme! The literature of laughing gas

“This is not the Laughing, but the Hippocrene or Poetic Gas, Sir.” Colored etching by R. Seymour, 1829, via the Wellcome Library.

“This is not the Laughing, but the Hippocrene or Poetic Gas, Sir.” Colored etching by R. Seymour, 1829, via the Wellcome Library.

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #6: Saltpeter

The AAT project: The 150th Anniversary of the Periodic Table

British Library: Untold Lives Blog: Arsenic, Cyanide and Strychnine – the Golden Age of Victorian Poisoners

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Daily Echo: Fossil hunters: uncover history and follow in the footsteps of Mary Anning at Lyme Regis

Embryology Project: Wilhelm Roux nineteenth-century experimental embryologist

Natural History Apostils: Three Facts about Darwin, Blyth, Loudon, and Matthew

New York Times: ‘Animated Life: Seeing the Invisible’

New York Times: Art Entangled in Nature

Naturally Fun Days: Charles Darwin’s life in Shrewsbury

Yovisto: How Ötzi became World Famous

TECHNOLOGY:

Conciatore: The Discovery of Glass Reprise

Guardian: Why the story of materials is really the story of civilisation

The Atlantic: Before Computers, People Programmed Looms

This portrait was woven using a Jacquard loom. ( Michel-Marie Carquillat/Wikimedia )

This portrait was woven using a Jacquard loom. ( Michel-Marie Carquillat/Wikimedia )

Guardian: Revolutionary diving suit to be used at site of ‘world’s oldest computer’ find

Yovisto: Squire Whipple – The Father of the Iron Bridge

Conciatore: The Art of Metals

Thick Objects: What is a complete object?

 

A control stand from an Victor “Snook Special” x-ray machine. It was purchased in 1926 for the University of Toronto physics laboratory run by John Cunningham McLennan (1867-1935). On the left is part of the schematic that was sent with the original unit. On the right is the unit as it appeared when it was finally decommissioned by the Department of Physics in the early 2000s. The colourful modifications to the original faux marble panel could represent damage to a classic instrument, or evidence of a remarkably rich provenance.

A control stand from an Victor “Snook Special” x-ray machine. It was purchased in 1926 for the University of Toronto physics laboratory run by John Cunningham McLennan (1867-1935). On the left is part of the schematic that was sent with the original unit. On the right is the unit as it appeared when it was finally decommissioned by the Department of Physics in the early 2000s. The colourful modifications to the original faux marble panel could represent damage to a classic instrument, or evidence of a remarkably rich provenance.

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

BBC: A Point of View: The long shadow of war

Newsworks: The art of explaining science… and why it’s so hard to do

From Past to Present: The Tolman/Bacher House

Ether Wave Propaganda: Schaffer on Machine Philosophy, Pt. 5a: Automata and the Proto-Industrial Ideology of the Enlightenment — History

Time Mapper: Medieval Philosophers – Timeliner

The Environmental History Weekly

The Royal Society: The Repository: Circus of science

Crane Court, from an engraving by C.J. Smith

Crane Court, from an engraving by C.J. Smith

ESOTERIC:

Forbidden Histories: One Year of ‘Forbidden Histories’

Scientific American: Tetrapod Zoology: Loxton and Prothero’s Abominable Science! Origins of the Yeti, Nessie, and Other Famous Cryptids; the Tet Zoo review

NEXOS: Women Alchemists

Goddess Alchemy carries a flask containing the quintessence of the Earth © NYPL/Science Source: Getty Images

Goddess Alchemy carries a flask containing the quintessence of the Earth
© NYPL/Science Source: Getty Images

BOOK REVIEWS:

Heavenfield: Holmes on Animals in Saxon & Scandinavian England

NEW BOOKS:

Cambridge University Press: Philosophy of Microbiology

THEATRE:

FILM:

BBC: Imitation Game wins Toronto top prize

TELEVISION:

Science Based Medicine: Medicine past, present, and future: Star Trek vesus Dr Kildare and The Knick

Dr Kildare

Dr Kildare

VIDEOS:

The Dispersal of Darwin: The Voyages of Darwin: The Complete Series on DVD (Region 2)

Youtube: The past, present and future of the bubonic plague – Sharon N. DeWitte

Youtube: Herbarium digitisation: 4M in 1.5 years for Naturalis Biodiversity Center

Live Stream: Cosmopolitanism and the Local in Science & Nature: Rewriting the History of Science and Philosophy in Late Colonial India by Dhruv Raina 2 October 2014

Youtube: John Hobbie Distinguished Scientist and Senior Scholar at the Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, John Hobbie, discusses his research and the history of the Ecosystems Center.

Youtube: Into the Vault: Darwin’s Orchid Book

RADIO:

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Dissertation Reviews: Now accepting dissertations in Science Studies (broadly defined) for review in our 2014-15 season

The Society for the History of Natural History: History of Teaching Natural History Oct 10-11

Historiens de la santé: University of Pennsylvania: Conference: Professionalizing Nursing and Medicine September 27

Medical Library Association: Murray Gottlieb Prize: The Murray Gottlieb Prize is awarded annually for the best unpublished scholarly paper about a topic in the history of the health sciences.

University College London: Here is the programme for the UCL Science and Technology Studies seminars for Autumn 2014

University of Leiden: CfP: The Descartes Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Huygens ING, and Naturalis Biodiversity Centre invite abstracts for papers on the circulation of knowledge regarding non-European plants and plant components, to which therapeutic properties were attributed in the early modern period (1500-1800) for their conference, to be held in Leiden, the Netherlands, 15 April to 17 April 2015.

University of Liverpool: Making Waves: Oliver Lodge and the Cultures of Science, 1875-1940: Workshop 3: Science, Pure and Applied: Oliver Lodge, Physics and Engineering 31 October 2014

ESSWE: CfP: Magic and Intellectual History University of York 15 March 2015

Historiens de la santé: CfP: The Canadian Society for the History of Medicine and the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing annual meeting, 30 may – 1 June 2015

University of Glasgow: Conference: Gartnavel Royal Hospital and the History of Scottish Psychiatry 15 November 2014

SHAC: ‘The Royal Typographer and the Alchemist: Willem Sylvius and John Dee’, Museum Plantin-Moretus, Vrijdagmarkt 22, Antwerp, Belgium, 26 October 2014

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Science Museum Group: Associate Curator, Mathematics Gallery Project

Historiens de la santé: Call for applications: UCLA Position in History and Social Studies Medicine

University College Berkeley: Position: Assistant Professor in the History and Rhetoric of Science and Technology

University of Strathclyde: Lecturer in History of Health and Medicine

Caltech: Postdoctoral Instructor in History & Philosophy of Physics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| Leave a comment

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #13

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William WhewellEmblem

Volume #13

Monday 15 September 2014

EDITORIAL:

If our editorial staff suffered from triskaidekaphobia we might have followed the example of some American architects and simply gone from our twelfth edition to the fourteenth one but we are not inclined to superstition and the number thirteen holds no fear for us and so you are now reading the thirteenth edition of the weekly history of science, technology and medicine (#histSTM) link list Whewell’s Gazette.

By far and away the biggest history of science related story was the purported discovery of one of the ill-fated Franklin Expedition 1845-48. This has stirred up much reaction and comment throughout the Internet so we have decided to make our thirteenth edition The Franklin Expedition edition.

Next weeks fourteenth edition will perforce be a very truncated edition as our editorial staff will be actively involved all of next weekend in two conferences to celebrate the achievements of the Franconian astronomer Simon Marius. Normal service will be assumed for the fifteenth edition.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

The Franklin Expedition:

CBC News: Lost Franklin expedition ship found in the Arctic

Rice Education: Inuit Testimony About Franklin

Sir John Franklin and his crew were captured in this 1847 painting by W Turner Smith called The End In Sight

Sir John Franklin and his crew were captured in this 1847 painting by W Turner Smith called The End In Sight

BBC: Sir John Franklin: Fabled Arctic ship found

Royal Museums Greenwich: Sir John Franklin and Lady Franklin

Royal Museums Greenwich: Marine Chronometer from Franklin’s expedition

Guardian: Horologists ponder mystery of how 19th-century chronometer survived fatal Arctic expedition

The Globe and Mail: The Franklin discovery’s not about what, but where

Guardian: Sir John Franklin: From the archive

JSTOR – Global Plants: Digitized letters from John Richardson who accompanied Franklin on 2 Arctic expeditions

Ottawa Citizen: Adriana Craciun: Franklin’s sobering true legacy

Geopolitics & Security: Missing, Submerged and Floating Objects: Franklin’s ship and the Northwest Passage

British Library – American Studies Blog: Finding Franklin

The Globe and Mail: Why is the Franklin expedition such a Canadian story?

Active History.ca: History Matters: Why Should We Care About the Erebus (or Terror)?

Birthdays of the Week:

Ulisse Aldrovandi 11 September 1522

Ulisse Aldrovandi Augostino Carracci

Ulisse Aldrovandi Augostino Carracci

Letters from Gonwanda: The Legacy of Ulisse Aldrovandi

Letters from Gonwanda: The Early History of Ammonite Studies in Italy

History of Geology: In the beginning was the word

History of Geology: On the track of Ichnology

Harvey Fletcher 11 September 1884

Harvey Fletcher (1884-1981) American physicist and audio technology pioneer

Harvey Fletcher (1884-1981) American physicist and audio technology pioneer

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 11 – Harvey Fletcher

Yovisto: Harvey Fletcher – the Father of Stereophonic Sound

Alexander von Humboldt 14 September 1769

Alexander von Humboldt Drawn by Rudolf Lehmann

Alexander von Humboldt Drawn by Rudolf Lehmann

History of Geology: Alexander von Humboldt and the Hand-Beast

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: General Grove’s secret history

The Renaissance Mathematicus: I expected better of Tim Radford

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Another one bites the dust

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 12 – Moon

Atomic Heritage Foundation: Leo Szilard

American Institute of Physics: Nobel Worlds in Physics, 1901-1965

Leaping Robot A 17th Century Space Race

Cover of Godwin’s book

Cover of Godwin’s book

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Ashley Kupferschmidt: Fragments of Paper found in Medical Kit: “Expedition”

CONTEXT 2: HATTERSLEY-SMITH: ARCTIC EXPEDITION, 1953

Board of Longitude Project: Navigation vacation

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The naming of America – Redux

MEDICINE:

The H-Word: Ashya King: An odd form of celebrity

The Cat’s Meat Shop: Sanitising History

From the Hands of Quacks: A Chamber of the Stillness of Death: Phyllis M.T. Kerridge’s Experiments in the Silence Room

Perceptions of Pregnancy: From Medieval to Modern: ‘Hopes of being with Child’: An Early Modern Guide to Knowing You Are Pregnant

History News Network: The Sad Reason We Don’t Know More About Ebola

Neurophilosophy Mo Costandi: A brief history of psychedelic psychiatry

Diseases of Modern Life: The Gent and the Ballet-Girl

NYAM: Aseptic Surgery: Innovation circa 1900

Houghton Library: Choice Receipts for the Prevention and Cure of the Plague

Medical Press: The history of medical studies of male infertility

Circulating Now: Rare Footage of FDR at NIH

http://circulatingnow.nlm.nih.gov/2014/09/10/rare-footage-of-fdr-at-nih/

Shannon Selin: Félix Formento and medicine in 19th century New Orleans

Advertisement for Dr. de Laferrière’s sulphurous steam-baths, Louisiana Courier, May 1821

Advertisement for Dr. de Laferrière’s sulphurous steam-baths, Louisiana Courier, May 1821

University of Glasgow Library: Syphilis – what’s in a name?

Dittrick Museum Blog: Blood Rises – Tension and Truth in The Knick

ChoM News: Staff Finds: IPPNW Anti-War Efforts Recognized by World Leaders

NYAM: Jonas Salk, The Polio Vaccine, and The Shot Felt ‘Round the World

Science Friday: Podcast: The Science of ‘Sameness’: Developing Generic Medication

Cleveland.com: Shaker Historical Museum features herbal medicines of 19th century

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: A Gruesome Tale of Self-Surgery

Yovisto: William Budd and the Infectious Diseases

Encyclopaedia Britannica Blog: Walter J. freeman II and Lobotomy: Probing for Answers

CHEMISTRY:

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 8 – Willard Frank Libby

Trowel Blazers: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin (then Crowfoot) ca. 1920s, as she was when she excavated at Jerash in her late teens (with thanks to the Crowfoot family for providing this image - All Rights Reserved)

Dorothy Hodgkin (then Crowfoot) ca. 1920s, as she was when she excavated at Jerash in her late teens (with thanks to the Crowfoot family for providing this image – All Rights Reserved)

Concocting History: Dragons live forever but not so little boys and girls

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #5: Sulfur of Saturn

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Unmaking Things: The wonder of man – the wonder of nature: 
a seventeenth-century Nautilus cup

Nautilus cup, unknown maker, ca. 1620, Dutch. Engraved nautilus shell set in a silver gilt mount enamelled in white and blue, Museum no. M.179:1, 2-1978, Image © Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

Nautilus cup, unknown maker, ca. 1620, Dutch. Engraved nautilus shell set in a silver gilt mount enamelled in white and blue, Museum no. M.179:1, 2-1978, Image © Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

History of Geology: Happy Birthday Plate Tectonics!

Medievalist.net: Ten Strange Medieval Ideas about Animals

Inside the Science Museum: 30th Anniversary of DNA Fingerprinting

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 13 – Hans Christian Joachim Gram

The Public Domain Review: Tractatus de Herbis (ca. 1440)

The Irish Times: Writing that inspired a generation of scientists (Schrödinger, “What is Life?”)

TECHNOLOGY:

Retronaut: 1950s: The Perhapsatron

Patch of Puddles: Visiting Bletchley Park

Londonist: A Brief History of London Poo

DSC_0016

Conciatore: Art and Science Reprise

Ptak Science Books: The Sky Above & Mud Below Department, 1890

Ptak Science Books: “Spirit Writing”: Electric, Script-Writing Telegraph, 1879 (!!)

New Scientist: Myth and reality of the Nazi space rocket

Airspace Blog: “Vengeance Weapon 2”: 70th Anniversary of the V-2 Campaign

VOX: We live in the future AT&T imagined in 1994

Thick Objects: An “Incomplete” Artefact: Part 2 – Knowing an object’s past

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

CRUX: Photos from inside the Vatican Secret Archives

Diseases of Modern Life: File it Under C…

Sideways Look at Science: 4S / ESOCITE JOINT MEETING: “SCIENCE IN CONTEXT(S): SOUTHS AND NORTHS”

Free Virtual Issue of Social History of Medicine

The Mod Squad: Steve Daniel’s Early Modern Philosophy Calendar

Science – AAAS: Public Science 2.0 – Back to the Future

Smithsonian.com: Lunar Bat-men, the Planet Vulcan and Martian Canals: Five of science history’s most bizarre cosmic delusions

Gilbert U-238 Atomic Energy Lab (1950-1951)

GilbertAtomicOpentrimmed

Wonders & Marvels: How I write History…with Chet van Duzer

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: The Art of Preparing Plants

Antonio Neri, Tesoro del Mondo, f. 9r. "Arts Preparatio frugu vel Piantar."

Antonio Neri, Tesoro del Mondo, f. 9r.
“Arts Preparatio frugu vel Piantar.”

100 Years New Republic: Albert Einstein Endorsed a Popular Psychic in 1932. This Is the Controversy that Ensued

Forbidden Histories: One Year of ‘Forbidden Histories’

BOOK REVIEWS:

NEW BOOKS:

Aptowicz.com: Dr Mütter’s Marvels

Bloomsbury Publishing: Dorothy Hodgkin A Life

Georgina Ferry: Dorothy Hodgkin and me

Historiens de la santé: Recycling the Disabled: Army, Medicine and Modernity in WWI Germany

Brown Walker Press: Idolatry & Infinity: Of Art, Math, & God

THEATRE:

FILM:

Aperiodical: An Alan Turing expert watches the “The Imitation Game” trailer

CP24: Filming at Bletchley Park ‘ghostly’ for stars of Turing biopic ‘Imitation Game’

TELEVISION:

Mental Floss: 5 Things We Learned from The Knick’s Medical Advisor

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Reflections of Einstein

Vimeo: Alan Turing, le code de la vie

RADIO:

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Call for participation: American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 2015 Conference, Los Angeles: Round table discussion: How do we study Eighteenth-Century science?

American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 2015 Conference, Los Angeles Call for Papers

Gravity Fields Festival: Lecture: Newton and the Apothecary 25 Sept 2014

Institute of Historical Research: Seminars: History of Gardens and Landscapes (includes #histsci)

Medical Heritage Society: Call for guest bloggers

25 Chicago Humanities Festival; Baskes Lecture in History: Peter Galison: From Einstein’s Clocks to the Refusal of Time

Royal Museums Greenwich: Science, Voyaging, Art, Empire: Study Day 18 October 2014

York University: STS Seminar Series Schedule 2014-2015

ChoM News: Lecture: Sept 16: 500 Years of Human Dissection

ChoM News: Lecture: Sept 18: Colonial Governance and Medical Ethics in British India 1870-1910

8TH EUROPEAN SPRING SCHOOL ON HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND POPULARIZATION: CfP: LIVING IN A TOXIC WORLD  (1800-2000):  EXPERTS, ACTIVISM, INDUSTRY AND REGULATION

Oxford Sceptics in the Pub: Alice Bell Lecture: The Scientific Revolution that Wasn’t – Wednesday 5 Nov 7:30 pm

Swarthmore College: Exhibition Opening: Joseph Leidy and the foundation of Philadelphia biology 2 Oct 2014

Science Museum: Collider Exhibition Embarks on International Tour

CfP: 5th Biennial Conference of the Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (SPSP) Aarhus 2015

Canadian Society for the History of Medicine: Hannah Summer Studentship

University of Oxford: St Cross College: One-Day Conference “Wittgenstein and Physics”

CBC News: Canada Science and Technology Museum remains closed due to mould

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Research Project: Networks and Knowledge of Glass in the Dutch Republic, 1650-1795

Holland Museum: Lecture: Dr Lindsey Fitzharris & Adrian Teal: Skeletons in the Basement

The Jenks Society: CfP: Lost Museums Colloquium

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Call for Co-Editor Nominations: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History / Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medicine

Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions: Call for Early Career International Research Fellowships

Royal Society: Research Grants for Early Career Scientist (includes history of science)

University of Strathclyde Glasgow: Lecturer in History of Health and Medicine

Histories de la santé: Call for Applications: Fellowship in the History of American Obstetrics and Gynecology

Harvard University: History of Technology Tenure Track

Historiens de la santé: Call for Applications: Molina Fellowship in the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

Historiens de la santé: University of Lewisburg: Call for Applications: Tenure-track assistant professor in history of Science, Medicine or Technology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

| Leave a comment