Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #13

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William WhewellEmblem

Volume #13

Monday 15 September 2014

EDITORIAL:

If our editorial staff suffered from triskaidekaphobia we might have followed the example of some American architects and simply gone from our twelfth edition to the fourteenth one but we are not inclined to superstition and the number thirteen holds no fear for us and so you are now reading the thirteenth edition of the weekly history of science, technology and medicine (#histSTM) link list Whewell’s Gazette.

By far and away the biggest history of science related story was the purported discovery of one of the ill-fated Franklin Expedition 1845-48. This has stirred up much reaction and comment throughout the Internet so we have decided to make our thirteenth edition The Franklin Expedition edition.

Next weeks fourteenth edition will perforce be a very truncated edition as our editorial staff will be actively involved all of next weekend in two conferences to celebrate the achievements of the Franconian astronomer Simon Marius. Normal service will be assumed for the fifteenth edition.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

The Franklin Expedition:

CBC News: Lost Franklin expedition ship found in the Arctic

Rice Education: Inuit Testimony About Franklin

Sir John Franklin and his crew were captured in this 1847 painting by W Turner Smith called The End In Sight

Sir John Franklin and his crew were captured in this 1847 painting by W Turner Smith called The End In Sight

BBC: Sir John Franklin: Fabled Arctic ship found

Royal Museums Greenwich: Sir John Franklin and Lady Franklin

Royal Museums Greenwich: Marine Chronometer from Franklin’s expedition

Guardian: Horologists ponder mystery of how 19th-century chronometer survived fatal Arctic expedition

The Globe and Mail: The Franklin discovery’s not about what, but where

Guardian: Sir John Franklin: From the archive

JSTOR – Global Plants: Digitized letters from John Richardson who accompanied Franklin on 2 Arctic expeditions

Ottawa Citizen: Adriana Craciun: Franklin’s sobering true legacy

Geopolitics & Security: Missing, Submerged and Floating Objects: Franklin’s ship and the Northwest Passage

British Library – American Studies Blog: Finding Franklin

The Globe and Mail: Why is the Franklin expedition such a Canadian story?

Active History.ca: History Matters: Why Should We Care About the Erebus (or Terror)?

Birthdays of the Week:

Ulisse Aldrovandi 11 September 1522

Ulisse Aldrovandi Augostino Carracci

Ulisse Aldrovandi Augostino Carracci

Letters from Gonwanda: The Legacy of Ulisse Aldrovandi

Letters from Gonwanda: The Early History of Ammonite Studies in Italy

History of Geology: In the beginning was the word

History of Geology: On the track of Ichnology

Harvey Fletcher 11 September 1884

Harvey Fletcher (1884-1981) American physicist and audio technology pioneer

Harvey Fletcher (1884-1981) American physicist and audio technology pioneer

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 11 – Harvey Fletcher

Yovisto: Harvey Fletcher – the Father of Stereophonic Sound

Alexander von Humboldt 14 September 1769

Alexander von Humboldt Drawn by Rudolf Lehmann

Alexander von Humboldt Drawn by Rudolf Lehmann

History of Geology: Alexander von Humboldt and the Hand-Beast

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: General Grove’s secret history

The Renaissance Mathematicus: I expected better of Tim Radford

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Another one bites the dust

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 12 – Moon

Atomic Heritage Foundation: Leo Szilard

American Institute of Physics: Nobel Worlds in Physics, 1901-1965

Leaping Robot A 17th Century Space Race

Cover of Godwin’s book

Cover of Godwin’s book

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Ashley Kupferschmidt: Fragments of Paper found in Medical Kit: “Expedition”

CONTEXT 2: HATTERSLEY-SMITH: ARCTIC EXPEDITION, 1953

Board of Longitude Project: Navigation vacation

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The naming of America – Redux

MEDICINE:

The H-Word: Ashya King: An odd form of celebrity

The Cat’s Meat Shop: Sanitising History

From the Hands of Quacks: A Chamber of the Stillness of Death: Phyllis M.T. Kerridge’s Experiments in the Silence Room

Perceptions of Pregnancy: From Medieval to Modern: ‘Hopes of being with Child’: An Early Modern Guide to Knowing You Are Pregnant

History News Network: The Sad Reason We Don’t Know More About Ebola

Neurophilosophy Mo Costandi: A brief history of psychedelic psychiatry

Diseases of Modern Life: The Gent and the Ballet-Girl

NYAM: Aseptic Surgery: Innovation circa 1900

Houghton Library: Choice Receipts for the Prevention and Cure of the Plague

Medical Press: The history of medical studies of male infertility

Circulating Now: Rare Footage of FDR at NIH

http://circulatingnow.nlm.nih.gov/2014/09/10/rare-footage-of-fdr-at-nih/

Shannon Selin: Félix Formento and medicine in 19th century New Orleans

Advertisement for Dr. de Laferrière’s sulphurous steam-baths, Louisiana Courier, May 1821

Advertisement for Dr. de Laferrière’s sulphurous steam-baths, Louisiana Courier, May 1821

University of Glasgow Library: Syphilis – what’s in a name?

Dittrick Museum Blog: Blood Rises – Tension and Truth in The Knick

ChoM News: Staff Finds: IPPNW Anti-War Efforts Recognized by World Leaders

NYAM: Jonas Salk, The Polio Vaccine, and The Shot Felt ‘Round the World

Science Friday: Podcast: The Science of ‘Sameness’: Developing Generic Medication

Cleveland.com: Shaker Historical Museum features herbal medicines of 19th century

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: A Gruesome Tale of Self-Surgery

Yovisto: William Budd and the Infectious Diseases

Encyclopaedia Britannica Blog: Walter J. freeman II and Lobotomy: Probing for Answers

CHEMISTRY:

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 8 – Willard Frank Libby

Trowel Blazers: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin (then Crowfoot) ca. 1920s, as she was when she excavated at Jerash in her late teens (with thanks to the Crowfoot family for providing this image - All Rights Reserved)

Dorothy Hodgkin (then Crowfoot) ca. 1920s, as she was when she excavated at Jerash in her late teens (with thanks to the Crowfoot family for providing this image – All Rights Reserved)

Concocting History: Dragons live forever but not so little boys and girls

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #5: Sulfur of Saturn

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Unmaking Things: The wonder of man – the wonder of nature: 
a seventeenth-century Nautilus cup

Nautilus cup, unknown maker, ca. 1620, Dutch. Engraved nautilus shell set in a silver gilt mount enamelled in white and blue, Museum no. M.179:1, 2-1978, Image © Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

Nautilus cup, unknown maker, ca. 1620, Dutch. Engraved nautilus shell set in a silver gilt mount enamelled in white and blue, Museum no. M.179:1, 2-1978, Image © Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

History of Geology: Happy Birthday Plate Tectonics!

Medievalist.net: Ten Strange Medieval Ideas about Animals

Inside the Science Museum: 30th Anniversary of DNA Fingerprinting

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 13 – Hans Christian Joachim Gram

The Public Domain Review: Tractatus de Herbis (ca. 1440)

The Irish Times: Writing that inspired a generation of scientists (Schrödinger, “What is Life?”)

TECHNOLOGY:

Retronaut: 1950s: The Perhapsatron

Patch of Puddles: Visiting Bletchley Park

Londonist: A Brief History of London Poo

DSC_0016

Conciatore: Art and Science Reprise

Ptak Science Books: The Sky Above & Mud Below Department, 1890

Ptak Science Books: “Spirit Writing”: Electric, Script-Writing Telegraph, 1879 (!!)

New Scientist: Myth and reality of the Nazi space rocket

Airspace Blog: “Vengeance Weapon 2”: 70th Anniversary of the V-2 Campaign

VOX: We live in the future AT&T imagined in 1994

Thick Objects: An “Incomplete” Artefact: Part 2 – Knowing an object’s past

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

CRUX: Photos from inside the Vatican Secret Archives

Diseases of Modern Life: File it Under C…

Sideways Look at Science: 4S / ESOCITE JOINT MEETING: “SCIENCE IN CONTEXT(S): SOUTHS AND NORTHS”

Free Virtual Issue of Social History of Medicine

The Mod Squad: Steve Daniel’s Early Modern Philosophy Calendar

Science – AAAS: Public Science 2.0 – Back to the Future

Smithsonian.com: Lunar Bat-men, the Planet Vulcan and Martian Canals: Five of science history’s most bizarre cosmic delusions

Gilbert U-238 Atomic Energy Lab (1950-1951)

GilbertAtomicOpentrimmed

Wonders & Marvels: How I write History…with Chet van Duzer

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: The Art of Preparing Plants

Antonio Neri, Tesoro del Mondo, f. 9r. "Arts Preparatio frugu vel Piantar."

Antonio Neri, Tesoro del Mondo, f. 9r.
“Arts Preparatio frugu vel Piantar.”

100 Years New Republic: Albert Einstein Endorsed a Popular Psychic in 1932. This Is the Controversy that Ensued

Forbidden Histories: One Year of ‘Forbidden Histories’

BOOK REVIEWS:

NEW BOOKS:

Aptowicz.com: Dr Mütter’s Marvels

Bloomsbury Publishing: Dorothy Hodgkin A Life

Georgina Ferry: Dorothy Hodgkin and me

Historiens de la santé: Recycling the Disabled: Army, Medicine and Modernity in WWI Germany

Brown Walker Press: Idolatry & Infinity: Of Art, Math, & God

THEATRE:

FILM:

Aperiodical: An Alan Turing expert watches the “The Imitation Game” trailer

CP24: Filming at Bletchley Park ‘ghostly’ for stars of Turing biopic ‘Imitation Game’

TELEVISION:

Mental Floss: 5 Things We Learned from The Knick’s Medical Advisor

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Reflections of Einstein

Vimeo: Alan Turing, le code de la vie

RADIO:

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Call for participation: American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 2015 Conference, Los Angeles: Round table discussion: How do we study Eighteenth-Century science?

American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 2015 Conference, Los Angeles Call for Papers

Gravity Fields Festival: Lecture: Newton and the Apothecary 25 Sept 2014

Institute of Historical Research: Seminars: History of Gardens and Landscapes (includes #histsci)

Medical Heritage Society: Call for guest bloggers

25 Chicago Humanities Festival; Baskes Lecture in History: Peter Galison: From Einstein’s Clocks to the Refusal of Time

Royal Museums Greenwich: Science, Voyaging, Art, Empire: Study Day 18 October 2014

York University: STS Seminar Series Schedule 2014-2015

ChoM News: Lecture: Sept 16: 500 Years of Human Dissection

ChoM News: Lecture: Sept 18: Colonial Governance and Medical Ethics in British India 1870-1910

8TH EUROPEAN SPRING SCHOOL ON HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND POPULARIZATION: CfP: LIVING IN A TOXIC WORLD  (1800-2000):  EXPERTS, ACTIVISM, INDUSTRY AND REGULATION

Oxford Sceptics in the Pub: Alice Bell Lecture: The Scientific Revolution that Wasn’t – Wednesday 5 Nov 7:30 pm

Swarthmore College: Exhibition Opening: Joseph Leidy and the foundation of Philadelphia biology 2 Oct 2014

Science Museum: Collider Exhibition Embarks on International Tour

CfP: 5th Biennial Conference of the Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (SPSP) Aarhus 2015

Canadian Society for the History of Medicine: Hannah Summer Studentship

University of Oxford: St Cross College: One-Day Conference “Wittgenstein and Physics”

CBC News: Canada Science and Technology Museum remains closed due to mould

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Research Project: Networks and Knowledge of Glass in the Dutch Republic, 1650-1795

Holland Museum: Lecture: Dr Lindsey Fitzharris & Adrian Teal: Skeletons in the Basement

The Jenks Society: CfP: Lost Museums Colloquium

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Call for Co-Editor Nominations: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History / Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medicine

Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions: Call for Early Career International Research Fellowships

Royal Society: Research Grants for Early Career Scientist (includes history of science)

University of Strathclyde Glasgow: Lecturer in History of Health and Medicine

Histories de la santé: Call for Applications: Fellowship in the History of American Obstetrics and Gynecology

Harvard University: History of Technology Tenure Track

Historiens de la santé: Call for Applications: Molina Fellowship in the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

Historiens de la santé: University of Lewisburg: Call for Applications: Tenure-track assistant professor in history of Science, Medicine or Technology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #12

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #12

Monday 08 September 2014

 

EDITORIAL:

The dozen is full and you can now read the twelfth edition of the #histSTM weekly links list Whewell’s Gazette. It’s a bit early to be getting out the champagne but it would appear that our journal is in the process of becoming established.

Time to ask the reader(s) for a little feedback. Do you like what you see? Do you want it to continue? Do you have suggestions for improvements (that don’t involve too much work!). Do you have a #histSTM blog that we have consistently ignore? If so pipe up and demand attention! Your opinion is important to us (maybe!).

An important message to all, who use images in the Internet.

THINK OF THE BABY WOMBATS!

Exploding Baby Wombats

The 1 September saw a sad anniversary in the history of nature and the environment with one hundred years since the death of the last known passenger pigeon, Martha. Once one of the most numerous birds in North America it was no more. We start our journal this week with a round up of some, there were many more, of the articles remembering Martha and the fate of her once so numerous fellow pigeons.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

A Martha Special:

Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) Catalog no. 461042 © AMNH/C. Chesek

Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) Catalog no. 461042
© AMNH/C. Chesek

American Museum of Natural History: Cautionary Anniversary: Last Passenger Pigeon Died 100 Years Ago

Scientific American: Observations: Black Skies No More: Passenger Pigeons Slaughtered

West Virginia Public Broadcasting: The Flight of the Passenger Pigeon, Now 100 Years Extinct

Slate: The Loney Life and Mysterious Death of the Lasat Passenger Pigeon

Wildlife Activities: How many of our birds are destined to go the way of the passenger pigeon?

Live Science: A Century for the Last Passenger Pigeon

Bird Watching: On a Monument to the Pigeon, by Aldo Leopold

National Geographic: Century After Extinction, Passenger Pigeons Remain Iconic—And Scientists Hope to Bring Them Back

Smithsonian.com: 100 Years After Her Death, Martha, the Last Passenger Pigeon, Still Resonates

environment 360: Fate of the Passenger Pigeon Looms as a Somber Warning

Financial Times: The extinction of the passenger pigeon

Natural History Museum: 100 passenger pigeon facts on the 100th anniversary of its extinction

The Lawson Trek: Along the Path: The Passenger Pigeon – – Returning to the Original Observers

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Atomic Heritage: Marie Curie

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 2 – Franz Xaver von Zach

Wired: Fantastically Wrong: The Imaginary Radiation That Shocked Science and Ruined Its ‘Discoverer’

Compass Wallah: The Auroras of Bombay (1872)

tumblr_inline_nbcxbwY53o1rwys5r

Space Watchtower: Astronomy and World War II

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The naming of America

Yovisto: The Travels of William Dampier

Map of the East Indies from Dampier's "A New Voyage Round the World", published in 1697

Map of the East Indies from Dampier’s “A New Voyage Round the World”, published in 1697

Halley’s Log: Halley writes from Long Reach

MEDICINE:

SFARI: London as a crucible for autism in the 1950s

Figaries: The case of five children: who were inoculated in Dublin, on the 26th of August, 1725

Conciatore: Top Physician Reprise

From the Hands of Quacks: Refitting a Hospital during the Great War

Constructing Scientific Communities: ‘Sir: I am not a medical man…’: Laypeople and Medical Journals in the Nineteenth Century

NYAM: Patient Photographs and Medical Collecting

The Atlantic: How Racism Creeps Into Medicine

Notches: Where are the animals in the history of sexuality?

A Durok sow with her piglets (Wikimedia Commons)

A Durok sow with her piglets (Wikimedia Commons)

Swansea University: Obituary: University pays tribute to Professor Anne Borsay

The Conversation: Four weird ideas people used to have about women’s periods

The Atlantic: The Dawn of Modern Anesthesia

History of Medicine in Oregon: Leslie Kent became the first woman in the country elected president of a state medical association.

CHEMISTRY:

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 1 – Carl Auer von Welsbach

SciLogs: Dorothy Hodgkin: The Queen of Crystallography

Nature: Milestones in Crystallography

Jennifer Sherman Roberts: Great Globs of Glowing Urine

Joseph Wright The Alchemist (Wikimedia Commons)

Joseph Wright The Alchemist (Wikimedia Commons)

Ptak Science Books: The Molecular World in Not-Quite 3-D

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #4

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Yovisto: Sergei Winogradsky and the Science of Bacteriology

Guardian: Comment is Free: Limits to Growth was Right

The Embryo Project: The Pasteur Institute (1887- )

Yovisto: Ernst Curtius and the Excavation of Olympia

Kestrels and Cerevisiae: Mendelian-Mutationism (I): The Forgotten Synthesis

Mendelian-Mutationism (II): The Fluctuation-Mutationism Distinction

The Friends of Charles Darwin: The surprise punctuationist

Road to Paris: A very short history of climate change research

Letters from Gondwana: Ancient Greek Theater and the Past Mediterranean Climate

Trowel Blazers: Anne Phillips – The Curious Case of Miss Phillips’ Conglomerate

Anne and John Phillips' grave in York. Photo by Liam Herringshaw, All Rights Reserved.

Anne and John Phillips’ grave in York. Photo by Liam Herringshaw, All Rights Reserved.

TECHNOLOGY:

Spitalfields Life: So Long, George Cossington the Steeplejack

Yovisto: Louis Henry Sullivan – the ‘Father’ of the Skyscraper

The National Museum of Computing: Computing in 1974 from Computer Weekly

Twister Sifter: 100 Years Ago this Telephone Tower in Stockholm Connected 5000 Telephone Lines

Stockholm telephone-tower 1887-1913 over 5000 telephone-lines connected Photograph Courtesy of Tekniska Museet

Stockholm telephone-tower 1887-1913 over 5000 telephone-lines connected
Photograph Courtesy of Tekniska Museet

Europeana: Early 20th Century Water Cycles

New Scientist: Soviet-era hyperboloid tower saved from destruction

Thick Objects: An “Incomplete” Artefact: Part 1 – Missing Pieces

Conciatore: Stonework

The Journal of Music: Where Electronic Music Began

Tech Dirt: Why Is Huffington Post Running A Multi-Part Series To Promote The Lies Of A Guy Who Pretended To Invent Email?

Inside the Science Museum: Robert Watson-Watt and the Triumph of RADAR

Royal Museums Greenwich: John Harrison and the search for longitude

Ptak Science Books: An Harmonic Analyzer, 1916

The Physics Mill: Non-Digital Computers

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

The H-Word: Tattoos for Time Travellers at the British Science Festival 2014

In Newton’s Footsteps: fickr

The Nation: Science as Salvation?

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: James Bradley’s Lectures on Experimental Philosophy

The Recipes Project: Teaching Recipes: A September Series

BSHS Travel Guide: Museum of Ethnography in Budapest

Scientia Salon: The return of radical empiricism

The H-Word: The big Australian science picnic of 1914

Map from The British Empire: its Geography, Resources, Commerce, Land-ways and Water-ways (1891). British Library Flickr

Map from The British Empire: its Geography, Resources, Commerce, Land-ways and Water-ways (1891). British Library Flickr

The Recipes Project: First Monday Library Chat: Wangensteen Library

Oregon State University: Dear Professor Einstein: The Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists in Post-War America

ITV: Bletchley code-breaking machine to be used in school history lessons

New York Times: So Bill Gates Has This Idea for a History Class …

Royal Society: The Repository: “Went to Sir JB’s”: Charles Blagden’s diary and scientific life in Georgian London

The Medievalist: Women Scientists of the Middle Ages and 1600s

ESOTERIC:

British Library: Medieval Manuscripts Blog: A physicians Folding Almanac

A page from a 15th century physician's folding almanac: London, British Library, MS Harley 3812, f.

A page from a 15th century physician’s folding almanac: London, British Library, MS Harley 3812, f.

BOOK REVIEWS:

Fiction Reboot : Daily Dose: My Notorious Life

The Neuro Times: Piers J. Hale, Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Portal to the Universe: Two New Eclipse Publications

DailyHistory.org Top Ten Social History of American Medicine Booklist

Richard Carter: ‘The Making of the Fittest” by Sean B Carroll

carroll-making

 

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: Jewish Medical Resistance in the Holocaust

Historiens de la santé: Health and Wellness in 19th-century America

The MIT Press: Recording Gender: Women’s Changing Participation in Computing

9780262018067

Springer: History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand (includes History and Philosophy of Science)

Historeins de la santé: Unseen Enemy: The English, Disease, and Medicine in Colonial Bengal, 1617-1847

THEATRE:

Hull Daily Mail: The story of Bletchley Park: That Is All You Need To Know arrives at Hull Truck Theatre in September

Progress Theatre: Darwin & Fitzroy Mon 8 Sept–Sat 13 Sept

darwin-710x300

TELEVISION:

BBC TWO: Castles in the Sky (The story of RADAR) Just three days left to watch!

VIDEOS:

YOUTUBE: Science and Islam, Jim Al-Khalili – BBC Documentary

VIMEO: Society for the History of Technology Dissertation Video Contest

VImeo: The Nature of Things – Martin Gardner

Vimeo: Under The Knife – Opening Sequence

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: A Point of View: Lisa Jardine: When fiction comes to the historian’s rescue

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Ghent University: Concepts and methods in philosophy and history of science: Calendar, 2014-2015

Medical Museion: “Anatomy, art and the body” – Copenhagen symposium on Vesalius’ 500th Anniversary

2015 BSHS Postgraduate Conference – Call for papers

The National Archives: All at Sea: international conference on Prize Papers 6 October 2014

All Souls College Oxford: CfP Mathematical readers in the early world 18–19 December 2014

University of Sheffield: CfP Social Networks 1450-1850

The Royal Institution: Ada Lovelace Day – Live! Tuesday 14 October

Wadham College: Symposium: John Wilkins and his Legacy

Public Domain (Wikimedia Commons) If somebody knows the artist tell me.

Public Domain (Wikimedia Commons) If somebody knows the artist tell me.

The British Museum: Exhibition: Witches and wicked bodies: 25 Sept 2014 – 11 Jan 2015

NYAM: Lecture: Author’s Night – Generic: The Unbranding of Modern Medicine

H-NET: Call for submissions: European Association for the History of Medicine and Health (EAHMH) book prize

Royal Museums Greenwich: Library Lates: Nevil Maskelyne, Longitude’s Champion 11 September

Manchester Science Festival 23 Oct – 2 Nov 2014

NIH: US National Library of Medicine: Exhibition: The Zwerdling Postcard Collection Pictures of Nursing

Royal College of Physicians: The anatomy of a building: Denys Lasdun and the Royal College of Physicians 8 Sept 2014 – 13 Feb 2015

American Association for the History of Medicine: George Rosen Prize Deadline 31 Oct 2014

Historiens de la santé: History of Iberian Science & Medicine

Art Daily: First major exhibition to explore the historical legacy of African cult astronomy opens at LACMA

The British Society for Literature and Science: CfP BSLS Syposium on Teaching Literature and Science

University of London: EMPHASIS programme 2014-15 (includes #histSTM)

Making Waves: Deadline extended! Science, Pure and Applied: Oliver Lodge, Physics, and Engineering, University of Liverpool, 31 October 2014

The Renaissance Diary: The Oxford-Globe Forum for Medicine and Drama in Practice 4 Oct 2014

The Renaissance Diary: CfP Towards a History of Errors Berlin 10-11 Dec 2014

Historiens de la santé: CfP Medical Humanities in Medieval England Deadline 15 Sept 2014

SHNH: Horniman Museum History of teaching natural history Oct 10-11 2014

Graham Farmelo: The life and Legacy of Sir John Cockcroft 18-19 Sept 2014

LOOKING FOR WORK?

The Museum of Science and Industry – Manchester: Curator of Science and Technology

Northwestern University: Postdoctoral Fellowships, Science in Human Culture

University of Notre Dame: Assistant Professor, History of Science

Two Faculty Positions in Science Studies at Michigan State University

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 11

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #11

Monday 01 September 2014

EDITORIAL:

mere training in one or more of the exact sciences…is no guarantee of a humane or sceptical outlook – George Orwell – What is Science?

Like the proverbial bad penny Whewell’s Gazette keeps turning up, today for the eleventh time. This week our editorial staff were very jealous because many of our Internet friends were at the XXXIII Scientific Instrument Symposium at the University of Tartu in Estonia enjoying some fantastic talks. You can watch them here on the website where they have been filmed by UT TV

In the history of astronomy Tartu is famous as being the workplace of Friedrich George Wilhelm Struve (1793-1864)

Struve

 

one of the Struve dynasty of telescopic astronomers, who measured the stellar parallax of Vega in 1843.

The great archetypal Fraunhofer refractor, 1824.  Struve used it to measure the parallax of Vega

The great archetypal Fraunhofer refractor, 1824. Struve used it to measure the parallax of Vega

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

Birthday of the Week: Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier born 26 August 1743

Antoine_lavoisier_color

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Collection Online: Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (1743–1794) and His Wife (Marie-Anne-Pierrette Paulze, 1758–1836)

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier

h/t Ben Gross

h/t Ben Gross

Science Notes: Today In Science History – August 26 – Antoine Lavoisier

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The father of …

Ernest Rutherford born 30 August 1871

Martha Rutherford with Eva and (left to right) Charles, Ernest, Jim, and Herbert, 1885. Ernest was 14. Credit: Tyree, Rutherford family.

Martha Rutherford with Eva and (left to right) Charles, Ernest, Jim, and Herbert, 1885.
Ernest was 14. Credit: Tyree, Rutherford family.

AIP: Rutherford’s Nuclear World

Science Notes: Today In Science History – August 30 – Ernest Rutherford

Herman von Helmholtz born 31 August 1821

Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) in 1876

Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) in 1876

Science Notes: Today In Science History – August 31 – Hermann von Helmholtz

Mary Shelly born 30 August 1797

Mary Shelley, by Richard Rothwell, 1840

Mary Shelley, by Richard Rothwell, 1840

History of Geology: Mary Shelley born Aug 30, 1797, was she inspired to write “Frankenstein” by the Tambora eruption?

Shelly’s Ghost: Mary Shelly (1797-1851)

Yovisto: Mary Wollstonecraft Shelly, the Mother of the Monster

History Today: Science & Shelly: What Mary Knew

Science 2.0: Happy Birthday Mary Shelly

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Science Notes: Today in Science History – August 25 – Frerick William Herschel

PreservationNation Blog: Road Trip to the Secret City: Atomic History in Oak Ridge, Tennessee

University of California Museum of Paleontology: Paleontological field work and nuclear testing

The Renaissance Mathematicus Galileo, Foscarini, The Catholic Church, and heliocentricity in 1615 Part 2 the consequences: A Rough Guide

The Royal Institution: John Tyndall: written back into the history of magnetism

Science Notes: Today in Science History – August 27 – Ernest Lawrence

Skulls in the Stars: Physics Demonstrations: Faraday Disc

io9: 12 Diagrams That Changed How We Understand Out Solar System

Tusi Couple

Tusi Couple

The Crux: Like GPS? Thank Relativity

Science Notes: Today In Science History – August 30 – Ernest Rutherford

Friendly Atheist: Obituary: Victor Stenger, Physicist and Prolific Atheist Author, is Dead at 79

Yovisto: Fred Whipple and the Dirty Snowballs

Yovisto: Sir Bernard Lovell and the Radioastronomy

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

MEDICINE:

Perceptions of Pregnancy: Midwives Behaving Badly?: Complaints against Lying-In Charity Staff c.1800-1834

Circulating Now: Medicine, Morality, Faith, and Film

The Recipes Project: Exploring CPP 10a214: Wingfield Family Lines

Victorian Dotage: Why was someone with dementia called a ‘lunatic’?

Shakespeare’s England: School of Physick

NYAM: “The Pest at the Gate”: Typhoid, Sanitation, and Fear in NYC

Somatosphere: The Recent History of “Contagious Shooting” (1982-2006) and more recent events in Ferguson, Missouri

Wellcome Collection Blog: Object of the Month: Cowrie Snuff Box

Science Notes: Today in Science History – August 29 – Werner Forssmann

Yovisto: Werner Forssmann and the dangerous Self Experiment in Cardiac Catheterization

The H-Word: Hospital food standards: did medieval hospitals do it better?

A nurse brings polte de orzo (possibly barley broth) to a patient. 15th century illustration courtesy of the Wellcome Library, London. Photograph: Wellcomeimages

A nurse brings polte de orzo (possibly barley broth) to a patient. 15th century illustration courtesy of the Wellcome Library, London. Photograph: Wellcomeimages

Simons Foundation Autism Research Institute: Uta and Chris Frith: A partnership of the mind

Uta & Chris Frith

Uta & Chris Frith

The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: The Saddest Place in London: A Story of Self-Sacrifice

NYAM: Global Celebration of Vesalius’s 500th Birthday

NYAM: The Merits of Cocaine

CHEMISTRY:

Smithsonian.com: From Gunpowder to Teeth Whitener: The Science Behind Historic Uses of Urine

William O’Shaughnessy (1809-1889)

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #3

Crystals of Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate (Vitriol of Venus)

Crystals of Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate
(Vitriol of Venus)

Vimeo: Video: “If It’s Fun on TV … “ 65 years in Mass Spectrometry Fred McLafferty

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Ockham’s Razor: The power of plants in science, culture and medicine

Science Direct: Friedrich Miescher and the discovery of DNA

The Embryo Project: Antoni van Leeuwenhoek

Wired: Fantastically Wrong: The Legend of the Homicidal Fire-Proof Salamander

A salamander relaxing in a fire, just minding its own business, is rudely prodded by a shirtless man. “A salamander lives in the fire, which imparts to it a most glorious hue,” reads the caption. Welcome to the wonderful world of alchemy. Wikimedia

A salamander relaxing in a fire, just minding its own business, is rudely prodded by a shirtless man. “A salamander lives in the fire, which imparts to it a most glorious hue,” reads the caption. Welcome to the wonderful world of alchemy. Wikimedia

io9: A Historic Experiment Shows Why We Might Not Want to Debate Fanatics

VICE: Why are Historians so Afraid of Fucking?

The Appendix: Space Cadets and Rat Utopias

Yale Alumni Magazine: The man who saved the dinosaurs

TROWEL BLAZERS: Zofia Lielan-Jaworowska

The #EnvHist Weekly

Letters from Gondwana: Haeckel and the Legacy of Early Radiolarian Taxonomists

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: Lee de Forest and the Audion

Thick Objects: The Micromanipulator Project: A Rabbit Hole

The Appendix: Technology and Apocalypse in America

Science Notes: Today in Science History – August 28 – Godfrey Hounsfield

Conciatore: Manganese from Piedmont Reprise

British Library: Taking the Train to America: The Royal Scot and a ‘Century of Progress’

New York Times: Werner Franz, Survivor of the Hindenburg’s Crew, Dies at 92

Medievalist.net: Ten Medieval Inventions that Changed the World

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Fiction Reboot: Med-Hum Monday: The Medical Heritage Library’s “Never-Ending Work in Progress”

Yahoo News: Art, Science & Philosophy Behind Photos of Oldest Living Things

BSHS: Journal: Viewpoint 104 – Supernatural

Atomic Heritage Foundation: Books on the Manhattan Project

Guardian: Florence Nightingale Letters brought together online

George Orwell – What is Science?

Forbes: Peter Godfrey-Smith Takes On The Philosophy of Biology

Biblio Blog: Copernicus Book Thought Destroyed in Fire is Found Again

iai news: The End of Psychology?

The Journal.ie: Can you help identify these pioneering 1920s Irish science students?

Female science students at UCD

Female science students at UCD

Double Refraction: How to save the symmetry principle in six easy steps

Wallifaction: the new martyrs of science

Forbes: Just How Much Did The Scientific Revolution Owe To The East?

Ether Wave Propaganda: Derek Price on Automata, Simulacra, and the rise of “Mechanism”

Sagansense: the manuscripts of the masters

BBC: Millions of historical images posted to Flickr

Manhattan District History: Manhattan Project’s history in 36 volumes written in 1940s declassified & available for download

Physics Today: The Dayside: Rutherford, Bohr, and the rise of Nature

Commission for the History and Philosophy of Computing Website

Zetatrek: The Freedom of Going Back

The National Archives: Accessions to Repositories h/t Nicky Reeves

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: Alchemy in the Kitchen

Tesoro del Mondo, "Ars Preparatio Animalium" Antonio Neri 1598-1600, f. 10r (MS Ferguson 67).

Tesoro del Mondo, “Ars Preparatio Animalium”
Antonio Neri 1598-1600, f. 10r (MS Ferguson 67).

Forbidden Histories: Who was Dr. Karlo Marchesi? The Zagreb-Durham Transoceanic ESP Experiments. Guest Post by Boris Kožnjak, Zagreb

The Recipes Project: The (lack of) power of gemstones

Forbidden Histories: Clever Hans and the Origins of German Experimental Parapsychology: Sixth Pre-Print Article from SHPSC Special Issue

BOOK REVIEWS:

Some Beans: Degrees Kelvin by David Lindley

Some Beans: Greenwich Time and the Longitude by Derek Howse

Some Beans: Finding Longitude by Richard Dunn & Rebekah Higgitt

Early Modern Medicine: Old Age and Disease in Early Modern Medicine

RP-P-1910-1483-216x300

THE: From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women’s Rights in Gilded Age America

Australian Journal of Philosophy: Philosophy of Biology by Peter Godfrey-Smith

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: New Book: Medical Transitions in Twentieth-Century China

MIT Press: New Book: Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology and Society in Latin America

Astro Pixels.com: New Book: Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500

Historiens de la santé: New Book: Histories of Health in Southeast Asia: Perspectives on the Long Twentieth Century

TELEVISION:

YOUTUBE:

The Chemical Heritage YouTube Chanel

The Royal Institution YouTube Chanel

RADIO:

Guardian: Author responds to Katherine Hodgkin’s criticism of his play The Chemistry Between Them

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Historiens de la santé: CfP The 2nd What is & How to Do LGBT History Conference Manchester 14-15 February 2015

New Blog: Faith and Wisdom in Science Discussion Blog: an invitation

University of Kent: School of English: Conference: Liminal Time and Space in Medieval and Early Modern Performance 5th-7th September 2014

University College London: Institute of Making: CfP Hidden histories of things: genealogies of the non-human 26 January 2015

Guardian: Exhibition: London maps: a unique view of the capital through classic cartography 4-14 September

London Map

Georg Braun & Franz Hogenberg: Londinium Feracissmi Angliae Regni Metropolis. Published in Braun & Hogenberg’s book Civitates Orbis Terrarum, 1572

The Natural History Museum: Grand Opening September 13-October 4 The Queens Museum

New York Academy of Medicine: Calendar

Brewery History: The Geoffrey Ballard Essay Award

Science Museum: Conference: Interpreting the Information Age: New Avenues for Research and Display 3-5 November 2014

British Museum: Museum of the Future debate 11 September 2014

H-net: New books in medicine seeking podcast hosts

The Royal Society: Lecture: Longitude back and forth across the years Martin Rees and Rebekah Higgitt 25 September 2014

Royal Museums Greenwich: Expert talk: The Art of Longitude – the Famous Quest from Print to Film 4 September 2014

The Canadian Society for the History of Medicine and the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing CfP Congress for the Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Ottawa 30 May – June 1st.

Science Museum: Science Museum to create new home for the Clockmakers’ Collection

LOOKING FOR WORK?

University of Kent: School of European Culture and Languages: Research Associate in Philosophy ‘Grading evidence of mechanisms in physics and biology’

University of Oxford: Sackler Keeper of Antiquities

University of Bristol: ‘The Life of Breath’ Philosophy of Medicine Wellcome Trust PhD Studentship

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 10

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #10

Monday 25 August 2014

EDITORIAL:

We can hardly believe it ourselves but this is the tenth edition of Whewell’s Gazette your weekly digest of the best in the histories of science, technology and medicine, so we are dedicating this edition to Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans. You may ask yourself why we are doing this.

The Pythagoreans who are considered to be one of the founders of Western science were great believers in numerology, who considered the natural numbers to be the building blocks of the cosmos and for them the number ten was the most special number in their metaphysical beliefs.

Ten was known as the Tetraktys (meaning four) by the Pythagorean, being the sum of the first four natural numbers 1+2+3+4 = 10 and displayed as a triangular number.

338px-Tetractys.svg

It had many interpretations. One is a point or zero dimensions, two is two points forming a straight line or one dimension, three is three points forming a triangle or two dimensions and four is four points forming a tetrahedron or three dimensions. For the Pythagoreans there were ten celestial bodies: the fixed stars, the seven planets (Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn), the Earth and Antichthon (the counter-earth). The Earth and Anthichthon revolve around the Central Fire, a theory that led Copernicus to erroneously attribute heliocentricity to the Pythagoreans, which in turn led Copernican being referred to as Pythagoreans in the Early Modern Period.

Following a lively discussion on Twitter the editorial team of Whewell’s Gazette have decided to replace the hash tag tape worm #histsci, #histtech & #histmed with the single hash tag #histSTM and we hope that all historians of science, medicine and technology will follow our example and adopt this space and character saving device in future.

 

 ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

Birthdays of the Week: H. P. Lovecraft! (20 August 1890)

lovecraftface1

Letters from Gondwana: Halloween Special: Lovecraft and the Mountains of Madness

The Dynamic Earth: At the Orogen of Madness

Lovecraft

 

Haeckel’s Kunstformen der Natur (1904), plate 90: Cystoidea. From Wikimedia Commons

The Devil’s Exercise Yard: “Don’t mention the war.” – some thoughts on H.P. Lovecraft and race

Georges Cuvier 23 August 1769

Georges_Cuvier

The Embryo Project: Georges Cuvier (1769-1832)

Stratotype of Basin of Paris (1808)

Stratotype of Basin of Paris (1808)

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Podcast: Glen Seaborg’s Interview

Wiener Zeitung: Wiener Physiker Walter Thirring verstorben

The four Nobel laureates of NBI. Niels Bohr is on the right. Who can name the others? Via @telescoper

The four Nobel laureates of NBI. Niels Bohr is on the right. Who can name the others? Via @telescoper

Pat’s Blog: Why there are seven colours in the rainbow

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Podcast: Robert Hayes’s Interview

Science Notes: Today in Science History – August 23 – Charles-Augustin de Coulomb

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Halley’s Log: Halley and Longitude

MEDICINE:

The New Yorker: The Real “Knick”

BBC Travel: New York City’s most morbid museum

The Prague Revue: The Plague in Rhyme (Or Not)

Philly.com: Historical antecedents to experimental Ebola treatments

NYAM: The Practical Druggist 1917

New York Academy of Medicine: The Fabrica of Andreas Vesalius: Object of the Month

Vesalius Fabrica Frontispiece 1543

Vesalius Fabrica Frontispiece 1543

New York Academy of Medicine: Electrification

Notches: (re)marks on the history of sexuality: ‘A Tempory Member’: ‘Hermaphrodites’ and Sexual Identity in Early Modern Russia

CHEMISTRY:

About.com: Chemistry: Who Invented the Periodic Table?

Yovisto: Jöns Jacob Berzelius – One of the founders of modern chemistry

Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet #2

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Public Domain Review: The Bestarium of Aloys Zötl (1831–1887)

Public Domain Review: Birds from The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands (1754)

Public Domain Review: Redressing the Balance: Levinus Vincent’s Wonder Theatre of Nature

Detail from a print featured in the first part of Vincent’s Wondertooneel der Nature

Detail from a print featured in the first part of Vincent’s Wondertooneel der Nature

 

Making Science Public: Fermenting thought: A new look at synthetic biology

History Matters: Old Leaves and New: From Gloucestershire Tobacco to Albanian Pot

Geological Society of London Blog: A new version of Sopwith’s Buckland portrait

Embryo Project: Hwang Woo-suk’s Use of Human Eggs for Research 2002-2005

The Copenhagen Post: Danish museum finds lost Charles Darwin treasure

Houghton Library Blog: The Poet as Naturalist: Thomas Grey’s copy of Linnaeus’ Systema Naturae

Beetle-e1408811376733-150x150

History of Geology: Pompeii – a Geological Movie-Review: Introducing the Main Character

TECHNOLOGY:

The Daguerreian Society: The Daguerreian Process: A Description

The Recipes Project: Illuminating the ‘elusive’: reconstructing mediaeval recipes for anthocyanin pigments

The Recipes Project: Old-Fashioned Recipes, New-Fashioned Kitchens: Technology and Women’s Recipe Collecting in the Nineteenth Century

Frontispiece showing two women working in a kitchen. Mrs. E.A. Howland, The American Economical Housekeeper and Family Receipt Book (Cincinnati: H.W. Derby & Co., 1845). Library of Congress.

Frontispiece showing two women working in a kitchen. Mrs. E.A. Howland, The American Economical Housekeeper and Family Receipt Book (Cincinnati: H.W. Derby & Co., 1845). Library of Congress.

Computer History Museum: Who Invented the IC?

Yovisto: William Murdock ‘enlights’ the 19th Century

Atlas Obscura: Horologium Mirabile Lundense

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

AEON: Small things: The discovery of a microscopic world shook the foundations of theology and created modern demons

Guardian: Podcast: The science of the invisible

Evolving Thoughts: Some more videos: John Wilkins shorts on philosophy of science

The Public Domain Review: Highlights from Folger Shakespeare Library’s Release of almost 80 000 Images

Folger

Nautilus: Public, Pointed Scientific Spats – Feature, Not Bug

The Times of India: IIEST plans to marry arts and science

The Royal Society: The Repository: A proverb in the hand…

London Historians’ Blog: Gresham, the Great Golden Grasshopper

The Gresham family badge: a grasshopper.

The Gresham family badge: a grasshopper.

The Sloane Letters Blog: How to Build a Universal Collection, or Nicknackatory:

Open Culture: Sigmund Freud Appears in Rare Surviving Video & Audio Recorded During the 1930s

Compass Wallah: The Astronomer & the Chessboard: Reading List

The Creativity Post: Science Is Not About Certainty

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: Don Giovanni

New Republic: Houdini Loved to Use His Magic to Expose Real Con Artists Edmund Wilson 1925

BOOK REVIEWS:

The Atlantic: Who has the right to pain relief?

James Ungureanu: Victorian Scientific Naturalism

James Ungureanu: The Age of Scientific Naturalism

Joanne Bailey Muses on History: Meditating on Materiality – a 3-part book review: Part1, Part 2, Part 3

TELEVISION:

The Denver Post: TV finds heroes in science: Physicists, sexologists, surgeons and more

RADIO:

Guardian: Review: Thatcher and Hodgkin: A personal and political chemistry?

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

The Hakluyt Society Essay Prize

Rachel Carson Center: Turku Book Award #histenv

UCL: First London Philosophy of Science Graduate Workshop – Approaches Within Philosophy of Science Date: 2-3 September 2014

The Royal Institution: Join the Ri

Cambridge University Press: New Book: Daryn Lehoux, What Did the Romans Know? : An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking

Queen Mary University of London: CfP: Being Modern: Science and Culture in the early 20thcentury Institute of Historical Research, London 22-24 April 2015

National Maritime Museum: The Whale: an exploration 20 September

Bloomsbury History: New Book: A History of Environmentalism

CRASSH: Things that Matter 1400-1900 Alternate Wednesdays 12.00-2.00pm during term time

Cleveland.com: Author Kate Manning to hold book launch party at Dittrick Museum for tale of ‘Notorious’ midwife

ChoM News: Marian Cabot Putnam Papers Open for Research

Leeds University –Faculty of Arts: Shaping the Trading Zone: Bringing Aesthetics and Philosophy of Science Together 5–6 September 2014

Irish History Podcasts: Book Project Blog: 1348 A Medieval Apocalypse The Black Death in Ireland

Scientific Instrument Society Research Grants

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Rochester Institute of Technology: Assistant Professor – Sociocultural Context of Science and Technology

UCL: STS Vacancies

Science Europe: Vacancy Notice: Senior Scientific Officer (Humanities) pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 9

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #9

Monday 18 August 2014

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 9

EDITORIAL:

Well the holiday season is finally over and our editorial staff are back chained to their computers scouring cyberspace for the weeks best history of science, technology and medicine bloggage and reporting.
As already announced last week this weeks edition in addition to being posted one day too late is also somewhat curtailed due to the fact that the staff were taking a short holiday break. If as a result we failed to include your history of STEM masterwork then sorry, better luck next time.
Tomorrow we are off to interview a new managing editor more of which in due course. In the meantime read and enjoy, there is much to get your teeth into.

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:
Atomic Heritage Foundation: Profiles
Atomic Heritage Foundation: Women and the Bomb
Physics Today: The Dayside: A quiet revolution
The Renaissance Mathematicus: Galileo, Foscarini, The Catholic Church, and heliocentricity in 1615 Part 1 – the occurrences: A Rough Guide.

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:
Halley’s Log: Halley and Longitude

MEDICINE:
Perceptions of Pregnancy: Sarah Siddons and the Performance of Pregnancy
Library of Congress: Ring Around the Rosie: Metafolklore, Rhyme and Reason
The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: Disturbing Disorders: A Brief History of Harlequin Ichthyosis
History of Medicine in Oregon: Video: Videos index
Forbidden Histories: “Hypnosis in Spain (1888–1905): From Spectacle to Medical Treatment of Mediumship”. Second Online-First Article from Special Issue on Psychical Research
The Boston Globe: 19th century advances paved way for today’s Ebola treatment
NPR: The Secret History Behind The Science of Stress
Royal College of Physicians: Health and long life
Early Modern Medicine: The Mistaken Midwife

Caricature of a man-midwife as a split figure
Credit: Wellcome Library, London

Caricature of a man-midwife as a split figure
Credit: Wellcome Library, London

Psychology Today: A Long, Mad Century: Why did the (long) nineteenth century see the rise of the psychiatric asylum?
Museum of Health Care: Snakes, Mistakes, and Mythology! The Use of the Rod of Asclepius and the Caduceus in Modern Medicine
The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: The Anaesthetized Queen & the Path to Painless Childbirth
Ptak Books: Affairs of the Heart: Blood and Clouds, 1664

Image source National Library of Medicine

Image source National Library of Medicine

CHEMISTRY:
Conciatore: Neri’s Cabinet, Part 1
EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Forbes: The Cautious Pope and the Evolution Encyclical
The Conversation: Exhibit B puts people on display for Edinburgh International Festival
SciTech Connect: Celebrate ESA’s 99th Year by Learning the History of Ecology
The Return of Native Nordic Fauna: Treating humans as unnatural
Fossil History: George Busk: Scenes in History
Yovisto: Meet Sue, the Dinosaur
BHL: The Sea Dog: Exploring Man’s Discovery & Classification of the Shark
Society of Biology: The most admirable man in all science?
British Library: The Crystal Palace Game

Crystal Palace Game

Crystal Palace Game

American Museum of Natural History: Frozen Urine

Frozen Urine: Robert Hooke Micrographia

Frozen Urine: Robert Hooke Micrographia

The Beagle: Missives from John Murray Publishers: ‘My dear Hooker’: Charles Darwin’s friendship with Joseph Hooker, and how The Origin of Species couldn’t have been written without Kew Gardens
Environmental History Resources: Podcast: The Broken Promise of Agricultural Progress
The Primate Diaries: Fire Over Ahwahnee: John Muir and the Decline of Yosemite

April 1963 (!) issue of “Scientific American” on Controversial Continental Drift h/t David Bressan

April 1963 (!) issue of “Scientific American” on Controversial Continental Drift h/t David Bressan

TECHNOLOGY:

The New York Times: At Bletchley Park, a Reminder About the History of Cracking Codes

Othmeralia: The Art of Advertising: Dr Seuss advertised ball bearings!

Atlas Obscura: Warheads & Reactor Cores: Cuba’s Nuclear Legacy

Echoes From The Vault: Drawing With a Camera Lucida

Brass Camera Lucida in carrying case, ca. 1860’s

Brass Camera Lucida in carrying case, ca. 1860’s

Yovisto: John Logie Baird and the Television
Inside the Science Museum: The Historic Heart of our Information Age Gallery
Georgian Gentleman: Pimp my carriage Mister Coachbuilder!
Inside the Science Museum: Sending messages across the Atlantic: 156 years on from the first transatlantic cable

Specimens of the first transatlantic cable. Credit Science Museum

Specimens of the first transatlantic cable. Credit Science Museum

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Guardian: Podcast: Did Aristotle invent science?
Genotopia: On city life, the history of science, and the genetics of race
Mother Nature Network: 7 scientists killed by their own experiments
Strange Behaviors: The Wall of the Dead: A Memorial to Fallen Naturalists
Active History: Digital Approaches to 19th Century Globalisation
Youtube: Video: John Wilkins: Philosophy of Science – An Introduction
Youtube: Video: John Wilkins: The Demarcation Problem – Science & Pseudoscience
Darin Hayton: Historian of Science: 20-Sided Reviewer’s Die for History of Science
From the Hands of Quacks: Exhibition review: Photo Essay: Vesalius at 500
Wellcome Library: The Well-travelled Archive
ESOTERIC:

Prospect: Science gives power to the supernatural

Notches: The Bishop’s New Stockings, or The Dangers of Love Magic
Conciatore: Alchemy School Reprise
Conciatore: Filippo Sassetti
History of Alchemy: Podcast: Rosicrucianism

BOOK REVIEWS:

Fiction Reboot Daily Dose: MedHum Monday Presents: A Review of Skeleton Crew
Word & Film: After “The Knick”: 7 Fascinating Books on the History of Medicine
TELEVISION:

Slate: How Accurate Is The Kick’s Take on Medical History?

New York Academy of Medicine: Beard Dipping: New York Medicine 1900 Style
BBC: The Beauty of Anatomy
RADIO:
BBC: Plants: From Roots to Riches: Dynamic Rainforest
Guardian: Play Preview: Margaret Thatcher’s surprising relationship with Dorothy Hodgkin
ANNOUNCEMENTS:

The Friends of Charles Darwin: It’s easy to become a Friend of Charles Darwin ‘FCD’ and it doesn’t cost anything!

ChoM News: Casper Morley Epsteen Papers Now Open

Alcohol and Drugs History Society: ADHS conference, 18-21 June 2015 (call for papers)
History and Philosophy of the Language Sciences Program August-December 2014
The Royal Society Print Shop now selling history of STEM prints!
National Maritime Museum: Expert talk: The Art of Longitude – the Famous Quest from Print to Film 4 Sept.
School of Advanced Studies University of London: Institute of English Studies: Biennial London Chaucer Conference: Science, Magic and Technology 10-12 July 2015 Call for Paper
New York Academy of Medicine: Festival of Medical History and the Arts, “Art, Anatomy, and the Body: Vesalius 500″ 18 October 2014
BSHS: Announcement: The Francis Bacon Award in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Publishers Weekly: New Book: Generic: The Unbranding of Modern Medicine
NYAM: Festival of Medical History and the Arts, “Art, Anatomy, and the Body: Vesalius 500” 18 Oct 2015: Registration
National Maritime Museum: Longitude in London Walking Tour with @beckyfh 30 August 2014

Blue plaque marking the workshop of Thomas Tompion and George Graham, Fleet Street (Rebekah Higgitt)

Blue plaque marking the workshop of Thomas Tompion and George Graham, Fleet Street (Rebekah Higgitt)

Smithsonian.com: The Smithsonian Wants You! (To Help Transcribe Its Collections)
CRASSH: Conference: Does the Museum Just Preserve the Museum? 12-13 Dec 2014
Caro C: Ada Lovelace Day 2014 – A celebration of Women in STEM at the Royal Institute of Great Britain, London
Historiens de la santé: CfP Asylum Geographies: International Conference for Historical Geographers 5-10th July 2015, London.
LOOKING FOR WORK?

National Science Foundation: Antarctic Artists and Writers Program

Washington University in St. Louis: Tenure-Track Assistant Professor – History of Medicine
University of Bristol: Wellcome Trust PhD Studentship: ‘The Life of Breath’ Philosophy of Medicine
Wellcome Trust: Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowships

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 8

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #8

Monday 11 August 2014

EDITORIAL:

Our editorial-staff is back from the first part of their holiday and managed to scrape together a somewhat deficient new edition of our links aggregator for the last seven days of Internet history of science, technology and medicine. If they missed your brilliant definitive blog post, sorry!   WE missed slightly less than we might have done because the spirit of seventeenth-century alchemist and glassmaker Antonio Neri popped over to help Mr Whewell in the absence of those who are supposed to do the job, for which we are very grateful

Next weeks edition will also be somewhat curtailed as the editorial-staff are going away again for the weekend. You just can’t get good workers these days! As a result next weeks edition will appear on Tuesday and not our regular Monday.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

 

BIRTHDAYS OF THE WEEK: William Hamilton and John Venn

Birthdays

Aperiodical: John Venn is 180

Hamilton

Irish Philosophy: What has Hamilton to do with philosophy?

Ernst Haeckel

Letters from Gowana: Ernst Haeckel, The Scientist as an Artist

Embryo Project: Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel

Youtube: Video: Proteus 2004

"Nothing is constant but change! All existence is a perpetual flux of being and becoming!"

“Nothing is constant but change! All existence is a perpetual flux of being and becoming!”

Shells and Pebbles: “Illegal Science” – The Case of Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) and German Biology Education

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

The Renaissance Mathematicus: “…realigning the heavens with a single stroke of the brush.” – Really?

Perimeter Institute: 10 Great Quotes from Richard Feynman

APS: Focus: Landmarks – Discovery of Particles inside the Proton

Science Notes: August 8 is Paul Dirac’s birthday

Leaping Robot: Remembering Dr Comet

The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: The Kyoto misconception

BBC: Will the Rosetta mission finally end our fear of comets?

Comets in History

Science Notes: August 10 marks the passing of Henry Moseley.

Starts With A Bang: The Man Who Invented the 26th Dimension

Physics Today: Navier-Stokes equations remain elusive

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

CBC News: Franklin search: Jim Balsillie, warship all part of largest effort yet to find lost ships

National Maritime Museum: The Art and Science of Exploration

MEDICINE:

The Triangle: The Graduates

Early Modern Medicine: Wounded at War

Wonders and Marvels: Poisoning Enemies in the Ancient Mideast

From The Hands of Quacks: Surgeons & Surgical Kits

Thought Catalog: Sick Roses: Disease And The Art of Medical Illustration

Boing boing: Dery on Disease and Art

CHEMISTRY:

The Public Domain Review: “O, Excellent Air Bag”: Humphry Davy and Nitrous Oxide

Shells and Pebbles: The Chemical Skeleton: Why Chemistry Mattered to 18th-century Medicine

BN-525-Gaubius

 

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

A Medley of Potpourri: Alfred Russel Wallace

Letters from Gonwana: African Paleoclimate and Early Hominin Evolution

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: Nicolas-Jacques Conté and the Pencil

Science Notes: August 5 is Neil Armstrong’s birthday

Ptak Books: Digital “Computers” 1450-1750: Memory and Calculating on the Fingers and Hands

Oxford Centre for Life-Writing: Alexi Baker on science, sales and spectacles in 18th-century London

Ri Science: One of the first ever drawings of a fuel cell (1842)

tumblr_n9iy4udaNW1tedol3o2_1280

Yovisto: Marvin Minsky and Artificial Neural Networks

The Atlantic: The Never-Before-Told Story of the World’s First Computer Art (It’s a Sexy Dame)

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Cross-Check: A Brief Correspondence on Copernicus, Descartes, Kant, Darwin, Freud, George Ellis and Thomas Nagel (among Others)

The Recipes Project: First Monday Library Chat: Rijksmuseum

Guardian: Academics fear for Warburg Institute’s London Library, saved from the Nazis

Somatosphere: In the Journals, July 2014 – Part 1

John Stewart: Wikipedia in the Classroom

The H–Word Blog: Not moribund at all! An historian of medicine’s response to Richard Horton

Wellcome Library: Is Medical History Dead?

The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: Being a Medical History Blogger

ESOTERIC:

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: Astrology and the novatores

The Appendix: Divine Reverie: Revelation, Dream Interpretation, and Teeth in Antiquity

homunculus: On the side of the angels

Yovisto: Abu Ma’shar al-Balkhi – The Prince of Astrologers

Nautilus: Why We Can’t Rule Out Bigfoot

Conciatore: Report from Parnassus

Conciatore: The Curious Reader

BOOK REVIEWS:

Chemical Heritage Society: Peter J. Bowler. Darwin Deleted: Imagining a World without Darwin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013. 328 pp.

Academia.edu: Web of Nature: Martin Lister (1639-1712), the First Archaeologist…

TELEVISION:

Slate: How Accurate Is The Knick’s Take on Medical History?

Dr. William Halsted, inspiration for Clive Owen's character in AtTheKnick,  operating in 1904

Dr. William Halsted, inspiration for Clive Owen’s character in AtTheKnick, operating in 1904

NYAM: Bare-knuckle surgery? Why no gloves on The Knick

NYAM: It’s All in the Details

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

New Book: Piers Hale: Political Descent. Malthus, Mutualism and the Politics of Evolution

Hyperallergic: 15 Million Pages of Medical History are Going Online

Drawing of an embryo from “Hand-book of Physiology” by William Senhouse Kirkes (1860) via Wellcome Library

Drawing of an embryo from “Hand-book of Physiology” by William Senhouse Kirkes (1860) via Wellcome Library

New Book: Russian California, 1806-1860: A History in Documents

History of Science Society: HSS 2014 –– Preliminary Program

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Jonathan Eisen’s Lab: Director of Charles Darwin research Station in Galapagos

Saxton Bampfylde: Director The Warburg Institute, University of London

Call for John Rylands Research Institute Visiting Fellowships: Applications in the areas of Revolutions in Print, Religions and Science and Medicine are especially welcome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 7

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #7

Monday 04 August 2014

 

EDITORIAL:

We are already up to the seventh edition of our little Internet journal, which seeks to anthologise all the best of the histories of science, medicine and technology to be found in cyberspace in the last seven days. Seven was also the number of the wandering stars or planets counted in the astronomy of the ancients a fact reflected in the names of our astrological week: Sun-day, Moon-day, Mars-day (Tuesday is Mardi in French), Mercury-day (Wednesday is Mercredi in French), Jupiter-day (Thursday is Jeudi in French) Venus-day (Friday is Vendredi in French) and Saturn-day.

Wheel of properties of the seven planets Bohme 1682

Wheel of properties of the seven planets Bohme 1682

Astronomy, but not astrology, was just one of the multitudinous interests of the extraordinary seventeenth-century polymath Robert Hooke (28.07.1635-3.03.1703 ns) who is our birthday boy for this edition. Our favourite Hooke expert Dr Felicity Henderson (@felicityhen) has sent off a Google Doodle proposal for Hooke’s Micrographia, which celebrates its 350th anniversary in 2015. We hope her endeavours will be crowned with success.

 

This Week’s Featured Tweet: A series of thought provoking tweets from Nicholas Evans (@neva9257) on the use of the word science:

Pro-tip: things get weird immediately after you start the sentence “science is…” “Science” variously describes 1) a collection of facts; 2) a series of criteria for confirming those facts; 3) a set of methods for pursuing those criteria;4) an institution housing those methods; 5) a collection of agents that inhabit, guide and modify that institution; 6) all of the above;7) none of the above;8) some combination 1-7. So the second you start with “science is good/bad/awesome/evil/neutral/bunnies/etc.” I’d love to know about which “science” you are talking.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

 

BIRTHDAYS OF THE WEEK: Robert Hooke

British Library: Fleas, moulds and plant cells: under a 17th century microscope with Robert Hooke

History of Geology: July 18, 1635(os): Robert Hooke

The Royal Society: Microscopic views of a spider (spot the error!)

It’s not a spider it’s a harvestman! h/t Matthew Cobb

It’s not a spider it’s a harvestman! h/t Matthew Cobb

Robert Hooke’s London: Micrographia inspires artists and creative writers

New York Academy of Medicine: Robert Hooke’s Micrographia (Item of the Month)

Renaissance Mathematicus: Making the indiscernible visible: Robert Hooke’s Micrographia

Wallification: Happy Birthday to Robert Hooke

Science Museum: Brought to Life: Robert Hooke (1635-1703)

Hooke’s London: A mackerel sky

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Guardian: Smashing Physics: How we discovered the Higgs boson (podcast)

Uncertain Principles: The Fermi Alternative

Forbes: Launching today: The Georges Lemaître: Last of the European ATV Space Vehicles

Guardian: The dreams of invisibility

Medievalists Net: A New Set of Fourteenth Century Planetary Observations

planets-e1406490275693

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Johannes Kepler’s Somnium and Katharina Kepler’s Trial for Witchcraft: The emergence of a myth

The Renaissance Mathematicus: How much can you get wrong in an eight hundred word biographical sketch of a very famous sixteenth and seventeenth-century mathematicus and philosophicus? – One helluva lot it seems?

galileo-300x263

Youtube: Video: Carl Anderson’s Positron Photograph made 2 August 1932

The Curious Wavefunction: Celebrating the 1939 Leo Szilard letter to FDR and setting the record straight

Yovisto: John Tyndall and the Physics of Air

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Board of Longitude Project: A pirate map

University Library of Utrecht: Cuba or Cyprus? : a remarkable copy of the Mercator-Hondius atlas from 1606

MEDICINE:

BBC: When gin was full of sulphuric acid and turpentine

Fiction Reboot Daily Dose: MedHum Monday: Getting the Word Out with the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection

Circulating Now: The Question of Rest for Women

OUP Blog: Video: Does Pain Have a History?

New York Academy of Medicine: Naissance Macabre: Birth, Death, and Female Anatomy

CHoM News: Medical Heritage Library Digitizes Ida Cannon’s “Social Work in Hospitals”

The Recipes Project: Sweet as Honey

NPR: Why Somebody’s Mummy Can Teach You About Heart Disease

Irish Examiner: The Anatomy of a Lie – The Irish woman who lived as a man to practice medicine

BBC: The man who helped save 50 million lives

Guardian: Influenza: How the Great War helped create the greatest pandemic ever know

CHEMISTRY:

Yovisto: Stephanie Kwolek and the Bulletproof Vest

Kim Renfield: Rivalry over the First Periodic Table

Science Notes: August 3 marks the passing of Richard Willstätter

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

3 Quarks Daily: Killing Things

Darin Hayton: Ernst Haeckel’s Letter to E.D. Cope

Youtube: Video: German Bone Wars Musical! Harald Rosenberger “Der Kampf um die Knochen”

The Boston Globe: Blaschka’s sea creatures surface anew at Harvard

Motherboard: What Wiped Out the Dinosaurs? Very, Very Bad Luck

New Website: William Smith Online

The Sloane Letters Blog: Strange Pigs

The Embryo Project: Leonard Hayflick (1928-)

The Public Domain Review: Adriaen Coenen’s Fish Book (1580)

Fish Book

Sandwalk: Obituary: Walter Gehring (1939-2014)

Science Notes: August 1 is Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de la Marck’s birthday

TECHNOLOGY:

The Atlantic: In 1858, People Said the Telegraph Was ‘Too Fast for the Truth’

Science Notes: July 30 is Vladimir Kozmich Zworykin’s birthday

Atlas Obscura: Electrum: The World’s Largest Tesla Coil

Retronaut: 1933: Proposed tower for the 1937 Paris Exposition

Paris Tower

Popular Science: Behind the Scenes of “The Whole Brilliant Enterprise”

Computer History Museum: The Cryotron: Extremely Rare Superconducting Digital Circuits Come to CHM

IEEE Spectrum: Frank Malina: America’s Forgotten Rocketeer

Ptak Books: A finely designed microscope ad, 1890

Renaissance Utterances: Jost Amman and the Wire Drawing Bench

Andrea M: Adolfo Wildtat’s Ear Shaped Entry Phone 1927

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Conciatore: The Neighbors Reprise

Literacy of the Present: How Do You Like Your Science? Rare, Medium or Well-Done?

Yovisto: Karl Popper and the Philosophy of Science

Atomic Heritage Foundation: B Reactor Tours

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics: What Great Scientists Did When They Weren’t Doing Great Science

Cyborgology: An Extremely Brief History of Science and Technology Studies

Compass Wallah: East India Company & The Scientific Revolution

India House: The Sale Room

India House: The Sale Room

Conciatore: Celebrates his one-year bloggiversary: Gratitude

ESOTERIC:

Astrologie in der Frühen Neuzeit: Astrology textbooks in different movements in the 16th century

Parapsychology: On the Antiquity of Psychic Phenomena

Nancy Marguerite Anderson: The Sasquatch Story

Heterodoxology: Launching “Occult Minds”: official website of my postdoctoral research project

History of Alchemy: Podcast: Christina of Sweden

BOOK REVIEWS:

Cambridge Journals: Immortal Longings: F.W.H. Myers and the Victorian Search for Live after Death

Times Higher Education: Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England, by Piers J. Hale

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Down, but Not Out Edward Shorter. How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown.

LSE: Are We All Scientific Experts Now? By Harry Collins

Brain Pickings: Magnificent Maps: Cartography as Power, Propaganda, and Art

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

National Life Stories invites applications for the Goodison Fellowship to increase public knowledge and awareness of oral history (includes oral history of science)

Queen Mary University of London: CfP Being Modern: Science and Culture in the early 20th century.

The Sloane Letters Blog: An explanation for absence: Shark Bites and Sloane Bobs

Scientific American: Nature at War: A special collection of articles originally published between 1914 and 1918

Somatosphere: Foreign Correspondents: call for reviewers and books to be reviewed

New Website: William Smith Online

Royal College of Physicians: Exhibition: The Anatomy of a Building: Denys Lasdun and the Royal College of Physicians 8 Sept 2014-13 Feb 2015

The Wellcome Library: The UK Medical Heritage Library: uniting digitised collections

Veterinary History London: The 41st Congress of the World Association for the History of Veterinary Medicine (WAHVM) 10-13 September 2014

Wharf.co.uk: What’s on: Ships, Clocks & Stars: The Quest For Longitude at National Maritime Museum

EXHIB_ships480

Gravity Fields: Lecture: Newton and the Apothecary Dr Anna Marie Roos 25 September 2014

LOOKING FOR WORK?

University of Kent: Grading Evidence of mechanisms in physics and biology PhD Studentship and Postdoc Research Associate (philosophy of science)

Princeton University Press Editorial Assistant

Science Museum Group Explainer

IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT:

The editorial staff of Whewell’s Gazette are going on holiday tomorrow and will have little time and possibly very little Internet access so there will probably not be an edition of your favourite history of science, technology and medicine link aggregator next week or if there is it will be severely curtailed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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