Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 3

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #3

Monday 7 July 2014

EDITORIAL:

The last seven days has raced by like the Tour de France cyclists currently pedalling their way furiously through God’s own Country and like the proverbial bad penny Whewell’s Gazette has turned up for a third time bringing you the best of the histories of science, medicine and technology that our doughty editorial team have scooped up out of the Internet during the last week.

The majority of the British historians of Science have been at the British Society for the History of Science annual conference in St. Andrews this last week making the editorial staff of Whewell’s Gazette very envious with their flood of tweets extolling the wonderful lectures on offer.

 

POLITICS AND THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE:

The 10 August this year sees the first round of the first ever direct presidential election in Turkey. One of the candidates is

Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

who as well as being a diplomatis also a chemist and a historian of science.

Ihsanoğlu is the founder and was first chair (1984–2000) of the first Department of History of Science in Turkey, which he established at the Faculty of Letters of the University of Istanbul. As far as Whewell’s Gazette is aware this is the first time that a historian of science has campaigned to be elected head of state of a country.

We would like to thank Ahmet Yükseltürk for drawing our attention to this fascinating piece history of science history.

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Retronaut: 1836: Life on the Moon

Life on the Moon

Life on the Moon

Ciclops: Captain’s Log: Reflections on ten years of Cassini

Uncertain Principles: The Mumbling Philosopher (Niels Bohr)

Yovisto: Hans Bethe and the Energy of the Stars

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Planetary Tables and Heliocentricity: A Rough Guide

New York Time: Obituary: Bruno Zumino Dies at 91, Sought to Tie Together Laws of Universe

Zoonomian: Virtual Recreation of Newton’s ‘Experimentum Crucis’ Two Prism Experiment

OUP blog: True or False? Ten myths about Isaac Newton

MEDICINE:

Board of Longitude Project: Making Progress: Hogarth and the Foundling Hospital

BBC: What Leonardo taught us about the heart

Medical Museion: Scale in Medicine as an Exhibition Principle

Yovisto: Ignaz Semmelweis and the Importance of Washing Your Hands as a Doctor

Remedia: A Botched Job: Surgery and the Politics of Pain

Neatorama: Anatomical Venus: Medical Models from 18th Century Europe

Anatomical Venus

Anatomical Venus

Dittrick Museum Blog: Arguing Insanity: The Trial of President Garfield’s Assassin

 

JOE.MY.GOD: 33 Years Ago Today: The first report on AIDS

http://joemygod.blogspot.com/2014/07/33-years-ago-today.html

Hyperallergic: Fatal Victorian Fashion and the Allure of the Poison Garment

Scientific American Guest Blog: When Scientists Experiment on Themselves: H. pylori and Ulcers

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Futility Closet: Advice to Darwin

Geology and Generals: How Geology influenced the Gettysburg Campaign (Part I.) Part II:

Kestrels and Cerevisae: “Experimental Evolution Amongst Plants” (1895)

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The Embryo Project: Barbara McClintock (1902–1992) and Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (1845–1916)

Leaping Robot Blog: Big Science, Bigger Data: International Geophysics Year 1957

Began 1 July 1957

Wired: Fantastically Wrong: The Legendary Scientist Who Swore Our Planet Is Hollow

Twilight Beasts: The bear necessities

Società Geologica Italiana: Galileo as Gemmologist: The First Attempt in Europe at Scientifically Testing Gemstones – (PDF)

Rosetta Stones: Why Fireworks Depend on Geology

TECHNOLOGY:

The Quack Doctor: ‘A new sensation’ – hair-brushing by machinery

Conciatore: On The Path of Antonio Neri

History Today: Alternative Designs for Tower Bridge

Proposal by W.F.C. Holden to encase the bridge in glass to protect it during the Second World War.

Proposal by W.F.C. Holden to encase the bridge in glass to protect it during the Second World War.

University of Galsgow Library: Professor Archibald Barr and the optical rangefinder

Halley’s Log: Halley’s Maritime Experience Part 2: His Diving Bell

Board of Longitude Project: Decoding Harrison

TIME: As Sony’s Walkman Turns 35, a Look Back at Its Inception

The Spinning Sheep: 16th Century Textile Cleaning and Stain removing Techniques

Popular Mechanics: When Irreplaceable History Lives on Obsolete Tech

The History of Parliament: Finding latitude in longitude: Parliamentary funding of early modern science and technology

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY and OTHER:

Fiction Reboot Daily Dose: MedHum Mondays: NYAM on Public Outreach

Chronologia Universalis: My life as a scribe

Persistent Enlightenment: Foucault, the “History of Thought” and the Question of Enlightenment

Video: Prof Jon Agar: Science and the First World War (26 June 2014)

Notes & Records of the Royal Society: Philomaths, Herschel, and the myth of the self-taught man by Emily Winterburn (PDF)

Astrolabes and Stuff: Arabic in Amman: Immersion?

Public Domain Review: Palacio’s Plan for Colossal Monument to Columbus (1890)

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Yovisto: Adolf Furtwängler and Photographic Archaeology

American Institute of Physics: Busy week in the history programs

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Published on …

COMICS:

Comics Worth Reading: “Imitation Gamer” Biography of Alan Turing Online

ESOTERIC:

British Library Medieval manuscripts blog: Art and Alchemy

Conciatore: Strange Bedfellows: Alchemy and Catholicism

BOOK REVIEWS:

Brain Pickings: The Science of Mental Time Travel: Memory and How Our Ability to Imagine the Future Made Us Human

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Philosopher’s Eye: Open Access to Wittgenstein Nachlass

Elsevier: Postdoc free access program

National Maritime Museum: TALK 10 July 2014 The Design and Development of Sailing Ships

ISPC Annual Conference 2014 7-9 July 2014-07-06

Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies

Chronologia Universalis: Computus is Coming: 5th Conference of the Science of Computus

CfP: Mathematical readers in the early modern world: 18-19 December 2014 All Souls College Oxford

Longitudes Examined: Tercentenary Conference on the History of the Board of Longitude and the Determination of Longitude at Sea Friday 25–Saturday 26 July 2014

New Book: Manchester University Press The neurologists A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.1789–2000 Stephen T. Casper

University of Bonn: Conference Egyptian and Jewish Magic in Antiquity 6th-9th July, 2015.

Historians of science and medicine: fancy writing a guest post for ‘Forbidden Histories’? See ‪here for scope & topics

NYAM: Celebrate Andreas Vesalius’ 500th Birthday with us on October 18

The Brewery History Society Blog: “Beer writing – past, present and future” Thursday, 23rd October 2014

A Brown Bag Talk at ACP: John Wheeler’s H-bomb blues: Searching for a missing document at the height of the Cold War

Exhibition: National Maritime Museum: Ships, Clocks & Stars: The Quest for Longitude

Exhibition Cambridge University Library: The 500th Anniversary of Andreas Vesalius (1514–1564)

CfP Technologies of Daily Life in Ancient Greece 3 July 2015 Swansea University

LOOKING FOR WORK?

The University of Leeds Centre for History and Philosophy of Science invites applications to its Non-Stipendiary Visiting Fellowships scheme

Wellcome Trust are looking for an Events Officer

Well that’s all for another week. Like the Tour de France Peleton Whewell’s Gazette rolls on and we’ll be back next Monday with another collection of #histsci, #histmed and #histtech goodies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 2

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #2

Monday 30 June 2014

EDITORIAL:

Well our journal didn’t fold after one issue and we are back for a second round. Judging by the reception on Twitter we have found favour with some and this encourages us to continue. We return with bumper crop of history of science, medicine and technology harvested over the last seven days in cyberspace.

 

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Scientific research papers by native Bengali authors during the nineteenth century (PDF)

Los Angeles Review of Books: Faking Galileo by Massimo Mazzotti

London Street Views: Francesco Amadio, Optician

Yovisto: Lyman Spitzer and the Space Telescope

American Institute of Physics: New Valentine Telegdi Photo Collection

MEDICINE:

E.R. McKean’s Improved Ambulance 10/11/1864

Top of the heap: Elizabeth Watkins recommends books on #histmed

NYAM Center for the History of Medicine and Public Health: Female moveable manikin 1599

CNN belief blog: How an apocalyptic plague helped spread Christianity 

Nursing Clio: Sunday Morning Medicine: A weekly check-up of gender, medicine, and history

Early Modern Medicine: An Overabundance of Advice

GIZMODO: 29 Anatomical Models that Will Haunt Your Dreams Tonight

armsandthemedicalman: ‘Men whose minds the dead have ravished’

BBC: Did disabled workers enjoy greater rights in centuries past?

Wellcome Library: A fresh perspective on the Great Stink?

The Recipes Project: Monastic Domestic Medicine in Italy

Erik Kwakkel: Pictures from a medieval surgery book

Wellcome Library: ‘Beds not Bombs’: the archive of the Medical Campaign against Nuclear Weapons

The Appendix: Fever to Tell: Interactive Storytelling Online and the History of Philadelphia’s Yellow Fever Outbreak, 1793

University College Dublin: The ‘hospital and cemetery of Ireland’: The Irish and Disease in Nineteenth-Century Liverpool by Stephen Bance

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Ichthyosaurs: a day in the life …

Fossil History: Busk and the Neandertals Intro

Ask the Past: How to Reanimate a Frog, 1906

The Endeavour Journal of Sir Joseph Banks, 1768-1771 (PDF)

Kew Royal Botanic Garden: Floreat Kew. In remembrance of the fallen

Phenomena: The Loom: The Zoo In The Mouth

medpage today: Gross Anatomy: 19th C Gyno Tools Save Famous Italian Foot

Paris Review: a dream of toasted cheese

Johns Hopkins Magazine: The sex manual in the sock drawer

Trowelblazers: Amelia Edwards: The Godmother of Egyptology

What’s in John’s Freezer: Just-So Science: revisiting Kipling’s kangaroos and elephants

io9: The Ornithologist Who Created Our Color Names

The Embryo Project: Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–1895)

TECHNOLOGY:

Swansea code breaker welcomes Bletchley Park restoration work

Board of Longitude project: Looking for a new John Harrison

The Bubble Chamber: Can Machines Think Yet? A Brief History of the Turing Test

Ptak Science Books: On the Continued Rediscovery of the Horizontal Pendulum

The Public Domain Review: Picturing Pyrotechnics

Conciatore: Galleria dei Lavori

Yovisto: Hermann Oberth’s Dream of Space Travel

Houghton Library: Illustration from the first book about calculating machines

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY and OTHER:

Aeon Magazine: The sun does not rise

School of Wisdom: Tagore and Einstein

Book announcement: Culture Histories of the Material World

The New Yorker: The Disruption Machine: What the gospel of innovation gets wrong

George Campbell Gosling: Teaching Medical History

TED: Video: Historian of science Naomi Oreskes: Why we should trust scientists

Inside the Science Museum: Nine Things You Didn’t Know About the Science Museum

Video: XXXVIE CONFÉRENCE MARC BLOCH. SIMON SCHAFFER, LES MESURES ET LEURS RITUELS. POUR UNE HISTOIRE MONDIALE DES SCIENCES

Sound Cloud: Lisa Jardine on Jacob Bronowski (and why she wrote 3 ‘boring’ books)

THEATRE:

h-madnes: A Malady of Migration: a theatrical examination of diaspora, displacement and mental disorder in the 19th century.

ESOTERIC:

Forbidden Histories: Amateurs, Empiricism, and the Tedium of Psychical Research. Guest Post by Alicia Puglionesi

Mysterious Planchette: A survey of curious devices for speaking to the dead. London Artifacts, Part 1: The CPS Spirit Trumpet

BOOK REVIEWS:

New York Times: ‘The Remedy’: A 19th –Century Bid to Cure TB

Scientific American: DIY Alchemy: How to “Transmute” Copper into Brass [Excerpt]

The New York Review of Books: The Bleeding Founders: Revolutionary Medicine: The Founding Fathers and Mothers in Sickness and in Health

Science League of America: End Times: Orekes and Conway’s Collapse of Western Civilization

Science, Technology, Medicine – and the State: The Science-State Nexus in Scandinavia, 1850–1980 — A special issue of Science in Context

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Ada Lovelace Day for Schools 2014

Ada Lovelace Day Live 2014

Society for the History of Medicine AGM 12 July 2014

Radio 4 and Kew Gardens join forces to explore history of plant science

Academics, Darin Hayton wants to know why you blog.

CfP: The Marginalisation of Astrology (Utrecht, 19-20 March 2015)

NEW: Max Planck Institute for History and the Sciences

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Durham: Fully funded PhD studentship in integrated history and philosophy of science

Postdoc in the History of Emotion – University of Melbourne

PhD Studentship The History of the Metals Industry in Birmingham and the Black Country c. 1700 to c. 1850

Historiens de la santé: 3-­year Doctoral Fellowship on “Globalizing schizophrenia”

Postdoctoral research fellow in the history of emotions (Europe, 1100-1800)

Doctoral Student for 12 months in Philosophy of History and Historiography (incl. ‪#Histsci)

Science Museum: We’re looking for two brilliant Assistant Curators to help work on our new medical gallery.

Canada: Philosophy of Science PHIL / ASCI 2780H, Course Instructor

That’s all for this week posted just under the wire. Come back next week for Vol.3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. 1

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Emblem

Volume #1

Monday 23 June 2014

EDITORIAL:

After six years the history of science blog carnival On The Shoulders of Giants ceased to exist, going out with style in a superb final edition put together by its founder Dr SkySkull. The reasons for this termination were explained in advance here. However it was obvious from the reception of each edition and the reaction to the news of its demise that quite a few people enjoyed having their Internet history of science, technology and medicine links served up in one big chunk, saving them, as it did, from having to daily check cyberspace for anything new in those fields. As the apparatus for collecting and collating those links was firmly established for Giants Shoulders it has been decided to offer them here in the form of a weekly Gazette under the general editorship of the Ghost of William Whewell, that great Victorian polymath, and historian and philosopher of science.

The format of our Gazette will almost certainly evolve with time and critique and feedback are welcome at all times. If you feel that are highly professional editorial team are consistently overseeing some excellent source of STEM history then please contact our chief sub-editor here. Items for inclusion in the Gazette can also be submitted to the same address or to the chief sub on Twitter. We hope that you, the readers, will enjoy our weekly digest of all the best in Internet STEM history and will continue to return to this well of historical knowledge on a regular basis.

Your Whewell’s Gazette Editorial Team

 

ON THE BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

At The History Vault Felicity Henderson writes about Hooke, Newton and the ‘Missing’ Portrait

Jon Ptak has collected some Quantum Mechanics and Physics Timelines and James Clerk Maxwell’s Library 

History of Science Society: An Iconic Image Not so Newtonian After All by Liba Taub

Daily Breeze News: My Turn: Albert Einstein: Just a neighbour to this little girl

Halley’s Log: Halley’s maritime experience, part 1: Hally a Sayling

MEDICINE:

From the Hands of Quacks: On Sharing #histmed Images

The New York Academy of Medicine: A History of Blood Transfusion

Open Culture: The Famous Letter Where Freud Breaks His Relationship with Jung

 

Dittrick Museum Blog: Morbid Matter: Public Health and Public Opinion

Smithsonian.com: The Glory New York City Riot that Shaped American Medicine

Chirugeon’s Apprentice: Public Health & Victorian Cemetery Reform

Early Modern Medicine: Pregnancy and Prostitution

Social History of Science: Wombs, Worms and Wolves: Constructing Cancer in Early Modern England

The Public Domain Review: A Treatise on Adulteration of Food and Culinary Poisons (1820)

DNAinfo New York: ‘Elixir of Long Life’ Recreated from 1800s Bottle Unearthed on Bowery

Dr Alun Withey: ‘Worems in the teeth’: Toothache, dentistry and remedies in the early modern period

Jess Clark: Pimples, Corns, and Correspondence: Remedying Victorian Beauty Dilemma

“A very secure recipe for the cure of all kinds of tertian and quartan fevers”: Medicine and Malaria in Late-Colonial Lima

THE LIFE & EARTH SCIENCES:

Letters from Gondwana offers The Late Quaternary Megafauna Extinction: The Human Factor

Yovisto: Barbara McClintock and Cytogenetics

TrowelBlazers: Maria Graham

Welcome Library: Francis Galton: a Victorian polymath

The H-Word: Public engagement with science, Victorian style

TECHNOLOGY:

Fiction Reboot: Daily Dose On The Invention of Writing

Bletchley Park: No longer the world’s best kept secret

Letters of Note: To a Top Scientist: A schoolboy designs a rocket

Messynessy: The Forgotten Firsts: 10 Vintage Versions of Modern Technology

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY and OTHER:

At least get the facts right says Darin Hayton

Inside the Science Museum: Copenhagen: at the nexus of drama, science and history Interview with Michael Frayn

Imperial College London: Imperial scientists share their life stories in oral history project

Salon: “Why is God telling me to stop asking questions?” : Meet the woman behind Neil deGasse Tyson’s “Cosmos”

On Finding the Grave of Descartes’ Lover, Helena Jans:

Scientific Instrument Makers in the Netherlands: Directory

ESOTERIC:

Forbidden Histories: William James on Exceptional Mental States

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

23rd June is Women in Engineering day! Stay tuned for our participation. Folllow ‪@WES1919‪@thewisecampaign for more!

Adventures With Technology: A Call for Pitches Historians may also apply!

Radical a history of medicine play in Toronto

One day symposium: White Heat: art, science and social responsibility in 1960s Britain

Freud Museum London: 20 Years of Archive Fever

New Book: Ships, Clocks & Stars: The Quest for Longitude Rebekah Higgitt and Richard Dunn

Registration open for New Directions in Early Modern British History Conference Hull

5-7 September 2014

From Egypt to Manchester: Unravelling the John Rylands Papyrus Collection Manchester 4-6 September 2014

Robert Hooke’s Diary added to UNESCO Memory of the World Register

University of Manchester: Book prize launched to honour world renowned historian of science and medicine

Rebekah Higgitt on Longitude in BBC History Magazine

The 3rd Annual Robert Boyle Summer School: Full programme

British Society for the History of Mathematics: Non-Western Mathematics Day Oxford 27 June 2014

John Thelwell Society: John Thelwall at 250: Medicine, Literature, and Reform in London, ca. 1764-1834 Notre Dame University July 24-27

BOOK REVIEWS:

New Scientist: The war on pain and why we can’t win it

Brain Pickings: Leonardo da Vinci’s Life and Legacy, in a Vintage Pop-Up Book

The Economist: Magician’s Brain: The Newton Papers: The Strange and True Odyssey of Isaac Newton’s Manuscripts by Sarah Dry

Times Higher Education: Notebooks, English Virtuosi, and Early Modern Science, by Richard Yeo

LOOKING FOR WORK?

History Of Science at Work Another Jobs Roundup

Department of the History of Science at Harvard University: Tenure track assistant professor in the history of technology sought

That’s all for this week. Come back next Monday for another seven days of Internet history of science, technology and medicine.

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette

Emblem

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Volume #1                                   Monday 23 June 2014

 

Appearing weekly on Whewell’s Ghost

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A Concise History of Geological Maps: From Outcrop to the first Map

March 23, 1769 marks the birthday of pioneering stratigrapher William Smith, who is also credited with creating the first useful geological map, however like many other great accomplishments also Smith’s idea of depicting the distribution of rocks on a topographic map didn’t materialize out of nowhere.

Posted in Geology, History | Leave a comment

When Rock Classification was hard…

KRIEHUBER_1832_Friedrich_MohsTalc – Gypsum – Calcite – Fluorite – Apatite – Feldspar – Quartz – Topaz – Corundum – Diamond –  “Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness ” should be familiar to rock-hounds and earth-science students alike [...]

Posted in General Science, Geology | Leave a comment

A.R. Wallace on Geology, Great Glaciers and the Speed of Evolution

When Charles Darwin published “The Origin of Species” in November 1859 geologists were still discussing the age of the earth. Deep time was an essential prerequisite to explain the recent biodiversity by gradual and slow changes in the remote past.  However the calculations and criticism by physicists of the reconstructed geological age posed a great problem to evolutionists like Darwin and Wallace. Darwin didn’t address this problem in public, but he was convinced that the thickness of the stratigraphical column could only be explained by an ancient earth and the calculations of the physicists were based on wrong assumptions.

A.R. Wallace was also interested in geological time and , much more open-minded to radical new ideas and not afraid to discuss them in public, choose an interesting solution for this problem.

Posted in Biology, Biology, Exploration, Geology, Science | Leave a comment