Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #15

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William WhewellEmblem

Volume #15

Monday 29 September 2014

EDITORIAL:

Today we publish our fifteenth edition of Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM links list. The last week has seen the autumn equinox. The spring equinox signalled in earlier times the beginning of the year and played a central role in determining the date of Easter. The Fifteenth day of the Jewish month of Nissan is the start of the Jewish festival of Pesach, English Passover, the anniversary of the Jewish Exodus from Egypt. This date has played a role in the history of European science because of the Church’s attempt to determine it, a date on the lunar calendar, on a solar calendar in order to celebrate Easter. These efforts culminated in the Gregorian calendar reform of 1582, resulting in the calendar used throughout the world today. It should be pointed out used in parallel to other calendars in many cultures.

A couple of nice historical quotes about the history of science:

“To know the history of science is to recognize the mortality of any claim to universal truth”

Evelyn Fox Keller, 1985 (h/t @CRostvik)

“The history of the science is a great fugue, in which the voices of the nations come one by one into notice.”

—Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (h/t @SciHistoryToday)

ON THE WEB BLOGS AND WEBSITES:

 

Birthdays of the Week:

William Playfair born 22 September 1759

Yovisto: William Playfair and the Beginnings of Infographics

Playfair's trade-balance time-series chart, from The Commercial and Political Atlas and Statistical Breviary, 1786

Playfair’s trade-balance time-series chart, from The Commercial and Political Atlas and Statistical Breviary, 1786

Michael Faraday born 22 September 1791

Michael Faraday  Thomas Phillips oil 1842

Michael Faraday
Thomas Phillips oil 1842

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Michael Faraday

#CosmosChat: “The Electric Boy”

 

The Victorian Web: Percival Leigh and Charles Dickens: The Chemistry of the Candle

Perimeter Institute: From Faraday to Present Day

Uncertain Principles: The Electric Life of Michael Faraday by Alan Hirshfeld

Abraham Gottlob Werner born 25 September 1749

Abraham Gottlob Werner Christian Leberecht Vogel

Abraham Gottlob Werner
Christian Leberecht Vogel

Yovisto: Abraham Werner and the School of Neptunism

History of Geology: Granite Wars – Episode I: Fire & Water

History of Geology: When Rock Classification is not hard anymore, thank Mohs’ Scale of Hardness

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Physics World: CERN Celebrates 60 years of science (see also videos!)

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 20 – Luna 16

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 21 – Donald Arthur Glaser

True Anomalies: MAVEN and the mystery of the Martian atmosphere

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Lawrence S Myers Jr.

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 23 – Neptune

Before Newton: Tycho in China

Photo: Peter Barker

Photo: Peter Barker

WOUB Public Media: Dr. Arthur Fine Tells The Real Story Behind Albert Einstein

The Public Domain Review: Flowers of the Sky

Augsburger Wunderzeichenbuch, Folio 28, c. 1552

Augsburger Wunderzeichenbuch, Folio 28, c. 1552

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 26 – Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn

Ptak Science Books: On Einstein Not Being in the Popular Press Before the Great Eclipse of 1919

Restricted Data The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: The lost IAEA logo

 

Popperfont: The illustrations for “Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space” are gorgeous

Art by Ben Newman. From Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space

Art by Ben Newman. From Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Yovisto: The Topographia of Matthäus Marian

Halley’s Log: Halley’s Atlantic Chart, part 2: his results

Halley's Chart

Halley’s Chart

Travellers’ Tails: A Tale of Two Cooks

MEDICINE:

NYAM: A Medical Symphony: Celebrating African Americans in New York Medicine

Guardian: Nerophilosophy: Mo Costandi: A brief history of psychedelic psychiatry

New York Times: Selling Prozac as the Life-Enhancing Cure for Mental Woes

REMEDIA: Ebola: Epidemics, Pandemics and the Mapping of Their Containment

Harvard Medical School: Back Story: The beauty and bane of attempts to market food and drugs

Jeffrey M Levine: Arion Triumphant

About Education: Typhoid Mary

The New York Times: Time Machine: Marvellous Cures of Cancer Attributed to Radium 28 Sept 1913

Early Modern Medicine: Feeling ‘Louzy’

Early Modern Practitioners: The Agony and the Ecstacy: Hunting for 17th-century medics…with few sources

 

io9: The “Glass Delusion” Was The Most Popular Madness of the Middle Ages

 

The Embryo Project: Gordon Watkins Douglas (1921-2000)

http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/8198

Boston Globe: 19th century advances paved way for today’s Ebola treatment

DORRS OPEN DAY: photoblog post: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow

The Public Domain Review: The Anatomy of Drunkenness (1834)

Dittrick Museum Blog: Listening to the Body: Stethoscopes in 1900

From the Sharp & Sharp Catalog of Instruments, 1905, displaying the variety of Cammann Stethoscopes available.

From the Sharp & Sharp Catalog of Instruments, 1905, displaying the variety of Cammann Stethoscopes available.

History of Geology: Physician Paracelsus and early Medical Geology

BBC: Victorian keep-fit exercises and gym regimes revealed

Ernst's manual has more than 20 different exercises for the whole family

Ernst’s manual has more than 20 different exercises for the whole family

CHEMISTRY:

Conciatore: Deadly Fumes Reprise

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Stories of the Great Chemists

A Vida Ilustres comic about Lavoisier depicts the scientist identifying constituents of air through experiments on combustion. At right, Lavoisier shares his discovery with an audience. (Othmer Library of Chemical History, CHF)

A Vida Ilustres comic about Lavoisier depicts the scientist identifying constituents of air through experiments on combustion. At right, Lavoisier shares his discovery with an audience. (Othmer Library of Chemical History, CHF)

Yovisto: Joseph Proust and the Law of Constant Composition

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 28 – Henri Moissan

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Atlas Obscura: A Garden That Can Kill

(photograph by Jo Jakeman/Flickr)

(photograph by Jo Jakeman/Flickr)

Embryo Project: Boris Ephrussi (1901-1979)

Ptak Science Books: Kingdoms of Dust and Street Dirt, and What People Breathed in 1878

Leaping Robot: DNA…From Blueprint to Brick

Science Notes: Today In Science History – September 25 – Thomas Hunt Morgan

Hyperallergic: The Romance of Science in Victorian Natural History Bookbindings

A. C. Chambers, “Beauty in Common Things” (1874) (via Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library)

A. C. Chambers, “Beauty in Common Things” (1874) (via Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library)

The Embryo Project: Thomas Hunt Morgan’s Definition of Regeneration: Morphallaxis and Epimorphosis

Fossil History: Falconer’s Enthusiasm

The Huffington Post: Kew Gardens ‘Intoxication Season’ Invites You to Explore Mind-Altering Drugs

Chetham’s Library: The Theatre of Insects, or the tangled web of Elizabethan entomology

TECHNOLOGY:

The Plate: Tin-Can Titans and Bootle-Top Kings

Restricted Data The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Tokyo vs. Hiroshima

Board of Longitude Project Blog: Longitude solutions

IEEE Global History Network: Fax Machines

The National Museum of Computing: Colossus veterans revisit virtual and real worlds

The Telegraph: Tampons: liberating women from impractical pads

Unmaking Things: A Gift for Life – Astronomy and Magic in a Sixteenth-Century Locket

Guardian: Victorian inventions that didn’t change the world – in pictures

Useful New Design for ‘A Portable Bath’, 1861

Useful New Design for ‘A Portable Bath’, 1861

Popular Science: A Drive Through History

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Renaissance Planetary Horology

Computer History Museum: Celebrating 35 Years!

Two Nerdy History Girls: Friday Video: An Extravagant Cabinet with Many Secrets

Retronaut: 1930s: 30 Ways to Die by Electrocution

History Com: 8 Things you may not know about the Guillotine

Yovisto: Seymour R. Cray – the Father of Supercomputing

META:- HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

APS Physics: Telling the History of Physics Through Historical Places

MacArthur Fellows Program: “History and Philosophy of Science”

Trinity College Cambridge: John Dee’s Library Catalogue

Culture Digitally: How to Give Up the I-Word, Pt. 2

City Desk: How to Live Like a Genius in D.C. (Pamela Long)

Guardian: The H-Word: Who are the martyrs of Science?

Conciatore: A Third Eye Toward History

Herald Net: Burke Museum exhibit showcases scientific illustration

Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni), colored pencil. By Marly Beyer.

Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni), colored pencil. By Marly Beyer.

Physics Today: Cosmology, physics, and science in general figure centrally in “Big History”

 

The Renaissance Mathematicus: If you’re going to pontificate about the history of science then at least get your facts right!

PACHS News & Notes: Thomas Wijck’s Painted Alchemists at the Intersection of Art, Science and Practice

The #EnvHist Weekly

ISIS: Focus: The Peculiar Persistence of the Naturalistic Fallacy (open access)

Wallifaction: Jesuit Science since the 16th century

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Jesuit Day

Matteo Ricci dressed in traditional Chinese robes. Artist unknown

Matteo Ricci dressed in traditional Chinese robes.
Artist unknown

Maggie Koerth: At the Houghton Library

 

Slate: The Mysterious Geometry of Swordsmanship Gorgeously Illustrated

"Human proportions established through mythological figures." By Girard Thibault.

“Human proportions established through mythological figures.” By Girard Thibault.

 

Genotopia: Cardboard Darwinism

Corpus Newtonicum: Adventures in Huntingtonland, Pt. 1

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: A Network of Alchemists

"The Alchemist" 1558, Pieter Brugle the Elder.

“The Alchemist” 1558, Pieter Brugle the Elder.

History of Alchemy: Podcast: Heinrich Khunrath

 

BOOK REVIEWS:

BJHS: Books received for review

Rentetzi on Priestley, ‘Mad on Radium: New Zealand in the Atomic Age’

NEW BOOKS:

Reaktion Books: Peter Adey “Air: Nature and Culture”

 

9781780232560

THEATRE:

FILM:

TELEVISION:

Tech Times: Atomic bombs, female scientists and Los Alamos: An interview with ‘Manhattan creator Sam Shaw

VIDEOS:

Youtube: UNESCO–Cern 60 years

Youtube: Göttingen and the World of Physics: An Evening with Gustav Born

Youtube: Preserving Lonesome George

Youtube: From Past to Present Tolman/Bacher House

Youtube: Under the Knife, Episode 1 – The Clockwork Saw

Youtube: The Renaissance Mathematicus: Astronomy, Astrology & Medicine in the Early Modern Period

RADIO:

BBC: Lisa Jardine A Point of View: Keeping Time

Dosenförmige tragbare Uhr, Peter Henlein zugeschrieben (Germanisches Nationalmuseum)

Dosenförmige tragbare Uhr, Peter Henlein zugeschrieben
(Germanisches Nationalmuseum)

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Royal Museums Greenwich: Science, Voyaging, Art, Empire: Study Day – 18 October 2014

Birkbeck History Research History Forum: Conference: CfP: Biological Discourses: The Language of Science and Literature around 1900 10-11 April 2015

Warwick University: Conference: (Re)Imagining the Insect: Natures and Cultures of Invertebrates, 1700-1900. Saturday 7 March 2015

University College London Union: UCL faces RACE: Eugenics at UCL Friday 10 October 2014 6-9pm

Yale University: Program in the History of Science and Medicine: Colloquia Fall Term 2014

Leeds University: HPS Centre Seminar Series

Wellcome Library: History of Pre-Modern Medicine Seminar Series 2014-15

University of Ulster: Conference: Explaining and Explaining Away in Science and Religion 8-9 January 2015

 

University of Manchester: Art History and Visual Studies: AHVS Events 2014-2015

RIA Novosti: Hungary to Host Conference on History of Computer Science

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: CfP: Knowledgeable Youngsters: Youth, Media and Early Modern Knowledge Societies Utrecht 26-27 June 2015

 

Beijing Renmin University: CFP: Manufacturing Landscapes: Nature and Technology in Environmental History

Historiens de la santé: CfP: Health History in Action

 

Dittrick Medical History Center: Upcoming Events

 

HSS Graduate & Early Career Caucus: Mentorship Program

Society for the History of Technology: Registration for THATCamp SHOT is now open!

Newly Expanded Wood Library-Museum (WLM) of Anesthesiology Opens in Breathtaking New Schaumburg, IL Headquarters

Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM) University of Manchester Seminars first semester 2014

Historiens de la santé: L’expérience et ses mots à la Renaissance

The Royal Institution: Lecture: Science, society and the Royal Institution 12-12:45pm Tuesday 30 Sept 2014

Public lecture for World Mental Health Day 10 October 2014 – Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0RN

British Journal for the History of Science has a new editor: Dr Charlotte Sleigh (University of Kent)

LOOKING FOR WORK?

Cancer Research UK: Science Media Officer

University of Notre Dame: Assistant Professor, History of Science

Keeper of Medicine Science Museum

The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin Department III, Artefacts, Action, and Knowledge, Director: Prof Dagmar Schäfer, announces One Postdoctoral Fellowship for up to two years.

The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin Department III, Artefacts, Action, and Knowledge, Director: Prof Dagmar Schäfer, announces One Research Scholarship for up to three years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s