Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #21

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #21

Monday 07 December 2015

EDITORIAL:

The season of Advent has started and Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM links list rolls relentlessly towards Christmas carrying with it, as always, a sledge full of the best history of science, technology and medicine that our ever assiduous elves could package up from the far flung corners of the Internet.

Our mailbox received a mysterious missive from one David Haden, which we reproduce below for all of our readers:

Dear Ghost,

 Be it advised that a fellow ghost has spirited together all the spectral

shades who name themselves ‘open access journals’.  Further, that this

fellow ghost has laboured for many years to seal each and every one of these

into a most marvellous spirit-bottle.  Said bottle may be obtained at

http://www.jurn.org/  The manner of uncorking is of the simplest, yet an

adept seeker may then command a performance of the most marvellous gyrations

and revelations.  Be pleased to note that no spirits are caused to be

summoned if they be weighed down in chains, or if they moan for payment, or

are of a false and predatory cast.

 Yours,

 David Haden.

If you follow the link you will be rewarded with a cornucopia of links to gladden the heart of every science fan.

Having no Advent calendar of our own we have stolen borrowed two excellent ones for your delectation. The first is from the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford and the second is from the Reading University Herbarium So get those chestnuts roasting, sit down under a sprig of holly and read your way through the first Advent edition of your favourite #histSTM gazette.

MHS Oxford Advent Calendar

 Day 1: Celestial Table Globe by Johannes Schöner, Nürnberg 1531

imu-media.php

 

Day 2: Cuff-Type Compound Microscope by Dollond, London c. 1761

Day 3: Pocket Horizontal Sundial, by Augustine Ryther, London, 1585

Day 4: Collection of Sterol Chemicals Belonging to Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1934

Day 5: Painting (Oil on Canvas, Framed) of Rudolph II and Tycho Brahe in Prague, by Edouard Ender, 1855

Day 6: Dr James’s Fever Powder Medicine, by R. James, Oxford c. 1770

Culham Research Group: Advent Botany

 Day 1: Balsam Fir – a popular Christmas tree in Canada

Day 2: Yule Log – a carbon neutral heat source?

Day 3: Galanthophilia

Galanthus reginae-olgae flowers in the autumn

Galanthus reginae-olgae flowers in the autumn

Day 4: Lore of Hazelnuts, Corylus avellana

Day 5: Walnuts

Day 6: White Cedar

Quotes of the week:

 Math with Bad Drawings: Report Cards for Famous Mathematicians

Go read them all!

Go read them all!

“Given ships or sails adapted to the breezes of heaven, there will be those who will not shrink from even that vast expanse.” – Johannes Kepler in a Letter to Galileo 1610 h/t @TychoGirl

“Apparently, if you take STEM & add the Art, Humanities, and Social Sciences, Performance…you get a STEAMSHIP”. – Patrick McCray (@LeapingRobot)

Steamship

“I don’t want to go to heaven. None of my friends are there.” – Oscar Wilde

“Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect.”― Mark Twain

A lunatic in Bedlam was asked how he came there. He answered, “The world said I was mad; I said the world was mad; and they outvoted me.” – @18thCenturyJoke

“I actually think that the difference between hallmark cards and “serious” euro-american ‪philosophy is solely stylistic”. – @replicakill

Shit Academics Say

Shit Academics Say

“Statistically, bouncy castles are more dangerous than sharks”. – Kylo Hill (@Sci_Phile)

“Mein Kampf is set to be re-published, although is still expected to be marginally less right wing than most Facebook posts about refugees”. – James Martin (@Pundamentalism)

“You’re Never Going To Kill Storytelling, It’s Built Into The Human Plan.” – Margaret Atwood h/t @JonathanGunson

“Whenever things sound easy, it turns out there’s one part you didn’t hear.” — Donald Westlake h/t @divbyzero

Calvin and Hobbes

Birthday of the Week:

John Ray was born on 29 November 1627

 

John Ray, by unknown artist. National Portrait Gallery Source: Wikimedia Commons

John Ray, by unknown artist. National Portrait Gallery
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Yovisto: John Ray and the Classification of Plants

The Renaissance Mathematicus: A boy from Essex who made good

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Venus Transit

Yovisto: Christian Doppler and the Doppler Effect

AHF: Isotope Separation Methods

Universe Today: Who is Stephen Hawking?

Slate: 60 Years Ago Today: The Day a Meteorite Hit Ann Hodges

True: An impact crater is also called an “astrobleme.” Getting a bruise from a meteorite would then be an astroblemish.

True: An impact crater is also called an “astrobleme.” Getting a bruise from a meteorite would then be an astroblemish.

Yovisto: Ernst Chladni – The Father of Acoustics

Atlas Obscura: A Short History of Martians

Discover: Probing Einstein’s Brain for Clues to His Genius

Yovisto: The Fist Self-Sustained Nuclear Reactor

The Somnium Project: New Pages: On Summoning Daemons & Dangers of Daemonic Space Travel

Taylor & Francis Online: Physics: Advances in optics in the medieval Islamic world (oa)

ESA: SOHO Celebrates 20 Years of Discoveries

University of Cambridge Digital Library: Philosophiæ naturalis principia mathematica

The Sydney Morning Herald: Molongo Observatory Synthesis Telescope celebrates 50 years with a relaunch

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Ruth Kerr Jakoby’s Interview

Muslim Heritage: The Astronomical Clock of Taqi Al-Din: Virtual Reconstruction

Skulls in the Stars: Marguerite O’Loghlin Crowe steps from the shadows

Marguerite O’Loghlin Crowe, from her later years in Florida. Via the George A. Smathers Libraries Digital Collections.

Marguerite O’Loghlin Crowe, from her later years in Florida. Via the George A. Smathers Libraries Digital Collections.

Graphic Arts: The Comet of 1789

Silicon Ireland: Did you know that an Irish scientist discovered why the sky is blue

Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum: Engineering Model, Lander, Mars, Pathfinder

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Why spy?

Smithsonian.com: How Twitching Frog Legs Help Inspire ‘Frankenstein’

The Conversation: Meet the real Frankenstein: pioneering scientist who may have inspired Mary Shelly

AHF: Werner Heisenberg

AIP: George Uhlenbeck

Public Domain Review: Transit of Venus 1882

7341257008_70258dbdb9_o

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Intelligent Life: Time Travel

Huffpost: Arts & Culture: They Don’t Make Maps Like this Anymore

British Library: Maps and views blog: The British Library Publishes War Office Archive Maps Online

M Library: Online Exhibits: Rediscovering the Jansson and Hondius Atlases of Henry Vignaud

Atlas Obscura: The Psychedelic Moon Maps of the 1970s

image

Progressive Geographies: Digital Map of the Roman Empire

Boston Globe: At BLP, sharp eye steers missing map home

Atlas Obscura: Found: A 17th Century Map Stolen from a Library by a Notorious Art Thief

Maui Time: Story of Hawaii Museum in Kahului adds new Japanese strategic maps from World War II

Fanny at 21,000 feetcourtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540

Fanny at 21,000 feetcourtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540

Science: 150-year-old map reveals that beaver dams can last centuries

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Thomas Morris: Is that it?

Freud Quotes: A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière

André Brouillet's 1887 A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière depicting a Charcot demonstration. Freud had a lithograph of this painting placed over the couch in his consulting rooms.

André Brouillet’s 1887 A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière depicting a Charcot demonstration. Freud had a lithograph of this painting placed over the couch in his consulting rooms.

Motherboard: Switzerland Briefly Legalized LSD Therapy and Then Couldn’t Let It Go

Public Domain Review: Re-examining ‘the Elephant Man’

Yovisto: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Aids

 

Dr Jennifer Evans: Fabulous Facial Hair History

Recipes Project: Recipes to Entertain in an Exeter Cathedral Library Manuscript

Atlas Obscura: Objects of Intrigue: London’s Life-Saving Publicly Accessible Enema Kits

Dr Alun Withey: Healthy Beards? A ‘Decembeard’ Special

Yovisto: Christine Ladd-Franklin and the Theory of Colour Vision

Christine Ladd-Franklin Source: Wikimedia Commons

Christine Ladd-Franklin
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Glasgow Story: RCPSG: Illustrations in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow

History Today: The history of deafness is as old as humanity

Concocting History: Of mice and frogs

Yovisto: Christiaan Barnard and the First Heart Transplant

The Recipes Project: Wormy Beer and Wet Nursing in the Roman Empire

The H-Word: 54 years of the Pill (on the NHS), and how Birmingham women got it first

Atlas Obscura: The First Planned Parenthood Only Lasted for 10 Days but Started a Revolution

Conciatore: Royal Apothecary

Fresco, early 16th century speziale,Castello di  Issogne, lower Aosta Valley, Italy.

Fresco, early 16th century speziale,Castello di Issogne, lower Aosta Valley, Italy.

Reuters: Modern science detects disease in 400-year-old embalmed hearts

Thomas Morris: The case of the missing pen

Res Obscura: Why Did Seventeenth-Century Europeans Eat Mummies?

Thomas Morris: On leeches, and how to catch them

TECHNOLOGY:

 

Brian Eno

Brian Eno

Engineering and Technology History Wiki: John Fleming

Hackaday: The Antikythera Mechanism

Georgian Gentleman: The March of Intellect – another William Heath caricature…

Journal of Art in Society: Prussian Blue and Its Partner in Crime

Google.com: 1938–1945 The Women of Bletchley Park

West’s Meditations: Artillery in Melaka, 1511 CE

Hyperallergic: The 19th-Century Tomb That Inspired London’s Iconic Telephone Box

London telephone box and Eliza Soane’s tomb (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic unless otherwise noted)

London telephone box and Eliza Soane’s tomb (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic unless otherwise noted)

Collecting and Connecting: “Get Thee to a Nunnery”: Finding the History of Metallurgy in a Monastery

Conciatore: Yellow Glass

Yovisto: Merry Christmas or How the SMS was born

The Huntarian: Robert Stirling’s Model Air Engine

NMOC: Winter 1975/6 from the pages of Computer Weekly

Library of Congress: Flights of Fantasy and Fact: Man-made Wings in Literature and History

Lithograph of man who flies with wings attached to his tunic. From the Library of Congress Tissandier Collection.

Lithograph of man who flies with wings attached to his tunic. From the Library of Congress Tissandier Collection.

Google Patents: Space Vehicle

The New York Times: After 60 Years, B-52s Still Dominate U.S. Fleet

The New York Times: The Bullet That Changed History

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Yovisto: Pierre André Latrille – The Father of modern Entomology

UCL: Underwhelming Fossil Fish of the Month

Road to Paris: A very short history of climate change research

Paige Fossil History: Meet Mrs. Ples: 4 Facts about The Australopithecine Skull

Embryo Project: St. George Jackson Mivart (1827–1900)

The Friends of Charles Darwin: The great Darwin fossil hunt

AEON: Through a glass, sadly

A large travelling circus aquarium filled with sharks, alligators, seals, octopus, narwhal whale and a spouting sperm whale; lithograph, 1873. Photo by GraphicaArtis/Getty

A large travelling circus aquarium filled with sharks, alligators, seals, octopus, narwhal whale and a spouting sperm whale; lithograph, 1873. Photo by GraphicaArtis/Getty

Science Gossip: Decoration, Ornamentation, Illustration or why we classify on Science Gossip

The Sloane Letters Blog: Grading Sir Hans Sloane’s Research Paper

The Linnean Society: 1st December 2015: Alfred Russel Wallace Bronze arrives at the Linnean Society

Avacta Life Sciences: A History of Affinity Molecules – Infographic Poster

The Guardian: Fossils: Extinct thinking: was the hapless dodo really destined to die out?

PRI: What we can learn from the ancient Egyptian practice of beekeeping

Vintage Everyday: The Discovery of Tutankhamun in the 1920s in Color

29th November 1923, Tutankhamun's Tomb | Howard Carter (on the left) working with his friend and colleague Arthur Callender on wrapping one of two sentinel statues of Tutankhamun (Carter no. 22) found in the Antechamber, before their removal to the 'laboratory' set up in the tomb of Sethos II (KV 15). These statues had been placed either side of the sealed entrance to the Burial Chamber.

29th November 1923, Tutankhamun’s Tomb | Howard Carter (on the left) working with his friend and colleague Arthur Callender on wrapping one of two sentinel statues of Tutankhamun (Carter no. 22) found in the Antechamber, before their removal to the ‘laboratory’ set up in the tomb of Sethos II (KV 15). These statues had been placed either side of the sealed entrance to the Burial Chamber.

Making Science Public: Climate science and climate fiction: Alarmist, really?

Independent: Historic hunting ponds uncovered in Kent marshes

CHEMISTRY:

Victorian Web: The Chemistry of the Candle Percival Leigh and Charles Dickens

Yovisto: Ellen Swallow Richards and Home Economics

Piedmont College home economics lab circa 1909

Piedmont College home economics lab circa 1909

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

American Science: HSS 2015: A Roundtable Review

Anne Krook: Writing our history is part of our jobs

The Guardian: Science: Not just for scientists

The Guardian: Why the history of maths is also the history of art

 Reza Sarhangi (Iranian-born American, b. 1952) and Robert Fathauer (American, b. 1960), Būzjānī’s Heptagon, 2007. Digital print, 13 × 13 in. (33 × 33 cm). Courtesy of the artists.

Reza Sarhangi (Iranian-born American, b. 1952) and Robert Fathauer (American, b. 1960), Būzjānī’s Heptagon, 2007. Digital print, 13 × 13 in. (33 × 33 cm). Courtesy of the artists.

Science League of America: Say What? The Theory of the Terrible MinutePhysics Video

The Royal Society: The Repository: Hooke’s books and ‘the man who got everything wrong’

CHoM News: In Memory of Kathryn Hammond Baker

Source: CHoM News

Source: CHoM News

Sandwalk: Facts and theories of evolution according to Dawkins and Coyne

The #EnvHist Weekly

Blink: The Platonic Verses

Zoomorphic calligraphy Here script transforms into an elephant Courtesy Bibliodyssey

Zoomorphic calligraphy Here script transforms into an elephant Courtesy Bibliodyssey

The Forgotten Sciences: First Issue of “History of Humanities” is in Production

Smithsonian Libraries: Smithson’s Library

Bible, Archaeology, Travel with Luke Chandler: Walk through the British Museum without going to London

ESOTERIC:

Conciatore: The Knights

History Extra: What would your face and body have said about you in the 19th century

phrenology_quiz

distillatio: When did Medieval Europeans think that Hermes was alive? And a new question.

BOOK REVIEWS:

Quill & Pad: The Mastery of Time by Dominique Fléchon

The Dispersal of Darwin: Alfred Wegener: Science, Exploration, and the Theory of Continental Drift

Washington Post: Long before Pluto, a false planet confused scientists

The New York Times: ‘Map: Exploring the World,’ ‘The Curious Map Book’ and More

Science Book a Day: Spaceshots and Snapshots of Projects Mercury and Gemini: A Rare Photographic History

Notches: Found in Translation: How Sexual Debates Developed Across the Modern World

Screen-Shot-2015-11-04-at-7.43.46-AM

Public Books: The Inventor of Nature

Five Books: Matthew Cobb on the History of Science

Landscape Notes: A Natural History of English Gardening

Brain Pickings: Hidden Treasures: 10 Centuries of Visualising the Body in Rare Archival Images

Physics World: Top physics books 2015

History News Network: Herodotus Lives!

Geographical: The London County Council Bomb Damage Maps 1939–1945

NEW BOOKS:

Springer: The Lost Constellations: A History of Obsolete, Extinct, or Forgotten Star Lore

The Voorhes: Malformed: The forgotten Brains of Texas State Mental Hospital

Amazon: Time and a Place: An Environmental History of Prince Edward Island

Springer: The History of Physics in Cuba

NHM: Rare Treasures

Anita Guerrini: The Courtier’s Anatomists

screen-shot-2015-03-10-at-1-56-05-pm-2

NYAM: A Coloring Book from our Collections

The History Press: Edward Jenner: pocket Giants

Historiens de la santé: Charles Bell and the Anatomy of Reform

University of Pennsylvania Press: Sociable Knowledge: Natural History and the Nation in Early Modern Britain

Amazon: The Greatest Show in the Arctic: The American Exploration of Franz Josef Land, 1898–1905 (American Exploration and Travel Series)

ART & EXHIBITIONS

The Scotsman: Killer of an exhibition about deadliest plagues

1260996789

Wellcome Collection: States of Mind: Tracing the edges of consciousness

ICE: ICE Christmas Exhibition Past, Present and Future 4–18 December 2015

The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Royal Society: Seeing closer: 350 years of microscope Runs till 17 December 2015

Museum of the History of Science: Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War Runs until 31 January 2016

Henry Moseley Source: Wikimedia Commons

Henry Moseley
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Guiding Lights: 500 years of Trinity House and safety at sea Runs till 4 January 2016

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Southbank Centre: Faraday’s synaptic gap Runs till 10 January 2016

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Chemistry World: Weapons of mass discussion

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

Upcoming: The Old Operating Theatre: Surgeon to the Dead 10-12 & 15-17 December 2015

SpArC Theatre: Opéra National De Paris: La Damnation De Faust 17 December 2015

The Guardian: Tom Stoppard’s Hapgood comes in from the cold

 

 Lisa Dillon as Hapgood at Hampstead theatre. Photograph: Manuel Harlan

Lisa Dillon as Hapgood at Hampstead theatre. Photograph: Manuel Harlan

EVENTS:

Royal Society: Lifting the lid – the Royal Society since 1960 10 December 2015

Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford: Ada Lovelace Symposium 8–10 December 2015

Science Museum: In Conversation with Alexei Leonov 15 December 2015

CVioacnU8AAt7NE

Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution: The Legacy of the Enlightenment 11 December 2015

Glam Café, Philadelphia: Building a Digital Repository from Scratch 8 December 2015

British Library: Medieval manuscripts blog: Postgraduate Open Day on our Pre-1600 Collections 1 February 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci

TELEVISION:

io9: In This Week’s Manhattan, the Most Crucial Bomb Is the One That Doesn’t Go Off

AHF: Manhattan Season 2, Episode 8: Let’s Make a Deal

BBC: James Clerk Maxwell

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Astronomy Central: Great Astronomers from the Medieval Islamic World – Islamic Astronomers Documentary

Youtube: Gresham College: 1295: The Year of the Galleys – Dr Ian Friel FSA

Youtube: AHF: Dimas Chavez supports AHF!

Youtube: Pathe: Excavation (1957)

Youtube: Steps to Mass Flourishing Session 3

Youtube: Kepler’s Third Law of Motion (Astronomy)

Sploid: Gorgeous video shows just how incredible the Apollo missions were

Youtube: Gresham College: Harnessing the Power of Chant – Professor Christopher Page

Youtube: Geological Society: Apollo and the Geology of the Moon

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: The Beauty of Equations

BBC Radio 4: In Our Time: Voyages of Captain Cook

PODCASTS:

WUWM: Wisconsinite Henrietta Swan Leavitt’s Impact on Astronomy

Science & Religion Exploring the Spectrum: Science & Secularisation John Hedley-Brooke

 

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Archives nationales Pierrefitte-sur-Seine: Colloque: Santé et environnement : Parcours et constructions historiques 9 et 10 décembre 2015

University of Galway: CfP: 6th International Conference on the Science of Computus in the Middle Ages

ESHS Prague: CfP: The Power of the Historiography of Science

SHOT: Dibner Award for Excellence in Museum Exhibits Deadline 15 December 2015

Boole/Shannon: Compute and Communicate Upcoming Evens 2016

St. Cross College, Oxford: One-Day Conference: Medieval Physics in Oxford 27 February 2016

merton-calculator

Birkbeck College: CfP: Sensing the Early Modern Birkbeck EMS’s 9th Annual Student conference 20 February 2015

Graz: 15th Annual STS Conference Graz 2016 Critical Issues in Science, Technology and Society Studies 9-10 May 2016

Royal Anthropological Institute: History of the RAI: 1871 to 1918 8–9 December 2015

University Portucalense, Portugal: CfP: History of Psychopathology and Psychotherapy: Iberoamerican Theories and Practices 4–6 May 2016

SHOT: CfP: Society for the History of Technology Annual Meeting – Singapore 22–26 June 2016

University of Birmingham: The EAHMH Bok award 201: Granted for best medical history monograph

CEU Summer University: Call for Applications: Cities and Science: Urban History and the History of Science in the Study of Early Modern and Modern Europe 1827 July 2016

H-Environment: CfP: Business and Environment in History Portland Oregon 28–30 2016

MPIWG: Art and Knowledge in Pre-Modern Europe Colloquia 2015/2016

Zooniverse: Help us expand our knowledge of historical star mapping by identifying constellations and marking stars in celestial maps from the Adler’s collection!

LOOKING FOR WORK:

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine: Research Fellow on a project on sex, drugs and HIV/AIDS in prison since the 1980s

University of Edinburgh: Research Fellow position in Science, Technology and Innovation Studies

University of Edinburgh: Postdoctoral Research Fellow (Synthetic Yeast in Context)

Niels Bohr Archive, Copenhagen: Archivist

Cambridge: Lloyd-Dan David Research Fellowship at the Needham Research Institute and Darwin College Cambridge

University of Liverpool: 2 Stipendiary Graduate Teaching Fellowships

University of Pittsburgh: Center for Philosophy of Science: Visiting Fellows Program

University of Durham: PhD Position in Philosophy of Social Technology

LAHP: Apply for a Studentship

University of South Carolina: PhD positions in Philosophy

Birkbeck University of London: Senior Lecturer/Reader/Professor in the History and Theory of Photography/Digital Culture

 

 

 

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
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