Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #22

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #22

Monday 14 December 2015

EDITORIAL:

Running awfully late here is the latest edition of the weekly #histSTM links list Whewell’s Gazette bringing you all the fascinating posts, articles and other offerings in the histories of science, technology and medicine that our legions of Internet elves could find in the second week of advent.

In any given week the balance of the number of posts in the various rubrics in our humble Gazette varies, with sometimes Physics, Astronomy and Space Science dominating, as this week, or on other occasions the Earth Sciences or Technology having the most entries. However over time I have noticed that there are always relatively few posts on the history of chemistry. I don’t know whether this is due to a paucity of history of chemistry material on the web or whether I am just not catching enough of what is out there.

If you post on the history of chemistry or know somebody who does and the posts are failing to appear here on Whewell’s Gazette then please draw attention to this deficit in some way. Join Twitter and tip me off so that I follow you or send me an email with a list of your posts and links. I would like to see more history of chemistry here at the Gazette so make it your #histSTM charitable act for Christmas to draw my attention to all those post that I sure I’m missing.

MHS Oxford Advent Calendar

Day 7: Paper Astrolabe, by Johann Krabbe, German, 1583

Day 8: Diptych Dial, by Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, c. 1620

Day 9: Mural Quadrant, by John Bird, London, 1773

Day 10: Parts of Difference Engine, by Charles Babbage, c. 1822-30

Day 11: Crescent Moon Amulet, Southern Italian

imu-media.php

Day 12: Astrolabe Quadrant, by Giovanni Antonio Magini, Italy, Late 16th Century

Day 13: Radio Valve R5V, by Marconi Osram Valve Co., London, c. 1923

Culham Research Group: Advent Calendar

Day 7: Saffron: A light in the darkness

Day 8: Wassailing

Day 9: Reindeer Moss

Looking festive and tasty! Cladonia rangiferina has been collected and vouchered in California only twice, in 1999 by Ronald and Judith Robertson, and in 1975 in Del Norte Co., in the Smith River canyon. The Robertsons collected Cladonia rangiferina once in Humboldt County in the remnant forest of Lanphere Dunes, a US Fish & Wildlife Refuge.

Looking festive and tasty! Cladonia rangiferina has been collected and vouchered in California only twice, in 1999 by Ronald and Judith Robertson, and in 1975 in Del Norte Co., in the Smith River canyon. The Robertsons collected Cladonia rangiferina once in Humboldt County in the remnant forest of Lanphere Dunes, a US Fish & Wildlife Refuge.

Day 10: Rice Pudding

Day 11: Sweet Chestnuts

Day 12: Anyone can grow paperwhites but their taxonomy is a different story

Day 13: Putting Christmas on the Map

Quotes of the week:

mathematician quote

“Digital information lasts forever or five years. Whichever comes first”. – RAND researcher Jeff Rothenberg h/t @johannaberg

“Anthropologists stand in the position of molecules of paint on a picture’s surface, striving to catch the artist’s design”—Pitt-Rivers h/t @ProfDanHicks

“For people writing about the topic—”interment” means burial. “Internment” means detaining a group of people”. – Laura (@ophiliacat)

Absent minded prof

“Parts of London are so radicalised that most of the atoms and molecules there have unpaired valency electrons”. – Peter Coles (@telescoper)

“The “Asian Values” trope as Orientalism appropriated by the Orientals”. – @struthious

“If I’m descended from my parents, why do I still have cousins?” Owain Griffiths (@OwainGriffiths)

Hoyle quote

“The essence of genius is to know what to overlook”. – William James

Study shows a result you like: “see, I base my views on science!”

 

Study shows a result you dislike: “I’ve got issues with their methodology” – Existential Comics (@existentialcomics)

Alice Quote

Birthdays of the Week:

 Grace Hopper born 10 December 1908

 Grace Murray Hopper at the UNIVAC keyboard, c. 1960. Credit: Unknown (Smithsonian Institution)


Grace Murray Hopper at the UNIVAC keyboard, c. 1960.
Credit: Unknown (Smithsonian Institution)

Yovisto: Grace Hopper and the Programming Languages

Annie Jump Cannon born 11 December 1863

tumblr_nz5gyjSngl1ry3nado1_500

Yovisto: Annie Jump Cannon and the Catalogue of Stars

sdsc.edu: Annie Jump Cannon Theorist of Star Spectra

Smithsonian Institute Archives: Annie Jump Cannon (1863–1941)

Linda Hall Library: Annie Jump Cannon

Gemma Frisius was born 9 December 1508

Gemma Frisius, Holzschnitt (17. Jh.) von Esme de Boulonois Source: Wikimedia Commons

Gemma Frisius, Holzschnitt (17. Jh.) von Esme de Boulonois
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Yovisto: The Most Accurate Instruments of Gemma Frisius

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Mapping the history of triangulation

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

 

Renowned quantum physicist Niels Bohr with acclaimed jazz trumpeter, composer and singer Louis Armstrong h/t Paul Halpern Source: Unknown

Renowned quantum physicist Niels Bohr with acclaimed jazz trumpeter, composer and singer Louis Armstrong h/t Paul Halpern
Source: Unknown

Yovisto: Arnold Sommerfeld and the Quantum Theory

Yovisto: Omar Khayyam – Mathematics and Poetry

Popular Science: A Brief History of Space Stations Before the ISS

arXiv.org: Early Telescopes and Ancient Scientific Instruments in the Paintings of Jan Brueghel the Elder (pdf)

Ptak Science Books: Found Poetry in the Sciences (1610 and 1698)

Sue Kientz: Spacecraft Galileo at Jupiter

Ipi.usra.edu: Probe Mission Successful

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Walter Goodman’s Interview

arXiv.org: A brief history of the multiverse (pdf)

BBC: Future: Eight objects that define the Soviet space race

Titov's movie camera

Titov’s movie camera

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: The story behind the IAEA’s atomic logo

March to the Moon: Gemini VII

Berliner Zeitung: Albert Einstein war in Berlin nur relative glücklich

World Socialist Web Site: 100 years of General Relativity – Part One

World Socialist Web Site: 100 years of General Relativity – Part Two

World Socialist Web Site: 100 years of General Relativity – Part Three

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Philip Abelson’s Interview (2002)

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Aristotle Killer of Science!

Atlas Obscura: Vintage Images of Canine Cosmonauts from the USSR

A matchbox label from 1959, showing a space dog flying to the Moon. (Photo: © FUEL Publishing/Marianne Van den Lemmer)

A matchbox label from 1959, showing a space dog flying to the Moon. (Photo: © FUEL Publishing/Marianne Van den Lemmer)

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Leona Marshall Libby’s Interview

AHF: Leo James Rainwater

The Conversation: The life-changing love of one of the 20th century’s greatest physicists

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Theodore Rockwell’s Interview

Yovisto: The Last Men on the Moon…so far

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Gabriel Bohnee’s Interview

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: The curious death of Oppenheimer’s mistress

Astronomy Now: Astronomers recall discovery of Phaethon – source of the Geminid meteors

AHF: Rotblat Account

CHF: Laws of Attraction

Open Mind: Kepler, the Father of Science Fiction

Tech Times: Black History Month: & Ways Albert Einstein Supported the Civil Rights Movement

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

British Library: Maps and views blog: Digitisation of the Klencke Atlas

Swann Auction Galleries: Maps & Atlases, Natural History & Color Plate Books, Featuring the Mapping of America

The American Military Pocket Atlas

The American Military Pocket Atlas

Peter S. Clarke: A Christmas Santa Map

Slate Vault: An Early-20th-Century British Map of the Global Drug Trade

Ptak Science Books: Bombing Britain, 1940 – a View of the Battle of Britain from Germany

The Bodleian’s Map Room Blog: Ships

IMG_0214-300x225

Giornalè Nuovo: A Map of Schlaraffenland

Stanford University Library: Adventures in oversized imaging: digitizing the Ōmi Kuni-ezu 近江國絵圖 Japanese Tax Map from 1837

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Thomas Morris: The man with the rubber jaw

The Conversation: Remind me again, what is thalidomide and how did it cause so much harm?

O Can You See?: Combating infectious disease and slaying the rubella dragon, 1969–1972

Atlas Obscura: Maps of 19th-Century New York’s Worst Nuisances

A "Sanitary and Social Chart" of New York's 4th Ward. (Photo: Courtesy the New York Academy of Medicine)

A “Sanitary and Social Chart” of New York’s 4th Ward. (Photo: Courtesy the New York Academy of Medicine)

BBC News: Cookbook features recipes to cure the plague

Royal Museums Greenwich: ‘In a most handsome and thriving condition’: Samuel Pepys’s Health

Thomas Morris: A bad use for good wine

John Rylands Library Special Collections Blog: A Doctor’s View of Industrial Manchester

Nursing Clio: Baby Parts for Sale – Old Tropes Revisited

Circulating Now: A Portrait of the Medical World of 1911

Silas Weir Mitchell

Silas Weir Mitchell

Thomas Morris: All hail the strawberry

Yovisto: Robert Koch and Tuberculosis

Thomas Morris: Somewhat silly in his manner

TECHNOLOGY:

Brown: Steward Delaney’s New Clock

Verso: Look>>A Historiscope

Forbes: This Week in Tech History: The Mother of All Demos

BBC News: Volunteers aid pioneering Edsac computer rebuild

Each of the 140 chassis that form Edsac takes upwards of 20 hours to build and test

Each of the 140 chassis that form Edsac takes upwards of 20 hours to build and test

The National Museum of Computing: Edshack: a workshop time capsule

Atlas Obscura: Soviet Scenesters Used X-Rays to Record Their Rock and Roll

Yovisto: Maria Telkes and the Power of the Sun

Yovisto: Guglielmo Marconi and his Magic Machine

Yovisto: My Hovercraft is full of Eels

MAA100: Mathematical Treasures: Early Calculating Machines

Leibnitzrechenmaschine

Leibnitzrechenmaschine

Ptak Science Books: A World Map of Heavy (1922)

A Wireless World: The origins of radio

Ptak Science Books: Balloons I Know But Do Not Love – Death From Above, Ads and Bombs

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Sometimes I'm asked what is the difference between a raven and a crow, well here it is. h/t @ravenstonetales

Sometimes I’m asked what is the difference between a raven and a crow, well here it is. h/t @ravenstonetales

Letters from Gondwana: The Bernissart Dinosaurs

Notches: Coming Oot! A Fabulous Gay History of Scotland

Hyperallergic: How Audubon Pranked a Fellow Naturalist with a Bulletproof Fish

The Dispersal of Darwin: Article: The London Baedeker for the Darwin enthusiast

The Dispersal of Darwin: Article: An Ottoman response to Darwinism: Ísmail Fennî on Islam and evolution

Atlas Obscura: The Ghost Forest of Christmas Past: How a Fungus Stole Roasted Chestnuts

Naturalis Historia: The Earth on Show: Encountering Lost Worlds Through Fossil Displays

A “Young Mammouth” unearthed by Charles Willson Peale on display at the Philadelphia museum in 1821.

A “Young Mammouth” unearthed by Charles Willson Peale on display at the Philadelphia museum in 1821.

National Geographic: Meet Grandfather Flash, the Pioneer of Wildlife Photography

Gizmodo: These Dogs are Honorary Geologists for their Early Exploration of Alaska

CHEMISTRY:

Yovisto: Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and his Work on Gases

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

CHF: True Blue: DuPont and the Color Revolution

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Birkbeck: Early Modern History Website

Public Disability History: New blog

NYAM Library: Discover the Past Inform the Future

PISO_005

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: The ESD in early modern Spain: taking stock

CIA: The Directorate of Science and Technology Historical Series: The Office of Scientific Intelligence, 1949–68

Conciatore: Francesco’s Studiolo

Conciatore: Neri’s Travels

Conciatore: Fall from Grace

The Recipes Project: First Monday Library Chat: The Library of the Royal College of Surgeons

PSA Women: Female-Authors-Only Philosophy of Science

OUP: The Monist: The History of Women’s Ideas Contents

University of Oxford: Research: Ursula Martin

Irish Philosophy: Frozen in Time: the Edward Worth Library

The Edward Worth Library (c) Irish Philosophy (CC BY)

The Edward Worth Library
(c) Irish Philosophy (CC BY)

AEON: What if?

PhilSci Archive: An Archive for Preprints in Philosophy of Science

The New York Times: Amir Aczel, Author of Scientific Cliffhanger, Dies at 65

The Economist: In search of serendipity

Yovisto: Melvil Dewey and the Dewey Decimal System

Scistarter: Purposeful Gaming: Help improve access to historic biodiversity texts!

Age of Revolutions: A HistorioBLOG

Lisa Tenzin-Dolma: Interview with Paul Halpern

Corpus Newtonicum: Isaac Newton moves to Oxford

#EnvHist Weekly

AEON: Why physics needs art to help picture the universe

header_0328p_duomo6_b

CUP: Medical History Vol. 60 Issue 01: Contents

Motherboard: Ada Lovelace and the Impossible Expectations We Have of Women in STEM

Chicago Journals: Osiris Vol. 30, No. 1 Scientific Masculinities Contents

ESOTERIC:

distillatio: How widespread were alchemical books in Britain in Medieval times and who owned them?

The Recipes Project: Temporality in John Dauntesey’s Recipe Book (1652–1683)

The Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Manuscript MSS 2/0070-01 (Signature Page), Photo included with permission.

The Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Manuscript MSS 2/0070-01 (Signature Page), Photo included with permission.

Spacewatchtower: 50th Anniversary: Kecksburg, Pa. “UFO” Incident

The Public Domain Review: Worlds Without End

Detail from a depiction of thought-transference, the man behind dictating the movement of the other, from Magnetismus und Hypnotismus (1895) by Gustav Wilhelm Gessmann

Detail from a depiction of thought-transference, the man behind dictating the movement of the other, from Magnetismus und Hypnotismus (1895) by Gustav Wilhelm Gessmann

BOOK REVIEWS:

Brain Pickings: Alexander von Humboldt and the Invention of Nature: How One of the Last True Polymaths Pioneered the Cosmos of Connections

MedHum Monday Book Review: Riotous Flesh

Popular Science: Kepler and the Universe

41aq068xqbl._sx322_bo1204203200__0

Brain Pickings: The Physicist and the Philosopher: Einstein, Bergson, and the Debate That Changed Our Understanding of Time

Sun News Miami: Celestial Cartography

New Statesman: A true scientific revolution: the triumph of mathematicians over philosophers

Reviews in History: To Explain the World: the discovery of Modern Science

Nature: Books in Brief: Tunnel Vision: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider, The Hunt for Vulcan…

NEW BOOKS:

Plagrave: Technology, Self-Fashioning and Politeness in Eighteenth-Century Britain

The Dispersal of Darwin: The Paradox of Evolution: The Strange Relationship Between Natural Selection and Reproduction

Amazon: More Passion for Science: Journeys into the Unknown

Wiley: A Companion to Intellectual History

The Dispersal of Darwin: Darwin’s Sciences

1444330357

The University of Chicago Press: Foucault and Beyond

The Dispersal of Darwin: The Story of Life in 25 Fossils

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

ICE: ICE Christmas Exhibition Past, Present and Future 4–18 December 2015

The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Museum of the History of Science: Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War Runs until 31 January 2016

Guiding Lights: 500 years of Trinity House and safety at sea Runs till 4 January 2016

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Southbank Centre: Faraday’s synaptic gap Runs till 10 January 2016

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

Muslim Heritage: Allah’s Automata – A Review of the Exhibition

automata02

Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution

Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Handwritten in Stone: How William Smith and his maps changed geology

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

Upcoming: The Old Operating Theatre: Surgeon to the Dead 10-12 & 15-17 December 2015

SpArC Theatre: Opéra National De Paris: La Damnation De Faust 17 December 2015

EVENTS:

Chelsea Physic Garden: Round Table Discussion: Dark brilliance: Agatha Christie, poisonous plants and murder mysteries 2 February 2016

Royal Astronomical Society: RAS Public Lecture: 100th Anniversary of the election of Women to the RAS Fellowship 12 January 2016

Science Museum: Symposium: Revealing the Cosmonaut 5 February 2016

Event ad

British Library: Medieval manuscripts blog: Postgraduate Open Day on our Pre-1600 Collections 1 February 2016

Royal Institution: Christmas Lecture 2015

A Forgotten Hero – Now Remembered: Dr John Rae (LRCSEd): Arctic Explorer 

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Dr William Gilberd 1540-1603 showing his Experiment on Electricity to Queen Elizabeth I and her Court by Arthur Ackland Hunt

Dr William Gilberd 1540-1603 showing his Experiment on Electricity to Queen Elizabeth I and her Court by Arthur Ackland Hunt

 

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Atlas Obscura: 100 Wonders: The Desertron

Centre for Global Health Histories: Youtube Channel

The New York Times: Animated Life: Mary Leakey

RADIO:

BBC World Service: Discovery: Humboldt – the Inventor of Nature

The Guardian: Occam’s Corner: Will Self’s forceful search for the genius behind a scientific giant

BBC Radio 4: Self Drives: Maxwell’s Equations

PODCASTS:

Mosaic: The ingenuity of Gordon Vaughan

Soundcloud: John Aubrey, My Own Life by Ruth Scurr – audio extracts

John Aubrey. Source: Wikimedia Commons

John Aubrey.
Source: Wikimedia Commons

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

British Museum: CfP: Objectively Speaking 4 April 2016

Graz, Austria; CfP: STS Conference: The Role of Webvideos in Science and Research Communication 9–19 May 2016

UCL: CfP: Science/Technology/Security: Challenges to global governance? 20–21 June 2016

University of Edinburgh: Science, Technology and Innovation Studies Seminar Series, Semester Two 2015-16

Sam Houston State University: CfP: The 8th Annual Medicine and the Humanities and Social Sciences Conference 17–18 March 2016

H/SOZ/KULT: Playing with Materials and Technology. 7th Symposium on Playing with Technology – Part of the 43rd Symposium of the Internationl Committeee for the History of Technology 2016 Porto 26 July–30 July 2016

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin: Workshop: From Knowledge to Profit? Scientific Institutions and the Commercialization of Science 10–12 October 2016

Dresden Summer – International Academy for the Arts: Collecting: 27 August – 03rd September 2016

University of Durham: Workshop: The Graphic Evidence of Childhood, 1760–1914 15 April 2016

LOOKING FOR WORK:

British Library: Curator of Medieval Historical Manuscripts 1100–1500

University of Freiburg: Chair for Science and Technology Studies: Wissenschaftliche(r) Mitarbeiterin/Mitarbeiter (Assistant Professor Equivalent)

University of Kent: Centre for the History of Science: Postgrad funding

University of Swansea: Fees Only PhD Studentship: Mapping the Historic Landscape Character of the South Wales Region

Mississippi State University: History of Modern Europe and Science/Technology/and/or Medicine

University of Oxford: Faculty of Theology and Religion: Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship 2016

University of Notre Dame: History and Philosophy of Science Program Two Postdoctoral Positions

MIT: Calling all Science Journalists: Applications for 1016-17 KSJ Fellowships Open January 11

Durham University: Centre for Nineteenth-Century Studies: Leverhulme Early Career Fellowships

Trinity College Dublin: Ussher Assistant Professor in Environmental History

Drexel University College of Medicine: Summer Research Fellowship: History of Women in Medicine

 

 

 

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
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