Whewell’s Gazete: Year2, Vol. #24

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #24

Monday 28 December 2015

EDITORIAL:

Christmas has come and gone but here comes the next edition of the weekly #histSTM links list, Whewell’s Gazette, to chase away those post Christmas blues by bringing you the best of the histories of science, technology and medicine that found its way into the Internet over the last seven days.

25 December, Christmas Day saw the anniversary of Isaac Newton’s birth, or did it? Many people, including myself, posted various things on the Internet in celebration of the day but a small minority of spoilsports posted on Twitter and Facebook that it wasn’t Newton’s birthday because of the calendar reform. In reality in our times Newton’s ‘real’ birthday falls on 4 January. If you’re confused you can read the grisly details in an old blog post of mine, Calendrical confusion or just when did Newton die? Despite the title it also deals with the date of Newton’s birth.

Now as I’ve written more than once in the past, Newton was born on Christmas Day in his own time and celebrated his birthday eighty-four years long on Christmas day and so I think, although it is calendrically wrong, it is somehow more apposite to celebrate his birthday on Christmas Day than on 4 January. So despite the spoilsports I for one shall continue to do so.

Interestingly 27 December saw the anniversary of Johannes Kepler’s birth with an equally large number of people throughout the Internet celebrating the fact. However nobody pointed out the fact that his birthdate is old style i.e. according to the Julian Calendar and therefore we should wait until 6 January before celebrating! One rule for Isaac and another for Johannes it would appear.

MHS Oxford Advent Calendar

Day 21: ‘Tower’ Table Clock, by ‘HP’ or ‘HR’, German, 17th Century

Day 22: Microscope Slides in Small Cardboard Box

Day 23: Dissecting Microscope, by E. Leitz, Wetzlar, c.1900-25imu-media.php

Day 24: Globe Clock and Sundial, Dial by Ulrich Schniep, French and Germany, 16th Century

Culham Research Group: Advent Calendar

Day 21: Winter Mint

Day 22: Healing Christmas: Cinnamon

Day 23: Night of the Radishes

Rabanos2014_027ab

Day 24: King Protea

After the twenty-four days of Advent we of course have the twelve days of Christmas

12 Days of Royal Museums Christmas

christmas 1

 

Royal College of Physicians Twelve days of Christmas

1513197_10151798152302721_657761975_n

The Recipes Project: Happy Holidays

 The book of household management by Mrs Beeton Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

The book of household management by Mrs Beeton
Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

Quotes of the week:

Hypothesis: many people confuse their hypotheses with the truth. – Liam Heneghan (@DublinSoil)

Wright brothers quote

“A small error at the beginning of something is a great one at the end” – Thomas Aquinas h/t @JohnAllenPaulos

A little nonsense now and then, is cherished by the wisest men. — Roald Dahl h/t @berfois

“There is no such thing as an empty space or an empty time… In fact, try as we may to make a silence, we cannot.” – John Cage h/t @t3dy

pythag quote

“Discretion, like the hole in a doughnut, does not exist except as an area left open by a surrounding belt of restriction.”—R. Dworkin h/t @GuyLongworth

“Asked what Walter Benjamin means when he says that capitalism is a religion, a student answered with one word: Christmas”. – Jan Mieszkowski (@janmpdx)

“A gingerbread man sits inside a gingerbread house. Is the house made of flesh? Or is he made of house? He screams, for he does not know”. – Kris Wilson (@TheKrisWilson)

Kepler quote

“Science knows no country because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world.” – Louis Pasteur h/t @embryoproject

Birthday of the Week:

The Transistor was born 23 December 1947

Transistor

Wired: Dec. 23, 1947: Transistor Opens Door to Digital Future

Youtube: AT&T Archives: Genesis of the Transistor

Yovisto: The Birth of the Transistor

Canada Science and Technology Museums: Transistor

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

AIP: Bryce DeWitt and Cecile DeWitt-Morette

AIP: Ira Sprague Bowen

Cosmos: Celebrating James Maxwell the father of light

Mathematician and poet James Clerk Maxwell. CREDIT: SPL/ GETTY IMAGES/ (BACKGROUND) SOLA

Mathematician and poet James Clerk Maxwell.
CREDIT: SPL/ GETTY IMAGES/ (BACKGROUND) SOLA

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Roger Fulling’s Interview

NASA: Apollo 8

Fourier’s Heat Conduction Equation: History, Influence, and Connections

The Conversation: What can science tell us about the Star of Bethlehem?

Science Alert: Can astronomy explain the Biblical Star of Bethlehem?

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Christmas Trilogy Part 1: The famous witty Mrs Barton

Catherine Barton, Isaac Newton's half-niece Source: Wikimedia Commons

Catherine Barton, Isaac Newton’s half-niece
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Leicester Mercury: Barwell meteorite: 50th anniversary of the day it fell to earth

NASA: Johannes Kepler

Brown: Ladd Observatory Blog: The Boston Time-Ball

AHF: Emilio Segrè

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Atlas Obscura: Northeasterners Were Always Snobs – And These Maps Prove It

Geographical: On This Day: 1915, Shackleton marches on Christmas Day

Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)

Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)

World Digital Library: Mappamundi

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Spitalfields Life: Phil Maxwell at the London Hospital

Shakespeare & Beyond: The Four Humors: Eating in the Renaissance

Humors-graphic-654x1024

Royal College of Physicians: Robert Willan and the history of dermatology

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: Sir Percivall Pott: A Doctor from Threadneedle Street

The Chirugeon’s Apprentice: Not Just For Kissing: Medicinal Uses of Mistletoe (Past & Present)

Wellcome Library: Edward Jenner: pamphleteer

RCS Bulletin: The compassionate surgeon: Lessons from the past

Thomas Morris: The perils of Christmas pudding

Ingoldsby-Xmas-pudding

The Recipes Project: Gluttony and “Surfeit” in Early Modern Europe

Slate: The Death of Jacqueline Smith

Thomas Morris: The hidden dangers of a Victorian Christmas

Quartz: Thank Columbus! The true story of how syphilis spread to Europe

Thomas Morris: A Victorian hospital Christmas

Medical Daily: Mad Scientists: 6 Scientists Who Were Dismissed as Crazy, Only to be Proven Right Years Later

Ptak Science Books: A Plate Full of Eyes (1851)6a00d83542d51e69e201b7c7c4f859970b-500wi

 

The Daily Beast: The Nixon-Masked Man Who Helped End Homosexuality as a Disease

Embryo Project: The Pasteur Institute (1887– )

TECHNOLOGY:

Conciatotre: The Rise and Fall

Conciatore: Fake Pearls

Johannes Vermeer "Girl with a pearl earring" (1665-6)

Johannes Vermeer
“Girl with a pearl earring” (1665-6)

History Matters: The End of Coal: An Industry Out of Time

Motherboard: The Primitive Streetlights That Predicted Electronic Music in 1899

 

The National Museum of American History: Aaron Cane Torsion Pendulum Clock

Wired: Dec. 22, 1882: Looking at Christmas in a New Light

Today in Science: The First Electric Christmas Tree Lights

Photo taken on 25 Dec 1882 showing Edward H. Johnson's Christmas tree with strings of electric lamps.

Photo taken on 25 Dec 1882 showing Edward H. Johnson’s Christmas tree with strings of electric lamps.

Yovisto: The World’s Fastest Aircraft – Lockheed SR-71

Yovisto: James Rumsey’s Steam Boat

Chemical Heritage Magazine: Celluloid: The Eternal Substitute

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Christmas Trilogy Part 2: Understanding the Analytical Engine

Trial model of a part of the Analytical Engine, built by Babbage, as displayed at the Science Museum (London) Source: Wikimedia Commons

Trial model of a part of the Analytical Engine, built by Babbage, as displayed at the Science Museum (London)
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Christmas Trilogy Part 3: Roll out the barrel

ASME: Radio City Music Hall Hydraulically Actuated Stage 1932

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Embryo Project: Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin (1842–1921)

The Public Domain Review: Robin Redbreast (1907)

Colorized_Robin_Drawing

Yovisto: Jean-Henri Fabre – The Virgil of Insects

Science League of America: “Not Proved and Not Provable”

The East End: Charles Jamrach

The Atlantic: The Forgotten Father of Environmentalism

BHL: Tired of Poinsettias? Bah, Humbug! Then into the Smithsonian Library

Smithsonian.com: How Joel Poinsett, the Namesake for the Poinsettia, Played a Role in Creating the Smithsonian

John Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851) (Library of Congress) Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/a-smithsonian-holiday-story-joel-poinsett-and-the-poinsettia-3081111/#kwHjAGbYLCyYWvVv.99 Give the gift of Smithsonian magazine for only $12! http://bit.ly/1cGUiGv Follow us: @SmithsonianMag on Twitter

John Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851) (Library of Congress)

 

jamescungureanu: Newcomb and the Christian Evolutionists

Motherboard: The Eight Best Extinct Species Discovered in 2015

Medievalists.net: Medieval Beekeeping

The New York Times: The Subway Garnet

Atlas Obscura: 9 Beautiful Portraits of Rescued Owls

The cover of Leila Jeffreys new book Bird Love, published by Abrams.

The cover of Leila Jeffreys new book Bird Love, published by Abrams.

Science at Play: Sciencecraft Mineralogy Outfit No. 510, c. 1940

Medievalists.net: 10 Natural Disasters that Struck the Medieval World

CHEMISTRY:

AHF: Otto Hahn

Tyler’s Museum: Curie, Marie (Dutch)

Curie Chem

AHF: Marie Curie

CHF: Scientific Instrument Makes Leap from Lab to Historical Significance

Conciatore: Sal Ammoniac

CHF: Louis Pasteur

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

EME Calendar: A Calendar of Calls and Events about Early Modern Experimentation

Yovisto: Leopold von Ranke and the Science of History

Leopold von Ranke (1795 – 1886)

Leopold von Ranke
(1795 – 1886)

TPM Online: Biology vs Physics: Two Ways of Doing Science?

Academia: Scientific Celebrity: The Paradoxical Case of Emil du Bois-Reymond

The Guardian: Science and Christmas: a forgotten Victorian romance

Ancient Greek Philosopher: Against Empiricism: Galen’s Arguments

The Ordered Universe Project: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Materialism and the Value of Conscious Life

the scholarly kitchen: Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Tells Our Story: Hamiltunes and the Burden of Founding Histories

digital.deutsches-museum.de: Gründungssammlung des Deutsches Museum

Pachs.net: News and Notes: Coastal Identities: Science Technology, Commerce and the State in American Seaports 1790–1850

Why Evolution is True: Kevin J Connolly (1936–2015)

209224a0

University of Oxford: 15cBookTrade

facebook: John Wesley Honors College: 2015 Aldergate Prize Awarded to Australian Laureate Fellow

Epistemocritique: Belles lettres, science et littérature

The New York Times: Robert Spitzer, Psychiatrist Who Set Rigorous Standards for Diagnosis, Dies at 83

Dr. Robert L. Spitzer was a major architect of the modern classification of mental illnesses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Credit Alex di Suvero for The New York Times

Dr. Robert L. Spitzer was a major architect of the modern classification of mental illnesses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Credit Alex di Suvero for The New York Times

History of Science: Carla Nappi: “Hey, historians of sci/med/tech: submit things to the History of Science journal! We’re looking for innovative, risk-taking work. Help push the field in new directions and send us your grooviness”

 

ESOTERIC:

Heterodoxology: Review symposium on “The Problem of Disenchantment”

BOOK REVIEWS:

The Guardian: Science and Nature: Observer Books of the Year 2015

Mad Art Lab: The Women in Science Reading List: The Twenty Best (and Four Not Best) Books to Read and Own

G19-DeBakcsy-300x300

New York Review of Books: Lead Poisoning: The Ignored Scandal

Science Book a Day: 10 Great Books on Climate Change Fiction

Science Book a Day: Why Things Break: Understanding the World by the Way It Comes Apart

The Boston Globe: ‘The Invention of Science by David Wooton (sic)

The Scientist: Capsule Reviews

Cosmos: Light from the East

NEW BOOKS:

Brill: Virtuoso by Nature: The Scientific Worlds of Francis Willughby FRS (1635–1672)

Francis Willughby 1635 – 1672 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Francis Willughby 1635 – 1672
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Margot Lee Shetterly: Hidden Figures: The African American Women Mathematicians Who Helped NASA and the United States Win the Space Race: An Untold Story

University of Pennsylvania Press: Thinking in Public: Strauss, Levinas, Arendt

The University of Chicago Press: Charles Bell and the Anatomy of Reform

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar, courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January–29 July 2016

Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

Dogs watching Endurance in the final stages of its drift, shortly before it sank to the bottom of the Weddell Sea Source: Wikimedia Commons

Dogs watching Endurance in the final stages of its drift, shortly before it sank to the bottom of the Weddell Sea
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Museum of the History of Science: Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War Runs until 31 January 2016

LAST CHANCE: Guiding Lights: 500 years of Trinity House and safety at sea Runs till 4 January 2016

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Handwritten in Stone: How William Smith and his maps changed geology Runs to 31 January 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Royal Geographical Society: The Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015 – 28 February 2016

Replica of the Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM) at the Museum of Science and Industry in Castlefield, Manchester Source: Wikimedia Commons

Replica of the Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM) at the Museum of Science and Industry in Castlefield, Manchester
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Southbank Centre: Faraday’s synaptic gap Runs till 10 January 2016

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd Runs till 6 February 2016

 

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

EVENTS:

CRASSH: Cambridge: Symposium: Death and the Afterlife 22 January 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century

EconoTimes: Historymiami Museum to Host Largest Map Fair in the Western Hemisphere for 23rd Year 5–7 February 2016

Cliva A. Burden 1 Thornton South Carolina

Cliva A. Burden 1 Thornton South Carolina

Dittrick Museum: Book Signing, Death’s Summer Coat 20 January 2016

11th Cambridge Wellcome Lecture in the History of Medicine: Michael Stolberg: Curing Diseases and Exchanging Knowledge: Sixteenth-Century Physicians and Their Female Patients 14 January 2016

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

Chelsea Physic Garden: Round Table Discussion: Dark brilliance: Agatha Christie, poisonous plants and murder mysteries 2 February 2016

Royal Astronomical Society: RAS Public Lecture: 100th Anniversary of the election of Women to the RAS Fellowship 12 January 2016

Science Museum: Symposium: Revealing the Cosmonaut 5 February 2016

British Library: Medieval manuscripts blog: Postgraduate Open Day on our Pre-1600 Collections 1 February 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Members of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, painted by Peder Severin Krøyer Source: Wikimedia Commons

Members of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, painted by Peder Severin Krøyer
Source: Wikimedia Commons

TELEVISION:

Royal Institution: Christmas Lecture 2015

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

FiveThirtyEightLife: The Queen of Code

Youtube: UCC Ireland: An Investigation of the Laws of Thought – George Boole

Youtube: NASA: Hidden Figures: The Female Mathematicians of NACA and NASA

CHF: Science at Play Shorts

Youtube: Space Debris: 1957–2015

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: In Our Time: Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday by Thomas Phillips oil on canvas, 1841-1842  NPG Source: Wikimedia Commons

Michael Faraday by Thomas Phillips oil on canvas, 1841-1842 NPG
Source: Wikimedia Commons

PODCASTS:

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

University of Groningen: CfP: The Politics of Paper in the Early Modern World 9–10 June 2016

University of Groningen: Conference: Early Modern Women on Metaphysics, Religion and Science 21–23 March 2016

141118-header-thomas-750

Western University in London Ontario: CfP: 16th Annual Philosophy of Logic, Math and Physics Graduate Student Conference 910 June 2016

Durham University: Conference: Self-Commentary in Early Modern European Literature 26–27 February 2016

Barts Pathology Museum and the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons, London: CfP: Corpses, Cadavers and Catalogues: The Mobilities of Dead Bodies and Body Parts, Past and Present, 17–18 May 2016

LOOKING FOR WORK:

University of Kent: School of History: Postgraduate Funding

UCL: CELL: Research Assistant

University of Cambridge: UL in Science, Technology and Medicine before 1800

CHF: Fellowships 2016-17 Applications due by 15 January 2016

St. Cross College, Oxford: History and Philosophy of Physics Visiting Fellow

Universitat Pompeu Fabra: Post-Doctoral position “Juan de la Cierva”: History of Nuclear Energy and Society in Europe.

 

 

 

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
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