Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #32

 

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #32

Monday 22 February 2016

EDITORIAL:

 Seven days seems to go by in a flash and once again we are back with the latest edition of Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM links list bringing you, as always, all we could find throughout cyberspace over the last seven days of the histories of science, technology and medicine.

Last week our short editorial concerned the death of the great historian Elizabeth Eisenstein, unfortunately we have again a death to report that of the much better known semiotician, essayist and novelist Umberto Eco. Officially Eco was not even a historian let alone a historian of science but his novels reveal an intellect that knew no boundaries when it came to investigating and describing the world of human thought throughout a vast swath of history. As I wrote on Twitter upon reading of his death, Eco’s novels drove my desire to be a historian as least as much as any academic history book that I read. Reading one of Eco’s novels made me want to go into a library and fetch fifty books to examine in detail all aspects of the historical setting that he was writing about. Judging by the response from my fellow STM historians on Twitter I was not alone in having these feelings. What follows are some of the comments and tributes that appeared on the web on the day that his death was announced.

Umberto Eco 1932–2016

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Umberto Eco 2005 Source: Wikimedia Commons

 

“I think that writing is an act of love.” —Umberto Eco

“When men stop believing in God, it isn’t that they then believe in nothing: they believe in everything.” – Umberto Eco

“People are never so completely and enthusiastically evil as when they act out of religious conviction.” ― Umberto Eco, The Prague Cemetery

When we consider a book, we mustn’t ask ourselves what it says but what it means. – Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco is like one of those amazing tool boxes that always have the right tool for every job – Joserra Marcaida (@JoserrMarcaida)

Eco intellectual

storify: Remembering Umberto Eco

The New York Times: Umberto Eco, 84, Best-Selling Academic Who Navigated Two Worlds, Dies

The Guardian: Umberto Eco, Italian novelist and intellectual, dies aged 84

The Guardian: Umberto Eco in quotes – 10 of the best

The Guardian: Umberto Eco: ‘People are tired of simple things. They want to be challenged’

boingboing: Umberto Eco, 1932–2016

Eco stories

BBC News: Italian writer Umberto Eco dies at 84

npr: Italian Author and Philosopher Umberto Eco Dead at 84

The New Yorker: A Guide to Thesis Writing That is a Guide to Life

The Paris Revue: Umberto Eco, The Art of Fiction No. 197

io9: Umberto Eco Asked the Hard Questions About the Myths We Can’t Help Believing In

Medievalist.net: Umberto Eco, medievalist and novelist, passes away

Yovisto: Umberto Eco and The Name of the Rose

Eco enigma

Vimeo: A Conversation With Umberto Eco

Quotes of the week:

“Dear students: the hardest part of making writing a career is not convincing someone to publish you. It’s convincing them to pay you. So if you want to be a writer, don’t practise writing (though it helps). Practise getting paid”. – Frank Swain (@SciencePunk)

“Reviewer 2 to author:

I’m doing you a favour by rejecting your paper. Rejection builds character.

You can thank me later”. – Grumpy Reviewer (@GrumpyJReviewer)

“Today is the birthday of Galileo. Unfortunately we do not know the birthdays of his two main collaborators, Figaro and Magnifico”. – Peter Coles (@telescoper)

New favorite response after telling someone I’m a historian:

“You’re a historian? So you know about conspiracy theories?” – Maria R. Montalvo (@MariaRMontalvo)

Book quote

“Those who control their passions do so because their passions are weak enough to be controlled” – William Blake h/t @MistressRougeUK

“Global temperatures are skyrocketing!”

“I’m sure it’s fine”

“No evidence links mobile phones to cancer”

“You can’t prove they’re safe!” – Katie Mack (@AstroKatie)

“People don’t buy the best product. They buy the product they can understand the fastest.” – Donald Miller h/t @JohnDCook

Birthdays of the Week:

 René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec born 17 February 1781

Google Stethoscope

The H-Word: René Laennec’s stethoscope: giving doctors a new way to listen to patients

The Chirurgeon’s Apprentice: Laennec’s Baton: A Short History of the Stethoscope

Stethoscope

Monaural stethoscope as devised by Laennec. It could be unscrewed in the middle for carrying in the pocket Source: RCPSG Library

University of Cambridge: Medical Library: The inventor of the stethoscope

Galileo Galilei born 15 February 1564

Galileo Ladybird

Source: Ladybird Books

Smithsonian.com: Happy 452nd Birthday, Galileo

Linda Hall Library: The Face of the Moon: Galileo Galilei (1564–1642)

NYAM: The Private Lives of Galileo

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Extracting the Stopper

Nicolaus Copernicus born 19 February 1473

Copernicus

Graphic courtesy of @UrbanAstroNYC

Lind Hall Library: Scientist of the Day – Nicolaus Copernicus

Encyclopædia Britannica: Nicolaus Copernicus

British Library: Collection items: Copernicus’ celestial spheres

The Beacon: Copernicus’s 543rd Birthday Reveals the Date of His Death

Space Coast Daily: NASA History: Revolutionary Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus Was Born in 1473

Georg Joachim Rheticus born 16 February 1514

Rheticus 

Yovisto: Georg Joachim Rheticus’ Achievements for Astronomy

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Midwifery in the evolution of science

Ernst Haeckel born 16 February 1834

450px-radiolaria

Radiolaria illustration from the Challenger Expedition 1873–76. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Letters from Gondwana: Ernst Haeckel, the Scientist as an Artist

Letters from Gondwana: Haeckel and the Legacy of Early Radiolarian Taxonomists

History of Geology: A Geologist’s Dream: The Lost Continent of Lemuria

Kuriositas: Art Forms of Nature – The Ernst Haeckel Collection

AMNH: Happy Birthday Ernst Haeckel!

The Public Domain Review: Ernst Haeckel and the Unity of Culture

Youtube: Proteus 2004

Tobias Mayer born 17 February 1723

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Tobias Mayer Source: Tobias Mayer Verein Marbach

The Renaissance Mathematicus: How far the moon?

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Yovisto: John Wilkins and the Universal Language

Atlas Obscura: Until 1958, The FBI Followed Physicist Richard Feynman Very Closely

Yovisto: Herman Kahn and the Consequences of Nuclear War

math.buffalo.edu: From Banneker to Best: Some Stellar Careers In Astronomy and Astrophysics

The PI’s Perspective: Nine Mementos Headed to the Ninth Planet

NOVA: My Dad Discovered Pluto

PACHSmörgåsbord: Interview with Clyde Tombaugh

BBC News: Watching the heavens: The female pioneers of science

_88201294_fiammettawilson

Fiammetta Wilson: She opened the door to women in professional astronomy but her name has largely been forgotten Source: BBC

Yovisto: Pierre Bouger – Child Prodigy and ‘Father of Photometry’

University of Cambridge: Astronomical Images “Diagrams, Figures, and the Transformation of Astronomy, 1450-1650”: Erasmus Reinhold, Theoricae novae planetarum Georgii Purbacchii

The New York Times: When Einstein Was Wrong

The National Library of Israel: UNESCO recognizes Newton’s theological manuscripts as “Memory of the World”

npr: Was Einstein Wrong?

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Peter Lax’s Interview

Spacewatchtower: Comet of 1491: Self-Correction of Science

Ptak Science Books: The Building that Toppled the Earth

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Source: NYPL Digital Collections

AHF: Ernest O. Lawrence

The City Lab: This Old Map: The Moon, 1647

AHF: Maria Goeppert-Mayer

The Ordered Universe Project: Gravitational Waves and the Cosmic ‘Sonativum’

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

AEON: Fantasy North

Atlas Obscura: The Perfect 22-Foot Map for Your Ancient Roman Road Trip

Ptak Science Books: History of Lines – the Use of Thick and Bold Lines in Information, 1862

The Press and Journal: Bizarre map of Aberdeenshire drawn by “conman Craftsman” on display

Cultures of Knowledge: A call across ‘The Theatre of the World’: Abraham Ortelius

OrteliusWorldMap1570_small

‘Typvs Orbis Terrarvm’, by Abraham Ortelius. 1570. (The Library of Congress; source of image: Wikimedia Commons)

British Library: Asian and African studies bog: Kaempfer’s cat

Library of Congress: Worlds Revealed: Geography & Maps: Deciphering the Land: An Unknown Estate Survey Book from Late Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Century Italy

The Map Room: George Washington, Mapmaker

 

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Thomas Morris: Trees do not grow in humans

The Scotsman: Weird and wonderful Scottish treatments of the past revealed

Two Nerdy History Girls: Germs Discovered in 1835

The Guardian: Cancer moonshot? It’s not rocket science!

The Public Domain Review: Sketches in Bedlam (1823)

The Anatomy Lab: Pathological Spotlight: What becomes of the broken hearted?

img_7551

Boston University: The Florence Nightingale Digitization Project

Thomas Morris: The man who ate chalk

University of Glasgow Library: Vision of Health: The Wellcome UK Medical Heritage Library Project

The McGill Tribune: The History of Eugenics in Quebec and at McGill

Nursing Clio: “The Only Menstrual Murderess”: Blood, Guns, and a Theory of Female Crime

Borden-murder-trial-illustration-for-1893-magazine-LOC-3c23237v

Illustration of the Borden trial for Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper in 1893. (Benjamin West Clinedinst/Library of Congress | Public domain)

The H-Word: From Rubella to Zika: pregnancy, disability, abortion and the spectre of an epidemic

Thomas Morris: The mystery of the exploding teeth

Medievalists.net: Uterine cancer in the writings of Byzantine physicians

New Republic: Getting Clean, the Tudor Way

National Republic: Lemons, Sponges, and Other Old Forms of Birth Control

Atlas Obscura: Opium Soaked Tampons Were the Midol of Ancient Rome

Thomas Morris: Oshkosh, by gosh

Diseases of Modern Life: The Menace of the Barber Shop

Thomas Morris: The electric scalpel

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: Nikolaus Wirth and PASCAL

Yovisto: Henry Steinway and the Grand Pianos

Conciatore: Early Modern Glass Furnace

Conciatore: Gold Ruby Glass

Conciatore: Filigrana

Smithsonian.com: Abraham Lincoln Is the Only President to Have a Patent

nmah-2009-5611.jpg__800x600_q85_crop

Lincoln’s original patent model was acquired by the Smithsonian in 1908. This replica was built by the Smithsonian in 1978 for long-term display to preserve the fragile original. (NMAH/SI)

Yovisto: The Letters of Giambattista Bodoni

Smithsonian.com: The Innovative Spirit: Can You Guess the Inventions Based on These Patent Illustrations

Yovisto: Frederick Eugene Ives and the Halftone Printing Process

Yovisto: The Sinking of the H.L. Hunley

Smithsonian.com: Texting Isn’t the First New Technology Thought to Impair Social Skills

Cambridge University Library Special Collections: The first slide rule: a discovery in the Macclesfield Collection

Oughtred-and-Allen-1024x679

William Oughtred and Elias Allen, portraits by Wenceslaus Hollar. Public domain.

Public Domain Review: Edison reading Mary Had a Little Lamb (1927)

O Say Can You See?: Power from the people: Rural Electrification brought more than lights

Ptak Science Books: The British Bicycle Airborne, 1944

Digital Trends: Before Gates, Zuckerberg, or Jobs, 6 Women Programmed The First Digital Computer

ICE: Image Library

Open Culture: The World’s Oldest Surviving Pair of Glasses (Circa 1475)

Smithsonian.com: Steve Wozniak’s Apple I Booted Up a Tech Revolution

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Animal barometer

Animal Barometer: Lady’s Magazine Jan 1814

Yovisto: The Great Paris Academic Dispute of 1830

Yovisto: Robert Malthus and the Principle of Population

Brown University: Miller reviews Dover model of standing up for science

Yovisto: Sir Francis Galton – Polymath

Brain Pickings: Charles Darwin’s Touching Letters of Appreciation to His Best Friend and Greatest Champion

The New Yorker: The Making of the American Museum of Natural History’s Wildlife Dioramas

319969.tif

Fossil shark-jaw restoration, 1909. COURTESY AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Colanizing Animals: Getting the Wasp into the Cyanide Jar

Niche: Greatest Hits in Canadian Environmental History Part I

Niche: Greatest Hits in Canadian Environmental History Part II

The Public Domain Review: The History of Four-footed Beasts and Serpents (1658)

BBC Earth: Beatrix Potter: Pioneering scientist or passionate amateur?

Academia: Art and Science in Landscape Painting: Alexander von Humboldt (pdf)

Ptak Science Books: A Beautiful Infographic With Little Info to “Graph” (1835)

Wonders & Marvels: The Short and Wondrous Career of Harry Glicken

HarryGlicken

Harry Glicken in the field, 1980s

Notches: Inventing the Family Farm: Towards a History of Rural Heterosexuality

Nature: What sparked the Cambrian explosion

Science League of America: Tyndall Twice Twisted, Part 1

Science League of America: Tyndall Twice Twisted, Part 2

Atlas Obscura: The Doomed Blind Botanist Who Brought Poetry to Plant Description

image

The Atlantic: How the Idea of a ‘Normal’ Person Got Invented

History of Geology: Bailey Willis – The Man who made Mountains

Lady Science: No. 17: Embracing Nature: The Women of the Eco-Feminist Movement

Rick Allmendinger’s Stuff: Darwin’s Description of the 1835 Concepción Earthquake

CHEMISTRY:

Chemistry World: Flashback: 25 years ago

CHF: Svante August Arrhenius

arrhenius3

“Charged Croquet Balls.” Drawing by William B. Jensen. Courtesy Oesper Collection, University of Cincinnati.

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Chronicle Live: Bede’s World visitor attraction in Jarrow closes due to cash problems

Victorian Research Web: The Curran Index 19th-century English periodicals

The February HPS&ST Note is on the web

Historians in Residence: Will Thomas on What Historians Shouldn’t Moan About

The Recipes Project: Networking Recipe Writers with “Networking Early Modern Women”

Drugs & Poisons in World History: Some advice about academic writing

British Library: Untold live blog: Let the people speak: history with voices

Ptak Science Books: Potentially Useless Info Dept.: Scientists Quoted in Definitions in the OED

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Scientists and Saints’ Days

Scientific American: Is There Really a War on Science?

The Return of Native Nordic Fauna: Belonging to country

My Sense of Place: Galileo Galilei

The #EnvHist Weekly

Occult Minds: Project Update and Relocations

ESOTERIC:

distillatio: Trying to work out practical recipes from 15th century English Alchemy poetry

BOOK REVIEWS:

Library Journal Reviews: Medicine, February 2016 – Best Sellers includes #histmed

Science Book a Day: Electronic Dreams: How 1980s Britain Learned to Love the Computer

Roots of Unity: Black Mathematical Excellence: A Q&A with Erica Walker

BSHS: Pickstone Prize Shortlist

SomeBeans: The Honourable Company by John Keay

thehonourablecompany_thumb

 

Five Books: Steve Silberman on Autism: top five new books on autism

Live Mint: A Numerate Life

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: The Germ of an Idea: Contagionism, Religion, and Society in Britain, 1660–1730

Palgrave Macmillan: Italian Psychology and Jewish Emigration under Fascism

Morbid Anatomy: New Morbid Anatomy Book on the Allure of the Anatomical Venus

Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 6.04.56 AM

University of Chicago Press: The Great Devonian Controversy

Bloomsbury Publishing: The Birth of the English Kitchen, 1600–1850

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Corning Museum of Glass: Revealing the Invisible: The History of Glass and the Microscope: April 23, 2016–March 18, 2017

SciArt in America: Traces of the Space Age and Memories of Tragedy in Robert Rauschenberg’s “Stoned Moon” 

Opus 39 Gallery, Nicosia: Small treasures on display: Exhibition of engravings, maps, books and decorative items 10–29 February 2016

Royal College of Physicians: John Dee exhibition: late opening 18 February

Daily Grail: The Lost Library of John Dee, Advisor to Queen Elizabeth I and Confidant of Angels

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January29–July 2016

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

gq-magazine: Leonardo da Vinci Will Make You Feel Terrible About Your Career

Queens’ College Cambridge: ‘The Rabbi & The English Scholar’ exhibition in the library 22 February–24 March 2016

Wellcome Collections: States of Mind 4 February–16 October 2016

CHF: The Art of Iatrochemistry

University of Oklahoma: Galileo’s World: National Weather Center: Exhibits

The English Garden: Visit the RHS Botanical Art Show

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Luxury of Time Runs until 27 March 2016

ARTFIXdaily: “We Are One: Mapping America’s Road from Revolution to Independence” Will Examine Events Preceding, During and Following the Fight for Freedom from a Cartographic Perspective and Will Open at the Art Museums of Colonial Williamsburg in March 2016

ZSL: London Zoo: Discover the fascinating wildlife of Nepal and Northern India

Royal College of Physicians: “Anatomy as Art” Facsimile Display Monday to Friday 9.30am to 5.30pm

JHI Blog: Dissenting Voices: Positive/Negative: HIV/AIDS In NYU’s Fales Library

St John’s College: University of Cambridge: Fred Hoyle: An Online Exhibition

Culture 24: Small but worldly maps exhibition makes sense of human wandering at London’s Store Street gallery

Manchester Art Gallery: The Imitation Game

The John Rylands Library: Magic, Witches & Devils in the Early Modern World 21 January–21 August 2016

Magic Witches

 

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Dinosaurier in Berlin: Brachiosaurus as an Icon of Politics, Science, and Popular Culture 1 April 2015–31March 2018

Universty of Cambridge: Research: Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare – and a jar of ectoplasm: Cambridge University Library at 600

allAfrica: Algeria: Exhibition on Algeria (cartography) Marseille 20 January–2 May 2016

Osher Map Library: Masterpieces at USM: Celebrating Five Centuries of Rare Maps and Globes 19 November 2015–12 March 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: Mar. 12th Pop-Up Museum Explores Contributions of Women of Colour in Psych

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900 Runs till 27 May 2016

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

CLOSING SOON: Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

Closing Very Soon: Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

Closing soon: British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Closing soon: Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

JHI Blog: Brave Entertainments

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Henry Walter Bates Until 26 February:

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Harvard Observatory History in Images: The Harvard Observatory Pinafore

http://hea-www.harvard.edu/~fine/Observatory/pages/play.html

Royal Shakespeare Company: Doctor Faustus Swan Theatre Stratford-Upon-Avon 8 February–4 August 2016

 

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

Coming Soon: The Crescent Theatre: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

EVENTS:

Boole-Shannon

Museum of the History of Science: Calendar Curiosities 28 February 2016

The Royal Society: Workshop: The Politics of Academic Publishing 1950–2016 22 April 2016

The Center for the History of Medicine, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine: Lecture: The Unknown Story of Art and Artists in Louis Pasteur’s Personal and Professional Life 3 March 2016

Gresham College: Future Lectures (some #histSTM)

RCP: Dee late: rediscovering the lost world of John Dee 10 March

Warburg Institute: ‘Maps and Society’ Lectures: Cartography in the Sands: Mapping Oman 25 February 2016

Warburg Institute: ‘Maps and Society’ Lectures: Mental Maps of the World in Great Britain and France, 1870–1914

University of Greenwich: Greenwich Maritime Centre Launch 8 March 2016

Sam Noble Museum: Galileo’s World Symposium 25 February 2016

Glasgow histmed events

The London PUS Seminars: Atoms, Bytes and Genes – Public Resistance and Technoscientific Responses 24 February 2016 LSE

Royal College of Physicians: Dee late: inside Dee’s miraculous mind

CRASSH: Cambridge: Genius in History: A Public Conversation: 2 March 2016

University of Manchester: Master’s Study Information Day: Science communication; History of science, technology and medicine; Medical humanities 2 March 2016

Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine’s Center for the History of Medicine: Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender, and Belief in Early Modern England 8 March 2016

Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons: People Powered Medicine: A one day public symposium 7 May 2016

Waterhouse Room Gordon Hall Harvard Medical School: The Unknown Story of Art and Artists in Louis Pasteur’s Personal and Professional Life 3 March 2016

Royal Holloway – Management Building Lecture Theatre: Public History and Fiction 25 February 2016

University of York: Lecture: “Not Everyone Can Be Gandhi”: The Global Indian Medical Diaspora in the post WWII Era 3 March 2016

Bletchley Park: Alan Turing Through His Nephews Eyes 3 April 2016

Workshop RS

Discover Medical London: “Dr Dee” & The Magic of Medicine A Special Half Day Tour 23 March & 27 May 2016

CHF: Brown Bag Lectures Spring 2016

NYAM: Credits, Thanks and Blame in the Works of Conrad Gessner

Discover Medical London: Walking Tour: Harley Street: Healers and Hoaxers

City Arts and Lectures: Steve Silberman: The Untold History of Autism 28 March 2016 Live on Public Radio

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

humb11

Alexander von Humboldt und Aimé Bonpland “Urwaldlaboratorium am Orinoco” (“Jungle lab on the Orinoco“) By Eduard Ender

 

TELEVISION:

Channel 4: Walking Through Time

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Dawin on the Palouse’s Channel: Glenn Branch – After Kitzmiller, What’s Next for Creationism?

Youtube: The Quicksilver Experiment

TestTube Plus: Galileo Didn’t Invent the Telescope… Sorry

Youtube: A Brief History of Industrial Revolutions – W. Patrick McCray

The Atlantic: Why ROYGBIV Is Arbitary

DES Daughter Network: Pesticides – DDT – Rachel Carson – Silent Spring

Youtube: Berkeley Lab: Berkeley Lab Founder Ernest O. Lawrence Demonstrates the Cyclotron Concept

RADIO & PODCASTS:

npr: Hidden Brain: Episode 20: Remembering Anarcha

BBC Radio 4: In Our Time: Robert Hooke

BBC Radio 4: Book of the Week: Benjamin Franklin in London

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Boston University: Conference: How Can HPS Contribute to Science Literacy and Policy? 26–27 February 2016

BSHS: Call for Papers and Panels: Science in Public 2016

Science in Public

University of Sussex: CfP: SPRU 50th anniversary conference on ‘Transforming Innovation’

Vrije University of Amsterdam: CfP: Conference by Women in Philosophy #3

Mexico City: CfP: The International Association for the History of Transport, Traffic and Mobility (T²M) 14thAnnual Conference 27–30 October 2016

NACBS, Washington DC: CfP: Early Modern History Workshop on “Networks of Knowledge” November 2016

UCL: STS: Workshop: Technology, Environment and Modern Britain 27 April 2016

Rutgers University: Workshop for the History of Environment, Agriculture, Technology, & Science (WHEATS) 30 October–2 October 2016

Descartes event

University of Cambridge: CRASSH: The Museum as Method: Collections, Research, Universities 14–15 March 2016

University of Zürich: Conrad Gessner Congress Program 6–9 June 2016

University of Kent: Society for the Social History of Medicine Conference Programme (DRAFT as at Feb 15, 2016) 7–10 July 2016

University of York: History of Medicine Masterclass – Smallpox Vaccination and Diplomacy in Nepal 9 March 2016

London Metropolitan University: CfP: ‘Made in London’: Makers, designers and innovators in musical instrument making in London, from the 18th to 21st centuries

Hist Geo Conf

Summer School: Rethinking Technology, Innovation, and Sustainability: Historical and Contemporary Narratives 23–25 July 2016 Part I Lisbon 26–30 July 2016 Part II Porto

Istanbul: XXXV Scientific Instrument Symposium: CfP: Instruments between East and West 26–30 September 2016

University of York: Conference: The Future of the History of the Human Sciences 7-8 April 2016

Harvard University: 51st Joint Atlantic Seminar for the History of Biology 2 April 2016

University of Cambridge: CfP Teaching and Learning in Early Modern England: Skills and Knowledge in Practice

American Historical Association: Perspectives on History: The 131st Annual Meeting Call for Proposals and Theme Denver CO 5–7 January 2017

Notches: CfP: Histories of Sexuality in Antiquity

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Call for Submissions: Book: Historical Epistemology of Science/Philosophy of Science, Torricelli

Notches: CfP: Histories of Sexuality in Latin America

University of Western Ontario: CfP: Philosophy of Logic, Mathematics, and Physics Graduate Conference

Institut d’Études Scientifiques de Cargèse, Corsica: CNRS School “BioPerspectives” Philosophy of Biology 29 March–1 April 2016

Klosterneuburg: CfP: European Advanced School in the Philosophy of the Life Sciences (EASPLS) 59 September 2016

Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM), University of Manchester: Lunchtime Seminar Series Feb–June 2016

Vatican Library Conference

AIP: Lyne Starling Trimble Science Heritage Public Lectures Feb–Sept 2016

H-Sci-Med-Tech: CfP: ICOHTEC Symposium in Rio de Janeiro on 23-29 July 2017

Asian Society for the History of Medicine: Call for Submissions: Taniguchi Medal 2016 Outstanding Graduate Student Essay

International Committee for the History of Technology: CfP: 43rd Annual Meeting in Porto, Portugal Technology, Innovation, and Sustainability: Historical and Contemporary Narratives 26–30 July 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: The Future of the History of the Human Sciences

University of York 7–8 April 2016

UCL: London Ancient Science Conference: 15–18 February 2016

University of Strathclyde, Glasgow: CfP: Maculinity, health and medicine, c.1750–present 28–29 April 2016

Effaced Blog: CfP: History of Facial Hair

Sidney Sussex College: University of Cambridge: Programme and Registration Treasuries of Knowledge: 8 April 2016

LOOKING FOR WORK:

University of Kent: Lecturer in the History of Medicine (1750 to the present)

Edward Worth Library, Dublin: One Month Research Fellowship 2016 #histmed

University of Lincoln: College of Arts: PhD Studentships Emanuel Mendes da Costa (1717–1791): multicultural and multinational networks in Georgian London

University of Sheffield: Lecturer in the History of Medicine, Science or Technology

Women in Technological History: Conference Grant 2016 Singapore

Indiana University Purdue University – Indianapolis: Medical Humanities & Health Studies: Visiting Assistant Professor

Environmental History: Book Review Editor Search

Harvard University: History of Science Lecturer, History of Modern Medicine

Middlesex University London: David Tresman Caminer Studentship for the History of Computing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette Year 2, Vol. #31

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #31

Monday 15 February 2016

 

EDITORIAL:

It’s time once again for this week’s edition of Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM links list that bringing you a new bumper crop of articles and post on the histories of science, technology and medicine harvested in the infinite fields of cyberspace over the last seven days.

Almost unnoticed, I can’t find a single obituary, American historian Elizabeth Eisenstein slipped out of this world on 31 January 2016 at the age of 92. It is rare for a historian to write a book that fundamentally changes a discipline or sub-discipline of their profession and goes on to stand the test of time as a monument to scholarship, Elizabeth Eisenstein achieved this feat with her, by now almost legendary, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change, originally published in two volumes by the Cambridge University Press in 1979. At nearly 800 pages in the single volume paperback edition it is a weighty book in all senses of the word.

To quote the Wikipedia article, “In this work she focuses on the printing press’s functions of dissemination, standardization, and preservation and the way these functions aided the progress of the Protestant Reformation, the Renaissance, and the Scientific Revolution. Eisenstein’s work brought historical method, rigor, and clarity to earlier ideas of Marshall McLuhan and others, about the general social effects of such media transitions.“ It is a book, like all the best history books, that provoked a debate that is still going on. Although some of Einsenstein’s main contentions have been challenged, most notably by Adrian Johns in his equally monumental The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making (University of Chicago Press, 1998), it is a treasure trove of facts, ideas and stimulating thoughts and should have a place on the bookshelf of any serious historian of science.

 The week also saw a minor scandal in the proposal to put a famous face from STEM on the new RBS £10 note. Three names were presented for selection by popular vote, Mary Somerville, Thomas Telford and James Clerk Maxwell. Somerville was leading comfortably one day before the poll closed when Telford who was languishing in third place suddenly shot into first place with a massive surge of last minute votes. Suspecting foul play the RBS disqualified Telford and so for the first time ever a women other than the Queen will grace a British bank note.

Mary Somerville

Mary Somerville

The Herald Scotland: Scots scientist Mary Somerville set to be unveiled as new face of RBS £10 note

The Herald Scotland: RBS is investigating fraud in the £10 note poll in which Thomas Telford surged to lead over Mary Somerville

The Guardian: Scientist Mary Somerville to appear on Scottish £10 note

RBS: Mary Somerville to appear on new Royal Bank of Scotland 10 note

Quotes of the week:

“Szilard famously said of Los Alamos, ‘Everybody who goes there will go crazy.’ In some sense, they did”. – Gene Dannen (@GeneDannen)

“A scientist’s aim in a discussion with his colleagues is not to persuade, but to clarify.” – Leo Szilard

“Two black holes are like a couple on Valentine’s Day, the universe is a water bed, gravitational waves are… well you get the picture”. – @SarcasticRover

Gravity waves!

Humanity waves back!

Gravity was actually waving at neutron star behind us

Humanity is embarrassed for next 3 billion years – Dean Burnett (@garwboy)

“The man who invented predictive text died yesterday

His funfair is next monkey” – Malcolm Brown (@MalcolmBrown53)

“Historians of science, crushers of dreams”. – Audra J. Wolfe (@ColdWarScience)

“There is no such thing as philosophy-free science, there is only science whose philosophical baggage is taken on board without examination”. – Daniel Dennett h/t @cathyby

Evolution…is the most powerful and the most comprehensive idea that has ever arisen on Earth. – Julian Huxley h/t @FossilHistory

“Give a man a duck, he’ll eat for a day. Teach a man to duck & he’ll avoid projectiles aimed at his head for a lifetime”. – Rachel axler (@rachelaxler)

“Don’t piss in my soup and tell me you’re cooling it down” – Rachel Williams (@billiwilliams)

Valentine’s Day!

Courting dance of the Blue Foote Booby

Courting dance of the Blue Foote Booby

 “A giant hug for anyone who has been made to feel lonely because of this preposterous manufactured abomination of a day”. – Ed Yong (@edyong209)

 “Valentine’s Day is just a made-up holiday manufactured by the greeting cardioid industry”. – Phil Plait (@BadAstronomer)

 Birthdays of the Week:

 ENIAC ‘born’ 14 February 1946

ENIAC  Source: Huffington Post

ENIAC
Source: Huffington Post

 Independent: The ENIAC machine: Rhodri Marsden’s Interesting Objects No.100

Philly Voice: 70 years ago, six Philly women became the world’s first digital computer programmers

AHF: Computing and the Manhattan Project

 

Agnes Clerke born 10 February 1842

Communicate Science: “She looks beneath the shadow of my wings”

Agnes Mary Clerke Source: Wikimedia Commons

Agnes Mary Clerke
Source: Wikimedia Commons

A&G: Agnes Mary Clerke: Real–time historian of astronomy

The Renaissance Mathematicus: A Lady of Science

archive.org: A Popular History of Astronomy during The Nineteenth Century by Agnes M. Clerke

Jan Swammerdam Born 12 February 1637

 

Happy Birthday Jan Swammerdam! 17th-C Dutch biologist, 1st to describe red blood cells. Pic of his work on the lungs Source: Science Museum

Happy Birthday Jan Swammerdam! 17th-C Dutch biologist, 1st to describe red blood cells. Pic of his work on the lungs Source: Science Museum

The Renaissance Mathematicus: A Biological Birthday

janswammerdam.org: Jan Swammerdam (1637–1680)

Charles Darwin born 12 February 1809 

Charles Darwin drawing by G Richmond Source: Wikimedia Commons

Charles Darwin drawing by G Richmond
Source: Wikimedia Commons

BBC: iWonder: Charles Darwin: Evolution and the story of our species

Yovisto: Charles Darwin and the Natural Selection

University of Cambridge: Darwin Correspondence Project

Geological Society of London: Happy Darwin Day!

Science & Religion: Exploring the Spectrum: Darwin Day: Celebrating Without Deifying

University of Leiden: How Charles Darwin became an Honorary Doctor in Leiden

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Yovisto: Robert Hofstadter and controlled Nuclear Fission

The Sphere of Sacrobosco: Sacrobosco’s Sphere in Portugal and Spain

AHF: John von Neumann

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The orbital mechanics of Johann Georg Locher a seventeenth-century Tychonic anti-Copernican

AHF: J. Robert Oppenheimer

Voices of the Manhattan Project: David Hall’s Interview

Yovisto: Daniel Bernoulli and the Bernoulli Principle

Daniel_Bernoulli_001

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Orville Hill’s Interview

Yovisto: Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen – The Father of Diagnostic Radiology

Linda Hall Library: Scientist of the Day – Wilhelm Röntgen

Yovisto: Leo Szilard and the Atomic Bomb

dannen.com: Leo Szilard – A Biographical Chronology

Mosaic Science Magazine: Pinning Down the Elusive G

Yovisto: Lost on Mars – The Beagle 2 Mission

Nature: The hundred-year quest for gravitational waves – in pictures

NASA: Oral History Project: Annie J. Easley

dwc.knaw.nl: Marcel Gilles Jozef Minnaert 1893–1970

Yale University Department of Physics: APS honors the Original Sloane Lab as an Historical Site in honor of Dr. Edward Bouchet

sloane_0

Physics Buzz Blog: A New Ninth Planet?

The Public Domain Review: Transit of Venus (1882)

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Solzhenitsyn and the Smyth Report

Chemistry World: Michelson’s interferometer

AIP: William Shockley

SPLC: William Shockley

Jalons: Version Découverte: La Bombe Française

Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum: Spectrograph, Faint Object, Hubble Space Telescope (FOS)

AIP: Wallace Sargent

NASA: Billion Dollar Technology: A Short Historical Overview of the Origins of Communications Satellite Technology, 1945–1965

AHF: Walter Zinn

 

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Yovisto: Erich von Drygalski’s Antarctic Expeditions

jackroubaud.com: A recent discovery: Utopia by Abraham Ortelius

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Rare Books and Manuscripts Section: DCRM[C]: Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Catographic) available online free as pdf

dclibrary.org: Washington Map Collection

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Thomas Morris: Penis in a bottle

Galeno: Catalogo delle traduzioni latine di Galeno

PBS Newshour: Was Charles Dickens the fist celebrity medical spokesman?

Charles Dickens was a great supporter of the Great Ormond Street Children’s Hospital in London.

Charles Dickens was a great supporter of the Great Ormond Street Children’s Hospital in London.

Advances in the History of Psychology: APA time Capsule on the Bühlers

Technology’s Stories: What If Beddoes & Davy Had Attempted Surgical Anesthesia In 1799?

London Historic: The Old operating Theatre

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: A Must Have for Nursing Mothers

University of Leeds: Pasts, Presents and Futures of Medical Regeneration: Publications

Thomas Morris: Medicinal pancakes

Midlist Writer: Travel Tuesday: Disturbing Artifacts in the Royal College of Physicians, London

Thomas Morris: Curing conjunctivitis with frogspawn

Live Science: Oldest Medical Report of Near-Death Experience Discovered

The Public Domain Review: William Cheselden’ Osteographia (1733)

6069048341_9e5499e5f5_o

Remedia: What Kind of Morph Are You? Biotypology in Transit, 1920s–1960s

Notches: “She was both Poxt and Clapt together”: Confessions of Sexual Secrets in Eighteenth-Century Venereal Cases

Thomas Morris: The electric spectacles

The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh: Johann Freidrich Meckel (The Younger)

Dr Alun Withey: Robbing the Doctor: 17th-Century Medics as Victims of Crime

Oxford Science Blog: 75 years of penicillin in people

The H-Word: Hospital or Home: Who Cares?

Royal College of Physicians: Gone but not forgotten

Thomas Morris: Killed by shaving

Thomas Morris: King George’s heart

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: Henri Giffard and the Giffard Dirigible

Sound on Sound: The Story of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop

Conciatore: Fabergé and Purpurine

Fabergé c.1900. Purpurine cherries, nephrite leaves, gold stalk, rock crystal pot.

Fabergé c.1900. Purpurine cherries,
nephrite leaves, gold stalk, rock crystal pot.

Slate: The Vault: How One Company Designed the Bookshelves that Made America’s Biggest Libraries Possible

South Wales Argus: Newport ship could last another 500 years thanks to new climate control unit

Scientific American: GPS and the World’s First “Space War”

Atlas Obscura: This Gritty Small Town in Michigan Became the World’s Gavel Capital

Yovisto: Auto Pioneer Wilhelm Maybach

Toronto: Bridging the Don: the Prince Edward Viaduct

Yovisto: Photographic Pioneer Henry Fox Talbot

Yovisto: Mary Had a Little Lamb – Edison and the Phonograph

Smithsonian Libraries: Collection of United States patents granted to Thomas A. Edison, 1869–1884

Yovisto: Richard Hamming and the Hamming Code

Smithsonian.com: Melt-Proof Chocolate, 3D Printed Gummies and Other Fascinating Candy Patents

The Guardian: Big computers, big hair: the women of Bell Labs in the 1960s – in pictures

4428

Jalopnik: The Technology That Helps Make Your Car More Aerodynamic? It’s Been Around Since the 1880s

Lemelson-MIT: George Ferris: The Ferris Wheel

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

CbGdIyRUAAAmQHU.jpg-large

Yovisto: Gregor Mendel and the Rules of Inheritance

The Atlantic: Natural History Museums Are Teeming with Undiscovered Species

Tallahassee Democrat: Kinsey Collection: Ioannis Africani Africae, 1632

 

Linda Hall Library: Scientist of the Day – Henry Walter Bates

Conciatore: Botanical Gardens

The New York Times: Richard P. Von Herzen, Explorer of Earth’s Undersea Furnaces, Dies at 85

The New York Times: The Environmental Legacy of the Steel City

The Mountain Mystery: 100 years of Drift: Parts 1–4

Alfred Wegener, in Greenland, 1930  (photo by Fritz Loewe)

Alfred Wegener, in Greenland, 1930 (photo by Fritz Loewe)

the many-headed monster: A Walk in the Park: History from Below and the English Landscape

The Recipes Project: Reading the Landscape and a Dish of Weeds

Yovisto: Barnum Brown and the Tyrannosaurus Rex

Linda Hall Library: Scientist of the Day – Barnum Brown

Atlas Obscura: Inside Atlas Obscura’s All-Night Adventure at the Explorers Club

BHL: Darwin’s Early Love

The Guardian: Fossils: Flightless bird with giant head roamed swampy Arctic 53m years ago

CHEMISTRY:

Medievalists.net: Saltpetre in medieval gunpowder: Calcium or Potassium Nitrate?

Method: Atom by Atom: Building Protein Models

Computer graphics console in the early 1970s.

Computer graphics console in the early 1970s.

Yovisto: Ira Remsen and Saccharin

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR): RPYS i/o: A web-based tool for the historiography and visualization of 
citation classics, sleeping beauties, and research fronts

MedHum Fiction–Daily Dose: MedHum Mondays: Museums, STEM, and the Vital Role of Humanities

albawaba: Qatar National Library organises the history of science and technology in the Middle East and the Islamic World Public Lecture

Method: Science in the Making: What is the world really like?

Bodleian Library & Radcliffe Camera: Thousands of early English books released online to public by Bodleian Library and partners

The Atlantic: Stop Calling the Babylonians Scientists

homunculus: On being “harsh” to Babylonians

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: Understanding Newton’s Principia as part of the Baconian Tradition

The #EnvHist Weekly

Blink: Radha and the space-time illusion

Before sunrise: The night sky in this 1650 painting betrays the artist’s ignorance of astronomy Rohit Gupta Business Line Rohit Gupta

Before sunrise: The night sky in this 1650 painting betrays the artist’s ignorance of astronomy
Rohit Gupta
Business Line Rohit Gupta

UCL: Museums & Collections Blog: Please don’t call us a Cabinet of Curiosity

 

ESOTERIC:

History Today: The Science of the Supernatural

Luther alchemy

Conciatore: The Duke’s Oil

BOOK REVIEWS:

Science: Tim Radford on Science Writing

The New York Times: ‘The Good Death’, When Breath Becomes Air’ and More

Science Book a Day: Art Forms in Nature: The Prints of Ernst Haekel

Art Forms in Nature von Olaf Breidbach

Art Forms in Nature von Olaf Breidbach

JHI Blog: Towards a Global Intellectual History?

The Spectator: Alexander Humboldt: a great explorer rediscovered

H-Net: Valerie Traub: Thinking Sex with the Early Moderns

PsychCentral: NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism & the Future of Neurodiversity

NEW BOOKS:

Niche: Mining and Communities in Northern Canada & Canadian Countercultures and the Environment

The Quack Doctor: The History of Medicine in 100 Facts

history-of-medicine-100-facts-cover

University of Chicago Press: Groovy Science

Brill: Frederick de Wit and the First Concise Reference Atlas

The Dispersal of Darwin: The Voyage of the Beagle: The Illustrated Edition of Charles Darwin’s Travel Memoir and Field Journal

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Opus 39 Gallery, Nicosia: Small treasures on display: Exhibition of engravings, maps, books and decorative items 10–29 February 2016

Royal College of Physicians: John Dee exhibition: late opening 18 February

Daily Grail: The Lost Library of John Dee, Advisor to Queen Elizabeth I and Confidant of Angels

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January29–July 2016

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Engineer: The engineering genius of a Renaissance man

The Guardian: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius review – an eye for destruction

 An armoured vehicle by Leonardo da Vinci. Photograph: Alessandro Nassiri/Science Museum

An armoured vehicle by Leonardo da Vinci. Photograph: Alessandro Nassiri/Science Museum

Science Museum: Leonardo for a Time of Austerity

The Telegraph: Leonardo da Vinci: genius or humble draftsman?

History Extra: In pictures: Leonard da Vinci – The Mechanics of Genius

Queens’ College Cambridge: ‘The Rabbi & The English Scholar’ exhibition in the library 22 February–24 March 2016

Wellcome Collections: States of Mind 4 February–16 October 2016

CHF: The Art of Iatrochemistry

University of Oklahoma: Galileo’s World: National Weather Center: Exhibits

The English Garden: Visit the RHS Botanical Art Show

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Luxury of Time Runs until 27 March 2016

ARTFIXdaily: “We Are One: Mapping America’s Road from Revolution to Independence” Will Examine Events Preceding, During and Following the Fight for Freedom from a Cartographic Perspective and Will Open at the Art Museums of Colonial Williamsburg in March 2016

ZSL: London Zoo: Discover the fascinating wildlife of Nepal and Northern India

Pangolin illustration on display at ZSL London Zoo

Pangolin illustration on display at ZSL London Zoo

Royal College of Physicians: “Anatomy as Art” Facsimile Display Monday to Friday 9.30am to 5.30pm

JHI Blog: Dissenting Voices: Positive/Negative: HIV/AIDS In NYU’s Fales Library

St John’s College: University of Cambridge: Fred Hoyle: An Online Exhibition

Culture 24: Small but worldly maps exhibition makes sense of human wandering at London’s Store Street gallery

Manchester Art Gallery: The Imitation Game

The John Rylands Library: Magic, Witches & Devils in the Early Modern World 21 January–21 August 2016

Magic Witches

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Dinosaurier in Berlin: Brachiosaurus as an Icon of Politics, Science, and Popular Culture 1 April 2015–31March 2018

Universty of Cambridge: Research: Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare – and a jar of ectoplasm: Cambridge University Library at 600

allAfrica: Algeria: Exhibition on Algeria (cartography) Marseille 20 January–2 May 2016

Osher Map Library: Masterpieces at USM: Celebrating Five Centuries of Rare Maps and Globes 19 November 2015–12 March 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: Mar. 12th Pop-Up Museum Explores Contributions of Women of Colour in Psych

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Closing very soon: British Museum: The Asahi Shimbun Displays: Scanning Sobek: mummy of the crocodile god Room 3 10 December 2015–21 February 2016

Closing soon: Horniman Museum & Gardens: London’s Urban Jungle Run until 21 February 2016

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900 Runs till 27 May 2016

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

CLOSING SOON: Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

Closing soon: British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Closing soon: Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Henry Walter Bates Until 26 February:

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Royal Shakespeare Company: Doctor Faustus Swan Theatre Stratford-Upon-Avon 8 February–4 August 2016

ChoM News: Center for the History of Medicine: Screening of “Mystery Street” 24

February 2016

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

Coming Soon: The Crescent Theatre: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

EVENTS:

Boole-Shannon

The London PUS Seminars: Atoms, Bytes and Genes – Public Resistance and Technoscientific Responses 24 February 2016 LSE

Royal College of Physicians: Dee late: inside Dee’s miraculous mind

CRASSH: Cambridge: Genius in History: A Public Conversation: 2 March 2016

University of Manchester: Master’s Study Information Day: Science communication; History of science, technology and medicine; Medical humanities 2 March 2016

Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine’s Center for the History of Medicine: Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender, and Belief in Early Modern England 8 March 2016

French seminar

Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons: People Powered Medicine: A one day public symposium 7 May 2016

Waterhouse Room Gordon Hall Harvard Medical School: The Unknown Story of Art and Artists in Louis Pasteur’s Personal and Professional Life 3 March 2016

Royal Holloway – Management Building Lecture Theatre: Public History and Fiction 25 February 2016

University of York: Lecture: “Not Everyone Can Be Gandhi”: The Global Indian Medical Diaspora in the post WWII Era 3 March 2016

Bletchley Park: Alan Turing Through His Nephews Eyes 3 April 2016

Glasgow histmed events

Discover Medical London: “Dr Dee” & The Magic of Medicine A Special Half Day Tour 23 March & 27 May 2016

CHF: Brown Bag Lectures Spring 2016

NYAM: Credits, Thanks and Blame in the Works of Conrad Gessner

Discover Medical London: Walking Tour: Harley Street: Healers and Hoaxers

City Arts and Lectures: Steve Silberman: The Untold History of Autism 28 March 2016 Live on Public Radio

Medical Museum Cafe

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century 18 February 2016

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Albert Einstein, Oil on Canvas

Albert Einstein, Oil on Canvas

 

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

The Society for Nautical Research: Ships, Clocks & Stars at Mystic Seaport

Youtube: The History of Photography in 5 Minutes

RADIO:

Lady Radio: Episode February 12, 2016: Listen to @AnnaNReser & @leilasedai talk about their motivations behind Lady Science (abt 30 mins in)

PODCASTS:

BBC Radio 4: Science Stories

readara: Life’s Greatest Secret: The Race To Crack The Genetic Code: Interview with Matthew Cobb

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

 

University of York: Conference: The Future of the History of the Human Sciences 7-8 April 2016

Harvard University: 51st Joint Atlantic Seminar for the History of Biology 2 April 2016

University of Cambridge: CfP Teaching and Learning in Early Modern England: Skills and Knowledge in Practice

Hist Geo Conf

American Historical Association: Perspectives on History: The 131st Annual Meeting Call for Proposals and Theme Denver CO 5–7 January 2017

Notches: CfP: Histories of Sexuality in Antiquity

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Call for Submissions: Book: Historical Epistemology of Science/Philosophy of Science, Torricelli

HoS Conf

Notches: CfP: Histories of Sexuality in Latin America

University of Western Ontario: CfP: Philosophy of Logic, Mathematics, and Physics Graduate Conference

Institut d’Études Scientifiques de Cargèse, Corsica: CNRS School “BioPerspectives” Philosophy of Biology 29 March–1 April 2016

Klosterneuburg: CfP: European Advanced School in the Philosophy of the Life Sciences (EASPLS) 59 September 2016

Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM), University of Manchester: Lunchtime Seminar Series Feb–June 2016

Vatican Library Conference

AIP: Lyne Starling Trimble Science Heritage Public Lectures Feb–Sept 2016

H-Sci-Med-Tech: CfP: ICOHTEC Symposium in Rio de Janeiro on 23-29 July 2017

Asian Society for the History of Medicine: Call for Submissions: Taniguchi Medal 2016 Outstanding Graduate Student Essay

International Committee for the History of Technology: CfP: 43rd Annual Meeting in Porto, Portugal Technology, Innovation, and Sustainability: Historical and Contemporary Narratives 26–30 July 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: The Future of the History of the Human Sciences

University of York 7–8 April 2016

Workshop RS

UCL: London Ancient Science Conference: 15–18 February 2016

University of Strathclyde, Glasgow: CfP: Maculinity, health and medicine, c.1750–present 28–29 April 2016

Effaced Blog: CfP: History of Facial Hair

Sidney Sussex College: University of Cambridge: Programme and Registration Treasuries of Knowledge: 8 April 2016

Science in Public

LOOKING FOR WORK:

University of Munich: Assistant Professorship Philosophy of Physics

ChoM News: 2016-2017 Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine Fellowship: Application Period Open

University of Kent: School of History: Postgraduate Funding

University of Bordeaux: Postdoc: Philosophy of Biology

Ruhr-University Bochum: Fellowships: Mind, Brain, Cognitive Evolution; Philosophy, Neuroscience

University of Kent: Lecturer in the History of Medicine (1750 to the present)

Nazarbayev University (KAZ): Assistant Professorship: Hist Medicine, Public Health and/or Environmental History

pasold.co.uk: Textile History – Seeks a new Editor

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU): PhD position STS

University of Manchester: CHSTM: Fully Funded Studentship for Graduate Study in History of the Biological Sciences or Medicine after 1800

Royal Holloway University of London: AHRC Studentship: The indigenous map: native information, ethnographic object, artefact of encounter

University of Sheffield: Department of History: Lecturer in Medicine, Science and Technology

University of Umeå: PhD student in History of Science and Ideas

Middlesex University London: David Tresman Caminer Studentship for the History of Computing

University of Manchester: Research Associate: Medical Archive Collections

Birkbeck University of London: Post-doctoral Researcher: ‘Hidden Persuaders? Brainwashing, Culture, Clinical Knowledge and the Cold War Human Sciences, c. 1950-1990’.

The British Museum: Print Curator: Monument Trust

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #30

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #30

Monday 08 February 2016

EDITORIAL:

We are back again with the latest edition of Whewell’s Gazette your weekly #histSTM links list bringing you once again all the histories of science, technology and medicine that we could vacuum up out of cyberspace over the last seven days.

We are just five and a half weeks into the year and it’s already time to wish you a lucky New Year once again as 8 February is New Years Day on the Chinese lunar calendar. Like the Christian Easter the Chinese New Year is a movable feast falling on the first new moon following the 21 January. It is also known as the Spring Festival. Monday marks the beginning of the Year of the Monkey in the Chinese twelve-year cycle and year 4714, 4713 or 4653 depending on which system of counting you adhere to. It is also New Year in a large number of other Asian countries.

12710814_969973689743411_6503158767799354749_o

All of this just highlights how arbitrary our calendar systems are and to warn you to gear up for the Persian New Year that falls on 20 March this year, that’s in six weeks!

 Quotes of the week:

Blackwell Quote

“The west was not settled by men and women who had taken courses in ‘How to be a pioneer.'” – Unknown h/t @JohnDCook

Electric light

“Atheists believe in a God who does not exist“. – @fadesingh

Source: AsapSCIENCE

Source: AsapSCIENCE

“what idiot called them communion wafers and not Corpus Crispies” – John Gallagher (@earlymodernjohn)

Story of the Carbon Atom

Birthday of the Week:

Clyde Tombaugh born 4 February 1906

 

Clyde W. Tombaugh at his family’s farm with his homemade telescope in 1928, two years before his discovery of Pluto. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

Clyde W. Tombaugh at his family’s farm with his homemade telescope in 1928, two years before his discovery of Pluto. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

Aip: Clyde Tombaugh

KU History: Planetary Man

CT

EarthSky: This date in science: Clyde Tombaugh discoverer of Pluto

The Wichita Eagle: Arizona home of Pluto research dedicates year to icy world, Kansas discoverer

CT 3

Panorama Archives: Tombaugh Family Donates Astronomer’s Papers to NMSU
NASA: Happy Birthday Clyde Tombaugh: New Horizons Returns New Images of Pluto

CT 2

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Yovisto: Sir George Stokes and Fluid Dynamics

Yovisto: Rudolf Mössbauer and the Mössbauer Effect

AHF: Marie Curie

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Mac and Vera Jo MacCready’s Interview

Yovisto: Nobel Laureate Emilio Segrè

Atlas Obscura: When The Pope Made 10 Days Disappear

A detail on Pope Gregory XIII's tomb, carved by Camillo Rusconi, shows the Pope being presented with a plan for what would become the Gregorian Calendar. (Image: WikiCommons )

A detail on Pope Gregory XIII’s tomb, carved by Camillo Rusconi, shows the Pope being presented with a plan for what would become the Gregorian Calendar. (Image: WikiCommons )

Atlas Obscura: Why Can’t We Get Rid of the 7-Day Week

Atlas Obscura: 100 Wonders: The Atomic Clock

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Colonel Franklin Matthias’s Interview

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Sir Rudolf Peierls’s Interview

Ancient Origins: The Magnificent Observatory and Discoveries of Johannes Hevelius

AHF: Espionage

AIP: Ralph Alpher

AHF: Soviet Atomic Program – 1946

Linda Hall Library: Scientist of the Day – Ulugh Beg

Ulugh Beg's Astronomical Observatory

Ulugh Beg’s Astronomical Observatory

Islamic Insights: Muslim Contributions to Astronomy

AHF: Niels Bohr

AIP: Vera Ruben

Palm Beach Post: Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell, 85, dies in West Palm Beach

AstroWright: Mercedes Richards (1955–2016)

Yovisto: Mariner 10 and the Swing-By at Planet Venus

Yovisto: The Quantum Hall Effect

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

USC Libraries: Online Asian Maps Collection

The Public Domain Review: Maps from Geographicus

Derry Journal: Ancient map paints fascinating picture of Derry and Inishowen

British Library: Online Gallery: Anglo-Saxon Mappa Mundi, 1025–1050

Mappa Mundi

The Guardian: Africa mapped: how Europe drew a continent

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

The Public Domain Review: The Science of Life and Death in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

Musings: People’s History of the NHS

Thomas Morris: The woman whose skin turned blue

the institute: How Marie Curie Helped Save a Million Soldiers During World War I

Marie Curie [right] and her teenage daughter, Irène, operated the "Petite Curies" and established a program to train other women to use the X-ray equipment. Photo: Popperfoto/Getty Images

Marie Curie [right] and her teenage daughter, Irène, operated the “Petite Curies” and established a program to train other women to use the X-ray equipment.
Photo: Popperfoto/Getty Images

NIH U.S. National Library of Medicine: Gallery: Dream Anatomy

Thomas Morris: More astounding than true

Early Modern Medicine: Versatile Ear Wax

Philly.com: Lead in Flint: This is America

Providentia: The Horror of Alfred Binet

Thomas Morris: The man with the rubber jaw

The Recipes Project: All in the Mind? Competing Models of Hysteria in John Ward’s Diaries

Arnau: Quién es Arnau de Vilanova

The Walrus: This Might Hurt

STICK SHIFT (left to right) Glass irrigation syringe with cork stopper and coiled-thread seal, in use until the early twentieth century; large enema syringe from the late nineteenth century; and twentieth-century models with removable needles. The glass and metal one (bottom right) could be disassembled and disinfected for reuse. This killed some pathogens, but it made others more resilient. An increasingly sophisticated understanding of cross-contamination led to the disposable plastic syringe with removable needle (top right), and to the first fully disposable plastic syringe, invented in the 1950s but not used widely until the ’80s.

STICK SHIFT (left to right) Glass irrigation syringe with cork stopper and coiled-thread seal, in use until the early twentieth century; large enema syringe from the late nineteenth century; and twentieth-century models with removable needles. The glass and metal one (bottom right) could be disassembled and disinfected for reuse. This killed some pathogens, but it made others more resilient. An increasingly sophisticated understanding of cross-contamination led to the disposable plastic syringe with removable needle (top right), and to the first fully disposable plastic syringe, invented in the 1950s but not used widely until the ’80s.

Thomas Morris: A ludicrous mistake

Thomas Morris: Poisoning pooches in the park

The Recipes Project: Gluttony and “Surfeit” in Early Modern Europe

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: Felix Wankel and the Rotary Engine

Yovisto: America’s First Movie Studio – the Black Maria

Edison’s Black Maria, the world’s first film studio, ca 1890

Edison’s Black Maria, the world’s first film studio, ca 1890

The Mary Rose: The Ship’s Bell

Conciatore: Incalmo

Conciatore: Alberico Barbini

Conciatore: Cousin Philip Neri

Engineering and Technology History Wiki: Milestones: Development of the HP-35, the First Handheld Scientific Calculator, 1972

storify: CHF: Fellow Friday: Plastics Roksana Filipowska

EDN Network: Polygraph first used to convict criminals. February 2, 1935

Atlas Obscura: Astronomical Clocks are the Most Beautiful Way to Track Hours, Years, and the Moon

Atlas Obscura: Objects of Intrigue: Ancient Persian Water Clocks

It's like looking down at your watch. (Photo: Public Domain/WikiCommons)

It’s like looking down at your watch. (Photo: Public Domain/WikiCommons)

Atlas Obscura: The Robot Clocks of 12th-Century Turkey

Geekdad Passport: Bletchley Park

Computer History: Pixar’s Luxo Jr.

My medieval foundry: Modern information that helps us understand casting practices

Yovisto: The Chronometers of Thomas Earnshaw

 

Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame: Sir William Arrol (1839–1913)

Bodycote: An Interactive History of Metallurgy

Twisted Stifter: The Mystery of Prince Rupert’s Drop at 130,000 FPS

Curiosities and Wonders: Mildred Parson Burns

Mildred Parsons Burns became the first woman linotype operator at the Herald-Leader Company in April 1949.

Mildred Parsons Burns became the first woman linotype operator at the Herald-Leader Company in April 1949.

Atlas Obscura: Peek Inside a Private Clock Museum in Austria

ENIAC in Action: ENIAC Errors in Issacson’s “The Innovators”

Places: Indexing the World of Tomorrow

Tonbridge History: 1850: Dickens and the Telegraph

University of Reading: 155-year old mouse trap claims its latest victim

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Geological map of Anglesey John S. Henslow 1821

Geological map of Anglesey John S. Henslow 1821

 The Friends of Darwin: John Stevens Henslow

KEW Royal Botanic Gardens: Missing for a lifetime: the story of the “lost” orchid

The Conversation: Piping as poison: the Flint water crisis and America’s toxic infrastructure

Forbes: Charles Darwin and the Search for Extraterrestrial Life

Dart Blog: An Audience With – The Linnean Society

Notches: Operation Hyacinth and Poland’s Pink Files

Yovisto: Gideon Mantell and the Iguanodon

Yovisto: The Burst of the Tulip Bubble

The Atlantic: The Nitrous Oxide Philosopher

Molar Archaeology: The Archaeology of Greater London online map

Strange Science: John Gould

Forbes: De Loys’ Ape Was a Well Played Anthropological Fraud

The rare version of the complete photography of de Loys´ ape – “Ameranthropoides loysi”, from MONTANDON 1929 (image in public domain).

The rare version of the complete photography of de Loys´ ape – “Ameranthropoides loysi”, from MONTANDON 1929 (image in public domain).

Science League of America: The Three Balfours

AMNH: Six Extinctions in Six Minutes

Notches: Rape and Manhood in Nineteenth-Century Caucasus

Extinct: Casting Authority

The New York Times: The Explorers Club Once Served Mammoth at a Meal. Or Did It?

Yovisto: John Lindley and His Love for Plants

White Rose: eTheses Online: City of Beasts: Horses & Livestock in Hanoverian London

Wired: Twitter Nerd Fight Reveals A Long, Bizarre Scientific Feud

TrowelBlazers: Margaret Hems

Margaret Hems, with the pelvis of the Steppe Mammoth that she discovered in the cliffs at West Runton, Norfolk, in 1992

Margaret Hems, with the pelvis of the Steppe Mammoth that she discovered in the cliffs at West Runton, Norfolk, in 1992

Geographical: The Invention of Nature

A Clerk of Oxford: ‘Unwinding the water’s chain’: Spring, Thaw, and Some Anglo-Saxon Poems

Peddling and Scaling God and Darwin: Evolution and religion in Britain from 1859 to 2013

МУЗЕЙ МАМОНТА В ХАТАНГЕ: Siberian permafrost ice cave

CHEMISTRY:

Yovisto: Dmitri Mendeleev and the Periodic Table of Elements

Wellcome Library: Madame Rupert’s beauty secrets

Photograph of Anna Ruppert from the Chemist and Druggist, 20 January 1894. Image credit: Wellcome Library.

Photograph of Anna Ruppert from the Chemist and Druggist, 20 January 1894. Image credit: Wellcome Library.

The Conversation: From chrome plating to nanotubes: the modern’ chemistry first used in ancient times

Heroes of History: Marie Curie

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

The Character of DNE: Science Communication: Embrace the Mess

Historiens de la santé: La Fabrique de Vésale. La mémoire d’un livre Actes des journées d’étude Vésale du 21-22 novembre 2014 Contents

HSS: Lecturing on the History of Science in Unexpected Places: Chronicling One Year on the Road

Harvard Business Review: Renaissance Florence was a Better Model for Innovation that Silicon Valley Is

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Whipple Library Books Blog: Robert Whipple, scientific book and instrument collector

The Recipes Project: Transcribing early Modern Recipes With The Crowd on Shakespeare’s World

shakespearesworldzoo: On Close Reading and Teamwork

UCL: museums & Collections Blog: UCL students identify mystery specimens in the Grant Museum

Res Obscura: How to Write the History of Science

Yovisto: Johannes Gutenberg – Man of the Millennium

The Atlas of Early Printing

Gesellschaft Deutsche Chemiker: Geschichte der Chemie Mitteilungen Online

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh: RCPE completes new online archive of 30,000 historical medical records

deadline: Scots female astronomer in lead for £10 note

HSS: IsisCB Explore History of Science Index (oa)

Chemistry World: Minsky’s microscope

The #EnvHist Weekly

Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog: Nuclear history bibliography, 2015

Health, History and Culture: What does Health, History and Culture mean to you?

NICHE: Counterbalancing Declensionist Narratives in Environmental History

Nursing Clio: Sunday Morning Medicine: A weekly check-up of gender, medicine, and history in the news

ESOTERIC:

The British Museum: A medieval alchemy book reveals new secrets

A page from the 18th-century copy of al-‘Irāqī’s Book of the Seven Climes (British Library, Add. MS 25724, fol. 50v)

A page from the 18th-century copy of al-‘Irāqī’s Book of the Seven Climes (British Library, Add. MS 25724, fol. 50v)

distillatio: Transmission of alchemical ideas via travellers and books

BOOK REVIEWS:

John Gribbin Science: Doomed: Dark Matter and Dinosaurs

Science Book a Day: Defining the Wind: The Beaufort Scale and How a 19th-Century Admiral Turned Science into Poetry

Public Discourse: Science, Philosophy, and God

Geographical: The Mapmakers’ World: A Cultural History of the European World Map by Marjo T Nurminen

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Advances in the History of Psychology: A Critical History of Schizophrenia

Yale Climate Connections: Bookshelf: Engineering the Atmosphere

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: Work, Psychiatry, and Society 1750–2010

Historiens de la santé: Localization and Its Discontents. A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Egan History: History for a Sustainable Future

Advances in the History of Psychology: A History of ‘Relevance’ in Psychology

Historiens de la santé: History of Infectious Disease Pandemics in Urban Society

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New Books in Science, Technology, and Society: Back to the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Jack’s Adventures in Museum Land: Scholar, Courtier, Sorcerer: The Magical World of John Dee

JHI Blog: Darkness Regained

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January29–July 2016

Dee's obsidian Aztec "Scrying Mirror" Source: Wikimedia Commons

Dee’s obsidian Aztec “Scrying Mirror”
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Wellcome Collections: States of Mind 4 February–16 October 2016

CHF: The Art of Iatrochemistry

University of Oklahoma: Galileo’s World: National Weather Center: Exhibits

The English Garden: Visit the RHS Botanical Art Show

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Luxury of Time Runs until 27 March 2016

ARTFIXdaily: “We Are One: Mapping America’s Road from Revolution to Independence” Will Examine Events Preceding, During and Following the Fight for Freedom from a Cartographic Perspective and Will Open at the Art Museums of Colonial Williamsburg in March 2016

Royal College of Physicians: “Anatomy as Art” Facsimile Display Monday to Friday 9.30am to 5.30pm

JHI Blog: Dissenting Voices: Positive/Negative: HIV/AIDS In NYU’s Fales Library

St John’s College: University of Cambridge: Fred Hoyle: An Online Exhibition

Culture 24: Small but worldly maps exhibition makes sense of human wandering at London’s Store Street gallery

Manchester Art Gallery: The Imitation Game

The John Rylands Library: Magic, Witches & Devils in the Early Modern World 21 January–21 August 2016

Magic Witches

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Dinosaurier in Berlin: Brachiosaurus as an Icon of Politics, Science, and Popular Culture 1 April 2015–31March 2018 

Universty of Cambridge: Research: Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare – and a jar of ectoplasm: Cambridge University Library at 600

allAfrica: Algeria: Exhibition on Algeria (cartography) Marseille 20 January–2 May 2016

Osher Map Library: Masterpieces at USM: Celebrating Five Centuries of Rare Maps and Globes 19 November 2015–12 March 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: Mar. 12th Pop-Up Museum Explores Contributions of Women of Colour in Psych

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

British Museum: The Asahi Shimbun Displays: Scanning Sobek: mummy of the crocodile god Room 3 10 December 2015–21 February 2016

Closing soon: Horniman Museum & Gardens: London’s Urban Jungle Run until 21 February 2016

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

CLOSING SOON: Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

Closing soon: British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Closing soon: Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

Closing Very Soon! Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd Runs till 6 February 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Henry Walter Bates Until 26 February:

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Royal Shakespeare Company: Doctor Faustus Swan Theatre Stratford-Upon-Avon 8 February–4 August 2016

ChoM News: Center for the History of Medicine: Screening of “Mystery Street” 24 February 2016

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

Coming Soon: The Crescent Theatre: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

EVENTS:

Countway Library of Medicine Harvard Medical School: Talk: Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender, and Belief in Early Modern England 8 March 2016

Boole-Shannon

Waterhouse Room Gordon Hall Harvard Medical School: The Unknown Story of Art and Artists in Louis Pasteur’s Personal and Professional Life 3 March 2016

Royal Holloway – Management Building Lecture Theatre: Public History and Fiction 25 February 2016

University of York: Lecture: “Not Everyone Can Be Gandhi”: The Global Indian Medical Diaspora in the post WWII Era 3 March 2016

Bletchley Park: Alan Turing Through His Nephews Eyes 3 April 2016

CHF: Joseph Priestly Society: Roger Nielson: Abbey Color: Entrepreneurship in a 150-Year-Old Industry 11 February 2016

Medical Museum Cafe

College of Charleston: Lecture: Steve Silberman Author of NeuroTribes 10 February 2016

NCSE: Darwin Day approaches

University of Leeds: Lecture: History & Philosophy of Science in 20 Objects (2) 16 February 2016

Discover Medical London: “Dr Dee” & The Magic of Medicine A Special Half Day Tour 23 March & 27 May 2016

CHF: Brown Bag Lectures Spring 2016

 

Discover Medical London: Walking Tour: Harley Street: Healers and Hoaxers

Royal College of Physicians: Dee late: inside Dee’s miraculous mind

 

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century 18 February 2016

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

Bath Literary and Scientific Institution: Inaugural Darwin Day Lecture 12 February

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Lesson in Astronomy (ca. 1758) by Giuseppe Angeli

Lesson in Astronomy (ca. 1758) by Giuseppe Angeli

 

TELEVISION:

Channel 4: Walking Through Time Trailer

Channel 4: Walking Through Time

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Gresham College: Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace – Professor Raymond Flood

Museo Galileo: Kepler’s Laws

Gresham College: No Need for Geniuses: Scientific Revolutions and Revolutionary Scientists in the City of Light

Youtube: History of Women Philosophers: Who was Ada L?

Youtube: Royal College of Physicians: A constellation for John Dee by Jeremy Millar, 2016

RADIO:

City Arts and Lectures: Steve Silberman: The Untold History of Autism 28 March 2016 Live on Public Radio

BBC Radio 3: Essay: Art The Secret Mathematicians

BBC Radio 3: Essay: Music The Secret Mathematicians

BBC Radio 3: Essay: Literature The Secret Mathematicians

BBC Radio 3: Essay: Secret Artist The Secret Mathematicians

BBC Radio 4: In Our Time: Chromatography

BBC Radio 4: Science Stories: Einstein’s Fridge

PODCASTS:

Science Friday: A Science Hero, Lost and Found

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Picturing the Invisible Alchemy

Institute of English Studies: School of Advance Studies: University of London: A History of Maps and Mapmaking 20-24 June 2016

University of Liverpool: Workshop for Postgraduates and Early-Career Researchers: Philosophies of Nature: Schelling and his Contemporaries 14–126 June 2016

Wellcome Library: History of Pre-Modern Medicine seminar series, Spring 2016

Hist Geo Conf

Notches: CfP: Histories of Music and Sexuality

University of Bristol: CfP: Philosophy of Biology in the UK 8–9 June 2016

Notches: CfP: Histories of Sexuality in Antiquity

HoS Conf

University of Pittsburgh: Speakers series in the Philosophy of Science

University of Kent: CfP: Bridging the Divide: Literature and Science 3 June 2016

University of Denver: Symposium: Weapons of Mass Destruction: World War Two and the Cold War 16 March 2016

Early Science and Medicine: CFP: Matter and Perception Deadline 1 August 2016

Science in Public

Tallinn University of Technology: Estonian Philosophy Conference, Science, technology and society 3–4 June 2016

Leuphana University Lünaburg: Sommer School on Simulation in Science 26–30 September 2016

University of Twente, Enschede: How Philosophy Meets the World 20–22 April 2016

Hagley Museum & Library: Conference: CfP: Making Modern Disabilities: Histories of Disability, Design, and Technology 28 October 2016

University of California, Santa Cruz: Science Communication: Director and Teaching Professor

Descartes event

The National Museum of Computing: Call for Entries: 2016 Tony Sale Award for Computer Conservation

BSHM: Undergraduate Essay Prize

Hotel Bildungszentrum, Basel: Summer Institute: Reconceiving and Explaining the Success of Science 1–12 August 2016

Australian National University, Canberra: Environmental History PhD Workshop 23–27 May 2016

Vatican Library Conference

SIGCIS: Submissions: The Mahaney Prize: Outstanding article in the History of Computing and Information Technology

ICOHTEC: 43rd Annual Meeting: Technology, Innovation, and Sustainability: Historical and Contemporary Narratives 26–30 July Porto, Portugal

ANZAMEMS Inc: CfP: Translators and Printers In Renaissance Europe: Framing Identity and Agency IMLR University of London: 29–30 September 2016

LOOKING FOR WORK:

Center for the History of Family Medicine (CHFM): 2016 CHFM Fellowship in the History of Family Medicine

Bletchley Park: Education Manager – Schools and Families

University of Groningen: Postdoc position Eighteenth Century Medicine

University of Stanford: Suppes Center for History and Philosophy of Science: Doctoral Fellowship

Smithsonian Institutions: Archives Specialist

British Library: Untold lives blog: Tracing Hans Sloane’s Books: A PhD Placement Opportunity

Scientific Instrument Society: SIS Grants

The Museum of Flight: Senior Curator and Director of Collections

Harvard University: Lecturer in History of Modern Medicine

University of Utrecht: Descartes Centre: Fellowships

King’s College London + Royal Air Force Museum: The Professor Sir Richard Trainor PhD Scholarships 2016–17: The Business History of the British Aircraft Industry

National Museum of American History: Arthur Molella Distinguished Fellowship: History of Technology etc.

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #29

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #29

Monday 01 February 2016

EDITORIAL:

We have already entered the second month of 2016 and it’s time for the next edition of your weekly #histSTM link list Whewell’s Gazette bringing you all of the histories of science, technology and medicine that we could gather together in cyberspace over the last seven days.

On a fairly regular basis an academic paper or a press release appears announcing a new supposedly major discovery or advance in science or archaeology, which the media pounces on hyping and misrepresenting it in every possible imaginable way. The last week saw, for a change, this process taking place with relation to the history of ancient astronomy.

Historian of Babylonian astronomy, Mathieu Ossendrijver, from the Humboldt University of Berlin published and article in the journal Science, Ancient Babylonian astronomers calculated Jupiter’s position from the area under a time-velocity graph, which described his discovery that a series of cuneiform clay tablets, dated between 350 and 50 BCE, described the tracking of the planet Jupiter using a geometrical process. This in itself would be pretty impressive as it was generally thought that Babylonian astronomy, as opposed to Greek, was algebraic and not geometric. Even more astounding was the fact that the author of the tablets was basically graphing time against velocity in trapezoidal figures and then determining the area of the figure to determine the distance covered. This discovery was truly astounding because this geometrical form of proto-integral calculus was previously thought to have been first developed by the Oxford Calculatores in the fourteenth century CE.

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So far so good. If you have difficulty reading the fairly technical original paper then I recommend you read the Nature article, Babylonian astronomers used geometry to track Jupiter by Philip Ball, which is level headed and objective then having done so you can look at some of the other less well informed articles that spin off into the ridiculous. Possibly the most ridiculous was the BBC Science News Twitter account, which actually asked, “Babylonians, ‘first to use geometry’. Meaningless and ahistorical click bait of the worst order. There is a major difference between the use of a specific geometric process and the use of unqualified geometry something, which apparently the BBC Science News Twitter account doesn’t understand. There are other horrors contained in the various accounts of the original article, which I will leave it to the readers to discover but be warned, as Philip Ball expressed it so beautifully on Twitter:

Sometimes I feel sorry for the past: when we’re not patronising or denigrating it, we’re hyping it.

Gizmodo: This Babylonian Astronomy Text Changes History

Smithsonian.com: Babylonians Were Using Geometry Centuries Earlier Than Thought

New Scientist: Ancient maps of Jupiter’s path show Babylonians’ advanced mathematics

Popular Mechanics: Ancient Babylonians Geometrically Traced the Path of Jupiter

The New York Times: Signs of Modern Astronomy Seen in Ancient Babylon

BBC News: Ancient Babylonians ‘first to use geometry’

BBC Science in Action: iPlayer: Tracking Jupiter on clay tablets

Independent: Ancient Babylonians used early calculus to track path of Jupiter, study finds

The New York Times: Signs of Modern Astronomy Seen in Ancient Babylon

Times of India: Modern astronomy evolved in Babylon?

Science: Math whizzes of ancient Babylon figured out forerunner of calculus

ars technica: Babylonians tracked Jupiter with sophisticated geometrical math

Quotes of the week:

“We are more than our scientific parts, and if we are to respect humanity we have to find ways to understand” – Rob Townsend (@rbhisted)

Shadow Quote

“This must be the way most of us maneuver through the world, half knowing, half not, visited by memories that can’t possibly be true.” – Bejamin Dreyer (@BCDreyer)

“Contrariwise, if it was so, it might be; and if it were so, it would be; but as it isn’t, it ain’t. That’s logic.” Lewis Carrol (1832-1898)

“I always feel people calling for a Muslim “Reformation” know very little about the destruction wrought by the Xian one”. – David M. Perry (@Lollardfish)

“Found a journal called Neuroquantology that ‘explores boundary betw consciousness & quantum phys’. More like boundary betw shite & bollocks”. – Jim Al-Khalili (@jimalkhalili)

“Thomas Orde-Lees, on Shackleton's Endurance, wrote this 101 yrs ago” h/t @matthewteller

“Thomas Orde-Lees, on Shackleton’s Endurance, wrote this 101 yrs ago” h/t @matthewteller

“philosophy of science that is not scientifically serious is not serious philosophy”—Clark Glymour h/t @bradweslake

“In 1800, the Holy Roman Empire could boast 45 universities. France had 22 – England had 2”. – Tom Holland (@holland_tom)

“And Scotland had 5! (Edinburgh, St Andrews, Glasgow, Marischal College Aberdeen, King’s College Aberdeen)” – Anton Howes (@antonhowes)

“I think God, in creating man, somewhat overestimated his ability.”―Oscar Wilde

Leo Szilard, on fleeing the Nazis: “In this world you don’t have to be much cleverer than other people, you just have to be one day earlier” – Douglas O’Reagan (@D_OReagan)

The Vitruvianische Katze Peter Glaser (@peterglaser)

The Vitruvianische Katze Peter Glaser (@peterglaser)

Birthdays of the Week:

Robert Boyle born 25 January 1627

Robert Boyle by Johann Kerseboom, Gawthorpe Hall, 1689 CHF Source: Wikimedia Commons

Robert Boyle by Johann Kerseboom, Gawthorpe Hall, 1689 CHF
Source: Wikimedia Commons

“Happy Birthday Robert Boyle.

Best known for promoting ties between religion and science

What do you mean he’s not remembered for that?” – Peter Broks (@peterbroks)

Irish Philosophy: Boyle’s Corpuscular Philosophy

CHF: Robert Boyle

CHF: Full Boyle

Youtube: University of Oxford: Robert Boyle’s Corpuscularian Theory

Johannes Hevelius born 28 January 1611

Image National Portrait Gallery

Image National Portrait Gallery

 Yovisto: Johannes Hevelius and his Selenographia

The Renaissance Mathematicus: The last great naked-eye astronomer

Encyclopedia.com: Johannes Hevelius

Linda Hall Library: Scientist of the Day – Johannes Hevelius

The Face of the Moon: Hevelius, Johannes (1611–1687)

Voula Saridakis: Converging Elements in the Development of Late Seventeenth-Century Disciplinary Astronomy: Instrumentation, Education, Networks, and the Hevelius-Hooke Controversy (PhD thesis, pdf)

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Yovisto: Paul Langevin and the Langevin Dynamics

Perimeter Institute: Great Physicists and the Pets Who Inspired Them

The Public Domain Review: The Hyginus Star Atlas (1482)

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World Digital Library: Explanation of the Telescope Tang Ruowang (Chinese name of Johann Adam Schall von Bell, 1592–1666)

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Isabella Karle’s Interview

Yovisto: The Hale Telescope at Palomar Observatory

Yovisto: Ilya Prigogine and the Role of Time

AHF: Niels Bohr Announces the Discovery of Fission

Nova Next: The Ninth Planet That Wasn’t

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Vincent and Claire Whitehead’s Interview

The History of Astronomy in Wales: Isaac Roberts (1829–1904)

The Independent: Beatrice Tinsley: 5 facts you need to know about the (uncelebrated) astronomer

New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist Beatrice Tinsley Source: Wikimedia Commons

New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist Beatrice Tinsley
Source: Wikimedia Commons

AHF: Scientist Refugees and the Manhattan Project

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Sam Campbell’s Interview

Library of Congress Library: Newly Acquired Arabic Manuscript on Early Astronomy and Mathematics

The Renaissance Mathematicus: A misleading illustration

The State: Space Shuttle Challenger exploded 30 years ago over Florida with teacher on board

npr: 30 Years After Explosion, Challenger Engineer Still Blames Himself

American History: The Cosmos in Miniature: The Remarkable Star Map of Simeon de Witt

The Astrolabe of Simeon De Witt (Front view)

The Astrolabe of Simeon De Witt (Front view)

AHF: Klaus Fuchs

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Walt Grisham’s Interview

NASA: Jet Propulsion Lab: Ceres: Keeping Well-Guarded Secrets for 215 Years

esa: tribute to the space shuttle

Scientific American: The Fermi Paradox is not Fermi’s and it is not a Paradox

Atlas Obscura: The Famous Photo of Chernobyl’s Most Dangerous Radioactive Material Was A Selfie

Atlas Obscura: Astronomical Clock of Lyon

UT News: Ransom Center Receives $10,000 Grant To Catalog Collection of Science Materials

Physics Today: The peaceful atom comes to campus

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Yovisto: Fabian von Bellingshausen and the Discovery of Antarctica

Jisc: Old Maps Online

Smithsonian.com: Nellie Bly’s Record-Breaking Trip Around the World Was, to Her Surprise a Race

Atlas Obscura: Were Portuguese Explorers the First Europeans to Find Australia

Is this the first map of Australia? (Photo: Wikipedia)

Is this the first map of Australia? (Photo: Wikipedia)

Catalan Science Reviews: Tides and the Catalan Atlas [1375]

National Museum Australia: Western Hemisphere Map

BBC News: ‘Lost’ map of Cornwall found in collection

New York Public Library: Coming Soon: The Hunt-Lenox Globe, in 3D!

The Map Room: The Hunt-Lenox Globe

The Hunt-Lenox Globe

The Hunt-Lenox Globe

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

The H-Word: From Rubella to Zika: pregnancy, disability, abortion and the spectre of an epidemic

Yovisto: Hermann Ebbinghaus and the Experimental Study of Memory

Recommended Dose: A Blog About Teaching the History of Medicine: Brimstone and Treacle: Teaching History of Medicine with Recipes

UIC Special Collections: New finding aid available: Medical Pamphlet and Ephemera collection

Remedia: Denver’s One-Lung Army: Disease, Disability, and Debility in a Frontier City

Bartlett, Reuel, “Colorado for Consumptives, Asthmatics And Inquiring Invalids With Examination Chart.” Boulder, Colo. Daily Herald, 1888.

Bartlett, Reuel, “Colorado for Consumptives, Asthmatics And Inquiring Invalids With Examination Chart.” Boulder, Colo. Daily Herald, 1888.

Archaeology: Egypt’s Earliest Case of Scurvy Unearthed in Aswan

Two Nerdy History Girls: Mr. Curtis’s Acoustic Chair

Center for the History of Medicine: Edward Jenner

The Recipes Project: Hang Your Head: Mrs. Corlyon’s Unique Headache Treatment

Atlas Obscura: Gustavianum Anatomical Theater

Yovisto: Thomas Willis and the Royal Society

Thomas Morris: Dragging his bowels after him

Penn Medicine: Historic Tours of Pennsylvania Hospital

Notches: Sex, Disease, and Fertility in History

From the Hands of Quacks: The 20 Minute Surgery that Cured a Prince’s Deafness

Distillations Blog: A urine wheel from the 1506 book Epiphanie Medicorum by Ullrich Pinder.

tumblr_o1keihX1yp1swrkevo1_1280

Best Certified Nursing Assistant Programs: 10 Snapshots of Nursing in Nazi Germany

RCP: Cold cures and prevention in the UK Medical Heritage Library (UK-MHL)

Museum of Health Care: Curing Death: Plague Medicine and Medieval Doctors

The Recipes Project: Catch the Hare: Remedies for the Stone

H/SOZ/KULT: History of the Social Practice of Psychiatric Nursing and the Patients

Thomas Morris: Benjamin Rush in the Lancet

The Lancet: The body politic (oa)

The Recipes Project: On the “Oil of Swallows”, Part 1: Did Anyone Actually Use These Outrageous Remedies

Encyclopedia of Alabama: Graefenberg Medical Institute

BBC News: Donald Grey Triplett: The first boy diagnosed as autistic

Medievalists.net: Abortion Medieval Style? Assaults on Pregnant Women in Later Medieval England

Thomas Morris: Give that man a medal

TECHNOLOGY:

Conciatore: What Goes Around Comes Around

Collectors Weekly: Antique Clocks

Medium: Craig Mod: 22 Years Ago I Used a Cellular Telephone

1*GlX_EUrxXixFMnhI1k-QJw

Atlas Obscura: The Women Who Rose High in the Early Days of Hot Air Ballooning

Londonist: See How London Might Have Been Rebuilt After the Great Fire

Science Museum: Researching the humble audio guide

Engineering and Technology History Wiki: John Logie Baird

All Day: These are the Oldest Photos Ever Taken

DigVentures: How Anglo-Saxon Glassmakers Brought Colour to the Dark Ages

Yovisto: Gustav Eifel and his Famous Tower

Yovisto: Karl Benz and his Automobile Vehicle

Distillations Blog: Glamorizing Musicals and Modernism

Jalopnik: What If Cars had Developed with the Horse and Buggy Model?

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Physics Today: The bicentennial of Francis Ronalds’s electric telegraph

Atlas Obscura: Why We Picture Bombs as Round Black Balls with a Burning Wick

Historic UK: SS Great Eastern’s Launch Ramp

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

The Public Domain Review: The Snowflake Man of Vermont

Paige Fossil History: The First Dinosaur Eggs: Meet Roy Chapman Andrews

Atlas Obscura: The Exquisite 19th-Century Infographics That Explained the History of the Natural World

Yovisto: The National Geographic Society

Palaeoblog: Died This Day: Adam Sedgwick

Adam Sedgewick (1785-1873), British geologist, one of the founders of modern geology, at the age of 47 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Adam Sedgewick (1785-1873), British geologist, one of the founders of modern geology, at the age of 47
Source: Wikimedia Commons

ucmp.berkeley.edu: Adam Sedgwick (1785–1873)

Discovery: No, Earth isn’t Flat: Here’s How Ancients Proved It

Newsweek: Even in the Middle Ages. People Didn’t Think the Earth was Flat

Phys.org: Flat wrong: the misunderstood history of flat Earth theories

Roots of Unity: An Impractical, Ahistorical, Mathematically Elegant Way to Figure out Earth is a Sphere

The Public Domain Review: Phenomena Over and Under the Earth (1878)

Museum of Wales: A marriage of art and science – botanical illustrations at Amgueddfa Cymru

Natural History Museum: Why georeferencing is the most important thing for the Museum since sliced bread

Nautilus: The Day the Mesozoic Died

CfHoSTM: Between Cope and Osborn: the Role of the American Biological Discourse on the Public Debate on Evolution

 

Paige Fossil History: How to Find the Missing Link (According to Dubois)

Dubois & wife Anna, Source: Wikipedia Commons

Dubois & wife Anna, Source: Wikipedia Commons

Yovisto: Eugene Dubois and the Java Man

Niche: Turning off Niagara Falls …Again: 1969 Redux

Palaeoblog: Died This Day: Dunkenfiled Henry Scott

History of Oceanography: The Origin of Oceans

A garden’s chronicle: A short visit to the Natural History Museum of London: meeting with the spirits of Wallace and Darwin

HiN: Zu einem unbekannten Porträt Alexander von Humboldts im Besitz des französischen Conseil d’État

CHEMISTRY:

 

Conciatore: Iron Into Copper

The recovery of copper from vitriolated waters, from De Re Metallica, 1556, by Agricola (Georg Bauer).

The recovery of copper from vitriolated waters,
from De Re Metallica, 1556, by Agricola (Georg Bauer).

The Culture of Chemistry: A universal hotness manifold

The Public Domain Review: Picturing Pyrotechnics

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

blogs.bodleian: Celebrating Ada Lovelace’s 200th Birthday

centraljersey.com: Notes on the humanities

 

SSHM: The Gazette

University of Sheffield: HRI Digital: HRI Online

The Royal Society: The Repository: A V Hill, refugees and the Royal Society

Leaping Robot: A Mountain of Magical Thinking

The New York Times: Marvin Minsky, Pioneer in Artificial Intelligence, Dies at 88

 More details Marvin Minsky at the KI 2006 artificial intelligence conference in Bremen Source: Wikimedia Commons


More details
Marvin Minsky at the KI 2006 artificial intelligence conference in Bremen
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Slate: This Is Not The Fourth Industrial Revolution

European Academic Heritage Network: Checklist for the Preservation and Access of Recent Heritage Science

European Academic Heritage Network: UNIVERSEUM’s Working Group on Recent Heritage of Science Literature on recent heritage of science

Huygens ING and the Scaliger Institute (Leiden University Libraries): present an ‘edition-in-progress’ of the correspondence of Carolus Clusius

The New York Times: Dr. Herbert L. Abrams, Who Worked Against Nuclear War, Dies at 95

Daily Sabah: Feature: Why Islamic world fell behind in science

Linnean News: February 2016

the alternative.in: 10 Indian women scientists you should be proud of

Anandibai Joshee (1865 – 1887)

Anandibai Joshee (1865 – 1887)

AHF: News Letter

Chemistry World: Once upon a time

The Guardian: Mary Somerville could be first woman other than Queen to feature on RBS banknote

The Sloane Letters Blog: Looking to the Edge, or Networking Early Modern Women

ESOTERIC:

The Guardian: Did a 16th-century magician inspire 007?

Conciatore: The Golden Sun

The Sun, Robert Fludd from Utriusque Cosmi (1617),v. 2, p. 19.

The Sun, Robert Fludd
from Utriusque Cosmi (1617),v. 2, p. 19.

distillatio: Things alchemy was related to and helped with and used by

Wellcome Library: Bond villains and criminal anthropology

BOOK REVIEWS:

Medical History: Christopher Hamlin, More Than Hot: A Short History of Fever

Wall Street Journal: Science, Sorcery and Sons (Google title and follow link to circumnavigate paywall)

AGU: Blogosphere: Remarkable Creatures by Tracy Chevalier

The Guardian: Planet of the Bugs by Scott Richard Shaw – evolution and the rise of insects

Insect nation … a swarm of locusts flies over a beach in the Canary Islands. Photograph: Carlos Guevara/Reuters

Insect nation … a swarm of locusts flies over a beach in the Canary Islands. Photograph: Carlos Guevara/Reuters

Physics Today: A Singularly Unfeminine Profession: One Woman’s Journey in Physics

NEW BOOKS:

Boydell & Brewer: Leprosy and Charity in Medieval Rouen

Chicago University Press: The Experimental Self: Humphry Davy and the Making of a Man of Science

Dr Alun Withey: Technology, Self-Fashioning and Politeness in Eighteenth-Century Britain

9781137467478.indd

Historiens de la santé: Quelle révolution scientifique? Les sciences de la vie dans la querelle des Anciens et des Modernes (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles)

I.B. Tauris: In Search of Kings and Conquerors: Gertrude Bell and the Archaeology of the Middle East

9781848854987

Amazon: A Critical History of Schizophrenia

Historiens de la santé: Hospitals and Urbanism in Rome, 1200–1500

Bloomsbury Publishing: Advances in Religion, Cognitive Science, and Experimental Philosophy

Culture 24: The Astronomer and the Witch: Paranoia, fear, imprisonment and a 17th century European witch trial

University of Pittsburgh Press: Science as It Could Have Been

ART & EXHIBITIONS

 

ARTFIXdaily: “We Are One: Mapping America’s Road from Revolution to Independence” Will Examine Events Preceding, During and Following the Fight for Freedom from a Cartographic Perspective and Will Open at the Art Museums of Colonial Williamsburg in March 2016

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January29–July 2016

The Shakespeare Blog: His most potent art: the library of John Dee

London Historian’s Blog: John Dee at the RCP

Royal College of Physicians: “Anatomy as Art” Facsimile Display Monday to Friday 9.30am to 5.30pm

JHI Blog: Dissenting Voices: Positive/Negative: HIV/AIDS In NYU’s Fales Library

St John’s College: University of Cambridge: Fred Hoyle: An Online Exhibition

Culture 24: Small but worldly maps exhibition makes sense of human wandering at London’s Store Street gallery

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Guardian: Scientific genius of Leonard da Vinci celebrated in new exhibition

The exhibition features wooden models based on Leonardo’s detailed mechanical drawings. Photograph: Philippe Levy/Science Museum

The exhibition features wooden models based on Leonardo’s detailed mechanical drawings. Photograph: Philippe Levy/Science Museum

Manchester Art Gallery: The Imitation Game

The John Rylands Library: Magic, Witches & Devils in the Early Modern World 21 January–21 August 2016

Magic Witches

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Dinosaurier in Berlin: Brachiosaurus as an Icon of Politics, Science, and Popular Culture 1 April 2015–31March 2018 

Universty of Cambridge: Research: Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare – and a jar of ectoplasm: Cambridge University Library at 600

allAfrica: Algeria: Exhibition on Algeria (cartography) Marseille 20 January–2 May 2016

Osher Map Library: Masterpieces at USM: Celebrating Five Centuries of Rare Maps and Globes 19 November 2015–12 March 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: Mar. 12th Pop-Up Museum Explores Contributions of Women of Colour in Psych

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

British Museum: The Asahi Shimbun Displays: Scanning Sobek: mummy of the crocodile god Room 3 10 December 2015–21 February 2016

Horniman Museum & Gardens: London’s Urban Jungle Run until 21 February 2016

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Luxury of Time Runs until 27 March 2016

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Luxury of Time Runs until 27 March 2016

The Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Luxury of Time Runs until 27 March 2016

CLOSING SOON: Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

CLOSING SOON: Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

 

Closing Very Soon! Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd Runs till 6 February 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Henry Walter Bates Until 26 February

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

ChoM News: Center for the History of Medicine: Screening of “Mystery Street” 24 February 2016

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

Last Chance! The Cockpit – Theatre of Ideas: Jekyll and Hyde 13 January–6 February 2016

The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

Coming Soon: The Crescent Theatre: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

Swan Theatre: Doctor Faustus 4 February–4 August 2016

EVENTS:

Descartes event

Map History: Maps and Society Lectures: Dr Kevin Sheehan ‘Construction and Reconstruction: Investigating How Portolan Maps Were Produced by Reproducing a Fifteenth-Century Chart of the Mediterranean’. 04 February 2016

Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine’s Center for the History of Medicine: Talk: Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender, and Belief in Early Modern England 8 March 2016

Discover Medical London: “Dr Dee” & The Magic of Medicine A Special Half Day Tour 23 March & 27 May 2016

CHF: Brown Bag Lectures Spring 2016

Shackelton Event

NYAM: Credits, Thanks and Blame in the Works of Conrad Gessner

Discover Medical London: Walking Tour: Harley Street: Healers and Hoaxers

Royal College of Physicians: Dee late: inside Dee’s miraculous mind

City Arts and Lectures: Steve Silberman: The Untold History of Autism 28 March 2016 Live on Public Radio

University of York: Lecture: Not Everyone Can Be A Gandhi: The Global Indian Medical Diaspora in the post-WWII Era 3 March 2016

NCSE: Darwin Day Approaches

 

 

UWTSD London Campus: The Study Day: Introduction to Egyptian Astronomy 6 February 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century 18 February 2016

EconoTimes: Historymiami Museum to Host Largest Map Fair in the Western Hemisphere for 23rd Year 5–7 February 2016

Boole-Shannon

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

Science Museum: Symposium: Revealing the Cosmonaut 5 February 2016

North-West Evening Mail: University of Lancaster: Antique maps reveal their secrets 6 February 2016

Wellcome Collection: AD Exploration: Spices, Smell and Disease 4 February 2016

Royal Institution: Christianity and the creation of modern science Short Course Every Thursday 4 February 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

The Alchymist (Joseph Wright of Derby, 1771) Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Alchymist (Joseph Wright of Derby, 1771)
Source: Wikimedia Commons

TELEVISION:

BBC: iPlayer: James Clerk Maxwell

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Richard Feynman debunks NASA

Youtube: James Clerk Maxwell – Standing on the Shoulders of Giants

Science Museum: Baird’s pioneering television apparatus

USGS: Evening Public Lecture Series:

Youtube: RCP: Jeanette Winterson’s opening speech at the launch of the RCP’s John Dee exhibition, 18 January 2016

Tech Insider: This epic video of every space shuttle ever launched might make you cry

Youtube: Old Fort Niagara Association: The Effectiveness of 18th Century Musketry

Luís Henriques: Music Printing in the Renaissance

Youtube: BBC Radio 4: Rene Descartes – “I think, therefore I am”

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: Science Stories: The Duchess Who Gatecrashed Science

BBC Radio 3: The Essay: Architecture: The Secret Mathematician

PODCASTS:

The Public Domain Review: Thomas Edison Tells a Joke about a Liver (1906)

Ben Franklin’s World: Episode 015: Joyce E. Chaplin, Round About the Earth: Circumnavigation from Magellan to Orbit

Niche: Nature’s Past Episode 51: Has Environmental History Lost Its Way

Science Friday: For Planet-Seekers a Cautionary Tale

University of Cambridge: 2016 Sandars Lectures Anthony Grafton

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

University of Kent: CfP: Medicine in its Place: Situating Medicine in Historical Contexts 7–10 July 2016

Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI): History of Science and Contemporary Scientific Realism Conference 19–21 February 2016

Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology Museum, Oxford: CfP: Gendering Museum Histories 7–8 September 2016

St Cross College Oxford: Conference: Medieval Physics in Oxford 27 February 2016

University of Chester: One Day Symposium: Pilgrimage, Shrines and Healing in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe 24 June 2016

Science in Public Research Network: CfP: Science in Public 2016 University of Kent 13–15 July 2016

Science in Public

Medieval Studies Institute of Indiana University: Twenty-Eighth Annual Spring Symposium: CfP: Medieval Globalisms – Movement in the Global Middle Ages 8–9 April 2016

Leuphana University Lüneburg: CfP: Summer School: On Simulation in Science 26–30 September 2016

Institució Milà i Fontanals, Barcelona, Spain; Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe, Marburg, Germany: CfP: Urban Peripheries? Emerging Cities in Europe’s South and East, 1850–1945 26.09.2016-27.09.2016, Barcelona, Institució Milà i Fontanals

Institute of Historical Research, Senate House: CfP: Best-Laid Plans: a colloquium about schemers and their schemes 8–9 April 2016

University of Manchester: CHSTM Seminar Series February to May 2016

Vatican Library Conference

Notches: CfP: Histories of Music and Sexuality

Echo Physics Pöllau Austria: CfP: 2nd International Conference on the History of Physics: Invention, application and exploitation in the history of physics 5–7 September 2016

SIGCIS: Call for Submissions: Mahoney Prize for outstanding article in the history of computing and information technology

Kaap Doorn NL: CfP: Philosophy of Science in a Forest 19–21 May 2016

University of Valencia: Institute for the History of Medicine and Science: Spring 2016 Seminars

LOOKING FOR WORK:

University of Groningen: Postdoc History of Eighteenth Century Medicine

CHoM News: 2016-2017 Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine Fellowship: Application Period Open

Wellcome Library: Wikimedian in Residence at the Wellcome Library

The Francis A. Countway Library: Fellowships in the History of Medicine 2016-2017

Horniman Museum and Gardens: Deputy Keeper of Natural History

American Meteorological Society: Graduate Fellowship in the History of Science

University of Edinburgh: PhD Scholarship in the Philosophy of Science

University of Cambridge: PhD Studentship, HPS

University of York: Graduate Program in Science and Technology Studies

The Hakluyt Society Blog: Hakluyt Society Research Grants

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #28

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #28

Monday 25 January 2016

EDITORIAL:

 

 Another seven days have passed and the Internet has delivered up another bumper crop of post and articles on the histories of science, technology and medicine collected here in your weekly #histSTM links list Whewell’s Gazette.

There is a common misconception, shared on occasions by you friendly sub-editor, that history is something that happens in an undefined ‘distant’ past. However in realty the happenings of yesterday are already history. In the last days we were spectacularly reminded of this fact in a dispute over the history of one of the most recent discoveries/inventions in the history of the life sciences CRISPR.

What started as a dispute amongst specialists in genetic biology quickly attracted the attention of the mainstream media and the history of gene editing had, to quote Andy Warhol, its fifteen minutes of fame.

To prove that Whewell’s Gazette is on the ball and not stuck in the sixteenth century we bring you, hot off the digital presses, the contribution to this debate that our busy elves found on their searches through cyberspace this week.

Genotopia: A Whig History of CRISPR

Engineering Life: CRISPR In the history of science and intellectual property

SciRants: CRISPR Controversy and the Nobel Prize

The Washington Post: A social media war just erupted over the biotech innovation of the century

Genotopia: Criticism of Lander reaches mainstream media

Crispr-Cas9: Bitter row breaks out over ‘official history’ of gene-editing breakthrough

it is NOT junk: The Villain of CRISPR

STAT: In The Lab: Why Eric Lander morphed from science god to punching bag

Emmanuelle Charpentier, August 2015 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Emmanuelle Charpentier, August 2015
Source: Wikimedia Commons

 

It would seem the problem started with a paper by Eric Lander on the history of CRISPR in which he tries to minimise the contributions of Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doubna in favour of Feng Zhang and George Church of Lander’s own Broad Institute. Although the motivation seems to be another is this yet another example of women being discriminated against in the history of science?

Jennifer Anne Doudna Source: Wikimedia Commons

Jennifer Anne Doudna
Source: Wikimedia Commons

One website dedicated to correcting the picture of women in #histSTM is Lady Science and Anna Resner and Leila McNeill have revamped their, in our opinion excellent blog, and issued the first Lady Science ebook, which you can download for free. You can read all about it in this Slate article by Bad Astronomer Phil Plait

home+logo

Quotes of the week:

Pooh quote

“When I was a kid, we had bloggers who could actually write and didn’t just post youtube videos”. – Jeet Heer (@HeerJeet)

“I cannot better describe walrus.. meat than by citing..tough Texas beef, marbled with fat and soaked in clam juice.” – Schwatka (1892) h/t @labroides

“Mathematicians stand on each other’s shoulders while computer scientists stand on each other’s toes”. – R. W. Hamming h7t @CompSciFact

“David Bowie dies and then a week later a whole new awesome planet just appears in space… coincidence? I think not”. – Sarcastic Rover (@SarcasticRover)

“The more clearly we can focus our attention on the wonders of the universe, the less taste we shall have for destruction.” – Rachel Carson h/t @SciHistoryToday

“Did you know that Heraclitus was a pre-Socratic philosopher? He didn’t”. – @historyscientis

“Hey guys I found a really big prime num—”

“WE FOUND A PLANET!”

“Aww.” – Andrew Taylor (@Andrew_Taylor)

“I miss the good old days at Davos when everyone wore flowing robes & the entrail readings were an intimate affair among friends”. – Scott Gosnell (@infinite_me)

MLK Science & Religion

Birthday of the Week:

 André Marie Ampère born 20 January 1775

 

Engraving of André-Marie Ampère (1775 – 1836) Source: Wikimedia Commons

Engraving of André-Marie Ampère (1775 – 1836)
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Yovisto: André-Marie Ampère and Electromagnetism

The British Museum: André Marie Ampère (mathématicien et physicien) / Collection de tous les portraits célèbres

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Medical physics quote

University Library Utrecht: Newton through the eyes of an amateur

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Robert Christy’s Interview

Yovisto: Simon Marius and his Astronomical Discoveries

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Jerome Karle’s Interview

Online Archive of California: Otto Stern Photograph Collection, approximately 1895–1969

Nautilus: These Astronomical Glass Plates Made History

The Atlantic: The Women Who Would Have Been Sally Ride

Jerrie Cobb undergoing physiological testing (NASA).

Jerrie Cobb undergoing physiological testing (NASA).

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Ralph Lapp’s Interview

Culture of Knowledge: ‘Skybound was the mind’: Johannes Kepler

Hyperallergenic: Rediscovered Glass Plate Photographs Show the Skies 120 Years Ago

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Bill Hudgins’s Interview

NASA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory: Voyager Mission Celebrates 30 Years Since Uranus

Space.com: Clyde Tombaugh: Astronomer Who Discovered Pluto

Royal Museums Greenwich: Robert Hooke: the man who knew everything

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

National Geographic: Making Maps Under Fire During the Revolutionary War

Atlas Obscura: Found: A Very early and Very Rare Ottoman Atlas

Medievalists.net: Ten Beautiful Medieval Maps

Tabula Rogeriana

Tabula Rogeriana

Yovisto: The World According to Sebastian Münster

AEON: Sky readers

Atlas Obscura: 100 Wonders: The Mapparium

Dawlish Chronicles: A Forgotten Hero of Exploration: Vitus Bering

The Gabriel as drawn by Martin Spangsberg in 1827. Picture: Danish Geografisk Tidsskrift

The Gabriel as drawn by Martin Spangsberg in 1827. Picture: Danish Geografisk Tidsskrift

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Franklin health

Perceptions of Pregnancy: The Phantoms of Pregnancy

Wellcome Library: New database: Popular Medicine in America, 1800–1900

Advances in the History of Psychology: Surgery for Desperados: On Neurosurgical Solutions to Criminality

Thomas Morris: A dismal tail

John Rylands Library Special Collections Blog: Medicines of the 18th Century

henbanebelladonna

Remedia: Between Photography and Film: Early Uses of Medical Cinematography

Harvard Gazette: Did famine worsen the Black Death?

Science Museum: Thalidomide’s legacy

The Sunday Times: “I heard a baby cry and the doctors talking. I knew something wasn’t right”

The Guardian: Sixth-century wooden foot thought to be Europe’s oldest prosthetic implant

NYAM: The Nightmare of Imminent Baldness

Yovisto: Vladimir Bekhterev and the Bekterev’s Disease

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow: H.T. Hamblin: Opthalmologist and Mystic

Thomas Morris: Suffocated by a fish

npr: Was Dr. Asperger A Nazi? The Question Still Haunts Autism

Dr. Hans Asperger with a young boy at the Children's Clinic at the University of Vienna in the 1930s. Courtesy of Maria Asperger Felder

Dr. Hans Asperger with a young boy at the Children’s Clinic at the University of Vienna in the 1930s.
Courtesy of Maria Asperger Felder

Thomas Morris: The man who fought a duel in his sleep

Cleveland Historical: The Cunningham Sanitarium

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh: The Cullen Project: digitizing medical history

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh: Robert Burns and his medical biographer Dr James Currie

Early Modern Medicine: Frances’ Frigidity

emroc: Medicine in the Granville Family Manuscript

Randi Hutter Epstein: Elusive Powers of Estrogen

Anthropology Now: Zika and Microcephaly: Can We Learn from History?

Thomas Morris: Fruit, feathers and hair

Medievalists.net: 23 Medieval Uses for Rosemary

Rosemary illustrated in British Library MS Egerton 747 f. 85v

Rosemary illustrated in British Library MS Egerton 747 f. 85v

Cambridge Journals: Medical History: The Sources of Eucharius Rösslin’s ‘Rosegarden for Pregnant Women and Midwives’ (1513)

Wellcome Library: Linking letters across archives

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: Thomas August Watson – Recipient of the Very First Phone Call

Medievalists.net: Printing with gold in the fifteenth century

Conciatore: Reflections on the Mirror

Conciatore: Like Snow From Heaven

JHI Blog: Hippie Bibliography

hippie-bib_image-5

Open Culture: Why Violins Have F-Holes: The Science & History of a Remarkable Renaissance Design

Morbid Anatomy: Midcentury Stereopanorama

Yovisto: Who remembers Apple’s Lisa?

Yovisto: The Steel of Sir Henry Bessemer

Yovisto: Ray Dolby and the Noise Reduction System

The Recipes Project: Searching, Sieving, Sifting, and Straining in the Seventeenth Century

 

Yovisto: Umberto Nobile and his Airships

Yovisto: John Fitch and the Steam Boat

Fact:Danish electronic music legend Else Marie Pade dies at 91

Academia: A natural draught furnace for bronze casting (pdf)

Engineering and Technology History Wiki: Women Computers in World War II

Betty Jennings (left) and Frances Bilas (right) operating ENIAC's main control panel.

Betty Jennings (left) and Frances Bilas (right) operating ENIAC’s main control panel.

Atlas Obscura: The First Cross-Country Road Trip Took 2 Men and a Pitbull 63 Days

PM: The Obscure History of the World’s First Synth, Built in 1901

My medieval foundry: Ongoing bell posts – Part 2 – making small bells

Collecting and Connecting: The story that changed my mind

Atlas Obscura: 160-Year-Old Ganges Canal Super-Passages Are An Engineering Marvel

Science Museum: 30 Years On: The Rise of the Macintosh Computer

National Library of Scotland: Scottish glass industry

Science & Society: Picture Library Prints: De Dondi’s ‘Astrarium’, the world’s first astronomical clock, 1364

Tenby Observer: Pembroke Dock maritime museum reflects on first year of operation

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Linneas

Yovisto: Caspar Friedrich Wolff – the Founder of Embryology

 

This Day in Water History: January 14, 1829: First Slow Sand Filter in England

Royal Museums Greenwich: ‘The Most ingenious book that ever I read in my life’ Pepys and Micrographia

Notches: The Cologne Sexual Assaults in Historical Perspective

The Public Domain Review: In Search of the Impossible: The Perfect English Rabbit

Genes to Genomes: Calvin Bridges: Bringing genes down to earth

Notches: After Roe: Engaging the Lost History of the Abortion Debate

BHL: Fantastic Worlds: Exploring the Ocean through Science and Fiction

The Public Domain Review: The Bestiarium of Aloys Zötl (1831–1887)

Mèthode: One of the foremost experiments on the 20th century: Stanley Miller and the origins of prebiotic chemistry

TrowelBlazers: Zelia Nutall La Reina de Arqueologiá

Zelia Nuttall Image by kind permission of the Bancroft Library, Berkeley CA.

Zelia Nuttall Image by kind permission of the Bancroft Library, Berkeley CA.

The Public Domain Review: The Embalming Jars of Frederik Ruysch

Understanding Race: Science 168s–1800s: Early Classifications of Nature

TrowelBlazers: Mary Ann Woodhouse Mantell

AMNH: How Hot is Hot? Chile Pepper in Our Global Kitchen

Atomic Surgery: The Life of Louis Agassiz (Real Life Comics, #30)

Joides Resolution: Happy Birthday Andrija Mohorovicic!

Naturally Curious: / Million Wonders: How natural history museums help people and nature flourish in the North West

Slate: The Vault: A Victorian Argument That Snow is Holy, Illustrated by a Beautiful Catalog of Flakes

Letters from Gondwana: The Geological Observations of Robert Hooke

Hooke’s drawing of fossil bivalves, brachiopods, belemnites, shark teeth and possibly a reptilian tooth (Copyright © The Royal Society)

Hooke’s drawing of fossil bivalves, brachiopods, belemnites, shark teeth and possibly a reptilian tooth (Copyright © The Royal Society)

Sinc: La ciencia es notica: The five bird species that Darwin couldn’t discover in Medeira and the Azores

Scripturient: The Flat Earthers Respawn

CHEMISTRY:

Chemical Heritage Magazine: Going to Pieces: A Detective Story

Muslim Heritage: From Alchemy to Chemistry

Front cover of Dix traités d'alchimie de Jâbir ibn Hayyân - Les dix premiers Traités du Livre des Soixante-dix (French translation by Pierre Lory). (Paris, 1983).

Front cover of Dix traités d’alchimie de Jâbir ibn Hayyân – Les dix premiers Traités du Livre des Soixante-dix (French translation by Pierre Lory). (Paris, 1983).

Scroll.in: How the romance between an Aligarh Muslim and a Lithuanian Jew has shaped an Indian pharma major

CHF: George Hitchings and Gertrude Elion

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

vistorica: Mathematics, science, engineering, 1500–1600 European

BBC News: Cash to preserve and digitise historical documents

The Public Domain Review: Japanese Prints of Western Inventors, Artists and Scholars

The Englishman Arkwright wanted to make a spinning-frame. It took him such a long time that he became very poor and so his wife got mad and broke his machine. Angry at her, he sent her away. But even after all this, he succeeded and became extremely rich.

The Englishman Arkwright wanted to make a spinning-frame. It took him such a long time that he became very poor and so his wife got mad and broke his machine. Angry at her, he sent her away. But even after all this, he succeeded and became extremely rich.

Wynken de Worde: what those libraries were in The Toast

Science, Spies, and History: Job Market Stats for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Hindu: Scientific Histories

Melissa Terras: A Few Words for Professor Lisa Jardine

lisaj

The Arts Newspaper: The Buck Stopped Here: a grand send-off for the polymath powerhouse Prof Lisa Jardine

Avoiding the Bears: Multum in Parvo (said the cupcake toppers)

Cornell College: News Center: Alumna pursuing history career in collections

Londonist: London’s Entire History To Be Mapped By New Project

The H-Word: Flat-Earthers aren’t the only ones getting things wrong

Readex: Early American Newspapers, 1690–1922: By Series

Catholic Herald: Meet five Catholic heroes of science

SocPhilSciPract: January HPS&ST Note

Feministing: New Website Aims to Transform the Philosophy Canon by Highlighting Women

The Guardian: ‘People think curating just means choosing nice things’ – secrets of the museum curators

Darin Hayton: The Use and Abuse of Kuhn’s “Paradigm Shift”

ESOTERIC:

BOOK REVIEWS:

facebook: History Physics: Volume 1 of Tyndall project reviewed

THE: The Work of the Dead: A Cultural History of Mortal Remains, by Thomas W. Laqueur

Conciatore: CONCIATORE Book Excerpt

CONCIATORE, The Life and Times of 17th Century Glassmaker Antonio Neri, By Paul Engle

CONCIATORE, The Life and Times of 17th
Century Glassmaker Antonio Neri, By Paul Engle

The Guardian: Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs by Lisa Randall – when will anther asteroid wreak havoc on Earth?

Chemistry World: The birth of he pill – how four pioneers reinvented sex and launched a revolution

Science Book a Day: The Composition of Kepler’s Astronomia nova

Rhapsody in Books Weblog: Review of The Invention of Science by David Wootton

Science Book a Day: Empires of Food: Feast, Famine, and the Rise and Fall of Civilisations

Providence Journal: The genius of astronomer Johannes Kepler

NEW BOOKS:

Historiens de la santé: The Antivaccine Heresy

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ART & EXHIBITIONS

Etcetera: Inside the lost library of John Dee, a Tudor wizard

Smithsonian.com: A Painting of John Dee, Astrologer to Queen Elizabeth I, Contains a Hidden Ring of Skulls

The Guardian: John Dee painting originally had circle of human skulls, x-ray imaging reveals

History Extra: In pictures: John Dee, the ‘Elizabethan 007’

streetsofsalem: John Dee, Renaissance Man

Culture 24: New John Dee discovery reveals resemblance to mother and a mysterious ‘dwarf’

The Spectator: John Dee though he could talk to angels using medieval computer technology

The John Rylands Library: Magic, Witches & Devils in the Early Modern World 21 January–21 August 2016

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Dinosaurier in Berlin: Brachiosaurus as an Icon of Politics, Science, and Popular Culture 1 April 2015–31March 2018

Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise: Galileo exhibit to feature books, art at OU art museum

OU Lynx: Plan Your Visit

Universty of Cambridge: Research: Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare – and a jar of ectoplasm: Cambridge University Library at 600

151223-ul-600th_0

allAfrica: Algeria: Exhibition on Algeria (cartography) Marseille 20 January–2 May 2016

Osher Map Library: Masterpieces at USM: Celebrating Five Centuries of Rare Maps and Globes 19 November 2015–12 March 2016

Historiens de la santé: Sang sens : observations médicales, interprétations fluides Exposition Bibliothèque Osler d’histoire de la médecine Le vernissage, qui aura lieu le 27 janvier

NewsOK: Galileo magnifico: University of Oklahoma continues yearlong ‘Galileo’s World’ project with exhibit ‘An Artful Observation of the Cosmos’

Advances in the History of Psychology: Mar. 12th Pop-Up Museum Explores Contributions of Women of Colour in Psych

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January29–July 2016

The Telegraph: The best art exhibitions of 2016 (some #histSTM connections!)

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

British Museum: The Asahi Shimbun Displays: Scanning Sobek: mummy of the crocodile god Room 3 10 December 2015–21 February 2016

Horniman Museum & Gardens: London’s Urban Jungle Run until 21 February 2016

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar, courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January–29 July 2016

Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Closing Soon: Museum of the History of Science: Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War Runs until 31 January 2016

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd Runs till 6 February 2016

Last Chance: Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Handwritten in Stone: How William Smith and his maps changed geology Runs to 31 January 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Royal Geographical Society: The Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015 – 28 February 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Henry Walter Bates Until 26 February:

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Daily Motion: Life Story: The race for the Double Helix [1/2]

Daily Motion: Life Story: The race for the Double Helix [2/2]

The Denver Post: “Vera Rubin” performance a collaboration of the BETC and Fiske Planetarium

Vera Rubin measuring spectra, c. 1970

Vera Rubin measuring spectra, c. 1970

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

The Cockpit – Theatre of Ideas: Jekyll and Hyde 13 January–6 February 2016

The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

New Diorama Theatre: Reptember Reloaded 10 January–1 February 2016

Coming Soon: The Crescent Theatre: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

EVENTS:

Discover Medical London: “Dr Dee” & The Magic of Medicine A Special Half Day Tour 23 March & 27 May 2016

CHF: Brown Bag Lectures Spring 2016

NYAM: Credits, Thanks and Blame in the Works of Conrad Gessner

Discover Medical London: Walking Tour: Harley Street: Healers and Hoaxers

Royal College of Physicians: Dee late: inside Dee’s miraculous mind

Descartes event

City Arts and Lectures: Steve Silberman: The Untold History of Autism 28 March 2016 Live on Public Radio

Cardiff University: Lecture: Framing the Face: A History of Facial Hair, 1700–1900 20 January 2016

University of York: Lecture: Not Everyone Can Be A Gandhi: The Global Indian Medical Diaspora in the post-WWII Era 3 March 2016

NCSE: Darwin Day Approaches

University of Leeds Museum of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine: Lecture: Object 1. Horse and Rider 26 January 2016

London PUS Seminar: Celebrity Science – How Does Ancient DNA Research Inform Science Communication? 27 January 2016

University of Kent: Trial by water, or, seafarers’ perspectives on the quest for longitude, 1700–1830 27 January 2016

UWTSD London Campus: The Study Day: Introduction to Egyptian Astronomy 6 February 2016

Dittrick Museum Blog: Conversations: Edge of Disaster – Vaccines and Epidemics 21 January 2016

UCL: Lecture: Henry Nicholls: The Galapagos. A Natural History 27 January 2016

The Washington Post: These are the most exciting museum happenings in 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Symposium: Death and the Afterlife 22 January 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century 18 February 2016

Shackelton Event

EconoTimes: Historymiami Museum to Host Largest Map Fair in the Western Hemisphere for 23rd Year 5–7 February 2016

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

Chelsea Physic Garden: Round Table Discussion: Dark brilliance: Agatha Christie, poisonous plants and murder mysteries 2 February 2016

Science Museum: Symposium: Revealing the Cosmonaut 5 February 2016

British Library: Medieval manuscripts blog: Postgraduate Open Day on our Pre-1600 Collections 1 February 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Dr William Gilbert (1544-1603) showing his Experiment on Electricity to Queen Elizabeth I and her Court, 19th century (oil on canvas)

Dr William Gilbert (1544-1603) showing his Experiment on Electricity to Queen Elizabeth I and her Court, 19th century (oil on canvas)

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Simon Singh on Tudor code breaking and John Dee

Open Culture: Prize-Winning Animation Lets You Fly Through 17th Century London

London Live: John Dee exhibit opens at Royal College of Physicians

Niche: Clearing the Plains and Clearing the Air: Environmental History and National Memory

PBS Newshour: Author explores life on the expanding autism spectrum

Youtube: Royal College of Physicians: Scholar, courtier, magician the lost library of John Dee at the Royal College of Physicians

Youtube: Royal College of Physicians: A constellation for John Dee by Jeremy Millar, 2016

Rune Soup: John Dee: Scholar, Courtier, Magician

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: Science Stories: The Meteorite and the Hidden Hoax

BBC Radio 4: An Eye for Pattern: The Letters of Dorothy Hodgkin

PODCASTS:

Ben Franklin’s World: Bonus: Why Historians Study History

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Society for the Social History of Medicine: Upcoming History of Medicine Events

University of Leeds: Workshop on Interwar Telecommunications History 29 January 2016

UCL: ERC Project Calendars in Antiquity and the Middle Ages Workshop 7: Al-Biruni and his world 15 February 2016

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Dinosaurs in Berlin. Perspectives on the Berliner Brachiosaurus brancai, 1906˗2015 10–11 March 2016

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: CfP: Working on Things: On the Social, Political, and Economic History of Collected Objects 21–22 November 2016

University of Bristol: CfP: Philosophy of Biology in UK: 8–9 June 2016

Conference Centre Kaap Doorn, near to Utrecht: Philosophy of Science in a Forest 19–21 May 2016

Marsh’s Library: CfP: Newspapers and Periodicals in Britain & Ireland, 1641–1800

Notches: CfP: Histories of Sexuality in Antiquity

British Society for the History of Mathematics: Research in Progress 2016 Queen’s College Oxford 27 February

British Society for the History of Mathematics: History of Mathematics in Education: An Anglo-Danish collaboration Bath Spa University 21–24 August 2016

British Society for the History of Mathematics: Mathematics in the Enlightenment Rewley House Oxford 25 June 2016

British Society for the History of Mathematics: Celebrating the History of Women in Mathematics at Manchester: Manchester University 9 March 2016

University of Cumbria: CfP: The World of Outdoors 24 June 2016

Society for Renaissance Studies: Book Prize

Birkbeck University of London: ‘Fluid Physicalities’ speaker programme 2016

European Society for Astronomy in Culture (SEAC): 24th SEAC Conference Bath 12–16 September 2016

The Royal Society: Call for Nominations: Wilkins-Bernal-Medawar Prize

University of Nottingham: CfP: Medieval Midlands Postgraduate Conference 13 April 2016

New York University: Conference: Experimental Philosophy Through History 20 February 2016

University of Kent: CfP: Society for the Social History of Medicine Conference 2016
Medicine in its Place: Situating Medicine in Historical Contexts 7–10 July 2016

LOOKING FOR WORK:

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin: Postdoctoral Fellowship

University of Westminster: Professor of Modern History of Science and Innovation

University of Glasgow: The Leverhulme Trust: Collections Scholarships

Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin: Post-Doc Fellow, Archaeology Collection Research

CHoM News: 2016-2017 Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine Fellowship: Application Period Open

University of London: Alan Pearsall Postdoctoral Fellowship in Naval and Maritime History

Wellcome Library: Wikimedian in Residence at the Wellcome Library

Museum of Health Care: Margaret Angus Research Fellowship

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #27

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #27

Monday 18 January 2016

EDITORIAL:

Despite sub-zero temperatures and Twitter disturbances Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM link list is here once again bring you all of the histories of science, medicine and technology that we could find for your delectation in cyberspace over the last seven days.

Two famous repositories of information, The British Museum and Wikipedia share a birthday although the former is considerably older than the latter. All branches of knowledge require such repositories if they are to function properly and the history of encyclopaedias, libraries and museums is an important part of the histories of science, medicine and technology.

In his concepts of a third world of human knowledge Karl Popper asks his readers to imagine a world devastated by some form of disaster then poses the question, which society would recover fastest one in which all libraries and books had been lost or one in which this repositories of human knowledge had survived and were accessible to the recovering society. The answer should be obvious.

A free online encyclopaedia such as Wikipedia and public libraries and museums are immeasurably valuable resources for everybody that we often take for granted but without them life would be much poorer and often much more difficult.

Whewell’s Gazette a small repository of knowledge says support your local repositories wherever they are, you never know when you might need them.

Wikipedia shares its birthday with British Museum. How apt. – Andy Mabbett (@pigsonthe wing)

The British Museum Opened 15 January 1759

Montague House site of the original British Museum Source: Wikimedia Commons

Montague House site of the original British Museum
Source: Wikimedia Commons

History Today: The British Museum Opened January 15th, 1759

Wikipedia was born 15 January 2000

Wikipedia logo Source: Wikipedia

Wikipedia logo
Source: Wikipedia

The Guardian: Wikipedia’s strength is in collaboration – as we’ve proved over 15 years

ars technica: On Wikipedia’s 15th Birthday, Ars shares the entries that most fascinate us

Yovisto: All the World’s Knowledge – Wikipedia

Wikipedia 15

Quotes of the week:

 “There’s a special place in Hull reserved for the inventor of autocorrect.” h/t @Amanda_Vickery

“In arboretum, trees are domesticated, or at least tame, but in adjacent meadow same trees are feral as escapee seeds from arboretum”. – Dolly Jørgensen (@DollyJørgensen)

“Many bizarre grammar “rules” stem from 18th-19th century grammarians trying to force English to be more like Latin. Ludicrously”. – Justine Larbalestier (@JustineLavaworm)

“Keep reading abt our ancestors “having sex with Neanderthals” = genetic inheritance. Um. Perhaps “our ancestors *included* Neanderthals”?” – Rebekah Higgitt (@beckyfh)

CYZ20GCUwAANJQo

“None of the great discoveries in physics in he 20th C has contributed anything to an understanding of the living world”– Ernst Mayr h/t @philipcball

“Early on, I was taught that coding is the art of introducing bugs into an initially bug-free environment…” – @arclight

“That is, I believe, a fine task for historians: to be a danger to national myths.” – Eric Hobsbawm. h/t @SocialHistoryOx

Tribute to lab research mice-A monument portraying a labmouse knitting a DNAhelix was unveiled in Novosibirsk Russia

Tribute to lab research mice-A monument portraying a labmouse knitting a DNAhelix was unveiled in Novosibirsk Russia

Birthdays of the Week:

Albert Hofmann born 11 January 1906

Albert Hofmann Photo Hofmann.org

Albert Hofmann
Photo Hofmann.org

 

The Vaults of Erowid: Albert Hofmann

Benjamin Franklin born 17 January 1706:

Benjamin Franklin Drawing Electricity from the Sky c. 1816 at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, by Benjamin West

Benjamin Franklin Drawing Electricity from the Sky c. 1816 at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, by Benjamin West

Benjamin Franklin In His Own Words

Discovery of the Week:

11 January 1787 William Herschel discovered Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus

A montage of Uranus’s moons. Image credit: NASA

A montage of Uranus’s moons. Image credit: NASA

Universe Today: Uranus’ Moon Titania

Universe Today: Uranus’ Moon Oberon

Royal Museums Greenwich: The Herschel Family and the Royal Observatory

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Yovisto: Carl David Anderson and the Positron

AHF: Isidor I. Rabi

The New Yorker: A Hydrogen Bomb by Any Other Name

malinc.se: Heliocentrism and Geocentrism

tumblr_o0k7mkhNSN1uk13a5o1_500

Universe Today: What is the Geocentric Model of the Universe?

AHF: In Memoriam: George Mahfouz

Forbes: The Surprisingly Old Physics of Wireless Charging

Yovisto: Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov ­ Father of the Soviet Atom Bomb

Sky & Telescope: Solar System Featured on New U.S. Stamps

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Newton Stapleton’s Interview

arXiv.org: Lomonosov’s Discovery of Venus Atmosphere in 1761: English Translation of Original Publication with Commentaries (pdf)

AHF: J. Robert Oppenheimer

Yovisto: Joseph Jackson Lister and the Microscope

Joseph Jackson Lister Source: Wikimedia Commons

Joseph Jackson Lister
Source: Wikimedia Commons

 

Skulls in the Stars: 1801: Fraunhofer gets research funding in the worst possible way

Yovisto: Edward Teller and Stanley Kubrick’s Dr. Strangelove

NASA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory: NASA’s Stardust Sample Return was 10 Years Ago Today

Royal Astronomical Society: 100 years and counting: women in the RAS go from strength to strength

Annie Scott Dill Russell (later Annie Maunder), the solar physicist proposed for RAS Fellowship in 1892, who was finally admitted in 1916. Credit: Courtesy of Dorrie Giles.

Annie Scott Dill Russell (later Annie Maunder), the solar physicist proposed for RAS Fellowship in 1892, who was finally admitted in 1916. Credit: Courtesy of Dorrie Giles.

RAS: Women and the RAS: 100 years of Fellowship

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Royal Museums Greenwich: Conserving copper-green degradation on maps

The Guardian: Polar explorer Ernest Shackleton may have had a hole in his heart, doctors say

Atlas Obscura: 19th-Centuy Atlases Included Hundreds of Fake Islands

An 18th century British map with some made-up islands in Lake Superior Source: Wikimedia Commons

An 18th century British map with some made-up islands in Lake Superior
Source: Wikimedia Commons

British Library: Untold Lives blog: Mud Hovels, Mean Houses and Natural Philosophy

Yovisto: Matthew Fountaine Maury and the Oceanography

Hyperallergenic: Before Google earth: A Rare Cartographic Compendium From Renaissance Europe

The Washington Post: How a karma-seeking Redditor uncovered one of the world’s rarest atlases

The National Library of Norway / Nikolaj Blegvad.

The National Library of Norway / Nikolaj Blegvad.

npr: Norway’s National Library Discovers Rare Atlas – With a Little Help From Reddit

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Thomas Morris: Killed by a cough

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow: Auroscope invented by John Brunton

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh: Daniel Carrion’s experiment: the use of self-infection in the advance of medicine

Center for the History of Medicine: On View: Bone box with appendicular bones

Thomas Morris: A medical old wives’ tale

JHI Blog: Wilhelm Reich: A Disappointed Utopian

Atlas Obscura: ‘Mind-Blowing’ Archaeological Find: Wooden Prosthetic for a Medieval Foot

An iron ring, likely used to stabilize a wooden prosthesis, was found in situ. (All Photos: Courtesy Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut (Austrian Archaeological Institute))

An iron ring, likely used to stabilize a wooden prosthesis, was found in situ. (All Photos: Courtesy Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut (Austrian Archaeological Institute))

Live Science: Prosthetic Leg with Hoofed Foot Discovered in Ancient Chinese Tomb

Medievalists.net: A History of Tonsillectomy: Two Millenia of Trauma, Hemorrhage and Controversy

Concocting History: Seeing with new eyes

Surgeon’s Hall Museum: Carcinoma

Public Domain Review: Anatomical Illustrations from 15th-century England

Holy Kaw!: 17th Century Medical Pop-Up Book

Phys.org: A medical pop-up book from the 17th century

Columbia librarians preparing the medical pop-up book for digitization. Credit: Columbia University Medical Center

Columbia librarians preparing the medical pop-up book for digitization. Credit: Columbia University Medical Center

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh: Gymnastics and acrobatics as medical therapeutics

Thomas Morris: The woman who turned to soap

The Atlantic: The First Artificial Insemination Was an Ethical Nightmare

hatfield historical society: In-Flew-Enza: The Deadly Pandemic Strikes Hatfield

The Quack Doctor: The Amateur Anatomist and the Amputated Finger

Hyperallergic: Unraveling the Gendered History of Hypnotism

Advances in the History of Psychology: “Scientometric Trend Analysis of Publications on the History of Psychology”

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: The Finger Alphabet

Finger alphabet illustrations from The Invited Alphabet by R.R. published in 1809

Finger alphabet illustrations from The Invited Alphabet by R.R. published in 1809

NYAM: At the Crossroads of Art and Medicine

Thomas Morris: Putting a patient to sleep (without anaesthetic)

Contagions: Human Parasites of the Roman Empire

Thomas Morris: Dear oh dear

Strange Remains: A 13th Century Guide to Forensic Anthropology

Old Book Illustration: Doctor on His Way to Visit His Patient

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: William Hedley and his Puffing Billy

Engineering Timelines: Louis Gustave Mouchel

Conciatore: Alchemical Glassware of 1600

Conciatore: Enamel

Conciatore: Neri’s Aleppo Connection

The Inland Waterways Association: The Father of English Canals – James Brindley

Photo: Packet House, Bridgwater Canal - Christine Smith

Photo: Packet House, Bridgwater Canal – Christine Smith

Innovating in Combat: Signalling at the Battle of Passchendaele, July to November

BBC News: The 19th Century plug that’s still being used

Smithsonian.com: How the Phonograph Changed Music Forever

UW–Milwaukee Special Collections: Typography Tuesday

Smithsonian.com: Radio Activity: The 100th Anniversary of Public Broadcasting

 

Confusions and Connections: Top computing experts join The National Museum of Computing

The British Newspaper Archive: Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone to Queen Victoria in 1878 – “I’m on the throne!”

Atlas Obscura: The American Textile Industry was Woven from Espionage

A spinning frame at Slater Mill. (Photo: Bestbudbrian/WikiCommons CC BY-SA 3.0)

A spinning frame at Slater Mill. (Photo: Bestbudbrian/WikiCommons CC BY-SA 3.0)

The Public Domain Review: Auto Polo (ca. 1911)

Library of Congress: In the Muse: Performing Arts Blog: Unboxing the Buchla Model 100

Open Culture: Rick Wakeman Tells the Story of the Mellotron. The Oddball Proto-Synthesizer Pioneered by the Beatles

The Atlantic: The Travelling Salesmen of the Nuclear-Industrial Complex

Ptak Science Books: Smokestacks and Breweries – Germany, 1930

 

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Yovisto: Nicolas Steno and the Principles of Modern Geology

Atlas Obscura: This 19th-Century Map Shows That Beaver Dams are Built to Last

The Friends of Charles Darwin: 11-Jan-1844: Darwin confesses murder!

Geschichte der Geologie: Carl von Linné und sein schwieriges Verhältnis zu Fossilien

Science Line: A new perspective on old specimens

British Museum: Hans Sloane’s specimen tray

Ptak Science Books: An Odd & Architecturally Symphonic Structure Dedicated to Bats, Malaria, & Guano (1916)

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Todayinsci: Carolus Linnaeus

Five Thirty Eight Science: The Biggest Dinosaur in History May Never Have Existed

The Recipes Project: Hans Sloane: Eighteenth-Century Mixologist

Yovisto: Wilhelm Weinberg and the Genetic Equilibrium

Embryo Project: Ross Granville Harrison (1870–1959)

The Friends of Charles Darwin: 13-Jan-1833: The day HMS Beagle nearly sank

The Guardian: The Danish Girl and the sexologist: a story of sexual pioneers

Notches: Through the Eyes of the Establishment: Student Sexuality and the Dean of Women’s Office at Purdue University

The Recipes Project: Healing Words: Quintus Serenus’ Pharmacological Poem

This View of Life: Social Darwinism, A Case of Designed Ventriloquism

Yovisto: Lewis Terman and the Intelligence Quotient

Smithsonian.com: Life and Rocks May Have Co-Evolved on Earth

European City of Science Manchester 2016: The Peppered Moth Story

© Olei Leillinger

© Olei Leillinger

The New India Express: Wallace: Darwin’s Rival and Admirer

The Dispersal of Darwin: Article: The Impact of Lamarck’s Theory of Evolution Before Darwin’s Theory

Forbes: How the Dissection of a Shark’s Head Revealed the True Nature of Fossils

Wild Reekie: Become a Local Environmental Historian

Ptak Science Books: The Display of Quantitative Data – a Pretty but Wanting Example, British Weather

CHEMISTRY:

homunculus: The place of the periodic table

Yovisto: Jan Baptiste Helmont and the Gases

Jan Baptiste Helmont

Jan Baptiste Helmont

Chemical Heritage Magazine: A Strange and Formidable Weapon

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

homunculus: The myth of the Enlightenment (again)

Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science: Communiqué No. 92 Winter 2016 (see interview with Jai Virdi-Dhesi pp. 9–12)

DW Made for Minds: Bavaria returns stolen books worth millions to Naples

The Recipes Project: First Monday Library Chat: The Bowdoin College Library

Collectors Weekly: Physica Sacra

Public Domain Review: NYPL Release 187k Public Domain Images in Hi-Res

storify: BSHS Postgraduate Conference 2016

Early Modern Experimental Philosophy: Voltaire: Experimental Philosopher

François-Marie Arouet (1694–1778), known as Voltaire

François-Marie Arouet (1694–1778), known as Voltaire

Registrar Trek: The Next Generation: How NOT to number objects

BHL: Download How To

Society for the History of Natural History: Professor Jim Secord – awarded SHNH Founders’ Medal

The #EnvHist Weekly

Brill Online: Early Science and Medicine: Volume 20, Early Modern Colour Worlds, 2015 Contents

homunculus: More on the beauty question

Lady Science: No. 16: Gender and Forensic Science on Television

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Founders of Science?

Jonathan Saha: The Health of the History of Medicine in Southeast Asia

The Guardian: We need to talk about TED

ESOTERIC:

Atlas Obscura: The History and Uses of Magical Mandrake, According to Modern Witches

A woodcut of two mandrake plants. (Photo: Wellcome Images, London/CC BY 4.0)

A woodcut of two mandrake plants. (Photo: Wellcome Images, London/CC BY 4.0)

 

BOOK REVIEWS:

Inside Higher Ed: Physics Envy

Notches: “Arresting Dress”: A Student Interview with Clare Sears

The Chronicle of Higher Education: Vial and Error

Science Museum: What to think about machines that think

University of Hartford: Associate Professor Michael Robinson’s New Book Explores Cultural Bias Among Explorers

51-DsC+IJEL._SX330_BO1,204,203,200_

Geographical: The Mountain

Science League of America: Bitten by the Insect Bug

The Guardian: Menagerie by Caroline Grigson – a lively history of strange animals and stranger people

Watershed Moments: Thoughts from the Hydrosphere: The Invention of Nature: Serendipity, Early Scientists, and Modern Ideas

Nature: Entomology: A life of insects and ire

History News Network: Women Who Advanced Science and Changed History: An interview with Rachel Swaby

Prospect: Where medieval magicians experimental scientists?

Ricochet: Saturday Night Science: The Hunt for Vulcan

Star Tribune: The Stargazer’s Sister by Carrie Brown

Worlds Revealed: Geography and Maps at the Library of Congress: American Geography and Geographers: Towards Geographic Science

NEW BOOKS:

Manchester University Press: The Senses in Early Modern England, 1558–1660

The Dispersal of Darwin: The Last Volcano: A Man, a Romance, and the Quest to Understand Nature’s Most Magnificent Fury

9781605989211

The Dispersal of Darwin: A Brief History of Creation: Science and the Search for the Origin of Life

Brill: Virtuoso by Nature: The Scientific Worlds of Francis Willughby FRS (1635–1672)

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Advances in the History of Psychology: Mar. 12th Pop-Up Museum Explores Contributions of Women of Colour in Psych

The Telegraph: The best art exhibitions of 2016 (some #histSTM connections!)

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

British Museum: The Asahi Shimbun Displays: Scanning Sobek: mummy of the crocodile god Room 3 10 December 2015–21 February 2016

Horniman Museum & Gardens: London’s Urban Jungle Run until 21 February 2016

Dulwich Picture Gallery: The Amazing World of M.C. Escher

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar, courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January–29 July 2016

Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

The Spectator: John Dee though he could talk to angels using medieval computer technology

History Extra: In pictures: John Dee, the ‘Elizabethan 007’

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January29–July 2016

The Guardian: John Dee painting originally had circle of human skulls, x-ray imaging reveals

John Dee performing an experiment before Elizabeth I, by Henry Gillard Glindoni. Photograph: Wellcome Library

John Dee performing an experiment before Elizabeth I, by Henry Gillard Glindoni. Photograph: Wellcome Library

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Closing Soon: Museum of the History of Science: Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War Runs until 31 January 2016

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The Art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd Runs till 6 February 2016

Closing Soon: Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Handwritten in Stone: How William Smith and his maps changed geology Runs to 31 January 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Royal Geographical Society: The Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015 – 28 February 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

The Denver Post: “Vera Rubin” performance a collaboration of the BETC and Fiske Planetarium

Benjamin, Director of Education, runs the visuals during a rehearsal for Vera Rubin: Bringing the Dark to Light at Fiske Planetarium in Boulder, Colorado January 13, 2015. Boulder Daily Camera/ Mark Leffingwell

Benjamin, Director of Education, runs the visuals during a rehearsal for Vera Rubin: Bringing the Dark to Light at Fiske Planetarium in Boulder, Colorado January 13, 2015. Boulder Daily Camera/ Mark Leffingwell

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

The Cockpit – Theatre of Ideas: Jekyll and Hyde 13 January–6 February 2016

The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

New Diorama Theatre: Reptember Reloaded 10 January–1 February 2016

EVENTS:

City Arts and Lectures: Steve Silberman: The Untold History of Autism 28 March 2016 Live on Public Radio

Cardiff University: Lecture: Framing the Face: A History of Facial Hair, 1700–1900 20 January 2016

University of York: Lecture: Not Everyone Can Be A Gandhi: The Global Indian Medical Diaspora in the post-WWII Era 3 March 2016

NCSE: Darwin Day Approaches

University of Leeds Museum of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine: Lecture: Object 1. Horse and Rider 26 January 2016

London PUS Seminar: Celebrity Science – How Does Ancient DNA Research Inform Science Communication? 27 January 2016

Descartes event

University of Kent: Trial by water, or, seafarers’ perspectives on the quest for longitude, 1700–1830 27 January 2016

UWTSD London Campus: The Study Day: Introduction to Egyptian Astronomy 6 February 2016

Dittrick Museum Blog: Conversations: Edge of Disaster – Vaccines and Epidemics 21 January 2016

UCL: Lecture: Henry Nicholls: The Galapagos. A Natural History 27 January 2016

The Washington Post: These are the most exciting museum happenings in 2016

Gresham College: Lecture: Babbage and Lovelace 19 January 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Symposium: Death and the Afterlife 22 January 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century 18 February 2016

Shackelton Event

EconoTimes: Historymiami Museum to Host Largest Map Fair in the Western Hemisphere for 23rd Year 5–7 February 2016

Dittrick Museum: Book Signing, Death’s Summer Coat 20 January 2016

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

Chelsea Physic Garden: Round Table Discussion: Dark brilliance: Agatha Christie, poisonous plants and murder mysteries 2 February 2016

Science Museum: Symposium: Revealing the Cosmonaut 5 February 2016

British Library: Medieval manuscripts blog: Postgraduate Open Day on our Pre-1600 Collections 1 February 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Leeuwenhoek with His Microscope by Ernest Board (c) Wellcome Library; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

Leeuwenhoek with His Microscope by Ernest Board
(c) Wellcome Library; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Vimeo: Seeing the Invisible

Youtube: Houghton Library: Starry Messengers

Youtube: Project Diana 70th Anniversary Special Event | Moonbounce | EME

Two Nerdy History Girls: Horse-Drawn Carriages in Motion

Ri Channel: How to survive in space

Youtube: Mathematics vs astronomy in early medieval Ireland

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

Soundcloud: Sci Fri: These Outmoded Scientific Instruments Are Also Things of Beauty

Science for the People: Science in Wonderland

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Hagley Museum & Library, Wilmington, Deleware: 2016 Annual Conference – Oral History and Technology 14–15 April 2016

Pulse: CfP: Graduate Journal in History, Philosophy, Sociology of Science

University of Cambridge: Workshop: Defining Effective Digital History Mentorship 15 March 2016

Graz, Austria: STS Conference: CfP: The Role of Webvideos in Science and Research Communication

Bodleian Library: Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine Library: Science, Medicine, and Culture Seminar Programme, Hilary

Wellcome Library: History of Pre-Modern Medicine seminar series, Spring 2016

Science Museum: Research Seminar Series

University of Exeter: CfP: Postgraduate Medical Humanities Conference 28–29 July 2016

Amsterdam: CfP: Anton Pannekoek (1873–1960): Ways of Viewing Science and Society 9–10 June 2016

SIGCIS: Computer History Museum Prize: Call for Submissions 2016

University of Chicago: CfP: American Association for the History of Nursing 33rd Annual Conference

Samford University, Birmingham, Alabama: CfP: 2016 Meeting of the Southern Forum on Agricultural, Rural, and Environmental History (SFAFE) 15-16 April 2016

Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland: CfP: Borders and Crossings: International and Multidisciplinary Conferences on Travel Writing

Royal Geographical Society: CfP: Annual International Conference 30 August–2 September 2016

Vrije University Brussel, Belgium: CfP: Feeding on the nectar of the gods: Appropriations of Isaac Newton’s thought ca. 1700–1750

University of Barcelona: CfP: Joint ESHHS & Cheiron Meeting 27 June–1 July 2016

Science, Technology, the Environment, Engineering, and Medicine” (STEEM): CfP: “Science, Technology, the Environment, Engineering, and Medicine” (Russia’s Great War & Revolution, 1914-1922)

University of Amsterdam and Utrecht University: CfP: XVII UNIVERSEUM NETWORK MEETING Connecting Collections 9-11 June 2016

University of Leeds: HPS Seminar Series 2016

University of Bristol: Literature & Medicine Seminars

Notches: CfP: The History of Venereal Disease

H-Sci-Med-Tech: Call for submissions for Computer History Museum Prize

LOOKING FOR WORK:

MHS Oxford: Part-Time Exhibition Curator – ‘Back From the Dead’

University of Glasgow: The Leverhulme Trust: Collections Scholarships

MHS Oxford: Project Assistant (2 posts) – Move Project

The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin, Department II (Lorraine Daston): Postdoctoral Fellowship

ChoM News: 2016-2017 Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine Fellowship: Application Period Open

University of Kent: Research Associate: The Abortion Act: a Biography

UCL: CELL: Research Assistant

University of Groningen: Tenure track position in the philosophy, sociology and history of science applied to psychology Deadline 27 January 2016

BSHS: Outreach and Education Committee Grants: Undergraduate Dissertation Archive Grants 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #26

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #26

Monday 11 January 2016

EDITORIAL:

 Moving on into 2016 it’s time once again for Whewell’s Gazette your weekly #histSTM links list bringing all of the histories of science, technology and medicine that we could find in the infinite depths of cyberspace.

Science Show

This is the twenty-sixth edition of the second year of Whewell’s Gazette meaning the year is half full or half empty depending on your point of view. We view ourselves as part of the on going infinite science show.

Science Show 2

Quotes of the week:

“I would like 2016 to be the year in which people stop asserting that there is “a method” of science”. – Oliver Usher (@ojusher)

“Science is indeed merely a method of investigation. But it is the best one for answering many important questions”. – Christopher Chabris (@cfchabris)

“Repeat after me: pharma being shit does not mean magic beans cure cancer.” – Ben Goldacre (@bengoldacre)

“Man is a genius when he is dreaming”. — Akira Kurosawa h/t @berfois

“It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop”. – Confucius

“Plato is my friend—Aristotle is my friend—but my greatest friend is truth.” – Isaac Newton h/t @wordnik

“Someone who wants to learn logic from language is like an adult who wants to learn how to think from a child.”— Frege h/t @GuyLongworth

“On this day in 1961, Erwin Schrödinger may or may not have died. We’ll only know if we open his coffin and collapse the wave function”. – John J. McKay (@archymck)

“History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.” – Karl Marx h/t @ferwen

“…it really pisses me off when people say “medieval” = synonym for crude, uncivilised, primitive. Use your eyes, people”. – Caroline Shenton (@dustshoveller)

“As Twitter awoke one morning from uneasy dreams, it found itself transformed into a gigantic Facebook”. – Elena Epaneshnik (@ElenaEpaneshnik)

“Alexander Pope thought that bad writing was a ‘morbid secretion from the brain’ … he might be right – at least on some writing days”. Andrea Wulf (@Andrea_Wulf)

“Historians don’t have the luxury to decide certain people out of existence.” – Paul Halliday h/t @jotis

“I don’t believe in the Malaria theory and doubt very much if there is any such thing a Malaria” – Henderson 1872 h/t @KewDC

“Hear hear. Philosophy of science has traditionally been too dominated by physicists”. – Philip Ball (@philipcball)

“Though better known for his work on philosophy, Karl Popper also pioneered the recreational use of Amyl Nitrate TrueFacts – Peter Coles (@telescoper)

“Synonym has no synonym. Anagram has no anagram. Onomatopoeia doesn’t sound like what it means. But portmanteau is a portmanteau. Phew”. – @WardQNormal

“The most important thing a University has to teach you is that no matter how much you know, it’s never enough”. – Peter Coles (@telescoper)

Ne’r marry one with a wey Beard,

He is of the fumbling Crew;

Of such I’ve oft times heard,

they little or nothing can do – 1685 h/t @DrAlun

Birthday of the Week:

Alfred Russel Wallace born 8 January 1823

Alfred Russel Wallace ca. 1895 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Alfred Russel Wallace ca. 1895
Source: Wikimedia Commons

 Yovisto: Alfred Russel Wallace and the Naturel Selection

The Alfred Russel Wallace Website: Biography of Wallace

BHL: Wallace, Darwin, and Evolution: The Real Story

Death of the Week:

Ernest Shackleton died 5 January 1922

 Enduring-Eye-RGS-5

UFunk: Enduring Eye – Exploring Antarctica in 1914 through fascinating photos

Royal Museums Greenwich: Sir Ernest Shackleton

The Public Domain Review: Ernest Shackleton on his south polar expedition (1910)

Enduring-Eye-RGS-6

Demonstration of the Week:

 Leon Foucault first demonstrated the turning earth 6 January 1851

Foucault's Pendulum in the Panthéon, Paris Source: Wikimedia Commons

Foucault’s Pendulum in the Panthéon, Paris
Source: Wikimedia Commons

 David Ellyard Discoveries: Leon Foucault and The Turning Earth

Space Watchtower: 165th Anniversary: Foucault Pendulum

Discovery of the Week:

The four largest moons of Jupiter were discovered 7 January (Galileo) 8 January (Simon Marius)

 

Jupiter and the Galilean Moons Source: Wikimedia Commons

Jupiter and the Galilean Moons
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Yovisto: Jupiter and the Galilean Moons

esa: space science: 7 January

Library University of Michigan: The Galileo Manuscript

The Renaissance Mathematicus: One day later

Simon Marius

Simon Marius

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Encyclopædia Britannica: Wilhelm Beer

Science Museum: Sputnik – engineering a world first

Sputnik Source: Science Museum

Sputnik
Source: Science Museum

Voices of the Manhattan Project: James C. Hobb’s Interview

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Lee DuBridge’s Interview

CNN Style: Astronomical watches: The whole of the night sky, strapped to your wrist

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Roger Rasmussen’s Interview

Society for the History of Astronomy: SHA e-News: Volume 8, no.1, January 2016

AHF: Manhattan Project Spotlight: The Chrysler Corporation

aavso.org: Women in the History of Variable Star Astronomy (pdf)

Early photo of ‘Pickering's Harem’, as the group of women computers assembled by Harvard astronomer Edward Charles Pickering was dubbed. The group included Leavitt, Annie Jump Cannon, Williamina Fleming and Antonia Maury Source: Wikimedia Commons

Early photo of ‘Pickering’s Harem’, as the group of women computers assembled by Harvard astronomer Edward Charles Pickering was dubbed. The group included Leavitt, Annie Jump Cannon, Williamina Fleming and Antonia Maury
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Siegfried Hecker’s Interview

Astronotes: Ancient Astronomy (part 1)

AIP: Bryce DeWitt and Cecile DeWitt-Morette

AHF: Computing and the Manhattan Project

Cooper Hewitt: Book, Atlas of the Celestial Heavens, 19th Century

Project Diana: The Men Who Shot The Moon

Postcard commemorating Project Diana. Image: US Army

Postcard commemorating Project Diana. Image: US Army

Motherboard: Seventy Years Ago, We Bounced Signals Off the Moon for the First Time

The New York Review of Books: Einstein: Right or Wrong

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

dsl.richmond.edu: American Panorama: An Atlas of United States History

Yovisto: William of Rubruck and his Adventurous Journey to Karakorum

Voyage of William of Rubruck in 1253 – 1255

Voyage of William of Rubruck in 1253 – 1255

The New York Times: Harvard’s Find of a Colonial Map of New Jersey Is a Reminder of Border Wars

Atlas Obscura: Captain Cook Monument

Center for Islamic Studies: Maps and Diagram

publicdomain.nypl.org: Navigating The Green Book

Bryars & Bryars: Kerry Lee Revisited: cartographer, commercial artist, socialist

Attractions of London, for Carr’s of Carlisle

Attractions of London, for Carr’s of Carlisle

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Dr Alun Withey: Detoxing in History: the morning after the night before

History Today: Shameful Secrets: Male Sexual Health

Thomas Morris: Don’t mess with an electric eel

Atlas Obscura: Need a Chill Pill? Here’s a Recipe from the 19th Century

Vesalius Census: Warren, Vesalius and the Fine Arts

Vesalius Census: New Fabricas Found

NYAM: Counterfeiting Bodies:Examining the Work of Walther Ryff

Plate 1 of Ryff’s Des aller furtrefflichsten, hoechsten und adelichsten Gschoepffs aller Creaturen (1541).

Plate 1 of Ryff’s Des aller furtrefflichsten, hoechsten und adelichsten Gschoepffs aller Creaturen (1541).

Yovisto: Louis Braille and the Braille System

UW-Milwaukee Special Collections: The Braille World Book Encyclopedia

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh: Scots abroad: medical influences in the 18th century

Thomas Morris: Unfortunate injury of the decade

The H-Word: The junior doctor’s strike – what really new about it?

A Covent Garden Gilflurt’s Guide to Life: A Gruesome Tale of Self-Surgery

General Claude Martin by Renaldi, 1794

General Claude Martin by Renaldi, 1794

Smithsonian Libraries: Unbound: Dr G.Zander’s Medico-Mechanical Gymnastics

Yovisto: Sir Percivall Pott and his Cancer Research

Zócalo Public Square: When California Sterilized 20,000 of Its Citizens

Darin Hayton: Death in the Archive

The Last Word on Nothing: The Wonderful World of Period Patents

US5158535-1-768x523

Joihn Rylands Library Special Collections Blog: History of Midwifery

Thomas Morris: The seven-foot tumour

Thomas Morris: Wine, the great healer

Smithsonian.com: Dr. Gustav Sander’s Victorian-Era Exercise Machines Makes the Bowflex Look Like Child’s Play

Thomas Morris: Dead or alive at will

binet.hypothesis.org: James McKeen Cattell

Gizmodo: Columbia Just Digitalized a Bestselling Anatomy Flipbook From the 1610s

TECHNOLOGY:

Conciatore: Thomas Hobbes on Glass

Conciatore: Torricelli and Glass

The Conversation: Mathematical Winters: Ada Lovelace 200 years on

George Boole 200: Timeline of Life Events

The New York Times: Untangling an Accounting Tool and an Ancient Incan Mystery

Patricia Landa, an archaeological conservator, painstakingly cleans and untangles the khipus at her house in Lima. Credit William Neuman/The New York Times

Patricia Landa, an archaeological conservator, painstakingly cleans and untangles the khipus at her house in Lima. Credit William Neuman/The New York Times

CHF: Up, Up and Away: The day a lead balloon flew

BBC: How Germany’s love of silence led to the first earplug

Yovisto: James Watt and the Steam Age Revolution

Academia: Hertha Marks Ayrton: An electric woman (pdf)

The Public Domain Review: Arabic Machine Manuscript

Yovisto: Ulman Stromer and the First Paper Mill North of the Alps

The Renaissance Mathematicus: How papermaking crossed the Alps

Ulman Stromer’s Paper-mill. (From Schedel’s Buch der Chroniken of 1493.)

Ulman Stromer’s Paper-mill. (From Schedel’s Buch der Chroniken of 1493.)

Distillations Blog: Schematic Wiring Diagram of the Basic Integrating Circuit

Open Culture: Meet the “Telharmonium,” the First Synthesizer (and Predecessor to Muzak), Invented in 1897

Hyperallergenic: An Arrow-Shooting Goddess from a Time When Clocks Were Entertainment

quiteirregular: “the use of the post-office is in her own hands” –Anthony Trollope, Pillar Boxes, and Love Letters

Royal Museums Greenwich: A colourful history of the Queen’s House

 

Two Nerdy History Girls: Hackney Cab vs. Hackney Coach

Sotherby’s: A Medieval Revolving Bookmark, manuscript on vellum

Ptak Science Books: Dialing Remote Live Music – a Trip into the Future, 1892

History ASM: Why is the Flying Scotsman so Famous?

Yovisto: Jean-Pierre Blanchard crossed the English Channel in a Balloon

Smithsonian Air & Space: Across the Channel by Balloon

Crossing of the English Channel  by Blanchard and Jeffries

Crossing of the English Channel
by Blanchard and Jeffries

Open Culture: The Fascinating Story of How Delia Derbyshire Created the Original Doctor Who Theme

My medieval foundry: Making medieval bells – part 1 (A never ending series)

Yovisto: Joseph Weizenbaum and his famous Eliza

Icons of Progress: The Punched Card Tabulator

Computer History Museum: Making Sense of the Census: Hollerith’s Punched Card Solution

Two Nerdy History Girls: An 18thc Automaton Watch

The New Yorker: Through the Looking Glass

Medievalists.net: The Early Medieval Cutting Edge of Technology

Heroes of History: Margaret Hamilton – One Giant Leap for Womankind

The Atlantic: The Gift of the Daguerreotype

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

National Geographic: The Time 19th Century Paleontologists Punched it Out

Science: Solving the mystery of dog domestication

Niche: The Otter-La Loutre: Top Five Articles of 2015

Notches: Truly Ugandan: Martyrs, Pope Francis, and the Question of Sexuality

RCPI Heritage Centre Blog: Meteorology, Medicine and Moore

John William Moore in 1887 (VM/1/2/M/19)

John William Moore in 1887 (VM/1/2/M/19)

AMNH: Trilobites and Horseshoe Crabs

Yovisto: Alfred Wegener and the Continental Drift

flickr: BHL: British beetles

Medievalists.net: The Kraken: when myth encounters science

Science League of America: Whence Hopeful Monsters?

Yovisto: Johan Christian Fabricius and his Classification System for Insects

npr: In ‘Heirloom Harvest,’ Old-School Portraits of Vegetable Treasures

Chemistry World: How the leopard got its spots

Data is nature: Thomas Sopwith’s Stratigraphic Models

04 Sopwith Model VII The surface denudation of mineral veins 1841

04 Sopwith Model VII The surface denudation of mineral veins 1841

Tripping from the Fall Line: On the origin of natural history: Steno’s modern, but forgotten philosophy of science

PhilSci Archive: The parallactic recognition of an evolutionary paradox (pdf)

Distillations Blog: Carl Akeley’s Striped Hyenas

Library of Congress: Charting the Gulf Stream

Atlas Obscura: The Exquisite 19th-Century Infographics That Explained the History of the Natural World

TrowelBlazers: Gertrude Caton Thompson

CHEMISTRY:

CHF: The Catalyst Series: Women in Chemistry: Stephanie Kwolek

Photograph of Stephanie Kwolek, taken at Spinning Elements, Chemical Heritage Foundation

Photograph of Stephanie Kwolek, taken at Spinning Elements, Chemical Heritage Foundation

Distillations Blog: The Chemistry of One Coat

Chemistry World: D’Alelio’s resins

The Conversation: The search for new elements on the periodic table started with a blast

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Daily Nous: Philosophers, Physicists, Others Win €2.5m to Study the Large Hadron Collider

The New York Society Library: New York Needs a History of Reading

The Recipes Project: Translating Recipes 13: recipes in Time and Space Part 2 – Between 2

The Recipes Project: Translating Recipes 13: recipes in Time and Space Part 8 – Between 3

Cambridge Journals Online: Medical History: Volume 60 Issue 1 Table of Contents

American Historical Association: Perspectives on History: Everything Has a History

Flat Hill: Other Humanities Subjects Lost Majors Too, but History Lost More

Faculty of Life Sciences UoM: Tuesday Feature episode 32: Liz Toon

Engineering and Technology History Wiki: Potential Historical Speakers

AEON: Epic Fails: Great theories can spend decades waiting for verification. Failed theories do too. Is there any way to tell them apart?

The Guardian: The problem with science journalism: we’ve forgotten that reality matters most

Conciatore: Michel Montaigne

Science Museum Group Journal: The Cosmonauts challenge

Cover of the associated publication Cosmonauts: birth of space age exhibition, Scala, 2014

Cover of the associated publication Cosmonauts: birth of space age exhibition, Scala, 2014

The New York Times: New York Public Library Invites a Deep Digital Dive

William White Papers: Journal of Inebriety

The Atlantic: A Brief History of Noise: From the big bang to cellphones

John Stewart: Converting Student’s History Essays into Wikipedia Articles

PLOS: one: Text Mining the History of Medicine

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: Working Group: Working with Paper: Gender Practices in the History of Knowledge

BHL: BHL Receives 2015 Digitizing Hidden Special Collections and Archives Award for Field Notes Project

Darin Hayton: Isaac Newton Scientific Revolution Essay

The #EnvHist Weekly

The British Museum: Faith after the pharaohs: Egyptian papyri conservation

William Corbett’s Bookshop: browse the shelves of a seventeenth-century bookshop

University of Exeter: Hidden Florence revealed through new history tour App

ESOTERIC:

Alchemy Website: A modern alchemy hoax exposed

Ptak Science Books: Can You Find the Ancient Death Ray of Death? Symbolism in the Garden of Mathematical Sciences (ca. 1670)

Image: Metropolitan Museum of Art

Image: Metropolitan Museum of Art

Slate: A Short History of Martians

Atlas Obscura: Ritualistic Cat Torture Was Once a Form of Town Fun

distillatio: Sometimes I think people don’t know what Alchemy is, or else they don’t explain why they think there is alchemy in what they see

BOOK REVIEWS:

Andrea Wolf: The Invention of Nature: Winner of Costa Biography Award 2015

Some Beans: A History of the 20th Century in 100 Maps by Tim Bryars and Tom Harper

Notches: Out of the Union: An Interview with Miriam Frank

New Statesman: Magical thinking: the history of science, sorcery and the spiritual

41LhpjSf6JL._SX311_BO1,204,203,200_

Science Book a Day: Stiffs, Skulls & Skeletons: Medical Photography and Symbolism

Science Book a Day: Untamed: The Wild Life of Jane Goodall

NEW BOOKS:

Liverpool University Press: Manchester: Making a Modern City (incl. James B Sumner on #histSTM)

Boydell & Brewer: Aphrodisiacs, Fertility and Medicine in Early Modern England

Bloomsbury Publishing: British Nuclear Culture

9781441141330

NCSE: Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction, 2nd Edition

UCLA Newsroom: Philosopher Brian Copenhaver publishes two scholarly books on magic

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Horniman Museum & Gardens: London’s Urban Jungle Run until 21 February 2016

History Extra: In pictures: John Dee, the ‘Elizabethan 007’

Dulwich Picture Gallery: The Amazing World of M.C. Escher

Wellcome Trust: Wellcome Trust windows – featuring ‘Tools of the Trade’

Somerset House: Utopia 2016: A Year of Imagination and Possibility

New York Public Library: Printmaking Women: Three Centuries of Female Printmakers, 1570–1900

New-York Historical Society: Silicon City: Computer History Made in New York 13 November 2015–17 April 2016

Royal College of Physicians: Scholar, courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee 18 January–29 July 2016

British Museum: The Asahi Shimbun Displays: Scanning Sobek: mummy of the crocodile god Room 3 10 December 2015–21 February 2016

CT scans of a mummified crocodile with mummified infant crocodiles on its back. From Kom Ombo, Egypt, 650–550 BC.

CT scans of a mummified crocodile with mummified infant crocodiles on its back. From Kom Ombo, Egypt, 650–550 BC.

The Huntarian: ‌The Kangaroo and the Moose Runs until 21 February 2016

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age

Closing Soon: Museum of the History of Science: Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War Runs until 31 January 2016

Museum of Science and Industry: Meet Baby Meet Baby Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, & Saturday

Science Museum: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Genius 10 February 2016–4 September 2016

The Mary Rose: ‘Ringing the Changes’: Mary Rose Museum to re-open in 2016 with unrestricted views of the ship

Royal Museums Greenwich: Samuel Pepys Season 20 November 2015–28 March 2016

Royal College of Surgeons: Designing Bodies 24 November 2015–20 February 2016

Natural History Museum, London: Bauer Brothers art exhibition Runs till 26 February 2017

Royal Geographical Society: Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015–28 February 2016

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Science Museum: Ada Lovelace Runs till 31 March 2016

British Library: 20th Century Maps 4 November 2016–1 March 2017

Royal Pavilion, Brighton: Exotic Creatures 14 November 2015–28 February 2016

National Maritime Museum: Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution Runs till 28 March 2016

Bethlem Museum of the Mind: The art of Bedlam: Richard Dadd Runs till 6 February 2016

Closing Soon: Oxford University Museum of Natural History: Handwritten in Stone: How William Smith and his maps changed geology Runs to 31 January 2016

National Library of Scotland: Plague! A cultural history of contagious diseases in Scotland Runs till 29 May 2016

Royal Geographical Society: The Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley 21 November 2015 – 28 February 2016

Science Museum: Churchill’s Scientists Runs till 1 March 2016

THEATRE, OPERA AND FILMS:

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Booking to 18 June 2016

The Cockpit – Theatre of Ideas: Jekyll and Hyde 13 January–6 February 2016

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The Regal Theatre: The Trials of Galileo International Tour March 2014­–December 2017

New Diorama Theatre: Reptember Reloaded 10 January–1 February 2016

EVENTS:

King’s College London: Kass Lecture on the History of Medicine: On the Efficacy of Placebos: An Historian’s Perspective 18 January 2016

Warburg Institute: Maps and Society Lectures: Experiencing Early Lunar Maps through an Eighteenth-Century Collection 14 January 2016

UWTSD London Campus: The Study Day: Introduction to Egyptian Astronomy 6 February 2016

Dittrick Museum Blog: Conversations: Edge of Disaster – Vaccines and Epidemics 21 January 2016

UCL: Lecture: Henry Nicholls: The Galapagos. A Natural History 27 January 2016

The Washington Post: These are the most exciting museum happenings in 2016

Gresham College: Lecture: Babbage and Lovelace 19 January 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Symposium: Death and the Afterlife 22 January 2016

CRASSH: Cambridge: Workshop: Orientalism and its Institutions in the Nineteenth Century 18 February 2016

EconoTimes: Historymiami Museum to Host Largest Map Fair in the Western Hemisphere for 23rd Year 5–7 February 2016

Dittrick Museum: Book Signing, Death’s Summer Coat 20 January 2016

11th Cambridge Wellcome Lecture in the History of Medicine: Michael Stolberg: Curing Diseases and Exchanging Knowledge: Sixteenth-Century Physicians and Their Female Patients 14 January 2016

Schwetzingen: Astronomie-Tagung: Von Venus-Transit zum Schwarzen Loch 19 März 2016

Chelsea Physic Garden: Round Table Discussion: Dark brilliance: Agatha Christie, poisonous plants and murder mysteries 2 February 2016

Science Museum: Symposium: Revealing the Cosmonaut 5 February 2016

British Library: Medieval manuscripts blog: Postgraduate Open Day on our Pre-1600 Collections 1 February 2016

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

Jan Brueghel the Elder repeatedly depicted telescopes: The Five Senses, 1617 – 1618, by two Flemish masters Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens.

Jan Brueghel the Elder repeatedly depicted telescopes:
The Five Senses, 1617 – 1618, by two Flemish masters Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens.

TELEVISION:

Notches: The Rejected: Homophile Activists in the Spotlight

SLIDE SHOW:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Sci Fri: Things of Beauty: Scientific Instruments of Yore

Youtube: Big Old Lenses – Objectivity #51

Youtube: Numberphile: The iPhone of Slide Rules

Youtube: Natural History of Dinosaurs

Museo Galileo: Celestial Globe

Youtube: Bob Newhart – Herman Hollerith.wmv

Youtube: Fighting Firedamp – The Lamp that Saved 1,000 Lives

RADIO:

BBC Radio 4: Science Stories: Submarine for a Stuart King

BBC Radio 4: Front Row: Includes Andrea Wulf talking about her Alexander von Humboldt biography

PODCASTS:

The Telegraph: The best history podcasts

Advances in the History of Psychology: New Books in STS Podcast: Erik Linstrum on Ruling Minds

The Linnean Society: The Video Podcasts: James Sowerby: The Enlightenment’s natural historian

New Books in East Asian Studies: Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History

University of Cambridge: CRASSH: Objects in Motion

CHF: Distillations: Episode 206: Is Space the Place? Trying to Save Humanity by Mining Asteroids

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Notches: CfP: The History of Venereal Disease Deadline 15 January 2016

Society for Renaissance Studies: CfP: Writing Reformation Lives Wolfson College Oxford 27–28 June 2016

Canadian Society for the History of Medicine: CfP: A Palpable Thrill: An Introduction to Medical Humanities McMaster University 6–7 May 2016 Deadline 15 January 2016

Bryn Mawr College: CfP: Re:Humanities ’16: Bleeding Edge to Cutting Edge national digital humanities conference of, for, and by undergraduates 31 April–1 April 2016

Bruges: CfP: SCSC Conference: Jesuit Studies 18–20 August 2016

Queen Mary University, London: CfP: The Life of Testimony/Testimony of Lives – a life writing conference 5–6 May 2016

Cornell University: Inviting Historians of Science/Med/Tech to attend a “Boot Camp” for the History of Capitalism, July 10-23 2016 Deadline 15 January 2016

Medical History Society of New Jersey: Symposium: The Eugenics Movement in New Jersey: A Cautionary Tale 2 February 2016

University of Arizona, Tucson: CfP: Magic and Magicians in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age 28 April–1 May 2016

University of St Andrews: CfP: Re//Generate Conference Materiality and the Afterlife of Things in the Middle Ages, 500–1500

MIHOS: CfP: Torricelli’s Opera Geometrica (1644)

University of Tartu: CfP: Nordic Network for Philosophy of Science: Fourth Annual Meeting

Dana Centre, Science Museum: CfP: Women Engineers in the Great War and after 23 April 2016

Annapolis: AIP Center for the History of Physics: CfP: The Third Biennial Early-Career Conference for Historians of the Physical Sciences 6–10 April 2016

ICOHTEC Congress Porto: CfP: Nuclear Fun? Banalization of Nuclear Technologies Through Displays 26–30 July 2016

University of Bucharest: An Interdisciplinary Master Class on the Nature of Principles in Western Thought 15–18 March 2016

Wellcome Library: History of Pre-Modern Medicine seminar series, Spring 2016

University of Groningen: Conference: Early Modern Women on Metaphysics, Religion and Science 21-23 March 2016

University of Strasbourg: Training Workshop: Revealing University Objects: From the Attic to the Public 23–27 May 2016

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science: CfP: From Knowledge to Profit? Scientific Institutions and the Commercialisation of Science 10–12 October 2016

Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy: Call for Submissions: Method, Science and Mathematics: Neo-Kantianism and Early Analytical Philosophy

University of Flensburg: The International History Philosophy and Science Teaching [IHPST]: 1st European Regional Conference 22-25 August 2016

University of Cardiff: BSPS Annual Conference 7–8 July 2016

University of Brussels: CfP: Appropriation of Isaac Newton’s thought ca. 1700–1750

Center for Philosophy of Science at Pittsburgh: Events

University of Birmingham: CfP: Teaching and Learning in the Middle Ages

New York University: Experimental Philosophy Through History 20 February 2016

LOOKING FOR WORK:

King’s College London: Georgian Papers Programme Fellowships

Wellcome Trust: Medical Humanities Advisor

UCL: CELL: Research Assistant

Queen Mary University London: Three Funded PhD Studentships: ‘Living With Feeling: Emotional Health in History, Philosophy, and Experience’. Deadline 31 January 2016

Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel: Research Fellowships 2017

CHF: Fellowship Applications 2016–2017 Deadline 15 January 2016

University of Liverpool: ESRC CASE Doctoral Award: Liverpool’s medical community since 1930: shaping knowledge and business networks

The Royal Society: Newton Mobility Grants

New England Regional Fellowship Consortium: Deadline 1 February 2016

New York Public Library: Head of Special Collections Cataloging

University of Strasbourg: Training Workshop: Revealing University Objects: From the Attics to the Public 23–27 May 2016

Advances in the History of Psychology: Neuro History Grants @ Osler Library

University of Leeds: Postgrad Leeds

 

 

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