Whewell’s Gazette: Vol: #36

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

James Collins

Volume #36

Monday 23 February 2015

EDITORIAL:

Whewell’s Gazette your weekly #histSTM links list comes around again for the thirty-sixth time; a packed full gateway to the best in the histories of science, technology and medicine in the Internet.

This week somebody drew our attention to a video, in the Huffington Post, of a Saudi Arabian Cleric explaining why we live in a geocentric cosmos and not a heliocentric one. Naturally our first reaction was to mock and poke fun, which we preceded to do with various friends on Twitter offering further arguments to support the our Saudi friend.

This caused us to briefly stop and take stock. The arguments bandied about, including the one used by the cleric (Ptolemaeus uses birds not planes!) can all be found in Ptolemaeus’ Syntaxis Mathematiké written in the second century CE. Moving on from there is the awareness that the history of seventeenth-century physics is acquisition of the knowledge necessary to refute those arguments. Maybe one shouldn’t be so quick to mock and instead take this video as an opportunity to teach people why it was scientifically so difficult for people in the Early Modern Period to accept the heliocentric hypothesis.

Quotes of the week:

“Books are Uniquely Portable Magic” ― Stephen King

Writing under deadline. (Courtesy of @john_overholt)

Writing under deadline. (Courtesy of @john_overholt)

Birthdays of the week:

Ernst Haeckel born 16 February 1834

Haeckel (left) with Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai, his assistant, in the Canaries, 1866

Haeckel (left) with Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai, his assistant, in the Canaries, 1866

Letters from Gondwana: Ernst Haeckel, The Scientist As An Artist

Haeckel

Video: Proteus 2004 (The Life and Work of Ernst Haeckel)

Kunstformen der Natur (1900) 100 Tafeln mit Text Ernst Haeckel

Letters from Gondwana: Haeckel and the Legacy of Early Radiolarian Taxonomists

Embryo Project: Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel

Embryo Project: Ernst Haeckel’s Biogenetic Law

Haeckel Tree

Alessandro Volta born 18 February 1745

Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta Source: Wikimedia Commons

Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Guardian: Alessandro Volta: Google lights up for inventor of the battery

Volta Google doodle

The Royal Institution: Alessandro Volta’s voltaic pile

The H-Word: Alessandro Volta. A welcome but misleading Google doodle

Science Museum: Galvani’s voltaic pile

Alessandro Volta demonstrating his battery (called the “Voltaic Pile”) to Napoleon, 1801 by Giuseppe Bertini

Alessandro Volta demonstrating his battery (called the “Voltaic Pile”) to Napoleon, 1801 by Giuseppe Bertini

 

Nicolaus Copernicus born 19 February 1473

1580 portrait (artist unknown) in the Old Town City Hall, Toruń Source: Wikimedia Commons

1580 portrait (artist unknown)
in the Old Town City Hall, Toruń
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Renaissance mathematicus: Nicky was an Ermländer

About Education: Copernicus the Geologist

The Copernicus Room in the Krakow Academy, where Copernicus studied between 1491 and 1495

The Copernicus Room in the Krakow Academy, where Copernicus studied between 1491 and 1495

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

Nature.com: In Retrospect: Book of Optics

Science 2.0: Neutrinos from an Atomic Bomb

Atomic Heritage Society: Trinity Site

National Academy of Science: Biographical Memoir of Albert Abraham Michelson 1852-1931

Lucid Thoughts: Romantic science’s electric moment: the speculative physics of Ørsted, Ampère and Faraday

Ørsted: Artist and Source unknown

Ørsted: Artist and Source unknown

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Patricia Hansard’s Interview:

Live science.com: The 11 most beautiful equations in mathematics [physics!]

Voices of the Manhattan Project: General Richard H. Groves’s Interview

Voices of the Manhattan Project: K-25 Plant

AIP: African Americans in Physics and Allied Sciences in ESVA

AHF: Maria Goeppert-Mayer

Voices of the Manhattan Project: Adrienne Lowry’s Interview

International Year of Light 2015 – Blog: Optics in Ancient China

Illustration of the reflection of light by multiple mirrors (the world’s first surveillance periscope!). Credits: Ling-An Wu, Gui-Gu Long, Quihuang Gong and Guang-Can Guo.

Illustration of the reflection of light by multiple mirrors (the world’s first surveillance periscope!). Credits: Ling-An Wu, Gui-Gu Long, Quihuang Gong and Guang-Can Guo.

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

Bodleian Libraries: Scientific analysis helps team to explore mysteries of medieval Gough Map

Gough Map Close Scanning

Gough Map Close Scanning

British Library: Maps and views blog: Intelligence Mapping of British East Africa – digitisation begins

British Library; European Studies Blog: Overwintering: the Dutch search for the Northwest Passage

Volcanic Degassing: William Dampier and the Burning Islands of Melanesia

National Geographic: 100 Years of National Geographic Maps: The Art and Science of Where

 

Yovisto: Robert E. Peary’s Artic Expedition

MEDICINE:

Gorffennol: Swansea: To what extent has the concept of ‘deformity’ affected Richard III’s image and character

All Things Georgian: Sir Peter Lalonette and His Fumigation Machine

newmethodofcurin00lalo_0158

Fiction Reboot: Daily Dose: MedHum Monday: Vaccines and History

Remedia: Lost Places

Rejected Princesses: The Women Who Conquered Whooping Cough

Early Modern Medicine: Horrible Halitosis

Digital Stories: The Death Collector

U.S. National Library of Medicine: Gallery Dream Anatomy

From the Hands of Quacks: Galvanism & Deafness

L0011438 Use of Galvanism in deafness

The British Newspaper Archive: 19th-century medical fraudsters who got caught out

The Guardian: Beyond Bedlam: infamous mental hospital’s new museum opens

Asylum and Post-Asylum Spaces: Mental Health Geography?

British Library: Untold lives blog: Sage advice regarding snakes

The National Archives: First World War hearing aids

 

Royal College of Physicians: Irascible Radcliffe

John Radcliffe (1652–1714) Oil on canvas by Godfrey Kneller, early 18th century

John Radcliffe (1652–1714)
Oil on canvas by Godfrey Kneller, early 18th century

 

Men’s Journal: Lessons from the World’s Largest Contraception Collection

BBC News: Cambridgeshire church graffiti reveals ‘heartbreaking’ find

Wellcome Library: Prevent and survive: medical activism in 1980s Britain

Smithsonian.com: The Frightening Legacy of Typhoid Mary

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Strata Smith: Lecture by Hugh Torrens

 

Wellcome Library: Sex tourism in 18th century London

Embryo Project: The Discovery of the Dikika Baby Fossil as Evidence for Australopithecine Growth and Development

Embryo Project: Francis Galton (1822–1911)

Embryo Project: Ovirator philoceratops Dinosaurs

Notches: “In My Bed”: Sexual Violence Over Fifty Years on One College Campus

The New York Times: ‘Animated Life: Pangea’

University of Minnesota HSTM: The Objective Evaluation of Pig Breeds in the Netherlands

BBC News: Forgotten fossil found to be new species of ichthyosaur

 

The H-Word: Nature and sex redefined – we have never been binary

Origins: The West without Water: What Can Past Droughts Tell Us About Tomorrow?

Brit Geo People: The historic role of women scientists at BGS and a look at what is happening today

Dr Emily Dix of the University of Wales and her assistant Miss Elsie White.  Pioneering women geologists: a rarity of their time.

Dr Emily Dix of the University of Wales and her assistant Miss Elsie White.
Pioneering women geologists: a rarity of their time.

 

Strange Science: Rodney Impey Murchison

Fossil History: Lyell & the First Neanderthal

 

The Friends of Charles Darwin: 20-Feb-1835: Darwin witnesses an earthquake

The Atlantic: Solving a Museum’s Bug Problem With Lego

Dangerous Minds: Keep it Prim and Proper in the Bedroom with this Victorian Era Sex Guide

bookofnature33333333JPG

The Guardian: Piltdown Man, Beringer’s lying stones, dinosaurs… are they all hoaxes 

CHEMISTRY:

Nobelprize.org: Frederick Soddy – Biographical

180px-Frederick_Soddy

TECHNOLOGY:

Yovisto: The Letters of Giambattista Bodoni

Homunculus: Holding Rome Together

Mashable: 1920s–1930s “War Tubas”

1930s Three Japanese acoustic locators, colloquially known as "war tubas," mounted on four-wheel carriages, being inspected by Japanese Emperor Shōwa. IMAGE: PUBLIC DOMAIN

1930s
Three Japanese acoustic locators, colloquially known as “war tubas,” mounted on four-wheel carriages, being inspected by Japanese Emperor Shōwa.
IMAGE: PUBLIC DOMAIN

Yovisto: Frederick Eugene Ives and the Halftone Printing Process

HNN: Welcome to Infinity, Limited

Gödel’s Lost Letter and P=NP: Ada the Amplifier

My Medieval Foundry: The rather important use of lathes by foundrymen

distillatio: Touchstones and streak testing

Yovisto: Ovtave Chanute – One of the Fathers of Aviation

IEEE Spectrum: When the Past Is Not a Preview

Conciatore: Incalmo

Tycho’s Nose: The Shiny Bits of Science: Were these Victorian train lines just a load of hot air?

Air pressure train

Air pressure train

The New York Times: Photoshop at 25: A Thriving Chameleon Adapts to an Instagram World

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Wellcome Trust: How the Wellcome Trust Spends its Money

screen-shot-2015-02-11-at-14-12-37

 

Business Insider: The First 500 Books From The Vatican Library’s Massive Digitisation Project Are Now Online

Conciatore: Saint Philip Neri

 

Genoptopia: Tweeting the life of the mind

Oxford Brookes University: Paula Kennelly MA History of Medicine 2014

Sideways Look at Science: Using Acting to Convince People You’re Better at Speaking

University of Glasgow Library: Glasgow Incunabula Project and Exhibition Update

Storify: Long Literary Centuries to Poets and Plowmen

Wellcome Collections Blog: Why the World Needs Collectors

The Sloane Letters Blog: A Peculiar Postscript

Two mothers with crying babies and one in a walking frame; comparing the human infant’s helplessness with the self-sufficiency of newborn animals. Engraving by P. Galle, c. 1563. Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

Two mothers with crying babies and one in a walking frame; comparing the human infant’s helplessness with the self-sufficiency of newborn animals. Engraving by P. Galle, c. 1563. Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

Nature: Museums: The endangered dead

The Jenks Society Presents The Lost Museum: Lost Museum at Brown University Gets Second Life

Rebecca Onion: Defining the History Beat

The Recipes Project: Translating Recipes 9: Recipes in Time and Space, Part 3 ­– IF

 

History of Psychiatry: Table of Contents March 2015 Vol. 26 (1)

Othmeralia: Gloves and rare-books?

Scroll.in: A seminar on Ancient Indian knowledge that didn’t involve jingoism and flights of fantasy

Lady Science: Issue 5. Rethinking the Makers of the Manhattan Project

CHF: Introducing Distillations Magazine

Digital Stories: The Collectors

The New York Review of Books: Scrawled Insults and Epiphanies

Ether Wave Propaganda: The Culture of Mechanism: Margaret Jacob versus “Proto-Industrialization”.

 

Historical Medical Library: Online Exhibition: Under the Influence of the Heavens: Astrology in Medicine in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Viridarium Mathematicorum, 1563

Viridarium Mathematicorum, 1563

The Scholarly Kitchen: Loaded Dice – The New Research Conundrums Posed by Mechanical Turk

Nuncius: Vol. 30 Issue 1 Table of Contents

The New York Times Books: The Creation of the Modern World: The Untold Story of thee British Enlightenment by Roy Porter Excerpt

Bluestreak Science: Episode 0.9: The Arts and Sciences

ESOTERIC:

Corpus Newtonicum: It’s magic!

The Recipes Project: The recipes of an eighteenth-century Amsterdam alchemist(?)

Conciatore: The Duke’s Oil

The Public Domain Review: A Mongolian Manual of Astrology and Divination

“Basics of Mongolian Astrology”

“Basics of Mongolian Astrology”

Boing boing: John Dee was the 16th century’s real-life Gandalf

BOOK REVIEWS:

Science Book a Day: Pandora’s Breeches: Women, Science and Power in the Enlightenment

Many Headed Monster: Marooned on an Island Monographs: an Early modern Medical History Reading List:

Science Codex: Galileo’s Middle Finger

The New York Times: Disorder Rules the Universe

Science Book a Day: The 4 Per Cent Universe

Social History of Medicine: Pain and Emotion in Modern History

THE: Plucked: A History of Hair Removal

27885_book-review-plucked-a-history-of-hair-removal-by-rebecca-m-herzig

Science Book a Day: Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

 

Brain Pickings: How 17 Equations Changed the World

Science Book a Day: Lab Coats in Hollywood: Science, Scientists, and Cinema

NEW BOOKS:

Brill: The Correspondence of Dr. Martin Lister (1639–1712) Volume One: 1662–1677

Historiens e la santé: Healthcare in Early Medieval Northern Italy: More to Life than Leeches

index

Amazon: Four Works On Llull: On the Compendious Architecture of Ramon Lull, Lullian Lamps, Scrutiny of the Subjects, Animadversions (Collected Works of Giordano Bruno) (Volume 3)

Plagrave Macmillan: Pain and Emotion in Modern History

Historiens de la santé: Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire

THEATRE:

La Opera: Anatomy Theater

FILM:

Motherboard: More Scientists Who Deserve Their Own Biopics

How We Get To Next: Ten Stories of Science and Tech Hollywood Should Tell Next

The Nature of Reality: Presenting the Physics Oscars!

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHARE:

VIDEOS:

Youtube: Is the Vinland Map a Fake?

The Vinland Map Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Vinland Map
Source: Wikimedia Commons

 

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

New Books in Science, Technology and Society: Adam S. Shapiro Trying Biology

Youtube: Historical Reader Podcast Ep. 02: “The Galileo Affair”

 

Evolution Talk: The Case of Patrick Matthew

Remedia: The Tablet: Tom Koch on Ebola and Disease Maps

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Manchester 1824: Exhibition: Merchants of Print From Venice to Manchester 29 January – 21 June 2015 John Rylands Library Manchester

 

University of Worcester: CfP: The Infirmary Conferences: History of Nursing Research Colloquium 9 July 2015

Medical Humanities Summer Course: Italian Perspectives Padua & Venice 6-11 September 2015

Making Waves: Workshop 4: Scientific Lives: Oliver Lodge and the History of Science in the Digital Age Leeds Art Gallery 6 March 2015

American Museum of Natural History: Lecture Opulent Oceans 11 March 2015

The Renaissance Diary: CfP: The Making of Measurement CRASSH University of Cambridge 23-24 July 2015

Science Comma: H G Wells Annual Lecture on WWI science and suffrage Universty of Kent 4 March 2015

Wells photographed by George Charles Beresford in 1920

Wells photographed by George Charles Beresford in 1920

ChoM News: Reconstructing Medieval Medical Libraries: Between the Codex and the Computer 24-26 February 2015

AAR: CfP: Western Esotericism Group Atlanta 21-24 November 2015

Commodities History: CfP: Environmental Histories of Commodities: University of London 11 September 2015

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin: Knowing Things: Circulations and Transitions of Objects in Natural History 23-24 March 2015

 

York University & Toronto University: CfP: Binocular Conference 5-6 June 2015

The Warburg Institute: Director’s Seminar on Work in Progress 2014–2015

The Warburg Institute: Seminar: Notebooks as Handwritten Library 25 February 2015

 

University of Stavanger: CfP: Animals in the Anthropocene: Human-animal relations in a changing semiosphere 17-19 September 2015

 

Bodleian Libraries: Exhibition: Remembering Radcliffe: 300 years of science and philanthropy 28 November–20 March 2015

 

The Royal Society: Women Writing Science 10 March 2015

Portrait of Caroline Lucretia Herschel

Portrait of Caroline Lucretia Herschel

The Geological Society: Call for Abstracts: William Smith Meeting 2015 – 200 Years and Beyond: The Future of Geological Mapping

Dittrick Medical History Center: Upcoming Events

LOOKING FOR WORK:

Lancaster University: Lectureship in History (Digital Humanities)

CHoM News: 2015–2016 Women in Medicine Fellowships: Application Period Open

Johns Hopkins University: History of Medicine – Postdoctoral Fellowship

University of Edinburgh – National Maritime Museum: Collaborative PhD Research Studentship: Chronometry and Chronometers on British Voyages of Exploration c. 21815– c.1872

Scientific Instrument Society: Small Grants for research on scientific instruments

Swansea University: Lecturer in Medical History

Royal College of Physicians of Ireland: PhD Fellowships in the history of medicine in Ireland

Bodleian Library: Byrne-Bussy Marconi Fellowships

Glasgow University: The Leverhulme Trust: “Collections” Scholarships

Centre for the Study of the Book Bodleian Libraries: Fellowships & Prizes

Preserve Net: State of Vermont: Historical Resources Specialist

Five funded Collaborative Doctorates with the Science Museum Group

University of Oxford: Professorship of the History of Science

NMBU: Two Postdoctoral Fellowships in philosophy (Health Sciences)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
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