Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #26

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Whewell's Masthead

Volume #26

Monday 15 December 2014

Whewell’s Gazette: Vol. #26

 

EDITORIAL:

The latest edition of Whewell’s Gazette, #26, your weekly #histSTM links list sees the completion of a half year of collecting the best of Internet histories of science, technology and medicine for your perusal and delectation; a point in time to pause and take stock. It’s turned out to be more work than our editorial team first imagined but they’ve settled down to a regular work rhythm and intend to carry on for the foreseeable future.

150 years ago on 8 December George Boole mathematician and logician passed away. The algebraic logic he created, Boolean algebra. Forms the foundation of both the hardware and the software of the computer I’m typing this on as well as the one you are reading it on. This weeks Whewell’s Gazette celebrates the passing of an often neglected and unsung hero of the computer age.

George Boole – 1815–1864

Boole’s gravestone at St. Michael’s Church, Blackrock, Cork

Boole’s gravestone at St. Michael’s Church, Blackrock, Cork

Irish Philosophy: Ones and Zeros

Forgotten Genius – George Boole: Part 2

Yovisto: George Boole – Founder of Modern Logic

BBC: George Boole and the AND OR NOT gates

Boole meets Babbage Carton 2D Goggles

Boole meets Babbage Carton 2D Goggles

 

The River-side: George Boole’s untimely death

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Killed by Homeopathy

 

The Irish Times: How George Boole gave birth to ‘pure mathematics’

The Renaissance Mathematicus: One of my worst academic puns!

Birthday of the Week:

Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 194)

Google Doodle

Google Doodle

Straitened Circumstances: Annie Jump Cannon, Featured On Last Week’s Cosmos, As Profiled In “Wonder Women of History”

Annie Jump Cannon outside Wellesley Coolege Hall 1884

Annie Jump Cannon outside Wellesley Coolege Hall 1884

She is an Astronomer: Annie Cannon (1863–1941)

Annie Jump Cannon with Henrietta Swan Leavitt in 1913

Annie Jump Cannon with Henrietta Swan Leavitt in 1913

Search Engine Land: Annie Jump Cannon Google Logo Marks The 151st Birthday Of The Famous Female Astronomer

Annie Jump Cannon

Annie Jump Cannon

Yovisto: Annie Jump Cannon and the Catalogue of Stars

Uncertain Principles: Advent Calendar of Science Stories

  1. The First GMO

9. Newton’s Bodkin

The page from Isaac Newton's journal where he described using a needly to poke the back of his eyeball. From the Cambridge University library.

The page from Isaac Newton’s journal where he described using a needly to poke the back of his eyeball. From the Cambridge University library.

10. Anagrams. Oy.

11: Feynman’s Plate

 

  1. Time Tables

13. Timing Light

14. A Slip of Card

The Rise and Fall of a Nobel Laureate:

A strange episode in the modern history of science has now turned positively weird! It turns out that a Russian billionaire paid all of that money for James Watson’s Nobel Prize medal and is giving it back to him whilst allowing him to keep the money.

Genotopia: Having His Medal and Selling It Too

Now Appearing: Defending James Watson

On Watson, humanity, and science heroes

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY:

IEEE Spectrum: The Long Road to Maxwell’s Equations

Atomic Heritage Foundation: James Chadwick

The Appendix: Atomic Anxiety and the Tooth Fairy: Citizen Science in the Midcentury Midwest

Button pins like this one were sent to children in recognition of their donation of a tooth. St. Louis Post-Dispatch August 1, 2013

Button pins like this one were sent to children in recognition of their donation of a tooth.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch August 1, 2013

AIP: Oral History Transcript – Max Born

AIP: The Tale of the Hat: An Oral History

Our Niels Bohr statue in the reading room looking festive.

Our Niels Bohr statue in the reading room looking festive.

Slate: Spin a 3-D Representation of a Beautiful 17th-Century Celestial Globe

APS Physics: This Month in Physics History: December 1958: Invention of the Laser

Bildgeist: Tycho Brahe, Astronomical Instruments (1598)

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

APS: A chart of the zodiacal stars, used in finding the longitude at sea by the moon

B4V-08qCEAA554B.png-large

Slate: An Early Arctic Explorer’s Dramatic Drawings of the Frozen North

Royal Museums Greenwich: Eccentric ideas for the discovery of Longitude

MEDICINE:

Winnipeg Free Press: A Lasting Legacy of Science

Advances in the History of Psychology: APA Monitor: “Silenced Voices,” the Work of David Boder

Perspectives on History: Genetics as a Historicist Discipline: A New Player in Disease History

AEON: Risky medicine

Early Modern Medicine: Medicine, the weather and Wilkes

Doctor visiting a patient c.1750 courtesy of Rijksmuseum

Doctor visiting a patient c.1750 courtesy of Rijksmuseum

Culture 24: Ancient hypnosis techniques which spawned Freud’s couch revealed in madness, murder and mental healing

The Recipes Project: Follow the Recipe! Un/Authorizing Muslim Women’s Cosmetic Expertise in the Medieval and Early Modern West

Medievalist.net: Plague Remedies from Renaissance Italy

Medievalist.net: The Medieval Globe launches with special issue on the Black Death

Front cover visuals.indd

The History of Emotions Blog: Not Tonight: Migraine and the Politics of Gender Health

CHEMISTRY:

Homunculus: Chemistry for the kids – a view from the vaults

 

Conciatore: Royal Apothecary Reprise

Conciatore: Making Connections

CHF: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Dittrick Museum Blog: The Colorful Chemistry of Show Globes

Whitall, Tatum, & Co, 1897

Whitall, Tatum, & Co, 1897

Nadia Berenstein: Skunkiness, Coffee Chemistry, and Naturalism in Flavor

 

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

BBC: Earth: The 9 rarest plants in the world

UCL Museum & Collections Blog: Specimen of the Week: Week 165

Infant orang-utan, Pongo sp. LDUCZ-Z2064

Infant orang-utan, Pongo sp. LDUCZ-Z2064

Daily News: Missing brains mystery solved at the University of Texas

EGU Blogs: Imaggeo on Mondays: An ancient landscape and the never setting sun

Molecular Ecologist: “Hurrah! Hurrah!” DNA barcoding and the lost story of Darwin’s meadow

 

Yovisto: Jan Ingenhousz and Photosynthesis

JHU Press: The modern period: why the history of menstruation is about so much more than blood and Kotex

Concocting Science: Breastmilk and other bodily fluids

 

Biodiversity Library Exhibition: Early Women in Science

Florence Merriam Bailey Smithsonian Institute

Florence Merriam Bailey
Smithsonian Institute

 

Nautilus: Turning Back the Clock on Human Evolution

Until Darwin: Excerpt from the Introduction to Until Darwin: Science & the Origins of Race (2010)

Letters from Gondwana: Early Studies of South American Fossils

Notches: Challenging Heterosexism: The Haringey Experiment, 1986–1987

Mental Floss: How One Woman’s Discovery Shook the Foundation of Geology

Geological Curators’ Group: Six Questions for a Geological Curator – Isla Gladstone – Bristol

The Embryo Project: American Eugenics Society (1926–1972)

Trowelblazers: The Trowelblazing Enigma: Can you help us solve a trowelblazing mystery?

 

Who is this unknown trowelblazer examining the Kimmeridge Clay at Bliss’s Pitt, Stewkley, Bucks? Digitised from the Geologists’ Association Carreck Archive, reproduced with permission of the British Geological Survey.

Who is this unknown trowelblazer examining the Kimmeridge Clay at Bliss’s Pitt, Stewkley, Bucks? Digitised from the Geologists’ Association Carreck Archive, reproduced with permission of the British Geological Survey.

Yovisto: Pierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet and his Battle against Phylloxera

 

TECHNOLOGY:

History Today: The Clifton Suspension Bridge opened: Brune’s crossing opened December 8th, 1864

Two Nerdy History Girls: No smoking in the house, please

M: Watch the A-10 Movie the U.S. Air Force Doesn’t Want You to See: Official film praises the same jet the flying branch wants to retire

Atlas Obscura: Zwentendorf Nuclear Power Plant

Yovisto: The Most Accurate Instruments of Gemma Frisius

Brown Alumni Magazine: Party Line

 

Ptak Science Books: A (possibly) Famous Chair

 

M: Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer, Project Apollo

Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer, Project Apollo

Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer, Project Apollo

Yovisto: Maria Telkes and the Power of the Sun

Ether Wave Propaganda: Schaffer on Machine Philosophy, Pt. 5b: Automata and the Enlightenment

Yovisto: Hans von Ohain and the Jet Engine

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

British Council: Voices: Trying to explain science to the public is not a new thing

Museum of Marco Polo: For curious museum lovers everywhere

Caltech: Don L. Anderson 1933–2014 Obituary

Notre Dame News: Notre Dame’ Reilly Center releases 2015 List of Emerging Ethical Dilemmas and Policy Issues in Science and Technology

University of Cambridge: CRASSH: The Total Archive: Dreams of Universal Knowledge from the Encyclopaedia to Big Data 19-20 March 2015

 

Conecta: Russian History of Medicine

edSurge: Celebrating Grace Hopper’s Legacy in the Computer Science Classroom

CENHS: The Ethics of Conferences in the Age of Climate Change

Culture 24: Science Museum to care for “precious” Sir Patrick Moore archive collected at astronomer’s home

Making Science Public: Hype, honesty and trust

Harvard Gazette: Crowdsourcing old journals

AEON: Future Perfect: Social progress, high-speed transport and electricity everywhere – how the Victorians invented the future

Detail from Paul Pry's (aka William Heath) 'March of Intellect' series featuring (and lampooning) fantastical modes of trasnport c. 1828. Photo by SSPL/Getty

Detail from Paul Pry’s (aka William Heath) ‘March of Intellect’ series featuring (and lampooning) fantastical modes of trasnport c. 1828. Photo by SSPL/Getty

ArchivesNext: Looking for history-related crowdsourcing projects for new site

Oxford Journals: Making the Case for History in Medical Education

Uncertain Principles: The Problem of Science Stories

Ptak Science Books: Magic in Nature, 1896

Symbiartic: Women in Science Illustrations

jane-goodall

The #EnvHist Weekly

The Royal Society – Pinterest: Pattern Inspiration

Chemical Heritage Foundation: Chemical Heritage Magazine

 

American Science: A Great Resource for Early American Science

British Library – Medieval manuscripts blog: An Early Holiday Present: Forty-six new Greek manuscripts online

University of Glasgow Library: Glasgow Incunabula Project Update

Conciatore: Francesco’s Studiolo

 

ESOTERIC:

BOOK REVIEWS:

George Campbell Gosling: Reviewing Almost Worthy: The Poor, Paupers, and the Science of Charity in America 1877-1917

The Guardian: The best science books of 2014

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Retelling a story – this time with all the facts: Review of Finding Longitude

Finding Longitude001

Physics Today: The year in review: Five books that stood out in 2014

Science Friday: The Best Science Books of 2014

The Atlantic: Empire of Cotton

NEW BOOKS:

Amazon: The Quantum Dissidents: Rebuilding the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (1950–1990)

Routledge: Complaints, Controversies and Grievances in Medicine: Historical and Social Science Perspectives

Whatever: The Big Idea: Chad Orzel: Eureka! Discovering Your Inner Scientist

15795870128_62fb92fc65_z

Nouveautés Éditeurs: Éric Simac (1874-1913) : Un oublié du “mouvement de libération” homosexuel de la Belle Époque

C19 MAD MEN: New Book Out Now: Insanity and the Lunatic Asylum in the Nineteenth Century

Historiens de la santé: Santé et société à Montpellier à la fin du Moyen Âge Geneviève Dumas

Marcial Pons: Arte y Ciencia en el Barroco español Marcaida López, José Ramón

THEATRE:

FILM:

TELEVISION:

SLIDE SHARE:

VIDEOS:

BBC The Sky at Night: 1963 Bases on the Moon

CBC Digital Archive: 1986: John Polyani awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Tom Mcleish Faith and Wisdom in Science

Alfred Binet: Vie et carriere

West Midlands History: Erasmus Darwin

RADIO:

PODCASTS:

White House: The Untold History of Women in Science and Technology

Radiolab: Buttons Not Buttons by Alex Wellerstein (@wellerstein)

The Royal Society: The private life of Isaac Newton

Portrait of Isaac Newton by François Boucher (1741) Credit: © The Royal Society

Portrait of Isaac Newton by François Boucher (1741) Credit: © The Royal Society

 

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

Society of the Social History of Medicine: CfP: Australian and New Zealand Society of the history of Medicine – 14th Biennial Conference 30 June – 4 July 2015 Sydney

Historiens de la santé: European Association for the History of Medicine and Heath (EAHMH) book prize: Call for submissions

University of Southampton: CfP: Cannibalism in the Early Modern Period 15-16 June 2015

H-madness: Call for thesis abstracts

CHSTM – University of Manchester: CfP: Pedigree Chums: The Dog in 20th century Science – Science in the 20th century Dog 26 June 2015

Science Museum: The Longitude Project and Exhibition in Retrospect 17 December 2014

Women and Land: CfP: Women, land and the making of the British Landscape, 1300–1900 29-30 June 2015 University of Hull

University of Durham: CfP: History of Thermodynamics and Scientific Realism 12 May 2015

 

Social History Curators Group: CfP: A Toast to the Future! New ways of engaging June 2015

University of London: Institute of Latin American Studies: CfP: New historical perspectives on nature and knowledge in Latin America 22 May 2015

University of Manchester: CfP: Stories of Science: Exploring Science Communication and Entertainment Media 4-5 June 2015

 

ChoM News: Colloquium on the History of Psychiatry and Medicine “Infant Science: Global Intervention and Production of Knowledge around Infant Mortality, 1942-1965″December 18 2014

LOOKING FOR WORK:

The John Carter Brown Library: Short- and Long-Term Fellowship at the JBC

University of Edinburgh: Postgraduate Philosophy

University of Cambridge: Department of History and Philosophy of Science: Funding for graduate students

University of Kent: Science, Government and Reputation: The Role of the Royal Observatory in the 20th century – University of Kent 50th Anniversary Project-based PhD Research Scholarship

 

Queen Mary: University of London: The Centre for Eighteenth-Century Studies: Postgraduate Study

Birkbeck: University of London: History of Science and Medicine (MA)

University of Cambridge: Research and Teaching Associate in Philosophy of Science and Bioethics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
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