Whewell’s Gazette: Year 2, Vol. #10

Whewell’s Gazette

Your weekly digest of all the best of

Internet history of science, technology and medicine

Editor in Chief: The Ghost of William Whewell

Cornelis Bloemaert

Year 2, Volume #10

Monday 21 September 2015

EDITORIAL:

Another seven days have slipped by and once again it’s time for Whewell’s Gazette the weekly #histSTM links list bringing its eager readers the best from the last seven days of the histories of science, technology and medicine swept up from the distance corners of cyberspace for their perusal and delectation.

The history of science theatre event of the year is without any doubt Nicole Kidman making a rare appearance on the London stage as Rosalind Franklin in “Photograph 51”. Unfortunately the play, which is not new, perpetuates a major history of science myth in its very title. The myth says that Maurice Wilkins showed Franklin’s x-ray crystallography photograph 51 of DNA to James Watson without her permission and he was able to solve the structure of DNA upon seeing it.

As Matthew Cobb has clearly shown in his new book Life’s Great Secret nearly everything in this story is false. Photograph 51 was not made by Franklin but by Raymond Gosling who had been Wilkins’ doctoral student, was then transferred to Franklin and then back to Wilkins’ as Franklin decided to leave the King’s College laboratory. At the time Wilkins showed the photo to Watson he was Gosling’s doctoral supervisor and so was perfectly entitled to do so, although whether he was wise to do so is another question. More important despite the claims he made in his book, The Double Helix, Watson would not have been able to determine the structure of DNA from this photo.

More interestingly it was Crick who actually derived the structure of DNA using, amongst other things, data from Franklin’s work that she herself had made public in a lecture that Crick attended.

It is interesting to see how the critics reacted to this new historical information. In her review in the Telegraph Kate Mulcahy claims that “The debate rages on” whilst at the same time linking to Cobb’s earlier Guardian article laying out the true facts; in my opinion more than somewhat disingenuous. In his excellent review in the Guardian, Stephen Curry points out that “the real story is…more complex” (with reference to the use of Photograph 51) whilst linking in a footnote to the Cobb article with the comment. Matthew Cobb’s recent article gives an efficient summary of the facts of the matter”.

Whatever it would appear from the review that the piece is well worth going to see.

Noël Coward Theatre: Photograph 51 Till 21 November 2015

Nicole Kidman as Rosalind Franklin Photograph: Johan Persson/Johan Persson Source: The Guardian

Nicole Kidman as Rosalind Franklin Photograph: Johan Persson/Johan Persson
Source: The Guardian

The New York Times: In ‘Photograph 51’, Nicole Kidman Is a Steely DNA Scientist

The Telegraph: Rosalind Franklin should be a feminist icon – we women in science need her more than ever

The Guardian: Photograph 51: how do you bring science to the stage?

New Scientist: Photograph 51: Inside the race to understand DNA

Quotes of the week:

“Genius and science have burst the limits of space, and few observations, explained by just reasoning, have unveiled the mechanism of the universe. Would it not also be glorious for men to burst the limits of time, and, by a few observations, to ascertain the history of this world, and the series of events which preceded the birth of the human race?” – Georges Cuvier h/t @hist_astro

“Every book is the wreck of a perfect idea.” – Iris Murdoch h/t @askpang

“In the UK we call them lifts but in the US they call them elevators, because we’re raised differently”. – Moose Allain (@MooseAllain)

“Does anyone know what the smallest number is that can’t be described in a single tweet?” – Guy Longworth (@GuyLongworth)

Ding dong dell

Pussy’s in the well

Who put her in?

Schrödinger, Erwin

What is her state?

Indeterminate – Matthew Hankins (@mc_hankins)

He was very careful during bondage sessions. He always used a safe word that contained upper and lower case letters and at least one number. – @50Nerds of Grey

[History] does not use induction or deduction, it does not demonstrate, it narrates. —Collingwood discussing Croce. h/t @gabridli

Birthday of the Week:

John Goodricke born 17 September 1764

 goodricke_john1

Yovisto: John Goodricke and the Variable Star Persei

teleskopos: Sights and sounds: darkness and silence

Alexander von Humboldt born 14 September 1769

Portrait of Alexander von Humboldt by Friedrich Georg Weitsch, 1806 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Portrait of Alexander von Humboldt by Friedrich Georg Weitsch, 1806
Source: Wikimedia Commons

New Scientist: The Invention of Nature finds science’s lost hero

National Geographic: Why Is the Man Who Predicted Climate Change Forgotten?

PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & SPACE SCIENCE:

Inside the Science Museum: Russia’s 19th century cosmic pioneers

Science Notes: Today in Science History – September 14 – Charles François de Cisternay du Fay

Charles François de Cisternay du Fay Source: Wikimedia Commons

Charles François de Cisternay du Fay
Source: Wikimedia Commons

arXiv: 100 Years of General Relativity (pdf)

Scientific American: Guest Blog: Paris: City of lights and cosmic rays

AIP: Murray Gell-Mann

New Science Theory: William Gilbert On The Magnet (Full text English New Translation)

Forbes: New Evidence The Nazis Didn’t Come close to the Bomb

Starts with a Bang: Maxwell’s Unification Revolution

World Digital Library: Explanation of the Telescope

journals.cambridge.org: Connecting Heaven and Man: The role of astronomy in ancient Chinese society and culture

The Timaru Herald: Big telescope with an even bigger history to be restored in Fairlie

The historic Brashear telescope will be the centrepiece of the new Astronomy Centre built by Earth and Sky near the shore of Lake Tekapo. Source: The Timaru Herald

The historic Brashear telescope will be the centrepiece of the new Astronomy Centre built by Earth and Sky near the shore of Lake Tekapo.
Source: The Timaru Herald

In the Dark: A Botanic Garden of Planets

guff: Einstein’s Amazing Scientific Contemporaries That Changed the World

EXPLORATION and CARTOGRAPHY:

BuzzFeed News: The Wreck of HMS Erebus: How a Landmark Discovery Triggered a Fight for Canada’s History

Scientific Data: Roads and cities of 18th century France

PBA Galleries: The Warren Heckrotte Collection of Rare Cartography

Miguel Costansó’s Carta Reducida Del Oceano Asiatico, Ó Mar Del Sur - See more at: http://www.pbagalleries.com/content/2015/09/14/the-warren-heckrotte-collection-of-rare-cartography/#sthash.KgAcxIEl.dpuf

Miguel Costansó’s Carta Reducida Del Oceano Asiatico, Ó Mar Del Sur – See more at: http://www.pbagalleries.com/content/2015/09/14/the-warren-heckrotte-collection-of-rare-cartography/#sthash.KgAcxIEl.dpuf

globes.consciencebibliotek.be: Erfgoed Antwerpen, Blaeu Globes

MEDICINE & HEALTH:

Dr Alun Withey: Medicine in a Vacuum – Practitioners in Early Modern Wales

Yovisto: William Budd and the Infectious Diseases

storify: Things I’m going to miss teaching my medical students

Embryo Project: Margaret Higgins Sanger (1879–1966)

Margaret Sanger in 1922 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Margaret Sanger in 1922
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Center for the History of Medicine: Barbara Barlow

Morbid Anatomy Museum: Anatomical Atlases Digitized

19th Century-Disability Cultures and Contexts: Talking Gloves

Thomas Morris: The supernumerary leg

Science Notes: Today in Science History – September 17 – Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne du Boulogne

Thomas Morris: Give that man a medal

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow: Glasgow Surgical Instrument Makers

Newman’s cytoscope for examination of the bladder by John Trotter Ltd.

Newman’s cytoscope for examination of the bladder by John Trotter Ltd.

Thomas Morris: Nutmeg is the best spice for students

The Harvard Crimson: Harvard Field Hospital Unit Active in England

Academia: Typhoid Fever and Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, 1891

Remedia: Gossip, News and Manners: the Barber-Surgeon in 16th Century Italy

Thomas Morris: The mystery of the poisonous cheese

The Medicine Chest: Mapping histories of medicine

TECHNOLOGY:

Conciatore: The Discovery of Glass

English Heritage: 5 Clocks Which Tell the Story of Time

The Grandfather Clock at Mount Grace Priory Source: English Heritage

The Grandfather Clock at Mount Grace Priory
Source: English Heritage

Capitalism’s Cradle: How many industrial Revolutions?

Teyler’s Museum: Dompelbatterij

99% Invisible: Episode 180: Reefer Madness

Yovisto: Happy Birthday Linux

Tux the penguin, mascot of Linux Source: Wikimedia Commons

Tux the penguin, mascot of Linux
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Contributor: Decoding Alan’s apple

Leaping Robot: Frank Malina’s Cosmos

Still image of Malina’s Vortex and 3 Molecules (1965) Source: Leaping Robot

Still image of Malina’s Vortex and 3 Molecules (1965)
Source: Leaping Robot

EARTH & LIFE SCIENCES:

Why Evolution is True: The duck-faced lacewing, its baby and an ancient Egyptian inscription

York Daily Record: Dover Intelligent Design trial: 10 years later

3 Quarks Daily: The Scopes “Monkey Trial”, Part 1: Issues, Fact, and Fiction

Scopes in 1925 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Scopes in 1925
Source: Wikimedia Commons

3 Quarks Daily: The Scopes “Monkey Trial”, Part 2: Evidence, Confrontation, Resolution, Consequences

AMNH: Digitizing Darwin’s Work

Hakai Magazine: The Great Quake and the Great Drowning

Embryo Project: Wilhelm Roux (1850–1924)

Google Cultural Institute: Historic Moments: Beauty from Nature: Art of the Scott Sisters

Notches: Revisiting Loves Golden Age

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience: Mechanical Neuroscience: Emil du Bois-Reymond’s Innovations in Theory and Practice

The Guardian: Revealed: how Indigenous Australian storytelling accurately records sea level rises 7,000 years ago

Indigenous rock art in Kakadu national park in the Northern Territory. Researchers say stories about sea level rises in Australia date back though more than 7,000 years of continuous oral tradition. Photograph: Helen Davidson for the Guardian

Indigenous rock art in Kakadu national park in the Northern Territory. Researchers say stories about sea level rises in Australia date back though more than 7,000 years of continuous oral tradition. Photograph: Helen Davidson for the Guardian

Jacob Darwin Hamblin: The Atom does not wait for favors from nature

The Raw Story: The ‘missing link’ in evolution is a myth that comes from medieval theology not modern science

Public Domain Review: Dr Mitchill and the Mathematical Tetrodon

PNAS.org: Strong upslope shifts in Chimborazo’s vegetation over two centuries since Humboldt (pdf)

Notches: Out in the Open: Rural Life, Respectability, and the Nudist Park

NCSE: Huxley’s Paley, Part 3

News Works: How Old Faithful earned its name

Until Darwin: The “American School”: A brief timeline of the Monogenist/polygenist Debate

Until Darwin: Digital Biography for the Works Cited in Darwin’s “A Historical Sketch of the Recent Progress of Opinion on the Origin of Species” (Updated)

Geschichte der Geologie: Von den Untiefen der Meere zu den Gipfeln der Welt

University of Cambridge: Research: The Magna Carta of scientific maps

Sigmund & Jocelyn: Fine Art: Birdman 1: George Edwards

Artist George Edwards Source: Sigmund & Jocelyn

Artist George Edwards
Source: Sigmund & Jocelyn

Embryo Project: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (1890– )

Why Evolution is True: Another DNA anniversary, which ells a different story from the textbooks

Current Biology: Oswald Avery, DNA, and the transformation of biology

New Historian: Navy Drove Fishing Globalisation in 16th Century England

CHEMISTRY:

Science Notes: Today in Science History – September 15 – Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Butlerov

Conciatore: Deadly Fumes

The Renaissance Mathematicus: A breath of fresh air

Stephen Hales Source: Wikimedia Commons

Stephen Hales
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Science Notes: Today in Science History – September 18 – Edwin Mattison McMillan

META – HISTORIOGRAPHY, THEORY, RESOURCES and OTHER:

Creator unknown

Creator unknown

Lady Science: Issue 12: The Pill in America: Subscribe!

oral contraceptives, 1970s Source: Wikimedia Commons

oral contraceptives, 1970s
Source: Wikimedia Commons

University of Glasgow Library: Themes from Smith and Rousseau: the best and the worst aspects of archival research

Now Appearing: On a Bacon Hunt

Double Refraction: Is it post-modern to be present-centred? Thoughts prompted by Nick Tosh

American Science: We’re Back, or, Monday on the Blog with George

Bookplate of George Sarton Source: Wikimedia Commons

Bookplate of George Sarton
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Recipes Project: Teaching High School American History With Cookbooks

the many-headed monster: What is to be done? Mending academic history

NHM: Digital Museum: Mobilising the world’s natural history collections for the benefit of human well-being

The Renaissance Mathematicus: When Living in the Past Distorts the Past; Or, Why I Study the Victorian Era

Forbes: History as Big Data: 500 Years of Book Images and Mapping Million of Books

The Recipes Project: Spicing up the Victorians: Teaching Mrs. Beeton’s Recipe for Mango Chutney

Niche: New Scholars New Links

History in Photographs: Vintage Harvard

Observatory group, ca. 1910

Observatory group, ca. 1910

The Renaissance Mathematicus: Revolution contra Gradualism: Let the debate begin

International Commission on the History of Meteorology: History of Meteorology – Volume 7 (2015) Contents Page

Macro-Typography: Glory of Asia

Chronologia Universalis: On the Road: In Royal Prussia

The Washington Post: How publishing a 35,000-word manifesto led to the Unabomber

A view from the bridge: The undisciplinarian

Making Science Public: Naturel/artificial

ESOTERIC:

Forbidden Histories: Two Years of ‘Forbidden Histories’

Academia: Scientific rationalism, occult empiricism? Representations of the microphysical world, c. 1900

Hermetic.com: The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz (full text English)

Conciatore: A Network of Alchemists

“The Alchemist” 1558, Pieter Brugle the Elder.

British Library: Digitised Manuscripts: Alchemical Rolls (The Ripley Scrolls)

BOOK REVIEWS:

Science Book a Day: House Guests, House Pests: A Natural History of Animals in the Home

house-guests-house-pests

University of Glasgow Library: Glasgow Incunabula Project Update: The Nuremberg Chronicle

Academia: Women at the Edge of Science

Public Books: Speaking in Science

Popular Science: Eureka: How Invention Happens – Gavin Weightman

Elle Thinks: Cryptonomicon, by Neal Stephenson

The Independent: The Royal Society Winton Prize: Top scientists and shortlisted authors share that have excited them

Science Book a Day: The Value of Believing in Yourself: The Story of Louis Pasteur

NEW BOOKS:

VRIN: Alzheimer La vie, la mort, la reconnaissance

Renaissance Mathematicus: The growing pile – too many good books not enough time

Historiens de la santé: Soigner le cancer au XVIIIe siècle. Triomphe et déclin de la thérapie par la ciguë dans le Journal de Médecine

Palgrave Macmillan: Psychiatry in Communist Europe

9781137490919

Academia: Dis/unity of Knowledge: Models for the Study of Modern Esotericism and Science

David Wootton: The Invention of Science Web Site

Museum Boerhaave: Stripboek: Ehrenfest!

ART & EXHIBITIONS

Science Museum: Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age Opens 18 September 2015

Galileo’s World: e-newsletter September

BBC: Tenby man who invented the equals sign remembered in exhibit

The first known equation, equivalent to 14x+15=71 in modern syntax. Source: Wikimedia Commons

The first known equation, equivalent to 14x+15=71 in modern syntax.
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Museum Boerhaave: Einstein & Friends 19 September 2015–3 January 2016

Science Museum: Julia Margaret Cameron: Influence and Intimacy 24 September 2015–28 March 2016

Painting of Julia Margaret Cameron by George Frederic Watts, c. 1850-1852 Source: Wikimedia Commons

Painting of Julia Margaret Cameron by George Frederic Watts, c. 1850-1852
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Dundee Science Centre: Nature’s Equations: D’Arcy Thompson and the Beauty of Mathematics Till 25 October 2015

Science Museum: Cosmos and Culture Till 31 December 2015

The Old Operating Theatre, Museum & Herb Garret: The Operating Theatre

THEATRE AND OPERA:

Gielgud Theatre: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time Till 18 June 2016

FILMS AND EVENTS:

Florence Nightingale Museum: Please, Matron! Dramatic reconstruction of a 1900 lecture to nursing students 22 October 2015

Florence Nightingale Museum: Meet the Florence Nightingale Museum Curator 28 September 2015

Victoria University in the University of Toronto: Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies: Early Modern Interdisciplinary Graduate Forum I: Adam Richter Biblical History in the Natural Philosophy of John Wallis (plus other talks) 6 October

Bodleian Library: Women in Science: Wikipedia improve-a thon 14 October

Wellcome Library: A celebration of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and 150 years of medicine 29 September 2015

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

RGU Sport, Aberdeen: Journey to the Centre of the Earth 29 September 2015

Surgeon’s Hall Museum Edinburgh: Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Man Lecture 28 September 2015

PAINTING OF THE WEEK:

The student of chemistry and pharmacy by Karl Joseph Litschaur Source: Wikigallery.org

The student of chemistry and pharmacy by Karl Joseph Litschaur
Source: Wikigallery.org

TELEVISION:

PBS America: 1,000 Days of Fear: The Deadly Race at Los Alamos

SLIDE SHOW:

Fadesingh: The Age of Games: Black Magic, Mathematics, Automata & Games

VIDEOS:

Youtube: The Einstein Theory of Relativity (Max Fleischer, 1923)

Youtube: Tidal predicting machine Part II

Youtube: How the Moon Affects the Ocean Tides – Tides and the Moon – CharlieDeanArchive / Archival Footage

Youtube: Visita do físico Albet Einstein ao Brasil completa 90 anos

RADIO:

BBC: Ada Lovelace: Letters shed light on tech visionary

BBC: Computing Britain

PODCASTS:

Nevada Public Radio: Even Einstein Made Mistakes

Physics Buzz Blog: A Time Capsule of the Universe

Science for the People: Eye of the Beholder

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

HaPoC 2015: 3rd International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Computing Pisa Italy 8–11 October 2015

Advances in the History of Psychology: Workshop: Photography, Representation, and Therapy Villa Di Breme Oven, Via Martinelli 23 in Cinisello Balsamo 24 September

MPIWG: Art and Knowledge in Pre-Modern Europe” Colloquia 2015/16

BSECS: CfP: BSECS 45th Annual Conference St Hugh’s College Oxford 6-8 January 2016

Athens: Workshop: Science Fiction. Jules Verne and 19th Century Science 17–18 December 2015

Almagest: CfP: Special issues Science fiction in the framework of science and literature studies Deadline 15 December 2015

University of Cambridge: History of Medicine Seminars

University of Paderborn: International Workshop: Emilie du Châtelet – Laws of Nature/Laws of Morals 23–24 October 2015

Advances in the History of Psychology: Round up: Calls for Papers in Allied Fields

LOOKING FOR WORK:

H–Physical Sciences: American Physical Society StudTravel Grants

NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering: Dibner Chair in History or Philosophy of Technology

Bern Dibner Source: Wikimedia Commons

Bern Dibner
Source: Wikimedia Commons

University of Queensland: 3 Research Fellows Harnessing Intellectual Property to Build Food Safety

University of Vienna: 1 Fully paid student position + 6 associate positions

University of Pittsburgh: Assistant Professor History and Philosophy of Science

University of Pittsburgh: Associate Professor History and Philosophy of Science

MIT: Program in Science, Technology, and Society Assistant, Associate, or Full Professor

About thonyc

Aging freak who fell in love with the history of science and now resides mostly in the 16th century.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s